From top to bottom, Trump's White House churns through staff: report

WASHINGTON, July 2 (Reuters) - Forty percent of the staff members who were working a year ago in U.S. President Donald Trump's White House have since left for other jobs, a new report shows, providing a snapshot of the chaos among Trump's closest subordinates.

At all levels of seniority and pay levels, Trump staff churn has exceeded that of the executive office of former President Barack Obama, with a noticeably larger turnover among top aides, according to an annual report on the White House payroll released late on Friday and reviewed by Reuters.

In the top tier of staff, Trump's White House has so far had the highest turnover of any modern administration, said Martha Kumar, a Towson University political scientist emeritus.

That hurts Trump's ability to advance his policies in coordination with outside allies, said Kumar, director of the White House Transition Project, who has kept track of the turnover since the Reagan administration.

"You need to have a continuity," she said.

The White House did not respond to requests for comment.

SEE ALSO: Ex-Trump aide pushes for Hope Hicks as chief of staff because Trump will 'listen to women more than men'

Fifty-six percent of the highest-ranking people in Trump's White House named in last year's payroll report have since left or have announced they will soon leave, including chief of staff Reince Priebus, top economic adviser Gary Cohn, deputy chief of staff Rick Dearborn and spokesman Sean Spicer.

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Notable people who have been fired or resigned from Trump's administration
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Notable people who have been fired or resigned from Trump's administration

White House Communications Director Hope Hicks reportedly announced her resignation after testifying about her job and being required to tell "white lies."

(Photo credit should read MANDEL NGAN/AFP/Getty Images)

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Administrator Scott Pruitt resigned from his position on July 5, 2018 after a number of ethics scandals.

(REUTERS/Jonathan Ernst)

Rob Porter resigned as White House staff secretary in February 2018 amid abuse allegations made by his ex-wives.

(REUTERS/Jonathan Ernst)

Secretary of State Rex Tillerson was fired by President Trump in March 2018.

(Joshua Roberts/Bloomberg via Getty Images)

H.R. McMaster was replaced by John Bolton as national security advisor in March 2018.

(Photo by Kevin Dietsch-Pool/Getty Images)

White House aide Kelly Sadler left her position in June 2018 after reportedly mocking Sen. John McCain.

(REUTERS/Leah Millis)

Director of the National Economic Council Gary Cohn announced his resignation in March 2018 after becoming a key architect of the 2017 tax overhaul 

(REUTERS/Aaron P. Bernstein)

Sally Yates was fired from her post as acting attorney general when she refused to enforce President Trump's travel ban. 

(Photo by Bill O'Leary/The Washington Post via Getty Images)

Michael Flynn resigned as national security adviser in February after misleading Vice President Mike Pence about his interactions with Russian officials. 

(REUTERS/Carlos Barria)

President Trump announced David Shulkin was out as secretary of veterans affairs by sending a tweet announcing he had nominated his personal physican, Ronny Jackson, to replace him on March 28, 2018.

(Photo By Tom Williams/CQ Roll Call)

Trump fired FBI Director James Comey in early May.

(REUTERS/Jonathan Ernst)

Former White House Press Secretary Sean Spicer resigned in July.

(June 20, 2017. REUTERS/Jonathan Ernst)

Former White House Chief of Staff Reince Priebus resigned in July.

(REUTERS/Joshua Roberts)

Former advisor to President Donald Trump Steve Bannon resigned in August.

(Photo by Scott Olson/Getty Images)

Anthony Scaramucci, former White House communications director was fired in July after just 10 days on the job. 

(Photo by Jabin Botsford/The Washington Post via Getty Images)

Trump fired Deputy Chief of Staff Katie Walsh amid White House leaks in April.

(REUTERS/Carlos Barria/Files)

Former Secretary of Health and Human Services Tom Price resigned in late September. 

(Photo by Jabin Botsford/The Washington Post via Getty Images)

White House aide Omarosa Manigault insists she resigned and was not fired from her role in December 2017.

(Drew Angerer/Getty Images)

President Trump fired U.S. Attorney in Manhattan Preet Bharara in March.

(REUTERS/Aaron P. Bernstein)

Mike Dubke resigned as White House communications director in late May.

(Photo by Jabin Botsford/The Washington Post via Getty Images)

Walter Shaub, former Director of the United States Office of Government Ethics in Washington, DC resigned in July.

(Photo Linda Davidson/The Washington Post via Getty Images)

White House deputy assistant Sebastian Gorka resigned in August 2017. 

(REUTERS/Joshua Roberts)

Rick Dearborn, White House Deputy Chief of Staff for Legislative Affairs, left the White House in December 2017.

(REUTERS/Aaron P. Bernstein)

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The report, showing names, titles and salaries, is required by Congress each year by July 1. Two comparable reports from Obama's White House showed 13 percent of 24 top commissioned staffers left in the same period.

Former President George W. Bush had the lowest level of turnover for modern presidents in a comparable time period, with only one top aide leaving, Kumar's research shows.

More upheaval is expected. Trump has been consulting with some advisers on a replacement for current chief of staff John Kelly, who is nearing a year in the job.

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John Kelly sworn in as White House chief of staff
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John Kelly sworn in as White House chief of staff
U.S. President Donald Trump shakes hands with John Kelly after he was sworn in as White House Chief of Staff in the Oval Office of the White House in Washington, U.S., July 31, 2017. REUTERS/Joshua Roberts
U.S. President Donald Trump speaks after John Kelly was sworn in as White House Chief of Staff in the Oval Office of the White House in Washington, U.S., July 31, 2017. REUTERS/Joshua Roberts
U.S. President Donald Trump speaks after John Kelly was sworn in as White House Chief of Staff in the Oval Office of the White House in Washington, U.S., July 31, 2017. REUTERS/Joshua Roberts
John Kelly sits after he was sworn in as White House Chief of Staff in the Oval Office of the White House in Washington, U.S., July 31, 2017. REUTERS/Joshua Roberts
U.S. President Donald Trump sits after John Kelly was sworn in as White House Chief of Staff in the Oval Office of the White House in Washington, U.S., July 31, 2017. REUTERS/Joshua Roberts
White House Chief of Staff John Kelly sits during his first meeting of U.S. President Donald Trump's cabinet at the White House in Washington, U.S., July 31, 2017. REUTERS/Joshua Roberts
John Kelly sits after he was sworn in as White House Chief of Staff in the Oval Office of the White House in Washington, U.S., July 31, 2017. REUTERS/Joshua Roberts
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Disruption at the top ripples downward, with lower-level staffers jockeying for position with new bosses, doing work left behind by departees and training new hires, said Kathryn Tenpas, a political scientist at the Brookings Institution, a Washington think tank.

Tenpas has tracked turnover in about 60 key positions since the Reagan White House and said Trump has been going through staff at a record pace.

Under Trump, known for running a free-wheeling operation, an unusually high number of resignations have occurred under pressure, she noted.

"It undermines his agenda, because it's not running nearly as efficiently as it could be, and the morale is also questionable," she said.

More resignations can be expected, Tenpas said, after November's congressional elections, when White House staff often leave for less manic-paced, private-sector jobs or to work on the next presidential election campaign.

The report is a snapshot, and does not show turnover between annual reports. Nor does it show changes in the vice president's office and some other White House departments.

It showed high turnover in all salary levels and job types. At the second-highest level of commissioned White House staff -- deputy assistants to the president -- 43 percent of staffers named in the first Trump payroll report had left by this year's update, versus 15 percent in the equivalent time frame for the Obama White House.

In the third-highest level - special assistants to the president - 39 percent left versus 24 percent for Obama.

The report reveals changes in titles. One of note: Ivanka Trump, who takes no salary for her work as an adviser to the president, has dropped the "First Daughter" that was part of her official title in last year's report.

24 PHOTOS
Melania and Ivanka Trump together through the years
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Melania and Ivanka Trump together through the years
NEW YORK CITY, NY - OCTOBER 14: (L-R) Ivanka Trump, Melania Trump and Barron Trump attend Quest and Q Magazines Host Ivanka Trump Book Party at Trump Tower on October 14, 2009 in New York City. (Photo by Patrick McMullan/Patrick McMullan via Getty Images)
9/13/99 New York, NY. Donald Trump with his girlfriend, Melania Knauss (l) and daughter Ivanka (r) at the NYC 2000 Fashion Show. Photo by Robin Platzer/Twin Images/Online USA, Inc.
Melania Knauss, Donald Trump, Ivanka Trump during Inside arrivals- The Costume Institute celebrates 'Dangerous Liasions: Fashion and Furniture in the 18th Century' at Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, New York, United States. (Photo by M. Von Holden/FilmMagic)
(EXCLUSIVE, Premium Rates Apply) NEW YORK - FEBRUARY 06: Melania Trump and Ivanka Trump inside Madonna and Gucci Host 'A Night to Benefit Raising Malawi and UNICEF' at the United Nations on February 6, 2007 in New York City. **EXCLUSIVE** (Photo by Kevin Mazur/WireImage)
Melania Trump and Ivanka Trump during Olympus Fashion Week Spring 2007 - Seen at Bryant Park - Day 3 at Bryant Park in New York City, New York, United States. (Photo by John Parra/WireImage)
NEW YORK CITY, NY - MAY 19: (L-R) Melania Trump, Donald Trump and Ivanka Trump attend Molly Sims Hosts OPERATION SMILE, 'The Smile Collection' Benefit featuring the J. MENDEL Spring 2006 Collection and Jeweler BOUCHERON at Skylight Studios on May 19, 2006 in New York City. (Photo by Patrick McMullan/Patrick McMullan via Getty Images)
Ivanka Trump and Melania Knauss during Dennis Basso Fashion Show - Fall/Winter 2004 at Cipriani in New York City, New York, United States. (Photo by Shane Gritzinger/FilmMagic)
Melania Trump wife of Republican Presidential candidate businessman Donald Trump (R) and his daughter Ivanka Trump leaves the stage at the conclusion of the the Republican Presidential debate sponsored by Fox Business and the Republican National Committee at the North Charleston Coliseum and Performing Arts Center in Charleston, South Carolina on January 14, 2016. / AFP / TIMOTHY A. CLARY (Photo credit should read TIMOTHY A. CLARY/AFP/Getty Images)
Donald Trumps wife Melania Trump (R), daughter Ivanka Trump (2R), and son's Eric Trump (2ndL), and Donald Trump Jr. look on during the Republican Presidential debate sponsored by Fox Business and the Republican National Committee at the North Charleston Coliseum and Performing Arts Center in Charleston, South Carolina on January 14, 2016. AFP PHOTO/ TIMOTHY A. CLARY / AFP / TIMOTHY A. CLARY (Photo credit should read TIMOTHY A. CLARY/AFP/Getty Images)
Donald Trumps wife Melania Trump (L), daughter Ivanka Trump wait for the start of the CNBC Republican Presidential Debate, October 28, 2015 at the Coors Event Center at the University of Colorado in Boulder, Colorado. AFP PHOTO / ROBYN BECK / AFP / ROBYN BECK (Photo credit should read ROBYN BECK/AFP/Getty Images)
PALM BEACH, FL - JANUARY 05: Melania Trump and Ivanka Trump attend the 2014 Trump Invitational Grand Prix at The Mar-a-Lago Club on January 5, 2014 in Palm Beach, Florida. (Photo by Larry Marano/Getty Images for 2014 Trump Invitational Grand Prix)
TRUMP TOWER, NEW YORK, UNITED STATES - 2016/04/19: Jared Kushner, Ivanka Trump, Melania Trump attend Donald Trump victory celebration after New York primary at Trump Tower on 5th Avenue. Donald John Trump is an American businessman, politician, television personality, author, and candidate for the Republican nomination for President of the United States in the 2016 election. (Photo by Lev Radin/Pacific Press/LightRocket via Getty Images)
Donald Trump, president and chief executive of Trump Organization Inc. and 2016 Republican presidential candidate, center, smiles as wife Melania Trump, left, and daughter Ivanka Trump, right, look on during a primary watch party in Manchester, New Hampshire, U.S., on Tuesday, Feb. 9 , 2016. Trump re-assumed his front-runner status in the Republican nominating contest after finishing second in the Iowa caucuses on Feb. 1 to Texas Senator Ted Cruz, despite leading state and national polls for months. Photographer: Victor J. Blue/Bloomberg via Getty Images
Melania Trump (L), Ivanka Trump (C)and Republican candidate for Vice President Mike Pence wait before the first presidential debate at Hofstra University in Hempstead, New York on September 26, 2016. Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump face off in one of the most consequential presidential debates in modern US history with up to 100 million viewers set to tune in. / AFP / POOL / joe raedle (Photo credit should read JOE RAEDLE/AFP/Getty Images)
NEW YORK, NY - APRIL 21: (L-R) Tiffany Trump, Donald Trump Jr, Kai Trump, Melania Trump, 2016 Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump, Tristan Trump, Ivanka Trump, and Eric Trump pose onstage during NBC's Today Trump Town Hall at Rockefeller Plaza on April 21, 2016 in New York City. (Photo by D Dipasupil/FilmMagic)
Republican nominee Donald Trump (R) is cheered by his wife Melania Trump (C) and daughter Ivanka Trump (L) at the end of the final presidential debate at the Thomas & Mack Center on the campus of the University of Las Vegas in Las Vegas, Nevada on October 19, 2016. Democrat Hillary Clinton and rival Donald Trump face off in their last presidential debate on October 19, with the Republican candidate spiraling downward amid allegations of sexual misconduct and wild charges of a 'rigged' US election. / AFP / POOL / joe raedle (Photo credit should read JOE RAEDLE/AFP/Getty Images)
Ivanka Trump (R) and Melania Trump (L) appear before the second presidential debate at Washington University in St. Louis, Missouri on October 9, 2016. / AFP / POOL / RICK WILKING (Photo credit should read RICK WILKING/AFP/Getty Images)
Melania (L) and Ivanka Trump are seen during the first presidential debate at Hofstra University in Hempstead, New York on September 26, 2016. Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump face off in one of the most consequential presidential debates in modern US history with up to 100 million viewers set to tune in. / AFP / POOL / joe raedle (Photo credit should read JOE RAEDLE/AFP/Getty Images)
Melania Trump (L) and Ivanka Trump look on as Republican presidential elect Donald Trump speaks during election night at the New York Hilton Midtown in New York on November 9, 2016. / AFP / JIM WATSON (Photo credit should read JIM WATSON/AFP/Getty Images)
Ivanka Trump (2nd L), the daughter of US President Donald Trump and First Lady Melania Trump (R) visit the Western Wall, the holiest site where Jews can pray, in Jerusalems Old City on May 22, 2017. / AFP PHOTO / POOL / Heidi Levine (Photo credit should read HEIDI LEVINE/AFP/Getty Images)
VATICAN CITY, VATICAN - MAY 24: Pope Francis meets United States First Lady Melania Trump, Ivanka Trump and Jared Kushner at the Apostolic Palace on May 24, 2017 in Vatican City, Vatican. The President Trump will return on Italy on Friday attending the Group of 7 Summit in Sicily. (Photo by Vatican Pool/Getty Images)
ARLINGTON, VA - AUGUST 21: First lady Melania Trump stands with Ivanka Trump before President Donald Trump delivered remarks on American involvement in Afghanistan at the Fort Myer military base on August 21, 2017 in Arlington, Virginia. Trump was expected to announce a modest increase in troop levels in Afghanistan, the result of a growing concern by the Pentagon over setbacks on the battlefield for the Afghan military against Taliban and al-Qaeda forces. (Photo by Mark Wilson/Getty Images)
WASHINGTON, DC - JUNE 26: Ivanka Trump talks with first lady Melania Trump before a joint statement between U.S. President Donald Trump and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi in the Rose Garden of the White House June 26, 2017 in Washington, DC. Trump and Modi met earlier today in the Oval Office to discuss a range of bilateral issues. (Photo by Mark Wilson/Getty Images)
(L-R) Ivanka Trump, US First Lady Melania Trump and US Vice President Mike Pence await the arrival of US President Donald Trump to Joint Base Myer-Henderson Hall in Arlington, Virginia, on August 21, 2017. Trump is addressing the nation about Afghanistan. / AFP PHOTO / Nicholas Kamm (Photo credit should read NICHOLAS KAMM/AFP/Getty Images)
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(Reporting by Roberta Rampton Additional reporting by Damon Darlin Editing by Kevin Drawbaugh and Alistair Bell)

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