3 key takeaways from the first Democratic debate of the year

Democratic primary candidates gathered in Des Moines, Iowa, for their seventh debate of the 2020 cycle and first of the new year, the last time they will share a stage before actual voting begins with next month’s Iowa caucuses. There were few fireworks during the evening, with the first hour dedicated mostly to the Middle East and trade deals before the second half segued to discussions of health care and college tuition. Former Vice President Joe Biden avoided any serious missteps and got through mostly unscathed, while Sens. Bernie Sanders and Elizabeth Warren briefly clashed over what Sanders might have said to her over dinner in 2018

Here are three takeaways from Tuesday night’s debate

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Democratic debate in Des Moines, Iowa
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Democratic debate in Des Moines, Iowa
(L-R) Democratic presidential hopefuls billionaire-philanthropist Tom Steyer, Massachusetts Senator Elizabeth Warren, Former Vice President Joe Biden, Vermont Senator Bernie Sanders, Mayor of South Bend, Indiana, Pete Buttigieg and Minnesota Senator Amy Klobuchar participate in the seventh Democratic primary debate of the 2020 presidential campaign season co-hosted by CNN and the Des Moines Register at the Drake University campus in Des Moines, Iowa on January 14, 2020. (Photo by Robyn Beck / AFP) (Photo by ROBYN BECK/AFP via Getty Images)
Democratic presidential hopefuls Massachusetts Senator Elizabeth Warren (L) and former Vice President Joe Biden participate of the seventh Democratic primary debate of the 2020 presidential campaign season co-hosted by CNN and the Des Moines Register at the Drake University campus in Des Moines, Iowa on January 14, 2020. (Photo by Robyn Beck / AFP) (Photo by ROBYN BECK/AFP via Getty Images)
Democratic presidential hopefuls former Vice President Joe Biden (L) and Vermont Senator Bernie Sanders participate of the seventh Democratic primary debate of the 2020 presidential campaign season co-hosted by CNN and the Des Moines Register at the Drake University campus in Des Moines, Iowa on January 14, 2020. (Photo by Robyn Beck / AFP) (Photo by ROBYN BECK/AFP via Getty Images)
Democratic presidential hopeful Massachusetts Senator Elizabeth Warren participates of the seventh Democratic primary debate of the 2020 presidential campaign season co-hosted by CNN and the Des Moines Register at the Drake University campus in Des Moines, Iowa on January 14, 2020. (Photo by Robyn Beck / AFP) (Photo by ROBYN BECK/AFP via Getty Images)
Democratic presidential hopefuls Massachusetts Senator Elizabeth Warren (L), former Vice President Joe Biden (C) and Vermont Senator Bernie Sanders participate of the seventh Democratic primary debate of the 2020 presidential campaign season co-hosted by CNN and the Des Moines Register at the Drake University campus in Des Moines, Iowa on January 14, 2020. (Photo by Robyn Beck / AFP) (Photo by ROBYN BECK/AFP via Getty Images)
Democratic presidential hopeful Massachusetts Senator Elizabeth Warren (L) chats with Vermont Senator Bernie Sanders (L) alongside billionaire-philanthropist Tom Steyer (C) during a break of the seventh Democratic primary debate of the 2020 presidential campaign season co-hosted by CNN and the Des Moines Register at the Drake University campus in Des Moines, Iowa on January 14, 2020. (Photo by Robyn Beck / AFP) (Photo by ROBYN BECK/AFP via Getty Images)
Democratic presidential hopefuls Massachusetts Senator Elizabeth Warren (L), former Vice President Joe Biden (C) and Vermont Senator Bernie Sanders participate of the seventh Democratic primary debate of the 2020 presidential campaign season co-hosted by CNN and the Des Moines Register at the Drake University campus in Des Moines, Iowa on January 14, 2020. (Photo by Robyn Beck / AFP) (Photo by ROBYN BECK/AFP via Getty Images)
Democratic presidential hopeful Minnesota Senator Amy Klobuchar speaks during the seventh Democratic primary debate of the 2020 presidential campaign season co-hosted by CNN and the Des Moines Register at the Drake University campus in Des Moines, Iowa on January 14, 2020. (Photo by Robyn Beck / AFP) (Photo by ROBYN BECK/AFP via Getty Images)
Democratic presidential hopeful billionaire-philanthropist Tom Steyer speaks during the seventh Democratic primary debate of the 2020 presidential campaign season co-hosted by CNN and the Des Moines Register at the Drake University campus in Des Moines, Iowa on January 14, 2020. (Photo by Robyn Beck / AFP) (Photo by ROBYN BECK/AFP via Getty Images)
Democratic presidential hopeful Massachusetts Senator Elizabeth Warren participates of the seventh Democratic primary debate of the 2020 presidential campaign season co-hosted by CNN and the Des Moines Register at the Drake University campus in Des Moines, Iowa on January 14, 2020. (Photo by Robyn Beck / AFP) (Photo by ROBYN BECK/AFP via Getty Images)
DES MOINES, IOWA - JANUARY 14: Tom Steyer, Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-MA) and Former Vice President Joe Biden interact after the Democratic presidential primary debate at Drake University on January 14, 2020 in Des Moines, Iowa. Six candidates out of the field qualified for the first Democratic presidential primary debate of 2020, hosted by CNN and the Des Moines Register. (Photo by Scott Olson/Getty Images)
DES MOINES, IOWA - JANUARY 14: Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-MA) and Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-VT) speak as Tom Steyer looks on after the Democratic presidential primary debate at Drake University on January 14, 2020 in Des Moines, Iowa. Six candidates out of the field qualified for the first Democratic presidential primary debate of 2020, hosted by CNN and the Des Moines Register. (Photo by Scott Olson/Getty Images)
Democratic presidential hopeful former Vice President Joe Biden participates of the seventh Democratic primary debate of the 2020 presidential campaign season co-hosted by CNN and the Des Moines Register at the Drake University campus in Des Moines, Iowa on January 14, 2020. (Photo by Robyn Beck / AFP) (Photo by ROBYN BECK/AFP via Getty Images)
DES MOINES, IOWA - JANUARY 14: Staff members await the candidates in the spin room at the end of the Democratic presidential primary debate at Drake University on January 14, 2020 in Des Moines, Iowa. Six candidates out of the field qualified for the first Democratic presidential primary debate of 2020, hosted by CNN and the Des Moines Register. (Photo by Spencer Platt/Getty Images)
DES MOINES, IOWA - JANUARY 14: Former South Bend, Indiana Mayor Pete Buttigieg prepares for television interview in the spin room after the Democratic presidential primary debate at Drake University on January 14, 2020 in Des Moines, Iowa. Six candidates out of the field qualified for the first Democratic presidential primary debate of 2020, hosted by CNN and the Des Moines Register. (Photo by Spencer Platt/Getty Images)
DES MOINES, IOWA - JANUARY 14: Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-VT) delivers his closing statement during the Democratic presidential primary debate at Drake University on January 14, 2020 in Des Moines, Iowa. Six candidates out of the field qualified for the first Democratic presidential primary debate of 2020, hosted by CNN and the Des Moines Register. (Photo by Scott Olson/Getty Images)
Democratic presidential hopeful Massachusetts Senator Elizabeth Warren participates of the seventh Democratic primary debate of the 2020 presidential campaign season co-hosted by CNN and the Des Moines Register at the Drake University campus in Des Moines, Iowa on January 14, 2020. (Photo by Robyn Beck / AFP) (Photo by ROBYN BECK/AFP via Getty Images)
DES MOINES, IOWA - JANUARY 14: Former South Bend, Indiana Mayor Pete Buttigieg speaks during the Democratic presidential primary debate at Drake University on January 14, 2020 in Des Moines, Iowa. Six candidates out of the field qualified for the first Democratic presidential primary debate of 2020, hosted by CNN and the Des Moines Register. (Photo by Scott Olson/Getty Images)
DES MOINES, IOWA - JANUARY 14: Former Vice President Joe Biden speaks as Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-MA) and Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-VT) (R) listen during the Democratic presidential primary debate at Drake University on January 14, 2020 in Des Moines, Iowa. Six candidates out of the field qualified for the first Democratic presidential primary debate of 2020, hosted by CNN and the Des Moines Register. (Photo by Scott Olson/Getty Images)
(L-R) Democratic presidential hopefuls billionaire-philanthropist Tom Steyer, Massachusetts Senator Elizabeth Warren, Former Vice President Joe Biden, Vermont Senator Bernie Sanders, Mayor of South Bend, Indiana, Pete Buttigieg and Minnesota Senator Amy Klobuchar speak during the seventh Democratic primary debate of the 2020 presidential campaign season co-hosted by CNN and the Des Moines Register at the Drake University campus in Des Moines, Iowa on January 14, 2020. (Photo by Robyn Beck / AFP) (Photo by ROBYN BECK/AFP via Getty Images)
(L-R) Democratic presidential hopefuls Vermont Senator Bernie Sanders, Mayor of South Bend, Indiana, Pete Buttigieg and Minnesota Senator Amy Klobuchar participate in the seventh Democratic primary debate of the 2020 presidential campaign season co-hosted by CNN and the Des Moines Register at the Drake University campus in Des Moines, Iowa on January 14, 2020. (Photo by Robyn Beck / AFP) (Photo by ROBYN BECK/AFP via Getty Images)
Democratic presidential hopeful Minnesota Senator Amy Klobuchar speaks with a journalist in the spin room after the seventh Democratic primary debate of the 2020 presidential campaign season co-hosted by CNN and the Des Moines Register at the Drake University campus in Des Moines, Iowa on January 14, 2020. (Photo by kerem yucel / AFP) (Photo by KEREM YUCEL/AFP via Getty Images)
DES MOINES, IOWA - JANUARY 14: Former South Bend, Indiana Mayor Pete Buttigieg (R) listens as Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-VT) makes a point during the Democratic presidential primary debate at Drake University on January 14, 2020 in Des Moines, Iowa. Six candidates out of the field qualified for the first Democratic presidential primary debate of 2020, hosted by CNN and the Des Moines Register. (Photo by Scott Olson/Getty Images)
DES MOINES, IOWA - JANUARY 14: Actress Mandy Moore attends the Democratic presidential primary debate at Drake University on January 14, 2020 in Des Moines, Iowa. Six candidates out of the field qualified for the first Democratic presidential primary debate of 2020, hosted by CNN and the Des Moines Register. (Photo by Scott Olson/Getty Images)
Democratic presidential hopefuls former Vice President Joe Biden and Vermont Senator Bernie Sanders particiapate of the seventh Democratic primary debate of the 2020 presidential campaign season co-hosted by CNN and the Des Moines Register at the Drake University campus in Des Moines, Iowa on January 14, 2020. (Photo by Robyn Beck / AFP) (Photo by ROBYN BECK/AFP via Getty Images)
DES MOINES, IOWA - JANUARY 14: Professor Cornel West listens to the Democratic presidential primary debate at Drake University on January 14, 2020 in Des Moines, Iowa. Six candidates out of the field qualified for the first Democratic presidential primary debate of 2020, hosted by CNN and the Des Moines Register. (Photo by Scott Olson/Getty Images)
DES MOINES, IOWA - JANUARY 14: Sen. Amy Klobuchar (D-MN) prepares for television interview in spin room after the Democratic presidential primary debate at Drake University on January 14, 2020 in Des Moines, Iowa. Six candidates out of the field qualified for the first Democratic presidential primary debate of 2020, hosted by CNN and the Des Moines Register. (Photo by Spencer Platt/Getty Images)
Members of the media work in the spin room during the seventh Democratic primary debate of the 2020 presidential campaign season co-hosted by CNN and the Des Moines Register at the Drake University campus in Des Moines, Iowa on January 14, 2020. (Photo by kerem yucel / AFP) (Photo by KEREM YUCEL/AFP via Getty Images)
Members of the media work in the spin room during the seventh Democratic primary debate of the 2020 presidential campaign season co-hosted by CNN and the Des Moines Register at the Drake University campus in Des Moines, Iowa on January 14, 2020. (Photo by kerem yucel / AFP) (Photo by KEREM YUCEL/AFP via Getty Images)
DES MOINES, IOWA - JANUARY 14: Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-MA) and Tom Steyer speak during the Democratic presidential primary debate at Drake University on January 14, 2020 in Des Moines, Iowa. Six candidates out of the field qualified for the first Democratic presidential primary debate of 2020, hosted by CNN and the Des Moines Register. (Photo by Scott Olson/Getty Images)
(L-R) Democratic presidential hopefuls billionaire-philanthropist Tom Steyer, Massachusetts Senator Elizabeth Warren, Former Vice President Joe Biden, Vermont Senator Bernie Sanders, Mayor of South Bend, Indiana, Pete Buttigieg and Minnesota Senator Amy Klobuchar speak during the seventh Democratic primary debate of the 2020 presidential campaign season co-hosted by CNN and the Des Moines Register at the Drake University campus in Des Moines, Iowa on January 14, 2020. (Photo by Robyn Beck / AFP) (Photo by ROBYN BECK/AFP via Getty Images)
Democratic presidential hopeful billionaire and philanthropist Tom Steyer speaks with the media at the spin room following the seventh Democratic primary debate of the 2020 presidential campaign season co-hosted by CNN and the Des Moines Register at the Drake University campus in Des Moines, Iowa on January 14, 2020. (Photo by Kerem Yucel / AFP) (Photo by KEREM YUCEL/AFP via Getty Images)
DES MOINES, IOWA - JANUARY 14: Tom Steyer (L), Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-MA), Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-VT) and former South Bend, Indiana Mayor Pete Buttigieg (R) listen as former Vice President Joe Biden (C) speaks during the Democratic presidential primary debate at Drake University on January 14, 2020 in Des Moines, Iowa. Six candidates out of the field qualified for the first Democratic presidential primary debate of 2020, hosted by CNN and the Des Moines Register. (Photo by Scott Olson/Getty Images)
DES MOINES, IOWA - JANUARY 14: Former South Bend, Indiana Mayor Pete Buttigieg (R) and former Vice President Joe Biden (L) listen as Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-VT) makes a point during the Democratic presidential primary debate at Drake University on January 14, 2020 in Des Moines, Iowa. Six candidates out of the field qualified for the first Democratic presidential primary debate of 2020, hosted by CNN and the Des Moines Register. (Photo by Scott Olson/Getty Images)
Democratic presidential hopeful Minnesota Senator Amy Klobuchar speaks during the seventh Democratic primary debate of the 2020 presidential campaign season co-hosted by CNN and the Des Moines Register at the Drake University campus in Des Moines, Iowa on January 14, 2020. (Photo by Robyn Beck / AFP) (Photo by ROBYN BECK/AFP via Getty Images)
Democratic presidential hopefuls billionaire-philanthropist Tom Steyer and Massachusetts Senator Elizabeth Warren speak during a break in the seventh Democratic primary debate of the 2020 presidential campaign season co-hosted by CNN and the Des Moines Register at the Drake University campus in Des Moines, Iowa on January 14, 2020. (Photo by Robyn Beck / AFP) (Photo by ROBYN BECK/AFP via Getty Images)
Democratic presidential hopeful billionaire and philanthropist Tom Steyer speaks with the media at the spin room following the seventh Democratic primary debate of the 2020 presidential campaign season co-hosted by CNN and the Des Moines Register at the Drake University campus in Des Moines, Iowa on January 14, 2020. (Photo by Kerem Yucel / AFP) (Photo by KEREM YUCEL/AFP via Getty Images)
DES MOINES, IOWA - JANUARY 14: Sen. Amy Klobuchar (D-MN) makes a point as former South Bend, Indiana Mayor Pete Buttigieg reacts during the Democratic presidential primary debate at Drake University on January 14, 2020 in Des Moines, Iowa. Six candidates out of the field qualified for the first Democratic presidential primary debate of 2020, hosted by CNN and the Des Moines Register. (Photo by Scott Olson/Getty Images)
DES MOINES, IOWA - JANUARY 14: Members of the media watch the CNN Democratic Presidential Debate on January 14, 2020 in Des Moines, Iowa. Six candidates out of the field qualified for the first Democratic presidential primary debate of 2020, hosted by CNN and the Des Moines Register. (Photo by Spencer Platt/Getty Images)
DES MOINES, IOWA - JANUARY 14: Members of the media watch the CNN Democratic Presidential Debate on January 14, 2020 in Des Moines, Iowa. Candidates will have their chance to make an impression on Iowa voters before the caucus on February 3rd. (Photo by Spencer Platt/Getty Images)
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Foreign policy dominates first quarter

U.S. military policy, mostly absent from the Democratic debates so far, was on the minds of the moderators — and candidates — to start the night night at Drake University.

Six candidates vying for the the party’s 2020 nomination spent the first quarter of the debate defending their positions on foreign policy and explaining to Iowa caucus-goers why they are best qualified to be the next commander in chief. 

Above all, though, they sought to differentiate themselves from President Trump.

Sanders and Biden both attacked President Trump over his decision to authorize the U.S. drone strike that killed Iranian Gen. Qassem Soleimani. Biden said that Trump “flat-out lied” when he suggested Soleimani was planning to attack four U.S. embassies. Sanders compared it to the events that led to the wars in Vietnam and Iraq.

“Both of those wars were based on lies,” Sanders said. “Right now, what I fear very much, is we have a president who is lying again and could drag us into a war that is even worse.”

South Bend, Ind., Mayor Pete Buttigieg criticized Trump, who vowed to end “endless wars,” over his decision to send 3,000 more troops to the Middle East in the wake of Soleimani’s killing. And Buttigieg, a U.S. Navy Reserve veteran who served in Afghanistan, put it in starkly personal terms.

“Whenever I see that happen, I think about the day we shipped out and the time that was set aside to say goodbye to family members,” Buttigieg said. “I remember walking with a friend of mine, another lieutenant I trained with, as we walked away and his 1½-year-old boy was toddling after him, not understanding why his father wasn’t turning back to scoop him up. And it took all the strength he had not to turn around and look at his boy one more time.”

Sanders and Warren shake up the race

There has been speculation for months that the nonaggression pact between Sanders and Warren, who are competing for the same voters, would break down at some point. Tension between the campaigns picked up leading into Tuesday night, as CNN reported on a conversation between the two in late 2018 in which Sanders allegedly told Warren that he didn’t believe a woman could win the presidency. 

“Well, for a matter of fact I didn’t say it,” said Sanders when questioned about the comments, and made it clear that he doesn’t believe that. “Let me be very clear: If any of the women on stage or any of the men win the nomination [...] I will do everything in my power to make sure they are elected.”

Warren was asked how she reacted to the reported remark.

“I disagreed,” she said. “Bernie is my friend and I’m not here to try to fight with Bernie. But look, this question of whether or not a woman can be president has been raised and it’s time for us to attack it head on,” replied Warren. 

“So, can a woman beat Donald Trump? Look at the men on this stage. Collectively they have lost 10 elections. The only people on this stage who have won every single election that they’ve been in are the women: Amy and me.”

With the conversation about women being able to win seemingly behind them, an awkward exchange ensued immediately after the debate as Warren approached Sanders, who reached toward her for a handshake. Warren appeared to rebuff the gesture, and after a few moments she turned and walked off while Sanders was still talking. 

Democratic presidential candidates, stand on stage ahead of Tuesday's debate in Des Moines. (Daniel Acker/Bloomberg via Getty Images)

A dwindling field and respectful tone

With just six candidates on stage, it was the smallest field of any debate thus far. It was also the first debate without a candidate of color, after Sen. Cory Booker of New Jersey, Rep. Tulsi Gabbard of Hawaii and entrepreneur Andrew Yang failed to qualify. (Booker dropped out of the race Monday, while Gabbard and Yang are still running.) Despite the smaller field, candidates were not given a chance to answer at length, with the moderators repeatedly cutting them off.

The atmosphere, apart from the Warren-Sanders contretemps, was mostly cordial, with candidates pushing policy differences and avoiding personal attacks. Sanders drew laughter from the room when he said, “Joe and I have a fundamental disagreement here, in case you haven’t noticed,” when contrasting his positions on trade with Biden’s, but the former vice president, who as the leader in most national polls was expected to be the focus of attacks from his rivals, was mostly unscathed. Although Sanders did bring up Biden’s support for the 2003 invasion of Iraq, Warren again declined to hit him on a bankruptcy bill that Biden supported and she fought against prior to her time in the Senate.

The next debate is set for Feb. 7, falling between the Iowa caucuses and New Hampshire voters heading to the primary polls. Previous debates have failed to move the polls much, but that may change as more voters tune in ahead of the actual voting.

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