Pentagon to vet screening for foreign officers training

In the aftermath of a suspected terror attack at the Navy base in Pensacola, Florida, Secretary of Defense Mark Esper on Sunday said the Pentagon will review the vetting process for an exchange program for foreign nationals while defending the programs as “very important  to our national security.”

“More than 5,000 foreign nationals are in Pentagon training programs,” Chris Wallace asked Esper on "Fox News Sunday. "Are you going to review that entire program and are you going to try to find some better way to vet — I understand hindsight's 20/20 — some better way to vet people, foreigners who come into this country for this kind of training for any links to extremism?”

Esper said one of the first things he did after the shooting, which killed three sailors and injured eight others on Friday, was “immediately make sure we put out an advisory to all of our bases, installations, and facilities.” The shooter, who was also killed, was identified as a Saudi officer who was training at the base. 

Secondly, Esper said he asked for “a review of what our screening procedures are with regard to foreign nationals coming to the United States.”

“My understanding is currently, of course, they're reviewed by Department of State,” he said. “They're reviewed by Department of Homeland Security, and they're reviewed by us and I want to make sure that those procedures are full and sufficient.”

But Esper defended the exchange program, which has trained foreign military personnel for decades. 

“These types of programs, exchanges are very important to our national security,” he said. “We have something that our potential adversaries such as Russia and China don't have, which is an elaborate system of alliances and partnerships and the ability to bring foreign students here to train with us, to understand American culture is very important to us in building those long-term relationships that keep us safer.”

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One of the meeting rooms where US Secretary of Defense Leon Panetta and other senior US military officials conduct confidential meetings is seen inside the Pentagon, February 14, 2012, in Washington, DC. AFP Photo/Paul J. Richards (Photo credit should read PAUL J. RICHARDS/AFP/Getty Images)
People walk through a newly-renovated corridor at the Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia, U.S., on Tuesday, July 12, 2011. It took 17 years and $4.5 billion to complete the Pentagon makeover, the first full-scale renovation of one of the world's largest office buildings. Photographer: Rich Clement/Bloomberg via Getty Images
A newly-renovated corridor leading to a ramp is seen at the Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia, U.S., on Tuesday, July 12, 2011. Ramps were used instead of elevators to connect floors in the original construction of the Pentagon in order to conserve steel. Photographer: Rich Clement/Bloomberg via Getty Images
A memorial to fallen soldiers is seen at the Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia, U.S., on Tuesday, July 12, 2011. It took 17 years and $4.5 billion to complete the Pentagon makeover, the first full-scale renovation of one of the world's largest office buildings. Photographer: Rich Clement/Bloomberg via Getty Images
People sit in the newly-renovated food court at the Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia, U.S., on Tuesday, July 12, 2011. It took 17 years and $4.5 billion to complete the Pentagon makeover, the first full-scale renovation of one of the world's largest office buildings. Photographer: Rich Clement/Bloomberg via Getty Images
Department of Defense workers sit in the newly-renovated food court at the Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia, U.S., on Tuesday, July 12, 2011. It took 17 years and $4.5 billion to complete the Pentagon makeover, the first full-scale renovation of one of the world's largest office buildings. Photographer: Rich Clement/Bloomberg via Getty Images
A memorial for the Sept. 11, 2001 attacks stands at the Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia, U.S., on Tuesday, July 12, 2011. The Sept. 11 attack killed 184 people, including 125 in the building and 59 on American Airlines Flight 77, and destroyed nearly all of the progress on the overhaul of the first wedge. Photographer: Rich Clement/Bloomberg via Getty Images
A newly-renovated corridor leading to a ramp is seen at the Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia, U.S., on Tuesday, July 12, 2011. Ramps were used instead of elevators to connect floors in the original construction of the Pentagon in order to conserve steel. Photographer: Rich Clement/Bloomberg via Getty Images
A worker stands inside the newly-renovated dining room at the Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia, U.S., on Tuesday, July 12, 2011. It took 17 years and $4.5 billion to complete the Pentagon makeover, the first full-scale renovation of one of the world's largest office buildings. Photographer: Rich Clement/Bloomberg via Getty Images
People sit in the newly-renovated food court at the Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia, U.S., on Tuesday, July 12, 2011. It took 17 years and $4.5 billion to complete the Pentagon makeover, the first full-scale renovation of one of the world's largest office buildings. Photographer: Rich Clement/Bloomberg via Getty Images
ARLINGTON, VA - May 17: Anzus Corridor in A-Ring in the new Pentagon renovation, Tuesday May 17, 2011. (Photo by Dayna Smith/for the Washington Post)
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“So what you seem to be saying is, yes, if we need to vet better, we're going to do it, but we're not going to throw out those programs,” Wallace pressed.

“That's right,” replied Esper. 

The shooter, 21-year-old Saudi military officer Mohammed Alshamrani, legally purchased the gun used in the attack, which the FBI is investigating as an act of terrorism.  

The Navy has identified the victims of the classroom shooting as Mohammed Sameh Haitham, 19, from Florida; Cameron Scott Walters, 21, from Georgia; and Joshua Kaleb Watson, 23, from Alabama.

Esper confirmed that the victims were Americans but could not confirm if Americans were specifically targeted. He said friends of the shooter were detained and was told one or two of them filmed the shooting. 

“What's unclear is, were they filming it before it began or was it something where they picked up their phones and filmed it once they saw it unfolding?” Esper said. “That may be a distinction with or without a difference. But again, that's why I think we need to let the investigation play out.”

“But I mean, that would not be a normal response to film one of your colleagues who's shooting Americans,” Wallace said. 

“I don't know. I'm not trying to pass a judgment on this at this point in time,” Esper responded. “Today, people pull out their phones and film everything and anything that happens.”

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