Activist faces up to 20 years for harboring migrants

By Andrew Hay

May 29 (Reuters) - An Arizona activist charged with harboring two undocumented migrants faces trial on Wednesday in a case likely to set a precedent over what aid U.S. citizens can give to illegal border crossers.

U.S. Border Patrol agents arrested Scott Warren in a January 2018 raid near Ajo, Arizona after they found two migrants hiding in the shower of a ramshackle building used by humanitarian groups.

The 36-year old faces two felony counts of harboring the undocumented migrants and one felony count of conspiracy to transport the two men. The university geography instructor could face up to 20 years in prison if convicted of all charges.

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Central American migrants traveling in 'caravan'
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Central American migrants traveling in 'caravan'

Central American migrants, part of a caravan moving through Mexico toward the U.S. border, gather at a makeshift centre of Mexico's National Institute of Migration to register, in Matias Romero, Mexico April 4, 2018.

(REUTERS/Henry Romero)

Central American migrants, part of a caravan moving through Mexico toward the U.S. border, are seen after spending the night at a sports centre in Matias Romero, Mexico April 5, 2018. 

(REUTERS/Henry Romero)

Central American migrants, part of a caravan moving through Mexico toward the U.S. border, sleep at a sports centre in Matias Romero, Mexico April 5, 2018. REUTERS/Henry Romero
Central American migrants, part of a caravan moving through Mexico toward the U.S. border, sleep underneath a blanket at a sports field in Matias Romero, Mexico April 5, 2018. REUTERS/Henry Romero
Central American migrants, part of a caravan moving through Mexico toward the U.S. border, board a bus bound to Puebla, in Matias Romero, Mexico April 5, 2018. REUTERS/Henry Romero
Central American migrants, part of a caravan moving through Mexico toward the U.S. border, are seen on board a bus bound for Puebla, in Matias Romero, Mexico April 5, 2018. REUTERS/Henry Romero
Central American migrants, part of a caravan moving through Mexico toward the U.S. border, walk to the bus station to take a bus bound for Puebla, in Matias Romero, Mexico April 5, 2018. REUTERS/Henry Romero
Central American migrants, part of a caravan moving through Mexico toward the U.S. border, gather to board a bus bound for Puebla, in Matias Romero, Mexico April 5, 2018. REUTERS/Henry Romero
A man from Honduras, part of a caravan of Central American migrants moving through Mexico toward the U.S. border, carries his belongings before taking a bus bound for Puebla, in Matias Romero, Mexico April 5, 2018. REUTERS/Henry Romero
Central American migrants, part of a caravan moving through Mexico toward the U.S. border, walk to the bus station to take a bus bound for Puebla, in Matias Romero, Mexico April 5, 2018. REUTERS/Henry Romero
Central American migrants, part of a caravan moving through Mexico toward the U.S. border, get ready to take a bus bound for Puebla, in Matias Romero, Mexico April 5, 2018. REUTERS/Henry Romero
A Central American migrant, part of a caravan moving through Mexico toward the U.S. border, looks at a mobile phone while resting at a sports field in Matias Romero, Mexico April 4, 2018. Picture taken April 4, 2018. REUTERS/Henry Romero
A child, part of a caravan of Central American migrants moving through Mexico toward the U.S. border, peeks from underneath a blanket after waking up at a sports field in Matias Romero, Mexico April 5, 2018. REUTERS/Henry Romero
Central American migrants, part of a caravan moving through Mexico toward the U.S. border, sleep at a sports centre in Matias Romero, Mexico April 5, 2018. REUTERS/Henry Romero
Children, part of a caravan of Central American migrants moving through Mexico toward the U.S. border, sleep at a sports centre in Matias Romero, Mexico April 5, 2018. REUTERS/Henry Romero
A Central American migrant, part of a caravan moving through Mexico toward the U.S. border, rest at a sports field, in Matias Romero, Mexico April 4, 2018. REUTERS/Henry Romero
A Central American migrant, part of a caravan moving through Mexico toward the U.S. border, plays with a child at a sports field, in Matias Romero, Mexico April 4, 2018. REUTERS/Henry Romero
A man stands near a boiling pot as Central American migrants, part of a caravan moving through Mexico toward the U.S. border, gather at a sports field, in Matias Romero, Mexico April 4, 2018. REUTERS/Henry Romero
Central American migrants, part of a caravan moving through Mexico toward the U.S. border, rest at a sports field, in Matias Romero, Mexico April 4, 2018. REUTERS/Henry Romero
Central American migrants, part of a caravan moving through Mexico toward the U.S. border, rest at a sports centre, in Matias Romero, Mexico April 4, 2018. REUTERS/Henry Romero
Central American migrants, part of a caravan moving through Mexico toward the U.S. border, stand in line to register at a makeshift centre of Mexico's National Institute of Migration, in Matias Romero, Mexico April 4, 2018. REUTERS/Henry Romero
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Warren was indicted after former U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions instructed prosecutors to prioritize cases involving the harboring of migrants. The crackdown was part of President Donald Trump's "zero-tolerance" policies meant to deter illegal immigration.

Warren is a volunteer for No More Deaths, a faith-based group providing water, food and medical aid to migrants in the harsh deserts of southern Arizona.

Over 3,000 undocumented migrants have died since 2001 trying to cross the area where temperatures can exceed 115 Fahrenheit (46 Celsius), according to Pima County Office of the Medical Examiner data.

Warren was arrested the same day No More Deaths published a video showing U.S. Border Patrol agents destroying water supplies the group left for migrants.

Warren’s lawyers argue the arrest was in retaliation for the video. They say he was lawfully exercising his religious beliefs and rights to help the migrants after they spent two days crossing the desert.

His parents have collected over 128,000 signatures calling on the U.S. Attorney's Office in Tucson to drop all charges.

"This is an overreach of federal authority," said Juanita Molina, executive director of Tucson-based human rights group Border Action Network. "Humanitarian aid is vital to the survival of migrants crossing the desert."

U.S. Border Patrol referred questions to the U.S. Attorney's Office. It did not respond to a request for comment.

Prosecutors are expected to argue Warren went beyond humanitarian aid and helped migrants enter the country illegally.

Jury selection for the trial in U.S. District Court, Tucson, begins 9:30 a.m. local time (1530 GMT) and opening statement are expected later in the day.

(Reporting by Andrew Hay in Taos, New Mexico, Additional reporting by Paul Ingram in Tucson; Editing by Bill Tarrant and Lisa Shumaker)

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