Super blue moon to coincide with lunar eclipse for 1st time in 150 years

A blue moon, a super moon and a lunar eclipse will all fall on the same night at the end of January in an event that hasn’t happened in over 150 years.

These three lunar events separately are not uncommon, but it is rare for all three to occur at the same time. The last time that there was a blue moon, a super moon and a total lunar eclipse at the same time for North America was on March 31, 1866.

More recently, a blue moon, a super moon and a lunar eclipse occurred at the same time on Dec. 30, 1982, but only for the Eastern Hemisphere. Because of time zones, the full moon was not considered a blue moon for North America as the previous full moon occurred at the end of Nov. 30, not early on Dec. 1. 

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Supermoon lunar eclipse Sept. 2015, blood moon
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Supermoon lunar eclipse Sept. 2015, blood moon
A so-called 'blood moon' can be seen behind one of the steeples of the Cologne Cathedral during a total lunar eclipse in Cologne, western Germany, on September 28, 2015. Skygazers were treated to a rare astronomical event when a swollen 'supermoon' and lunar eclipse combined for the first time in decades, showing Earth's satellite bathed in blood-red light. AFP PHOTO / DPA / ROLF VENNENBERND +++ GERMANY OUT (Photo credit should read ROLF VENNENBERND/AFP/Getty Images)
DENVER, CO - SEPTEMBER 27: A perigee full moon, or supermoon, is seen during a total lunar eclipse behind The Colorado State Capitol building on September 27, 2015, in Denver, Colorado. The combination of a supermoon and total lunar eclipse last occurred in 1982 and will not happen again until 2033. (Photo by (NASA/Bill Ingalls)
A swollen 'supermoon' is seen during the stages of a total eclipse in La Rochelle, southwestern France, early on September 28, 2015. For the first time in decades, the double spectacle of a swollen 'supermoon' bathed in the blood-red light of a total eclipse can be seen. The celestial show, visible from the Americas, Europe, Africa, west Asia and the east Pacific, will be the result of the Sun, Earth and a larger-than-life, extra-bright Moon lining up for just over an hour. AFP PHOTO / XAVIER LEOTY (Photo credit should read XAVIER LEOTY/AFP/Getty Images)
Reindeer are seen silhouetted against the moon during a lunar eclipse near the village of Yavterishki, some 250 kilometers north from Minsk on September 28, 2015. The combination of a supermoon and total lunar eclipse last occurred in 1982 and will not happen again until 2033. AFP PHOTO / SERGEI GAPON (Photo credit should read SERGEI GAPON/AFP/Getty Images)
INNSBRUCK, AUSTRIA - SEPTEMBER 28: A perigee full moon, or super moon, is seen during a total lunar eclipse on September 28, 2015 in Innsbruck, Austria. The combination of a supermoon and a total lunar eclipse last occurred in 1982 and will not happen again until 2033. (Photo by Jan Hetfleisch/Getty Images)
A swollen 'supermoon' bathed in the blood-red light of a total eclipse is seen in in La Rochelle, southwestern France, early on September 28, 2015. For the first time in decades, the double spectacle of a swollen 'supermoon' bathed in the blood-red light of a total eclipse can be seen. The celestial show, visible from the Americas, Europe, Africa, west Asia and the east Pacific, will be the result of the Sun, Earth and a larger-than-life, extra-bright Moon lining up for just over an hour. AFP PHOTO / XAVIER LEOTY (Photo credit should read XAVIER LEOTY/AFP/Getty Images)
A so-called 'blood moon' can be seen during a total lunar eclipse in Essen, western Germany, on September 28, 2015. Skygazers were treated to a rare astronomical event when a swollen 'supermoon' and lunar eclipse combined for the first time in decades, showing Earth's satellite bathed in blood-red light. AFP PHOTO / PATRIK STOLLARZ (Photo credit should read PATRIK STOLLARZ/AFP/Getty Images)
LOS ANGELES, CA - SEPTEMBER 27: An eclipsed supermoon is shown on September 27, 2015 in Los Angeles, California. A supermoon occurs when a full moon coincides with its perigee, which is its closest approach to the Earth. A total lunar eclipse and a supermoon won't occur together again until 2033. (Photo by Christopher Polk/Getty Images)
LONDON, UNITED KINGDOM - SEPTEMBER 28: The Super Blood Moon is seen during the early stages of the Lunar Eclipse near Big Ben on September 28, 2015 in London, United Kingdom. The Super Moon coincides with a total lunar eclipse, a rare combination that last occured in 1982. (Photo by Joseph Okpako/Getty Images)
BRIGHTON, UNITED KINGDOM - SEPTEMBER 27: An astronomer stargazes ahead of tonight's supermoon on September 27, 2015 in Brighton, England. Tonight's supermoon, so called because it is the closet full moon to the Earth this year, is particularly rare as it coincides with a lunar eclipse, a combination that has not happened since 1982 and won't happen again until 2033. (Photo by Jordan Mansfield/Getty Images)
LAS VEGAS, NV - SEPTEMBER 27: An eclipsed supermoon rises behind the Las Vegas Strip on September 27, 2015 in Las Vegas, Nevada. A supermoon occurs when a full moon coincides with its perigee, which is its closest approach to the Earth. A total lunar eclipse and a supermoon won't occur together again until 2033. (Photo by Ethan Miller/Getty Images)
GLASTONBURY, UNITED KINGDOM - SEPTEMBER 28: The full eclipse of the moon ends as the moon leaves the shadow of the Earth on September 28, 2015 in Glastonbury, England. Tonight's supermoon - so called because it is the closet full moon to the Earth this year - is particularly rare as it coincides with a lunar eclipse, a combination that has not happened since 1982 and won't happen again until 2033. (Photo by Matt Cardy/Getty Images)
A swollen 'supermoon' is seen bathed in the blood-red light during the stages of a total eclipse above Saint-Michel church in Bordeaux, southwestern France, early on September 28, 2015. Stargazers were treated to a rare astronomical event when a swollen 'supermoon' and lunar eclipse combined for the first time in decades, showing the planet bathed in blood-red light. AFP PHOTO / NICOLAS TUCAT (Photo credit should read NICOLAS TUCAT/AFP/Getty Images)
GLASTONBURY, UNITED KINGDOM - SEPTEMBER 28: An eclipse of the moon is shown on September 28, 2015 in Glastonbury, England. Tonight's supermoon - so called because it is the closet full moon to the Earth this year - is particularly rare as it coincides with a lunar eclipse, a combination that has not happened since 1982 and won't happen again until 2033. (Photo by Matt Cardy/Getty Images)
GLASTONBURY, UNITED KINGDOM - SEPTEMBER 28: The moon enters the maximum eclipse on September 28, 2015 in Glastonbury, England. Tonight's supermoon - so called because it is the closet full moon to the Earth this year - is particularly rare as it coincides with a lunar eclipse, a combination that has not happened since 1982 and won't happen again until 2033. (Photo by Matt Cardy/Getty Images)
This combination of pictures shows the moon in various stages of a total lunar eclipse as seen from Bogota, Colombia, on September 27, 2015. Skygazers were treated to a rare astronomical event when a swollen 'supermoon' and lunar eclipse combined for the first time in decades, showing the planet bathed in blood-red light. AFP PHOTO / Luis Acosta (Photo credit should read LUIS ACOSTA/AFP/Getty Images)
GLASTONBURY, UNITED KINGDOM - SEPTEMBER 27: The supermoon rises behind Glastonbury Tor on September 28, 2015 in Somerset, England. Tonight's supermoon - so called because it is the closet full moon to the Earth this year - is particularly rare as it coincides with a lunar eclipse, a combination that has not happened since 1982 and won't happen again until 2033. (Photo by Matt Cardy/Getty Images)
The 'supermoon' rises on September 27, 2015 in Lausanne. For the first time in decades, skygazers are in for the double spectacle Monday of a swollen 'supermoon' bathed in the blood-red light of a total eclipse. The celestial show, visible from the Americas, Europe, Africa, west Asia and the east Pacific, will be the result of the Sun, Earth and a larger-than-life, extra-bright Moon lining up for just over an hour from 0211 GMT. AFP PHOTO / FABRICE COFFRINI (Photo credit should read FABRICE COFFRINI/AFP/Getty Images)
RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL - SEPTEMBER 27: The supermoon rises above a man riding a stand-up paddle board off Copacabana Beach on September 27, 2015 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Tonight's supermoon - so called because it is the closest full moon to the Earth this year - is particularly rare as it will coincide with a lunar eclipse. (Photo by Mario Tama/Getty Images)
GLASTONBURY, UNITED KINGDOM - SEPTEMBER 27: The supermoon rises behind Glastonbury Tor on September 27, 2015 in Glastonbury, England. Tonight's supermoon, so called because it is the closet full moon to the Earth this year, is particularly rare as it coincides with a lunar eclipse, a combination that has not happened since 1982 and won't happen again until 2033. (Photo by Matt Cardy/Getty Images)
MOSCOW, RUSSIA SEPTEMBER 27: The full moon rises through the clouds over the sky of Moscow, Russia, on September, 27, 2015. A total lunar eclipse during a 'Supermoon' will take place in the early hours of 28 September, when the Moon makes its closest approach to the Earth, appears larger in the sky and passes into the Earth's shadow. (Photo by Sefa Karacan/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images)
The moon is seen near to Moserrate mountain in Bogota on September 27 2015. This Sunday, September 27 will happen a total lunar eclipse while super moon, a natural phenomenon that will be repeated in 2033. AFP PHOTO/Luis Acosta (Photo credit should read LUIS ACOSTA/AFP/Getty Images)
A swollen 'supermoon' is seen during the stages of a total eclipse in La Rochelle, southwestern France, early on September 28, 2015. For the first time in decades, the double spectacle of a swollen 'supermoon' bathed in the blood-red light of a total eclipse can be seen. The celestial show, visible from the Americas, Europe, Africa, west Asia and the east Pacific, will be the result of the Sun, Earth and a larger-than-life, extra-bright Moon lining up for just over an hour. AFP PHOTO / XAVIER LEOTY (Photo credit should read XAVIER LEOTY/AFP/Getty Images)
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The full moon will rise on the evening of Tuesday, Jan. 30, and set around daybreak on Wednesday, Jan. 31, local time.

People all across North America will be able to see the moon light up the night sky, as long as clouds do not interfere, but only those in the central and western parts of the continent will be able to see a total lunar eclipse.

How to view the total lunar eclipse

For most of the night, the moon will appear its normal color. However, during the predawn hours on Jan. 31, the moon will turn a rusty orange or red color as it passes into the Earth's shadow.

“This will be the first total lunar eclipse since 2015,” AccuWeather Astronomy Blogger Dave Samuhel said.

During a total lunar eclipse, the moon passes through the darkest part of the Earth's shadow. Unlike a total solar eclipse which lasts only minutes, this will last for several hours.

The eclipse will start around 2:51 a.m. PST on Jan. 31, but the shadow of the Earth will really begin to become noticeable on the face of the moon at 3:48 a.m. PST when the partial phase of the eclipse begins.

The total lunar eclipse will occur between 4:51 a.m. PST and 6:07 a.m. PST with the height of the eclipse occurring at 5:29 a.m. PST.

After the total eclipse ends, the moon will slowly regain its normal appearance with the eclipse ending at 8:08 a.m. PST.

Residents in most of the United States and Canada will be able to see the total eclipse before the moon sets around daybreak, local time. However, those in the eastern United States and eastern Canada will see only a partial lunar eclipse as the moon will set before it enters totality. 

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Once in a #BlueMoon shot with a Canon
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Morning sky.
#bluemoon a bit lighter closer to sunrise.... My camera did catch it a tad blue cast due to my settings. The moon want actually blue. Was pretty tho!
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During a total lunar eclipse, the moon is sometimes referred to as a blood moon. This name is derived from the red color that the moon turns during the height of the eclipse.

“Some sunlight still reaches the moon [during a total lunar eclipse], but first it goes through Earth's atmosphere. The atmosphere filters out most of the sun’s blue light, so the moon looks red,” NASA said.

During the partial phases of the eclipse, the moon will appear its normal color, but with a part of it shaded dark due to the Earth's shadow. 

Mainly clear skies should allow for excellent viewing conditions across much of the eastern and southern United States on Tuesday night into early Wednesday morning.

Meanwhile, a far-reaching storm will spread disruptive clouds from the Pacific Northwest to the Great Lakes. 

The eclipse can also be viewed online for free on NASA TV or NASA.tv/live.

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People across North America that miss this month’s eclipse will have to wait only one year for the opportunity to view another.

The next time that a total lunar eclipse will be visible from the United States and Canada will be on the night of Jan. 20, 2019, with the entire eclipse being visible across all of North America.

This lunar eclipse will also occur during a full super moon, making the blood moon appear larger than the average lunar eclipse.

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