4 key takeaways from the Democratic debate

The fifth gathering of Democratic candidates, held in Atlanta and sponsored by MSNBC, came in the shadow of the impeachment hearings and resulted in a mostly civil exchange as candidates, with some exceptions, pushed policy differences over personal attacks. The frontrunners mostly escaped without much damage while those in danger of not qualifying for next month’s debate made their cases for support to a national audience.

Here are four key takeaways from the night. 

Booker hits Biden on pot legalization as former VP touts black bonafides

Sen. Cory Booker, D-N.J., who had what most observers consider another strong debate performance, took a shot at former Vice President Joe Biden, who earlier this week said he wasn’t ready to support legalization of marijuana at the federal level, saying more study is needed to determine whether or not it’s a “gateway drug.”

“I have a lot of respect for the vice president,” Booker said. “He swore me into my office. He’s a hero. This week I hear him literally say that I don’t we should legalize marijuana. I thought you might’ve been high when you said it.”

The line drew laughs and applause, before Booker, one of two black candidates on stage, pivoted to a more serious point about race

“Marijuana in our country is already legal for privileged people,” he said. “And it’s why the War on Drugs has been a war on black and brown people.”

Booker continued: “With more African-Americans under criminal supervision in American than all the slaves since 1850, do not roll up into communities and not talk directly to issues that are going to relate to the liberation of children. There are people in Congress right now that admit to smoking marijuana while our kids are in jail right now for those drug crimes.”

He added: “We need someone who can inspire African-Americans to come to the polls.”

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November's Democratic Debate
ATLANTA, GA - NOVEMBER 20: Presidential candidates Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.), former vice president Joe Biden and Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.) during the Democratic presidential debate at Tyler Perry Studios on Wednesday, November 20, 2019, in Atlanta, Georgia. The 10 qualifying candidates participated in the campaign seasons fifth debate, hosted by The Washington Post via Getty Images and MSNBC.(Photo by Toni L. Sandys/The Washington Post via Getty Images)
ATLANTA, GEORGIA - NOVEMBER 20: Presidential candidates Rep. Tulsi Gabbard (D-Hawaii), Sen. Amy Klobuchar (D-Minn.), South Bend, Ind., Mayor Pete Buttigieg, and Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.) during the Democratic presidential debate at Tyler Perry Studios on Wednesday, November 20, 2019, in Atlanta, Georgia. The 10 qualifying candidates participated in the campaign seasons fifth debate, hosted by The Washington Post via Getty Images and MSNBC.(Photo by Melina Mara/The Washington Post via Getty Images)
ATLANTA, GEORGIA - NOVEMBER 20: Presidential candidates Sen. Cory Booker (D-N.J.), Rep. Tulsi Gabbard (D-Hawaii), Sen. Amy Klobuchar (D-Minn.), South Bend, Ind., Mayor Pete Buttigieg, Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.), Former vice president Joe Biden, and Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.) appear on stage at the start of he Democratic presidential debate at Tyler Perry Studios on Wednesday, November 20, 2019, in Atlanta, Georgia. The 10 qualifying candidates participated in the campaign seasons fifth debate, hosted by The Washington Post via Getty Images and MSNBC.(Photo by Melina Mara/The Washington Post via Getty Images)
Actress Rosario Dawson, girlfriend of New Jersey Senator Cory Booker, walks through the Spin Room after the fifth Democratic primary debate of the 2020 presidential campaign season co-hosted by MSNBC and The Washington Post at Tyler Perry Studios in Atlanta, Georgia on November 20, 2019. (Photo by SAUL LOEB / AFP) (Photo by SAUL LOEB/AFP via Getty Images)
TOPSHOT - Actress Rosario Dawson, girlfriend of New Jersey Senator Cory Booker, poses with Drag queen Pissi Myles in the Spin Room after the fifth Democratic primary debate of the 2020 presidential campaign season co-hosted by MSNBC and The Washington Post at Tyler Perry Studios in Atlanta, Georgia on November 20, 2019. (Photo by SAUL LOEB / AFP) (Photo by SAUL LOEB/AFP via Getty Images)
Democratic presidential hopeful Mayor of South Bend, Indiana, Pete Buttigieg speaks to journalist Chris Matthews (L) in the Spin Room after participating in the fifth Democratic primary debate of the 2020 presidential campaign season co-hosted by MSNBC and The Washington Post at Tyler Perry Studios in Atlanta, Georgia on November 20, 2019. (Photo by SAUL LOEB / AFP) (Photo by SAUL LOEB/AFP via Getty Images)
Democratic presidential hopeful entrepreneur Andrew Yang speaks to the press in the Spin Room following the fifth Democratic primary debate of the 2020 presidential campaign season co-hosted by MSNBC and The Washington Post at Tyler Perry Studios in Atlanta, Georgia on November 20, 2019. (Photo by Nicholas Kamm / AFP) (Photo by NICHOLAS KAMM/AFP via Getty Images)
Democratic presidential hopeful Mayor of South Bend, Indiana, Pete Buttigieg speaks to the press in the Spin Room after participating in the fifth Democratic primary debate of the 2020 presidential campaign season co-hosted by MSNBC and The Washington Post at Tyler Perry Studios in Atlanta, Georgia on November 20, 2019. (Photo by Nicholas Kamm / AFP) (Photo by NICHOLAS KAMM/AFP via Getty Images)
Democratic presidential hopeful Representative for Hawaii Tulsi Gabbard speaks to the press in the Spin Room following the fifth Democratic primary debate of the 2020 presidential campaign season co-hosted by MSNBC and The Washington Post at Tyler Perry Studios in Atlanta, Georgia on November 20, 2019. (Photo by Nicholas Kamm / AFP) (Photo by NICHOLAS KAMM/AFP via Getty Images)
Democratic presidential hopeful Mayor of South Bend, Indiana, Pete Buttigieg speaks to the press in the Spin Room after participating in the fifth Democratic primary debate of the 2020 presidential campaign season co-hosted by MSNBC and The Washington Post at Tyler Perry Studios in Atlanta, Georgia on November 20, 2019. (Photo by SAUL LOEB / AFP) (Photo by SAUL LOEB/AFP via Getty Images)
Democratic presidential hopeful California Senator Kamala Harris speaks to the press in the Spin Room after participating in the fifth Democratic primary debate of the 2020 presidential campaign season co-hosted by MSNBC and The Washington Post at Tyler Perry Studios in Atlanta, Georgia on November 20, 2019. (Photo by SAUL LOEB / AFP) (Photo by SAUL LOEB/AFP via Getty Images)
Democratic presidential hopeful Minnesota Senator Amy Klobuchar speaks to the press in the Spin Room after participating in the fifth Democratic primary debate of the 2020 presidential campaign season co-hosted by MSNBC and The Washington Post at Tyler Perry Studios in Atlanta, Georgia on November 20, 2019. (Photo by SAUL LOEB / AFP) (Photo by SAUL LOEB/AFP via Getty Images)
Democratic presidential hopeful California Senator Kamala Harris speaks to the press in the Spin Room after participating in the fifth Democratic primary debate of the 2020 presidential campaign season co-hosted by MSNBC and The Washington Post at Tyler Perry Studios in Atlanta, Georgia on November 20, 2019. (Photo by Nicholas Kamm / AFP) (Photo by NICHOLAS KAMM/AFP via Getty Images)
Democratic presidential hopeful New Jersey Senator Cory Booker speaks to the press in the Spin Room after participating in the fifth Democratic primary debate of the 2020 presidential campaign season co-hosted by MSNBC and The Washington Post at Tyler Perry Studios in Atlanta, Georgia on November 20, 2019. (Photo by Nicholas Kamm / AFP) (Photo by NICHOLAS KAMM/AFP via Getty Images)
ATLANTA, GA - NOVEMBER 20: Presidential candidates Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.) and Sen. Kamala Harris (D-Calif.) during the Washington Post and MSNBC fifth Democratic presidential primary debate at the from Tyler Perry Studios on November 20, 2019 in Atlanta, Georgia. (Photo by Toni L. Sandys/The Washington Post via Getty Images)
ATLANTA, GA - NOVEMBER 20: Presidential candidate Rep. Tulsi Gabbard (D-Hawaii) during the Democratic presidential debate at Tyler Perry Studios on Wednesday, November 20, 2019, in Atlanta, Georgia. The 10 qualifying candidates participated in the campaign seasons fifth debate, hosted by The Washington Post via Getty Images and MSNBC.(Photo by Toni L. Sandys/The Washington Post via Getty Images)
ATLANTA, GA - NOVEMBER 20: Presidential candidate Sen. Kamala Harris (D-Calif.) during the Democratic presidential debate at Tyler Perry Studios on Wednesday, November 20, 2019, in Atlanta, Georgia. The 10 qualifying candidates participated in the campaign seasons fifth debate, hosted by The Washington Post via Getty Images and MSNBC.(Photo by Toni L. Sandys/The Washington Post via Getty Images)
ATLANTA, GEORGIA - NOVEMBER 20: Presidential candidates South Bend, Ind., Mayor Pete Buttigieg, Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.) and former vice president Joe Biden during the Democratic presidential debate at Tyler Perry Studios on Wednesday, November 20, 2019, in Atlanta, Georgia. The 10 qualifying candidates participated in the campaign seasons fifth debate, hosted by The Washington Post via Getty Images and MSNBC.(Photo by Melina Mara/The Washington Post via Getty Images)
ATLANTA, GA - NOVEMBER 20: Presidential candidate Former vice president Joe Biden is seen on a monitor during the Washington Post and MSNBC fifth Democratic presidential primary debate at the from Tyler Perry Studios on November 20, 2019 in Atlanta, Georgia. (Photo by Toni L. Sandys/The Washington Post via Getty Images)
ATLANTA, GA - NOVEMBER 20: Presidential candidates former vice president Joe Biden, Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.) and Sen. Kamala Harris (D-Calif.) during the Democratic presidential debate at Tyler Perry Studios on Wednesday, November 20, 2019, in Atlanta, Georgia. The 10 qualifying candidates participated in the campaign seasons fifth debate, hosted by The Washington Post via Getty Images and MSNBC.(Photo by Toni L. Sandys/The Washington Post via Getty Images)
ATLANTA, GA - NOVEMBER 20: Presidential candidate Former vice president Joe Biden pose for a photo with a group of students from Vanderbilt at the conclusion of the Washington Post and MSNBC fifth Democratic presidential primary debate at the from Tyler Perry Studios on November 20, 2019 in Atlanta, Georgia. (Photo by Toni L. Sandys/The Washington Post via Getty Images)
ATLANTA, GA - NOVEMBER 20: Presidential candidate Former vice president Joe Biden poses for photos on stage at the conclusion of the Washington Post and MSNBC fifth Democratic presidential primary debate at the from Tyler Perry Studios on November 20, 2019 in Atlanta, Georgia. (Photo by Toni L. Sandys/The Washington Post via Getty Images)
ATLANTA, GA - NOVEMBER 20: Presidential candidate Tom Steyer during the Washington Post and MSNBC fifth Democratic presidential primary debate at the from Tyler Perry Studios on November 20, 2019 in Atlanta, Georgia. (Photo by Toni L. Sandys/The Washington Post via Getty Images)
ATLANTA, GA - NOVEMBER 20: Presidential candidate exit the stage at conclusion of the Washington Post and MSNBC fifth Democratic presidential primary debate at the from Tyler Perry Studios on November 20, 2019 in Atlanta, Georgia. (Photo by Toni L. Sandys/The Washington Post via Getty Images)
ATLANTA, GA - NOVEMBER 20: Presidential candidates former vice president Joe Biden, Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.), and Sen. Kamala Harris (D-Calif.) during the Democratic presidential debate at Tyler Perry Studios on Wednesday, November 20, 2019, in Atlanta, Georgia. The 10 qualifying candidates participated in the campaign seasons fifth debate, hosted by The Washington Post via Getty Images and MSNBC.(Photo by Toni L. Sandys/The Washington Post via Getty Images)
ATLANTA, GA - NOVEMBER 20: Presidential candidates Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.), former vice president Joe Biden and Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.) during the Democratic presidential debate at Tyler Perry Studios on Wednesday, November 20, 2019, in Atlanta, Georgia. The 10 qualifying candidates participated in the campaign seasons fifth debate, hosted by The Washington Post via Getty Images and MSNBC.(Photo by Toni L. Sandys/The Washington Post via Getty Images)
ATLANTA, GA - NOVEMBER 20: Presidential candidates Former vice president Joe Biden, Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.) and Andrew Yang during a commercial break during the Washington Post and MSNBC fifth Democratic presidential primary debate at the from Tyler Perry Studios on November 20, 2019 in Atlanta, Georgia. (Photo by Toni L. Sandys/The Washington Post via Getty Images)
ATLANTA, GA - NOVEMBER 20: Presidential candidate Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.) speaks during the Washington Post and MSNBC fifth Democratic presidential primary debate at the from Tyler Perry Studios on November 20, 2019 in Atlanta, Georgia. (Photo by Toni L. Sandys/The Washington Post via Getty Images)
ATLANTA, GA - NOVEMBER 20: Presidential candidates Sen. Cory Booker (D-N.J.) and Rep. Tulsi Gabbard (D-Hawaii) during the Democratic presidential debate at Tyler Perry Studios on Wednesday, November 20, 2019, in Atlanta, Georgia. The 10 qualifying candidates participated in the campaign seasons fifth debate, hosted by The Washington Post via Getty Images and MSNBC.(Photo by Toni L. Sandys/The Washington Post via Getty Images)
ATLANTA, GA - NOVEMBER 20: Presidential candidate Sen. Amy Klobuchar (D-Minn.) and South Bend, Ind., Mayor Pete Buttigieg during the Washington Post and MSNBC fifth Democratic presidential primary debate at the from Tyler Perry Studios on November 20, 2019 in Atlanta, Georgia. (Photo by Toni L. Sandys/The Washington Post via Getty Images)
ATLANTA, GA - NOVEMBER 20: Presidential candidates Rep. Tulsi Gabbard (D-Hawaii) and Sen. Amy Klobuchar (D-Minn.) during the Washington Post and MSNBC fifth Democratic presidential primary debate at the from Tyler Perry Studios on November 20, 2019 in Atlanta, Georgia. (Photo by Toni L. Sandys/The Washington Post via Getty Images)
ATLANTA, GA - NOVEMBER 20: Presidential candidates during the Washington Post and MSNBC fifth Democratic presidential primary debate at the from Tyler Perry Studios on November 20, 2019 in Atlanta, Georgia. (Photo by Toni L. Sandys/The Washington Post via Getty Images)
ATLANTA, GA - NOVEMBER 20: Presidential candidates Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.), former vice president Joe Biden, and Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.) during the Democratic presidential debate at Tyler Perry Studios on Wednesday, November 20, 2019, in Atlanta, Georgia. The 10 qualifying candidates participated in the campaign seasons fifth debate, hosted by The Washington Post via Getty Images and MSNBC.(Photo by Toni L. Sandys/The Washington Post via Getty Images)
ATLANTA, GEORGIA - NOVEMBER 20: Presidential candidates Sen. Cory Booker (D-N.J.), Rep. Tulsi Gabbard (D-Hawaii), Sen. Amy Klobuchar (D-Minn.), South Bend, Ind., Mayor Pete Buttigieg, Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.), Former vice president Joe Biden, Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.), and Sen. Kamala Harris (D-Calif.) appear on stage at the start of the Democratic presidential debate at Tyler Perry Studios on Wednesday, November 20, 2019, in Atlanta, Georgia. The 10 qualifying candidates participated in the campaign seasons fifth debate, hosted by The Washington Post via Getty Images and MSNBC.(Photo by Melina Mara/The Washington Post via Getty Images)
ATLANTA, GEORGIA - NOVEMBER 20: Sen. Amy Klobuchar (D-MN) speaks to the media after the Democratic Presidential Debate at Tyler Perry Studios November 20, 2019 in Atlanta, Georgia. Ten Democratic presidential hopefuls were chosen from the larger field of candidates to participate in the debate hosted by MSNBC and The Washington Post. (Photo by Joe Raedle/Getty Images)
ATLANTA, GEORGIA - NOVEMBER 20: Sen. Cory Booker (D-NJ) speaks during a television interview after the Democratic Presidential Debate at Tyler Perry Studios November 20, 2019 in Atlanta, Georgia. Ten Democratic presidential hopefuls were chosen from the larger field of candidates to participate in the debate hosted by MSNBC and The Washington Post. (Photo by Joe Raedle/Getty Images)
ATLANTA, GEORGIA - NOVEMBER 20: Tom Steyer speaks to the media after the Democratic Presidential Debate at Tyler Perry Studios November 20, 2019 in Atlanta, Georgia. Ten Democratic presidential hopefuls were chosen from the larger field of candidates to participate in the debate hosted by MSNBC and The Washington Post. (Photo by Joe Raedle/Getty Images)
ATLANTA, GEORGIA - NOVEMBER 20: Andrew Yang speaks to the media after the Democratic Presidential Debate at Tyler Perry Studios November 20, 2019 in Atlanta, Georgia. Ten Democratic presidential hopefuls were chosen from the larger field of candidates to participate in the debate hosted by MSNBC and The Washington Post. (Photo by Alex Wong/Getty Images)
ATLANTA, GEORGIA - NOVEMBER 20: South Bend, Indiana Mayor Pete Buttigieg speaks to the media after the Democratic Presidential Debate at Tyler Perry Studios November 20, 2019 in Atlanta, Georgia. Ten Democratic presidential hopefuls were chosen from the larger field of candidates to participate in the debate hosted by MSNBC and The Washington Post. (Photo by Alex Wong/Getty Images)
ATLANTA, GEORGIA - NOVEMBER 20: Former Vice President Joe Biden and Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-VT) shake hands after the Democratic Presidential Debate at Tyler Perry Studios November 20, 2019 in Atlanta, Georgia. Ten Democratic presidential hopefuls were chosen from the larger field of candidates to participate in the debate hosted by MSNBC and The Washington Post. (Photo by Alex Wong/Getty Images)
ATLANTA, GEORGIA - NOVEMBER 20: Sen. Kamala Harris (D-CA) and Former tech executive Andrew Yang interact after the Democratic Presidential Debate at Tyler Perry Studios November 20, 2019 in Atlanta, Georgia. Ten Democratic presidential hopefuls were chosen from the larger field of candidates to participate in the debate hosted by MSNBC and The Washington Post. (Photo by Alex Wong/Getty Images)
ATLANTA, GEORGIA - NOVEMBER 20: Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-MA) greets debate moderator and NBC’s chief foreign affairs correspondent Andrea Mitchell after the Democratic Presidential Debate at Tyler Perry Studios November 20, 2019 in Atlanta, Georgia. Ten Democratic presidential hopefuls were chosen from the larger field of candidates to participate in the debate hosted by MSNBC and The Washington Post. (Photo by Alex Wong/Getty Images)
ATLANTA, GEORGIA - NOVEMBER 20: Former Vice President Joe Biden greets the audience after the Democratic Presidential Debate at Tyler Perry Studios November 20, 2019 in Atlanta, Georgia. Ten Democratic presidential hopefuls were chosen from the larger field of candidates to participate in the debate hosted by MSNBC and The Washington Post. (Photo by Alex Wong/Getty Images)
ATLANTA, GEORGIA - NOVEMBER 20: Former Vice President Joe Biden speaks during the Democratic Presidential Debate at Tyler Perry Studios November 20, 2019 in Atlanta, Georgia. Ten Democratic presidential hopefuls were chosen from the larger field of candidates to participate in the debate hosted by MSNBC and The Washington Post. (Photo by Alex Wong/Getty Images)
ATLANTA, GEORGIA - NOVEMBER 20: Democratic presidential candidate Sen. Kamala Harris (D-CA) (L) speaks as Andrew Yang listens during the Democratic Presidential Debate at Tyler Perry Studios November 20, 2019 in Atlanta, Georgia. Ten Democratic presidential hopefuls were chosen from the larger field of candidates to participate in the debate hosted by MSNBC and The Washington Post. (Photo by Alex Wong/Getty Images)
ATLANTA, GEORGIA - NOVEMBER 20: Democratic presidential candidate Sen. Cory Booker (D-NJ) speaks as Rep. Tulsi Gabbard (D-HI) listens during the Democratic Presidential Debate at Tyler Perry Studios November 20, 2019 in Atlanta, Georgia. Ten Democratic presidential hopefuls were chosen from the larger field of candidates to participate in the debate hosted by MSNBC and The Washington Post. (Photo by Alex Wong/Getty Images)
Democratic presidential hopefuls (L-R) Mayor of South Bend, Indiana, Pete Buttigieg, Massachusetts Senator Elizabeth Warren, Former Vice President Joe Biden and Vermont Senator Bernie Sanders speak during the fifth Democratic primary debate of the 2020 presidential campaign season co-hosted by MSNBC and The Washington Post at Tyler Perry Studios in Atlanta, Georgia on November 20, 2019. (Photo by SAUL LOEB / AFP) (Photo by SAUL LOEB/AFP via Getty Images)
ATLANTA, GEORGIA - NOVEMBER 20: Democratic presidential candidate Sen. Kamala Harris (D-CA) (L) listens as Andrew Yang speaks during the Democratic Presidential Debate at Tyler Perry Studios November 20, 2019 in Atlanta, Georgia. Ten Democratic presidential hopefuls were chosen from the larger field of candidates to participate in the debate hosted by MSNBC and The Washington Post. (Photo by Alex Wong/Getty Images)
ATLANTA, GEORGIA - NOVEMBER 20: Democratic presidential candidate Tom Steyer speaks during the Democratic Presidential Debate at Tyler Perry Studios November 20, 2019 in Atlanta, Georgia. Ten Democratic presidential hopefuls were chosen from the larger field of candidates to participate in the debate hosted by MSNBC and The Washington Post. (Photo by Alex Wong/Getty Images)
ATLANTA, GEORGIA - NOVEMBER 20: Democratic presidential candidate Sen. Cory Booker (D-NJ) (L) speaks as Rep. Tulsi Gabbard (D-HI) and Sen. Amy Klobuchar (D-MN) (R) listen during the Democratic Presidential Debate at Tyler Perry Studios November 20, 2019 in Atlanta, Georgia. Ten Democratic presidential hopefuls were chosen from the larger field of candidates to participate in the debate hosted by MSNBC and The Washington Post. (Photo by Alex Wong/Getty Images)
ATLANTA, GEORGIA - NOVEMBER 20: Sen. Amy Klobuchar (D-MN) speaks during the Democratic Presidential Debate at Tyler Perry Studios November 20, 2019 in Atlanta, Georgia. Ten Democratic presidential hopefuls were chosen from the larger field of candidates to participate in the debate hosted by MSNBC and The Washington Post. (Photo by Alex Wong/Getty Images)
ATLANTA, GEORGIA - NOVEMBER 20: Democratic presidential candidate South Bend, Indiana Mayor Pete Buttigieg speaks during the Democratic Presidential Debate at Tyler Perry Studios November 20, 2019 in Atlanta, Georgia. Ten Democratic presidential hopefuls were chosen from the larger field of candidates to participate in the debate hosted by MSNBC and The Washington Post. (Photo by Alex Wong/Getty Images)
Democratic presidential hopefuls Mayor of South Bend, Indiana, Pete Buttigieg (L), Massachusetts Senator Elizabeth Warren (C) and Former Vice President Joe Biden speak during the fifth Democratic primary debate of the 2020 presidential campaign season co-hosted by MSNBC and The Washington Post at Tyler Perry Studios in Atlanta, Georgia on November 20, 2019. (Photo by SAUL LOEB / AFP) (Photo by SAUL LOEB/AFP via Getty Images)
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Asked to respond, Biden said he supports the decriminalization of marijuana.

“Anyone that has a record should be let out of jail and have those records expunged,” he said, but added: “I do think based on data that we should study what the long-term effects are for the use of marijuana.”

Biden then took the opportunity to respond to Sen. Kamala Harris, D-Calif., who repeatedly said during the debate that she wants to rebuild the so-called Obama coalition of white, black and Latino voters.

“You know, I’m part of that Obama coalition,” the former vice president said. “I come out of the black community in terms of my support. If you notice, I have more people in the black community supporting me, they’ve announced for me, because they know me. They know who I am.”

Biden then recounted several of his African-American endorsements, including, he said, “the only African-American woman ever elected to the United States Senate.”

He was referring to former Sen. Carol Moseley Braun of Illinois, who endorsed Biden in April.

Harris, an African-American woman elected to the United States Senate running against Biden, raised her hands and laughed.

“No that’s not true,” she said. “The other one is here.”

“I said the first,” Biden protested. “I said the first.”

“The point is, one of the reasons I was picked to be vice president is because of my relationship, long-standing relationship with the black community,” Biden said. “I was part of that coalition.”

Buttigieg escapes relatively unscathed

Before the debate, political observers predicted that South Bend, Ind. Mayor Pete Buttigieg, who has enjoyed a surge in polling, especially in Iowa and New Hampshire, would be the main target of his rivals.  But by and large the other candidates, and the moderators— Rachel Maddow, Andrea Mitchell and Kristen Welker from MSNBC and Ashley Parker of the Washington Post — treated him gingerly. Sen. Amy Klobuchar declined to repeat a charge she had made earlier this month that a woman with Buttigieg’s relatively slim political resume as the mayor of a medium-sized city wouldn’t have qualified for the debate.

“First of all, I have made very clear that I think Pete is qualified to be on this stage and I am honored to be standing next to him,” Klobuchar said, “but what I said was true: Women are held to a higher standard.”

Klobuchar did later refer to Buttigieg as a “local official,” comparing his office as mayor to her position as a U.S. senator. Harris also chose to let Buttigieg off the hook when asked about his dismal polling among black voters, choosing not to capitalize on the  controversy around his “Douglass Plan” to help African-Americans. The one candidate who did go after Buttigieg was Rep. Tulsi Gabbard, who implied, inaccurately, that he had proposed sending U.S. troops to Mexico to combat drug and gang violence.

Buttigieg said he was open to the idea of cross-border “security cooperation” but regarded it as a last resort.

“Do you seriously think anyone on this stage is proposing invading Mexico?” asked Buttigieg.

Primary debate policy firsts

For the first time this cycle, candidates touched on paid family leave, voting rights and housing. The family leave conversation began when the panel of four female moderators asked Harris and Sen. Elizabeth Warren to contrast their proposals. The issue of voting rights came up in the context of Stacey Abrams, the Democratic candidate in last year’s Georgia gubernatorial race who lost a close race, amid allegations of voter suppression.

Housing was also a topic for the first time, with billionaire Tom Steyer stating he would build “millions of units.” Warren said she would support constructing more housing while also targeting discrimination and Booker raised the issue of gentrification, which caused searches for the word to spike on Dictionary.com.

This was the first debate that didn’t contain former Housing and Urban Development secretary Julian Castro, who failed to qualify for the stage but is still campaigning. He noted this on Twitter:

Foreign policy in the spotlight

While the impeachment inquiry into President Trump over dealings with Ukraine got some attention during Wednesday’s Democratic debate, often prompted by the moderators, the issue of U.S. foreign policy in general was raised several times by the candidates themselves.

Rep. Tulsi Gabbard and Sen. Kamala Harris clashed over foreign policy. Gabbard, an Army veteran who served in Iraq and a major in the Hawaii Army National Guard, has been critical of what she calls “regime-change wars” against dictators.

“This is personal to me,” Gabbard said. “I saw the terribly high human cost of war.”

Harris criticized the Hawaii congresswoman for failing to call Syrian President Bashar Assad a “war criminal.”

Asked about the U.S. relationship with Saudi Arabia, former Vice President Joe Biden condemned the killing of Washington Post columnist Jamal Khashoggi, saying that he would end subsidies to the Kingdom, stop selling it military hardware and treat the Saudis as “the pariah that they are.”

Trump has repeatedly refused to blame Saudi Arabia Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman for Jamal Khashoggi’s death, despite the CIA’s assessment that crown prince ordered the killing. And the Trump administration recently announced its intention to station thousands of troops in Saudi Arabia, arguing it needs to protect oil in the region.

Booker called U.S. assistance for Saudi Arabia, which continues to carry out a war in Yemen, a “human rights violation.”

Sen. Bernie Sanders laid claim to being  the first person on the stage to not only say Saudi Arabia murdered Khashoggi, but also that “Saudi Arabia is not a reliable ally.”

The Vermont senator also brought up the issue of Israeli-Palestinian relations, saying the U.S. “must treat the Palestine people with the respect and dignity they deserve.”

Verbatim

“If you think a woman can’t beat Donald Trump, Nancy Pelosi does it every single day.”

— Sen. Amy Klobuchar

“The one entity that should not be in the middle of that decision is the government.”

— Sen. Elizabeth Warren on abortion

“Washington experience is not the only experience that matters,”

— South Bend., Ind., Mayor Pete Buttigieg

“Well, first I’d say, ’I’m sorry I beat your guy.’”

— Andrew Yang, when asked what he’d say on his first call with Russian President Vladimir Putin as U.S. president

“Thank you. I wrote the damn bill.”

— Sen. Bernie Sanders when asked to respond to Elizabeth Warren’s approach to Medicare For All

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