What History Will Show for the Battle of Clearwire


Earlier this week saw the beginning of a battle many of us knew was coming: DISH Network versus Sprint in the pursuit of Clearwire . Both DISH and Sprint have been gunning for the telecommunications company's valuable spectrum in hopes of (for DISH) creating a powerful broadband network and, for Sprint, expanding that network. Investors on all three sides of the deal have seen short-term bumps in stock price due to the anticipation over who will ultimately win the prize. Let's lay out the details of the battle to determine who may come away the victor.

Home-field advantage
For Sprint, Clearwire is no stranger. The wireless company already owns half of Clearwire shares. In December, Sprint made an offer to pick up the rest of Clearwire's shares at a price of $2.97 per share. Clearwire's board of directors gave the nod of approval to the deal back then. At this point, the board members are apparently still on board for a Sprint deal, though they're now looking over DISH's counteroffer.

By striking first and having a longer history with Clearwire, Sprint seems positioned to win the battle, but it's not quite that simple. For one thing, DISH offered a substantial premium over Sprint's offer -- an additional $0.33 per share on top of Sprint's $2.97. The DISH offer is certainly more appealing on the surface, and the price premium is without doubt a reason for the Clearwire board to look over the offer even after accepting Sprint's, but early reports suggest DISH's offer is too conditional to be taken seriously.

If, then
Leading the charge in calling DISH's offer unreasonable is (spoiler alert!) Sprint. For one thing, DISH's offer targets Clearwire's spectrum -- 24% of it, to be exact. The company offered $2.2 billion in cash for the spectrum, and would require that Clearwire take care of construction, operation, and maintenance of the proposed 2.5 GHz network. DISH also stipulated that Clearwire could lease even more of its spectrum to the company as needed.

What is complicated, though are the many conditions placed within the proposal. According to a Sprint spokesperson, the DISH proposal, "includes a series of interdependent commercial agreements, debt and equity purchases and spectrum sales, which together with the other conditions required by DISH to complete the transaction, makes the proposal not viable."

Also, DISH's deal could hurt Sprint's current 50.8% position in Clearwire due to various conditions that temporarily forfeit shareholder rights. The Sprint spokesperson made it clear the company had no intention of giving up any of its shareholder rights.

It would appear from this current back and forth that DISH and Sprint have very little regard for each other's businesses at the moment, but even that isn't quite the case.

Getting confused yet?

Related transactions
Though DISH's Clearwire offer seems to tell off Sprint, the two companies have discussed their own potential partnerships in recent months.

DISH is pushing full speed ahead to develop its broadband network and compete head-to-head with the major telecoms. The company has spent billions on spectrum acquisitions and regulatory filings, and is likely to spend billions more.

Recognizing the immense difficulty in launching a new wireless network, Sprint approached DISH about a possible revenue-sharing agreement in which Sprint would be the real provider of the wireless network, which would be funded and marketed by DISH. Having a player in the wireless field on its team would certainly help DISH in entering the ultra-competitive game currently dominated by Sprint, Verizon, and AT&T. Rumors of the partnership were popular in early December, though sources say the deal was never officially on the table.

So if Sprint is likely to be the winner in the Clearwire acquisition drama, will DISH come to Sprint with its tail between its legs and ask for a bone?

Where to invest
If you are trying to time a stock purchase based on the Clearwire deal, it may not be the smartest strategy. It looks like Sprint will be the winner here, but DISH's offer could spark a bidding war and drive up Sprint's acquisition price substantially. This would probably have the opposite effect on Sprint's short-term stock price. Conversely, an investment in DISH in hopes of a surprise victory over Sprint is a difficult bet to make. Much of DISH's near- to medium-term success will be completely determined by its continued foray into the wireless game. In the meantime, the company's satellite television business is moving much slower than competitor DIRECTV, which has been killing it in Latin America and driving up average revenue per user in the United States.

In my opinion, the best move to make on this news is to sit and wait. Sprint is an interesting long-term pick, given its cheaper valuation metrics than competitors such as Verizon or AT&T. But wait until this dust settles to look further into it. As for DISH Network, I prefer DIRECTV as a stock pick.

As always, do your own due diligence and make sure you are picking the right stock for your portfolio.

2013 and beyond
Make sure you start 2013 off right! Get the inside scoop on what Motley Fool superinvestor David Gardner will be buying this year. He's crushed the market in his Stock Advisor and Rule Breakers portfolios for years, and now I invite you to a personal tour of his flagship stock-picking service, Supernova. Just click here now for instant access.

The article What History Will Show for the Battle of Clearwire originally appeared on Fool.com.

Fool contributor Michael B. Lewis has no position in any stocks mentioned. The Motley Fool has no position in any of the stocks mentioned. Try any of our Foolish newsletter services free for 30 days. We Fools may not all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.

Copyright © 1995 - 2013 The Motley Fool, LLC. All rights reserved. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.