AP Photos: Celebrating south India's bull taming festivals

MADURAI, India (AP) — As drums beat and the crowd cheers, a man leaps onto the back of a large bull and hangs tightly to its hump as the animal bucks and jumps.

If he can hold on to the bull for three jumps or for 30 seconds or for a distance of 49 feet he'll have a chance at winning prizes handed out by sponsors such as cooking pots, clothes, bicycles, motorbikes or even a car.

He's just one of the hundreds of bull vaulters who are competing in a Jallikattu festival in southern India. Taking place in amid a carnival-like atmosphere, the events are part rodeo and part running of the bulls and are held across India's Tamil Nadu state during the four-day Pongal, or winter harvest festival.

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South India's bull taming festivals
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South India's bull taming festivals
In this Thursday, Jan. 17, 2019, photo, a bull charges towards tamers during a traditional bull-taming festival called Jallikattu, in the village of Allanganallur, near Madurai, Tamil Nadu state, India. Jallikattu involves releasing a bull into a crowd of people who are expected to hang on to the animal's hump for a stipulated distance or hold on to the hump for a minimum of three jumps made by the bull. The sport, performed during the four-day "Pongal" or winter harvest festival, is hugely popular in Tamil Nadu. (AP Photo/Aijaz Rahi)
In this Thursday, Jan. 17, 2019, photo, a photo of a bull is displayed on the mobile phone of Indian tamer M. Jayakumar at a traditional bull-taming festival called Jallikattu, in the village of Allanganallur, near Madurai, Tamil Nadu state, India. Jallikattu involves releasing a bull into a crowd of people who are expected to hang on to the animal's hump for a stipulated distance or hold on to the hump for a minimum of three jumps made by the bull. The sport, performed during the four-day "Pongal" or winter harvest festival, is hugely popular in Tamil Nadu. (AP Photo/Aijaz Rahi)
In this Thursday, Jan. 17, 2019, photo, a bull comes out to charge towards tamers at a traditional bull-taming festival called Jallikattu, in the village of Allanganallur, near Madurai, Tamil Nadu state, India. Jallikattu involves releasing a bull into a crowd of people who are expected to hang on to the animal's hump for a stipulated distance or hold on to the hump for a minimum of three jumps made by the bull. The sport, performed during the four-day "Pongal" or winter harvest festival, is hugely popular in Tamil Nadu. (AP Photo/Aijaz Rahi)
In this Thursday, Jan. 17, 2019, photo, legs of organizers dangle as they sit on a wall painted with a mural during a traditional bull-taming festival called Jallikattu, in the village of Allanganallur, near Madurai, Tamil Nadu state, India. Jallikattu involves releasing a bull into a crowd of people who are expected to hang on to the animal's hump for a stipulated distance or hold on to the hump for a minimum of three jumps made by the bull. The sport, performed during the four-day "Pongal" or winter harvest festival, is hugely popular in Tamil Nadu. (AP Photo/Aijaz Rahi)
In this Thursday, Jan. 17, 2019, photo, an Indian tamer tries to control a bull during a traditional bull-taming festival called Jallikattu, in the village of Allanganallur, near Madurai, Tamil Nadu state, India. Jallikattu involves releasing a bull into a crowd of people who are expected to hang on to the animal's hump for a stipulated distance or hold on to the hump for a minimum of three jumps made by the bull. The sport, performed during the four-day "Pongal" or winter harvest festival, is hugely popular in Tamil Nadu. (AP Photo/Aijaz Rahi)
In this Thursday, Jan. 17, 2019, photo, an Indian tamer reacts as a bull charges towards him during a traditional bull-taming festival called Jallikattu, in the village of Allanganallur, near Madurai, Tamil Nadu state, India. Jallikattu involves releasing a bull into a crowd of people who are expected to hang on to the animal's hump for a stipulated distance or hold on to the hump for a minimum of three jumps made by the bull. The sport, performed during the four-day "Pongal" or winter harvest festival, is hugely popular in Tamil Nadu. (AP Photo/Aijaz Rahi)
In this Thursday, Jan. 17, 2019, photo, Indian tamers react as a fellow tamer tries to control a charging bull during a traditional bull-taming festival called Jallikattu, in the village of Allanganallur, near Madurai, Tamil Nadu state, India. Jallikattu involves releasing a bull into a crowd of people who are expected to hang on to the animal's hump for a stipulated distance or hold on to the hump for a minimum of three jumps made by the bull. The sport, performed during the four-day "Pongal" or winter harvest festival, is hugely popular in Tamil Nadu. (AP Photo/Aijaz Rahi)
In this Wednesday, Jan. 16, 2019, photo, an Indian tamer tries to control a bull during a traditional bull-taming festival called Jallikattu, in the village of Palamedu, near Madurai, Tamil Nadu state, India. Jallikattu involves releasing a bull into a crowd of people who are expected to hang on to the animal's hump for a stipulated distance or hold on to the hump for a minimum of three jumps made by the bull. The sport, performed during the four-day "Pongal" or winter harvest festival, is hugely popular in Tamil Nadu. (AP Photo/Aijaz Rahi)
In this Wednesday, Jan. 16, 2019, photo, Indian tamers react as a bull comes charging towards them during a traditional bull-taming festival called Jallikattu, in the village of Palamedu, near Madurai, Tamil Nadu state, India. Jallikattu involves releasing a bull into a crowd of people who are expected to hang on to the animal's hump for a stipulated distance or hold on to the hump for a minimum of three jumps made by the bull. The sport, performed during the four-day "Pongal" or winter harvest festival, is hugely popular in Tamil Nadu. (AP Photo/Aijaz Rahi)
In this Wednesday, Jan. 16, 2019, photo, motorcycles and bicycles are displayed before gifting them to bull owners and tamers during a traditional bull-taming festival called Jallikattu, in the village of Palamedu, near Madurai, Tamil Nadu state, India. Jallikattu involves releasing a bull into a crowd of people who are expected to hang on to the animal's hump for a stipulated distance or hold on to the hump for a minimum of three jumps made by the bull. The sport, performed during the four-day "Pongal" or winter harvest festival, is hugely popular in Tamil Nadu. (AP Photo/Aijaz Rahi)
In this Wednesday, Jan. 16, 2019, photo, owners line up with their bull to participate in a traditional bull-taming festival called Jallikattu, in the village of Palamedu, near Madurai, Tamil Nadu state, India. Jallikattu involves releasing a bull into a crowd of people who are expected to hang on to the animal's hump for a stipulated distance or hold on to the hump for a minimum of three jumps made by the bull. The sport, performed during the four-day "Pongal" or winter harvest festival, is hugely popular in Tamil Nadu. (AP Photo/Aijaz Rahi)
In this Wednesday, Jan. 16, 2019, photo, owners and others use ropes to control a bull during a traditional bull-taming festival called Jallikattu, in the village of Palamedu, near Madurai, Tamil Nadu state, India. Jallikattu involves releasing a bull into a crowd of people who are expected to hang on to the animal's hump for a stipulated distance or hold on to the hump for a minimum of three jumps made by the bull. The sport, performed during the four-day "Pongal" or winter harvest festival, is hugely popular in Tamil Nadu. (AP Photo/Aijaz Rahi)
In this Wednesday, Jan. 16, 2019, photo, a bull runs away from tamers during a traditional bull-taming festival called Jallikattu, in the village of Palamedu, near Madurai, Tamil Nadu state, India. Jallikattu involves releasing a bull into a crowd of people who are expected to hang on to the animal's hump for a stipulated distance or hold on to the hump for a minimum of three jumps made by the bull. The sport, performed during the four-day "Pongal" or winter harvest festival, is hugely popular in Tamil Nadu. (AP Photo/Aijaz Rahi)
In this Wednesday, Jan. 16, 2019, photo, members of Jallikattu organizing committee attend traditional bull-taming festival called Jallikattu, in the village of Palamedu, near Madurai, Tamil Nadu state, India. Jallikattu involves releasing a bull into a crowd of people who are expected to hang on to the animal's hump for a stipulated distance or hold on to the hump for a minimum of three jumps made by the bull. The sport, performed during the four-day "Pongal" or winter harvest festival, is hugely popular in Tamil Nadu. (AP Photo/Aijaz Rahi)
In this Wednesday, Jan. 16, 2019, photo, an Indian tamer holds on to a bull's hump during a traditional bull-taming festival called Jallikattu, in the village of Palamedu, near Madurai, Tamil Nadu state, India. Jallikattu involves releasing a bull into a crowd of people who are expected to hang on to the animal's hump for a stipulated distance or hold on to the hump for a minimum of three jumps made by the bull. The sport, performed during the four-day "Pongal" or winter harvest festival, is hugely popular in Tamil Nadu. (AP Photo/Aijaz Rahi)
In this Wednesday, Jan. 16, 2019, photo, spectators watch bulls perform during a traditional bull-taming festival called Jallikattu, in the village of Palamedu, near Madurai, Tamil Nadu state, India. Jallikattu involves releasing a bull into a crowd of people who are expected to hang on to the animal's hump for a stipulated distance or hold on to the hump for a minimum of three jumps made by the bull. The sport, performed during the four-day "Pongal" or winter harvest festival, is hugely popular in Tamil Nadu. (AP Photo/Aijaz Rahi)
In this Wednesday, Jan. 16, 2019, photo, a bull charges towards a tamer during a traditional bull-taming festival called Jallikattu, in the village of Palamedu, near Madurai, Tamil Nadu state, India. Jallikattu involves releasing a bull into a crowd of people who are expected to hang on to the animal's hump for a stipulated distance or hold on to the hump for a minimum of three jumps made by the bull. The sport, performed during the four-day "Pongal" or winter harvest festival, is hugely popular in Tamil Nadu. (AP Photo/Aijaz Rahi)
In this Wednesday, Jan. 16, 2019, photo, a bull is decorated with currency notes before taking part in the rituals during a traditional bull-taming festival called Jallikattu, in the village of Palamedu, near Madurai, Tamil Nadu state, India. Jallikattu involves releasing a bull into a crowd of people who are expected to hang on to the animal's hump for a stipulated distance or hold on to the hump for a minimum of three jumps made by the bull. The sport, performed during the four-day "Pongal" or winter harvest festival, is hugely popular in Tamil Nadu. (AP Photo/Aijaz Rahi)
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The event can be dangerous, and not just for the vaulters, as the bulls often fore bystanders as they to escape through the crowded area.

The Jallikattu has its roots in Tamil culture and a centuries-old religious ritual.

The events were banned in Tamil Nadu in 2014 for two years after India's Supreme Court found them cruel, acting on petitions by animal rights activists. That sparked protests and eventually new legislation that exempt the event from animal cruelty laws.

Still, Nikunj Sharma of PETA in India said the event leads to deaths for both people and the bulls.

"Our major focus is to make people aware that these games are not just cruel for animals but they are also cruel for humans," Sharma said.

Others disagree.

"Jallikattu and bulls are like God to us," said M. Jayakumar, who was taking part in an event in the village of Allanganallur. "Even if we get injured while performing the sport we make sure not to harm the bulls."

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