Spanish rescue boat finds life and death off coast of Libya

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Rescuing surviving migrants
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Rescuing surviving migrants
Mohamed, 17, from Gambia, floats on water during a search and rescue (SAR) operation by the NGO Proactiva Open Arms rescue boat in the central Mediterranean Sea, August 2, 2018. REUTERS/Juan Medina/File photo 
Ramadan (L), 22, and Adam, 22, both from Sudan, attend a Spanish class on board NGO Proactiva Open Arms rescue boat in central Mediterranean Sea, August 3, 2018. REUTERS/Juan Medina/File photo 
Yuosef, 28, from Sudan, stands on board NGO Proactiva Open Arms rescue boat in central Mediterranean Sea, August 7, 2018. REUTERS/Juan Medina/File photo 
Mohamed (L), 21, from Sudan, takes a selfie with friends onboard NGO Proactiva Open Arms rescue boat in central Mediterranean Sea, August 3, 2018. REUTERS/Juan Medina/File photo 
Chuol, 17, from Sudan, takes shower on board Spanish NGO Proactiva Open Arms rescue boat in central Mediterranean Sea, August 3, 2018. REUTERS/Juan Medina/File photo 
Mohamed, 21, from Sudan, rests on board NGO Proactiva Open Arms rescue boat in central Mediterranean Sea, August 6, 2018. REUTERS/Juan Medina/File photo 
Mohamed, 23, from Sudan, reads a book on board NGO Proactiva Open Arms rescue boat in central Mediterranean Sea, August 4, 2018. REUTERS/Juan Medina/File photo 
Majahid, 18, from Sudan looks at his sister on a mobile phone on board NGO Proactiva Open Arms rescue boat in central Mediterranean Sea, August 4, 2018. REUTERS/Juan Medina/File photo 
Amjad, 23, from Sudan, sleeps on board NGO Proactiva Open Arms rescue boat in central Mediterranean Sea, August 5, 2018. REUTERS/Juan Medina/File photo 
Chuol, 17, from Sudan, listens to the music on board NGO Proactiva Open Arms rescue boat in central Mediterranean Sea, August 7, 2018. REUTERS/Juan Medina/File photo 
NBA Memphis player Marc Gasol and members of NGO Proactiva Open Arms rescue boat carry Josepha from Cameroon in central Mediterranean Sea, July 17, 2018. Josepha was brought aboard in a state of deep shock and treated by doctors. She told the doctors she had spent the previous night clinging to the wreckage, singing hymns and calling on God for deliverance. REUTERS/Juan Medina/File photo 
Tugealdin, from Sudan, rests on board NGO Proactiva Open Arms rescue boat after he was rescued in central Mediterranean Sea, August 2, 2018. REUTERS/Juan Medina/File photo 
Esam (L), 22, and Ahmed, 38, both from Sudan, stand on board NGO Proactiva Open Arms rescue boat in central Mediterranean Sea, August 4, 2018. Ahmed travels with his 13-year-old son. "We are from Darfur. We arrived in Libya from Sudan. In the city of Sabratah, 22 people were kidnapped for seven days but our captors made a mistake and we broke a window and escaped. We went to Kasar- El Karabulli and waited a month and eleven days until it was our turn to get on a rubber boat for which we paid 2000 dinars each. On July 31 at night, it was time to board. We got on the boat and we were sailing for seven hours in an easterly direction because if we went straight north we could be caught by a Libyan coastguard patrol boat. We headed north and sailed for 15 hours until the engine of the boat broke. We were adrift for more than three hours, in the middle of the night, until we saw some lights approaching. We began to make signals with a telephone. There was a moment of great fear and nervousness because we did not see well and the worst thing that could happen is that the Libyan patrol arrived and forced us to return to that hell. But then we heard from one of the two fast speedboats that approached: "We are friends, we are a Spanish rescue ship". We began to shout with joy. Some did not understand the message, perhaps because they do not speak English, and thought that one of the two boats was the Libyan coastguard and threw themselves into the water, preferring to risk drowning than return to Libya. Luckily we are all alive. We have a new opportunity."�REUTERS/Juan Medina/File photo 
A crew member of NGO Proactiva Open Arms rescue boat embraces Josepha from Cameroon in central Mediterranean Sea, July 17, 2018. Josepha was brought aboard in a state of deep shock and treated by doctors. She told the doctors she had spent the previous night clinging to the wreckage, singing hymns and calling on God for deliverance. REUTERS/Juan Medina/File photo 
Musab from Sudan stands on board NGO Proactiva Open Arms rescue boat in central Mediterranean Sea, August 6, 2018. REUTERS/Juan Medina/File photo 
Ahmed (L), 38, and Salam, 23, both from Sudan, dance on board NGO Proactiva Open Arms rescue boat in central Mediterranean Sea, August 8, 2018. REUTERS/Juan Medina/File photo 
Ahmed, 38, from Sudan, prays on board NGO Proactiva Open Arms rescue boat in central Mediterranean Sea, August 6, 2018. Ahmed travels with his 13-year-old son. "We are from Darfur. We arrived in Libya from Sudan. In the city of Sabratah, 22 people were kidnapped for seven days but our captors made a mistake and we broke a window and escaped. We went to Kasar- El Karabulli and waited a month and eleven days until it was our turn to get on a rubber boat for which we paid 2000 dinars each. On July 31 at night, it was time to board. We got on the boat and we were sailing for seven hours in an easterly direction because if we went straight north we could be caught by a Libyan coastguard patrol boat. We headed north and sailed for 15 hours until the engine of the boat broke. We were adrift for more than three hours, in the middle of the night, until we saw some lights approaching. We began to make signals with a telephone. There was a moment of great fear and nervousness because we did not see well and the worst thing that could happen is that the Libyan patrol arrived and forced us to return to that hell. But then we heard from one of the two fast speedboats that approached: "We are friends, we are a Spanish rescue ship". We began to shout with joy. Some did not understand the message, perhaps because they do not speak English, and thought that one of the two boats was the Libyan coastguard and threw themselves into the water, preferring to risk drowning than return to Libya. Luckily we are all alive. We have a new opportunity.REUTERS/Juan Medina/File photo 
Ahmed, 38, from Sudan, sits on board the NGO Proactiva Open Arms rescue boat in the central Mediterranean Sea, August 2, 2018. Ahmed travels with his 13-year-old son. "We are from Darfur. We arrived in Libya from Sudan. In the city of Sabratah, 22 people were kidnapped for seven days but our captors made a mistake and we broke a window and escaped. We went to Kasar- El Karabulli and waited a month and eleven days until it was our turn to get on a rubber boat for which we paid 2000 dinars each. On July 31 at night, it was time to board. We got on the boat and we were sailing for seven hours in an easterly direction because if we went straight north we could be caught by a Libyan coastguard patrol boat. We headed north and sailed for 15 hours until the engine of the boat broke. We were adrift for more than three hours, in the middle of the night, until we saw some lights approaching. We began to make signals with a telephone. There was a moment of great fear and nervousness because we did not see well and the worst thing that could happen is that the Libyan patrol arrived and forced us to return to that hell. But then we heard from one of the two fast speedboats that approached: "We are friends, we are a Spanish rescue ship". We began to shout with joy. Some did not understand the message, perhaps because they do not speak English, and thought that one of the two boats was the Libyan coastguard and threw themselves into the water, preferring to risk drowning than return to Libya. Luckily we are all alive. We have a new opportunity."�REUTERS/Juan Medina/File photo 
Head mission of NGO Proactiva Open Arms Riccardo Gatti tracks the position of a rubber boat in central Mediterranean Sea, July 25, 2018. REUTERS/Juan Medina 
Open Arms member crew Manuel Castello (L) sprays water as he jokes with Ramadan, 22, from Sudan, on board NGO Proactiva Open Arms rescue boat in central Mediterranean Sea, August 7, 2018. REUTERS/Juan Medina/File photo 
NGO Proactiva Open Arms members sit with Josepha from Cameroon onboard of NGO Proactiva Open Arms rescue boat in central Mediterranean Sea, July 20, 2018. Josepha was rescued on July 17, 2018. She was brought aboard in a state of deep shock and treated by doctors. Josepha told the doctors she had spent the night before she was rescued clinging to the wreckage, singing hymns and calling on God for deliverance. REUTERS/Juan Medina/File photo 
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ON BOARD THE OPEN ARMS, Mediterranean, Aug 13 (Reuters) - The wreck of the raft was a dot on the sea but as our rescue boat approached we saw a woman make an effort to wave, so at least there was life.

Once speedboats launched from the Open Arms drew alongside, though, it was clear she was the only survivor. The woman, who gave her name as Josepha, was brought aboard in a state of deep shock and treated by doctors.

We found her early on July 17 and she told the doctors she had spent the previous night clinging to the wreckage, singing hymns and calling on God for deliverance. Two doctors recounted her story to me.

Face down amid the raft's mass of loose planks and deflated rubber lay the corpse of a woman in a striped T-shirt and trousers. She had been dead for some time, medics said.

Then there was a four-year-old boy, who the boat's doctors said had died hours before.

The crew lifted the two bodies onto the Open Arms, covered them and put them on ice on deck. The crew's emotions swung from a sense of accomplishment at the rescue to sadness.

I spent 29 days taking pictures on the flagship rescue boat of Spanish charity Proactiva Open Arms as it patrolled the designated Search and Rescue zone off the coast of Libya. 

In that time, we saw no other rescue boats and the crew said there were none active in the zone. Reuters was unable to verify this.

The rescue was just one drama in a migration of almost 1.8 million people across the Mediterranean from the Middle East and Africa since 2014 that has seen hundreds of thousands embark from Libya on small boats, according to United Nations figures.

Thousands have drowned and boats like the Open Arms, a retired 36-meter tugboat built in 1973, have taken up the task of offering rescue.

 

NEEDLE IN A HAYSTACK

After being lifted aboard the Open Arms and during her medical examination, Josepha told doctors she was from Cameroon.

They said she did not give them her last name or any details of her story or explain who the other passengers on the raft were. It was also unclear how the raft was damaged.

Locating migrants adrift is like finding a needle in a haystack, but on the night of July 16 the crew say they got lucky as they scanned radio frequencies.

Just before 9 p.m. we heard a commercial ship, Triades, tell the Libyan coastguard that they had seen a raft adrift. The captain swung the Open Arms toward its reported location and spotted the remains of the raft at 7.30 a.m. the next day.

After the rescue, it was three and a half days before we arrived at the only harbor that would take her, in Spain's Palma de Mallorca. By the time we reached land, she was still unable to walk unassisted.

The drama did not end there.

The founder of Open Arms, Oscar Camps, filed a lawsuit in Palma accusing the captain of Triades and the captain of the Libyan coast guard of involuntary manslaughter and failing to help the migrants.

Under international maritime law, ships should attempt the rescue of anyone in danger at sea.

In Spain, an accuser files a lawsuit to the local court, in this case in Palma, and the presiding judge decides whether to take the case further.

The court in Palma said the claim was still being processed and an investigating magistrate had consequently not yet been assigned.

The Triades, a merchant ship flying under a Panamanian flag and owned by Greek shipping company Newport SA, was docked at the Turkish port of Dortyol on Monday.

Newport declined to comment. Reuters could not contact the captain of the Triades through Newport, which declined to give the captain's contact details, or through the port authorities at Dortyol.

Reuters talked to Ibrahim Ozen, a general manager at Global Container Line, a company that provides information about the port's activities, for contact with the ship.

Ozen said on Thursday he would attempt to reach someone on the Triades. He had not replied by Monday and did not respond to further questions.

A spokeswoman for Open Arms said Josepha would answer no further questions because of the lawsuit.

Camps said radio traffic between the Triades and Libya's coast guard showed the ship's crew had seen the raft but failed to provide help. I heard the radio exchange between the Triades and the coast guard which corroborates Camps' account.

Camps also accused Italy and Malta of refusing to let Open Arms dock after the rescue, forcing it to make a much longer journey to Spain. Italy said this was not the case and accused the charity of lying about the circumstances of the rescue.

In a Twitter post, Italy's interior minister denied that the country had refused to let Open Arms dock with Josepha and the bodies on board.

"Despite the willingness of our Sicilian ports (to let the boat dock) the NGO ship is going to Spain," Italian Interior Minister Matteo Salvini wrote on Twitter.

Camps, citing Josepha's account, said the Libyan coastguard had abandoned the three migrants amid the shattered remains of the raft because they refused to board their patrol ship. It was unclear how the raft came to be partially destroyed.

Libya's coastguard denied in a statement it abandoned the raft at sea.

"It is not in our religion, our ethics or our conduct to abandon human lives at sea, where we only came to save them," it said in a statement that also disputed Camps' version of events.

(Writing by Paul Day Editing by Matthew Mpoke Bigg)

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