Global calls for crackdown on people paying from just $1.50 for child sex

MUMBAI, India, Dec 8 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Indian authorities are facing mounting pressure to crackdown on people paying to have sex with children with a politician from India's ruling Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) rallying for public support to call for tougher action.

Fashion designer and spokeswoman of the Mumbai unit of BJP, Shaina Nana Chudasama, better known as Shaina N.C., has set up a change.org petition which already has nearly 100,000 signatures to raise concerns that hardly any child sex buyers are punished.

Child sex offenders in India can get up to life imprisonment under the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, but the law is rarely applied in cases of children forced into commercial sex, campaigners say.

"The exploitation of children is so alarming. A person needs to spend all of 100 rupees ($1.50) to exploit children," Shaina N.C. told the Thomson Reuters Foundation.

RELATED: Child labor and slavery around the world

18 PHOTOS
Child labor and slavery around the world
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Child labor and slavery around the world
NEPAL - 2013/11/14: Dil Kumari Chaudhary (left) stands outside of her parents house - now age 21, was an ex-Kamlari (child slave) who was sold by her parents to a host family; she was freed four years ago after her parents sent a pig to compensate for revenue losses. 'When they sent me I cried so that my eyes were swollen, but I have forgiven now; they made a mistake, but they were poor.' The Kamaiya/Kamlari issue is a form of slavery where families sell their daughters as child-slaves in exchange for loans. Ongoing issues on these human rights have been battled against for many years. As exorbitant debts were charged, many families were forced into generations slavery to to pay off these debts. It was only till many protests led to its banning in the year 2000 and the banning of Kamlari system in 2006 that saw an end to the ongoing dispute; over the last decade, 12,000 Kamlaris were freed and it is estimated that there are 500-1000 still alive in captivity as the Kamlari system still operates secretly. (Photo by Jonas Gratzer/LightRocket via Getty Images)
KOROGHO, IVORY COAST - FEBRUARY 2008: A madrasa in Korogho, Ivory Coast, where hundreds of children are coming from poorer neighbouring countries like Mali, Guinea, and Burkina Faso. The children are sent by their parents, too poor to feed them, to learn the Holy Koran. But instead, the Koranic masters send them to beg all the day. If they do not come back with enough money, they are beaten up and are not allowed to eat. These trafficked children are called 'talibes'. (Photo by Veronique de Viguerie/Getty Images)
TO GO WITH India-crime-social-trafficking-children,FEATURE by Trudy Harris In this photograph taken on September 16, 2013, an alleged Indian human-trafficking victim (R) is hugged by her sister after being rescued from a village in Karnal around 100 kms from New Delhi. In India, mostly women are trafficked or tricked into different forms of slavery ranging from domestic service to prostitution. Desperately poor parents also sell their children who are then forced into begging rackets and manual labour, according to other experts. According to the National Crime Records Bureau, some 38,000 children were kidnapped last year in India compared with 33,000 the year before. Child rights groups say the actual number is probably much higher. AFP PHOTO/ MANAN VATSYAYANA (Photo credit should read MANAN VATSYAYANA/AFP/Getty Images)
TO GO WITH Nepal-children-slavery,FEATURE by Ammu KANNAMPILLY In this photograph taken on December 13, 2013 Nepalese indentured 'kamlari' girl Jujri Tharu (2nd L) is rescued by activists from her workplace in Kathmandu. Nepal's indentured 'kamlari' girls - some as young as six - are among the Himayalan nation's most vulnerable citizens, subject to beatings and sexual violence while being kept as virtual prisoners by their employers. AFP PHOTO/ Prakash MATHEMA (Photo credit should read PRAKASH MATHEMA/AFP/Getty Images)
NEPAL - 2013/11/14: An 8 year old ex-Kamlari (child slave) at a home for the rescued Kamlaris from host families that are unable to return to their real families. The Kamaiya/Kamlari issue is a form of slavery where families sell their daughters as child-slaves in exchange for loans. Ongoing issues on these human rights have been battled against for many years. As exorbitant debts were charged, many families were forced into generations slavery to to pay off these debts. It was only till many protests led to its banning in the year 2000 and the banning of Kamlari system in 2006 that saw an end to the ongoing dispute; over the last decade, 12,000 Kamlaris were freed and it is estimated that there are 500-1000 still alive in captivity as the Kamlari system still operates secretly. (Photo by Jonas Gratzer/LightRocket via Getty Images)
NEPAL - 2013/11/14: Dil Kumari Chaudhary plays with the family pig that they will send in exchange for her freedom - now age 21, was an ex-Kamlari (child slave) who was sold by her parents to a host family; she was freed four years ago. 'When they sent me I cried so that my eyes were swollen, but I have forgiven now; they made a mistake, but they were poor.' The Kamaiya/Kamlari issue is a form of slavery where families sell their daughters as child-slaves in exchange for loans. Ongoing issues on these human rights have been battled against for many years. As exorbitant debts were charged, many families were forced into generations slavery to to pay off these debts. It was only till many protests led to its banning in the year 2000 and the banning of Kamlari system in 2006 that saw an end to the ongoing dispute; over the last decade, 12,000 Kamlaris were freed and it is estimated that there are 500-1000 still alive in captivity as the Kamlari system still operates secretly. (Photo by Jonas Gratzer/LightRocket via Getty Images)
KOROGHO, IVORY COAST - FEBRUARY 2008: Children begging in the streets of Korogho, Ivory Coast, where hundreds of children are coming from poorer neighbouring countries like Mali, Guinea, and Burkina Faso. The children are sent by their parents, too poor to feed them, to learn the Holy Koran. But instead, the Koranic masters send them to beg all the day. If they do not come back with enough money, they are beaten up and are not allowed to eat. These trafficked children are called 'talibes'. (Photo by Veronique de Viguerie/Getty Images)
SRINAGAR- KASHMIR-INDIA -NOVEMBER 29: A Kashmiri child vendor sells shoes from a cart on the roadside, A Kashmiri child vendor sells shoes on a cart on a roadside, November 29, 2015 in Srinagar, the summer capital of Indian administered Kashmir, India. Millions of Indian children still have to work for a living to support their families and missing out on primary education. According to the 2011 national census , India has 4.35 million child labourers, aged 5 to 14, with rampant cases of slavery, sexual assault and emotional abuse. The Child Labour Prohibition and Regulation Act, 1986, prohibits the employment of children younger than 14 in 83 occupations and processes, and 'regulates the conditions of work of children' in all others . However, an amendment bill pending in the Parliament seeks to bans all child labour, irrespective of sector, up to age 14. (Photo by Yawar Nazir/ Getty Images)
BILWADI, RAJASTHAN, INDIA - 2014/10/29: Children play inside the teaching and rehabilitation center 'Bal Ashram', which was created by Kailash Satyarthi who won (along with Pakistani Malala Yousafzai) the 2014 Nobel Peace Prize for his many years of work against child labor. The center is home to about 70 children. Many come from the poor state of Bihar in the north-eastern part of India. The kids are concentrated when the teacher explains the writing exercise. There are no actual classrooms for the children they just sit on the ground with a temporary roof to protect themselves against the strong sun. In a small village called Bilwadi in the state of Rajasthan, children from Nomadic families at ages between 6 and 14 years are taught mathematics as well as reading and writing in Hindi. Child marriage from the age of about 4 and the caring of family livestock is a common chore for children in rural areas of Rajasthan. The young are trafficked and exposed to different kinds of child labor; a form of modern slavery that is not uncommon in India though forbidden by law. It is difficult to estimate an exact number of children subjected to child labor as many births in India go unregistered however it is agreed at about 50 60 million children. It is definitely a fact though that India has the highest amount of child labor. The Bachpan Bachao Andolan (BBA) worked since 1980 to combat child labor and have freed about 83,000 children from slave-like conditions and helped to unite them with their families or have helped them in other ways. The BBA have projects in hundreds of Indian villages with Adesh Sharma working as the field coordinator for 16 years who seems to know the most important tools to the organizations success. However, all is not merry for the BBAs work. There have been cases of assault and even murder of the organizations employees. Many factory hotel and restaurant owners who want cheap labor in the form of children have threatened Adesh and his associates. Due to corruption, there have been cases where the local police have gotten involved. Adesh has received many death threats over the phone but still continues to be positive about the prevention of child labor in future. Kailash Satyarthi, the winner of the 2014 Nobel Peace Prize even said that Indias new government and Prime Minister Narendra Modi should put more focus on preventing child labor. On the other hand, there are still many problems including the following up on the families whose children have been returned after being sold. (Photo by Jonas Gratzer/LightRocket via Getty Images)
BILWADI, RAJASTHAN, INDIA - 2014/10/29: Children are sitting on the ground with a temporary roof to protect them against the strong sun in a small village called Bilwadi in the state of Rajasthan. The children who come from nomadic families are 6-14 years olds who are taught mathematics as well as reading and writing in Hindi. The kids are concentrated when the teacher explains the writing exercise. There are no actual classrooms for the children they just sit on the ground with a temporary roof to protect themselves against the strong sun. In a small village called Bilwadi in the state of Rajasthan, children from Nomadic families at ages between 6 and 14 years are taught mathematics as well as reading and writing in Hindi. Child marriage from the age of about 4 and the caring of family livestock is a common chore for children in rural areas of Rajasthan. The young are trafficked and exposed to different kinds of child labor; a form of modern slavery that is not uncommon in India though forbidden by law. It is difficult to estimate an exact number of children subjected to child labor as many births in India go unregistered however it is agreed at about 50 60 million children. It is definitely a fact though that India has the highest amount of child labor. The Bachpan Bachao Andolan (BBA) worked since 1980 to combat child labor and have freed about 83,000 children from slave-like conditions and helped to unite them with their families or have helped them in other ways. The BBA have projects in hundreds of Indian villages with Adesh Sharma working as the field coordinator for 16 years who seems to know the most important tools to the organizations success. However, all is not merry for the BBAs work. There have been cases of assault and even murder of the organizations employees. Many factory hotel and restaurant owners who want cheap labor in the form of children have threatened Adesh and his associates. Due to corruption, there have been cases where the local police have gotten involved. Adesh has received many death threats over the phone but still continues to be positive about the prevention of child labor in future. Kailash Satyarthi, the winner of the 2014 Nobel Peace Prize even said that Indias new government and Prime Minister Narendra Modi should put more focus on preventing child labor. On the other hand, there are still many problems including the following up on the families whose children have been returned after being sold. (Photo by Jonas Gratzer/LightRocket via Getty Images)
BILWADI, RAJASTHAN, INDIA - 2014/10/29: Young boys sitting in their room at the teaching and rehabilitation center called 'Bal Ashram', which was created by Kailash Satyarthi who won (along with Pakistani Malala Yousafzai) the 2014 Nobel Peace Prize for his many years of work against child labor. The center is home to about 70 children. Many come from the poor state of Bihar in the north-eastern part of India. The kids are concentrated when the teacher explains the writing exercise. There are no actual classrooms for the children they just sit on the ground with a temporary roof to protect themselves against the strong sun. In a small village called Bilwadi in the state of Rajasthan, children from Nomadic families at ages between 6 and 14 years are taught mathematics as well as reading and writing in Hindi. Child marriage from the age of about 4 and the caring of family livestock is a common chore for children in rural areas of Rajasthan. The young are trafficked and exposed to different kinds of child labor; a form of modern slavery that is not uncommon in India though forbidden by law. It is difficult to estimate an exact number of children subjected to child labor as many births in India go unregistered however it is agreed at about 50 60 million children. It is definitely a fact though that India has the highest amount of child labor. The Bachpan Bachao Andolan (BBA) worked since 1980 to combat child labor and have freed about 83,000 children from slave-like conditions and helped to unite them with their families or have helped them in other ways. The BBA have projects in hundreds of Indian villages with Adesh Sharma working as the field coordinator for 16 years who seems to know the most important tools to the organizations success. However, all is not merry for the BBAs work. There have been cases of assault and even murder of the organizations employees. Many factory hotel and restaurant owners who want cheap labor in the form of children have threatened Adesh and his associates. Due to corruption, there have been cases where the local police have gotten involved. Adesh has received many death threats over the phone but still continues to be positive about the prevention of child labor in future. Kailash Satyarthi, the winner of the 2014 Nobel Peace Prize even said that Indias new government and Prime Minister Narendra Modi should put more focus on preventing child labor. On the other hand, there are still many problems including the following up on the families whose children have been returned after being sold. (Photo by Jonas Gratzer/LightRocket via Getty Images)
BILWADI, RAJASTHAN, INDIA - 2014/10/29: A thin young boy, age 11, stunted his growth from having worked in a brick factory with his parents and then sold by his father to a hotel on the border with Nepal. The kids are concentrated when the teacher explains the writing exercise. There are no actual classrooms for the children they just sit on the ground with a temporary roof to protect themselves against the strong sun. In a small village called Bilwadi in the state of Rajasthan, children from Nomadic families at ages between 6 and 14 years are taught mathematics as well as reading and writing in Hindi. Child marriage from the age of about 4 and the caring of family livestock is a common chore for children in rural areas of Rajasthan. The young are trafficked and exposed to different kinds of child labor; a form of modern slavery that is not uncommon in India though forbidden by law. It is difficult to estimate an exact number of children subjected to child labor as many births in India go unregistered however it is agreed at about 50 60 million children. It is definitely a fact though that India has the highest amount of child labor. The Bachpan Bachao Andolan (BBA) worked since 1980 to combat child labor and have freed about 83,000 children from slave-like conditions and helped to unite them with their families or have helped them in other ways. The BBA have projects in hundreds of Indian villages with Adesh Sharma working as the field coordinator for 16 years who seems to know the most important tools to the organizations success. However, all is not merry for the BBAs work. There have been cases of assault and even murder of the organizations employees. Many factory hotel and restaurant owners who want cheap labor in the form of children have threatened Adesh and his associates. Due to corruption, there have been cases where the local police have gotten involved. Adesh has received many death threats over the phone but still continues to be positive about the prevention of child labor in future. Kailash Satyarthi, the winner of the 2014 Nobel Peace Prize even said that Indias new government and Prime Minister Narendra Modi should put more focus on preventing child labor. On the other hand, there are still many problems including the following up on the families whose children have been returned after being sold. (Photo by Jonas Gratzer/LightRocket via Getty Images)
BILWADI, RAJASTHAN, INDIA - 2014/10/29: Children are sitting on the ground with a temporary roof to protect them against the strong sun in a small village called Bilwadi in the state of Rajasthan. The children who come from nomadic families are 6-14 years olds who are taught mathematics as well as reading and writing in Hindi. The kids are concentrated when the teacher explains the writing exercise. There are no actual classrooms for the children they just sit on the ground with a temporary roof to protect themselves against the strong sun. In a small village called Bilwadi in the state of Rajasthan, children from Nomadic families at ages between 6 and 14 years are taught mathematics as well as reading and writing in Hindi. Child marriage from the age of about 4 and the caring of family livestock is a common chore for children in rural areas of Rajasthan. The young are trafficked and exposed to different kinds of child labor; a form of modern slavery that is not uncommon in India though forbidden by law. It is difficult to estimate an exact number of children subjected to child labor as many births in India go unregistered however it is agreed at about 50 60 million children. It is definitely a fact though that India has the highest amount of child labor. The Bachpan Bachao Andolan (BBA) worked since 1980 to combat child labor and have freed about 83,000 children from slave-like conditions and helped to unite them with their families or have helped them in other ways. The BBA have projects in hundreds of Indian villages with Adesh Sharma working as the field coordinator for 16 years who seems to know the most important tools to the organizations success. However, all is not merry for the BBAs work. There have been cases of assault and even murder of the organizations employees. Many factory hotel and restaurant owners who want cheap labor in the form of children have threatened Adesh and his associates. Due to corruption, there have been cases where the local police have gotten involved. Adesh has received many death threats over the phone but still continues to be positive about the prevention of child labor in future. Kailash Satyarthi, the winner of the 2014 Nobel Peace Prize even said that Indias new government and Prime Minister Narendra Modi should put more focus on preventing child labor. On the other hand, there are still many problems including the following up on the families whose children have been returned after being sold. (Photo by Jonas Gratzer/LightRocket via Getty Images)
PHUKET, THAILAND - 2014/08/04: A young child seen through a barred window in Phuket. Every year hundreds of thousands of tourists come to Thailand. But in the shadow of mass tourism, there is a different reality. Reporters have found serious grievances among migrant workers in hotels used by the tourists. Trafficking and modern slavery are part of everyday life for those who pay the highest price to be smuggled into the country. Htoo Aung says that seven other Burmese and he were led by smugglers through the jungle for eight days. They slept in the open air for short periods during the day. Under the cover of darkness, they took a long detour into the thorny terrain to bypass roadblocks controlled by the Tatmadaw, the Burmese junta's feared military force. From Htoo Aungs small village in the state of Mon in one of the world's least developed countries, the group slowly moved southwards. I was terrified. We were passed by a soldier patrol just meters from the bushes where we were hiding. But they did not see us. Says Htoo Aung Many of the migrant workers who came over from Myanmar have made it to Thailand illegally. They saw little chance in Burma for a life of proper employment and so many of them made the choice to contact a broker that could help them get across the border illegally to come and work in Thailand as hotel staff or fishermen. Most of these workers had to risk their lives being smuggled through thick terrains of jungle and once they got to Thailand, they were instantly in debt as most dont have enough to pay the brokers for the smuggle. According to a report by the International Labor Organization, migrant workers generate up to the equivalent of almost $15 million per year to the Thai economy. But these figures were recorded in 2007; since then the estimated number of migrant workers in the country has doubled - from 1.8 million to almost 4. (Photo by Jonas Gratzer/LightRocket via Getty Images)
PHUKET, THAILAND - 2014/08/04: A young child living in horrible conditions that all illegal migrant workers must face in Phuket, Thailand. Every year hundreds of thousands of tourists come to Thailand. But in the shadow of mass tourism, there is a different reality. Reporters have found serious grievances among migrant workers in hotels used by the tourists. Trafficking and modern slavery are part of everyday life for those who pay the highest price to be smuggled into the country. Htoo Aung says that seven other Burmese and he were led by smugglers through the jungle for eight days. They slept in the open air for short periods during the day. Under the cover of darkness, they took a long detour into the thorny terrain to bypass roadblocks controlled by the Tatmadaw, the Burmese junta's feared military force. From Htoo Aungs small village in the state of Mon in one of the world's least developed countries, the group slowly moved southwards. I was terrified. We were passed by a soldier patrol just meters from the bushes where we were hiding. But they did not see us. Says Htoo Aung Many of the migrant workers who came over from Myanmar have made it to Thailand illegally. They saw little chance in Burma for a life of proper employment and so many of them made the choice to contact a broker that could help them get across the border illegally to come and work in Thailand as hotel staff or fishermen. Most of these workers had to risk their lives being smuggled through thick terrains of jungle and once they got to Thailand, they were instantly in debt as most dont have enough to pay the brokers for the smuggle. According to a report by the International Labor Organization, migrant workers generate up to the equivalent of almost $15 million per year to the Thai economy. But these figures were recorded in 2007; since then the estimated number of migrant workers in the country has doubled - from 1.8 million to almost 4. (Photo by Jonas Gratzer/LightRocket via Getty Images)
NEW DELHI, INDIA NOVEMBER 22: Children take part in a candle light vigil to end child slavery oragnized by NGO Bachpan Bachao Andolan at Jantar Mantar on November 22, 2014 in New Delhi, India. Terming slavery and child trafficking the biggest scandal of our times, Indian Nobel laureate Kailash Satyarthi launched a new campaign to end the menace posed by the trafficking mafia. (Photo by Subrata Biswas/Hindustan Times via Getty Images)
Children are pictured with candles during a protest against child slavery attended by Indian Nobel laureate Kailash Satyarthi in New Delhi on November 22, 2014. The Indian activist was recognised for decades of doggedly championing children's rights in his home country and worldwide and argues that poverty should not be an excuse for child labour. AFP PHOTO / CHANDAN KHANNA (Photo credit should read Chandan Khanna/AFP/Getty Images)
NEW DELHI, INDIA NOVEMBER 22: Children take part in a candle light vigil to end child slavery oragnized by NGO Bachpan Bachao Andolan at Jantar Mantar on November 22, 2014 in New Delhi, India. Terming slavery and child trafficking the biggest scandal of our times, Indian Nobel laureate Kailash Satyarthi launched a new campaign to end the menace posed by the trafficking mafia. (Photo by Subrata Biswas/Hindustan Times via Getty Images)
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She cited the case of a 14-year-old who was pumped with hormone injections to make her look older, was forced into having sex with multiple men, and later arrested along with brothel managers. The customers were let off after a warning.

She is demanding the chief minister of the western Maharashtra state, Devendra Fadnavis, mandate the police to arrest buyers of child sex.

PROTECT CHILDREN

"I am hoping the government will support the petition. We need to protect our children from across all sections of the society," she said.

Campaigners on Thursday unveiled early findings of a study on child sexual exploitation that showed people paying for child sex are never arrested or prosecuted.

"In a regular child sexual abuse case, the child's parents file a case against a known offender, which makes investigation easier," said Roop Sen, researcher with Change Makers that carried out the study with Mumbai-based Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS).

"But for children in commercial sex, the offenders are many and unknown to the child."

Data released by the Indian government shows reports of human trafficking rose by almost 20 percent in 2016 against the previous year to more than 8,000. More than 60 percent of nearly 24,000 victims rescued were children.

South Asia, with India at its center, is seen as one of the fastest-growing regions for human trafficking globally with an estimated 40 million people living as modern slaves last year.

Campaigners say thousands of children largely from poor rural families are lured or abducted by traffickers every year in India, and sold onto pimps and brothels who force them into sexual slavery.

RELATED: Human trafficking in India

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Human trafficking in India
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Human trafficking in India
MUMBAI, INDIA - 2009/02/01: An Indian taxi driver on the streets of Mumbai. He is a rural migrant guestworker and says openly that he and his friends tend to buy sex from Nepalese girls. Many men in India prefer the Nepalese women because of their 'innocent looks'. Many of the women and girls they pay to have sex with are sex slaves, trafficked across the border from Nepal.. (Photo by Jonas Gratzer/LightRocket via Getty Images)
MUMBAI, INDIA - 2009/01/30: Bombay. City of Dreams. For a fortunate few the dream comes true. Others may see both their dreams and their future betrayed. Every year some 12,000 girls are trafficked from Nepal to brothels in India, where already 200,000 Nepalese women and girls are working. Most of these sex slaves are conned into making the trip with offers of ficticious jobs, others are simply sold to the traffickers and brothel owners.. (Photo by Jonas Gratzer/LightRocket via Getty Images)
MUMBAI, INDIA - 2009/02/03: A man leaves a house in the red-light district where numerous Nepalese women and girls who have been trafficked across the border live and work, often as sex slaves, locked up and servicing as many as 10 men or more per day, paying off fictitious debts.. (Photo by Jonas Gratzer/LightRocket via Getty Images)
MUMBAI, INDIA - 2009/02/01: Rajan lives in the brothel area in Kamathipura where numerous Nepalese women and girls who have been trafficked across the border live and work, often as sex slaves, locked up and servicing as many as 10 men or more per day, paying off fictitious debts.. (Photo by Jonas Gratzer/LightRocket via Getty Images)
SUNAULI, NEPAL - 2009/02/07: Maiti Nepal's anti-sex slave workers, who are patrolling the Nepal/India border crossing points, find a girl on a bus who doesn?t know the name of her new alleged place of work. She?s taken off the bus by forcible means. After some quick calls she is informed that the job she was heading for in India, a job as a secretary, doesn?t exist. She lowers her gaze upon finding out. She?s sent home to her family and gets her childhood back. Maiti Nepal is an organization fighting the sex trade in Nepal and the trafficking of girls and women into India.. (Photo by Jonas Gratzer/LightRocket via Getty Images)
SUNAULI, NEPAL - 2009/02/08: Maili, who works for Maiti Nepal, questions girls and young women who may be being trafficked across the border into India as sex-slaves. She always looks the passengers in the eye and asks the young girls: 'Where are you from?' and 'how well do you know the people you are travelling with?' Maili says that it is easy to see if someone is lying. 'We ourselves have been in exactly the same situation as those we are questioning.' Each car, bicycle taxi and bus is checked. Last year 1,618 girls were rescued and got their childhood back. Approximately 12,000 broke through Maiti Nepal's cordon. The odds are on the traffickers side.. (Photo by Jonas Gratzer/LightRocket via Getty Images)
SUNAULI, NEPAL - 2009/02/08: Maili, who works for Maiti Nepal, walks through a bus looking for girls and young women who may be being trafficked across the border into India as sex-slaves. She looks the passengers in the eye and asks the young girls: 'Where are you from?' and 'how well do you know the people you are travelling with?' Maili says that it is easy to see if someone is lying. 'We ourselves have been in exactly the same situation as those we are questioning.'. (Photo by Jonas Gratzer/LightRocket via Getty Images)
SUNAULI, NEPAL - 2009/02/10: The slave traders provide the girls with fake IDs and instructions on how to behave in order to dupe Maiti Nepal?s frontier guards. The latest smuggling trick is to hide the girls in gasoline trucks, or simply to drive past the border guards at full speed in jeeps with tinted windows. Maiti Nepal is an organization fighting the sex trade in Nepal and the trafficking of girls and women into India. They have border patrol guards manning the numerous crossing points twenty four hours a day.. (Photo by Jonas Gratzer/LightRocket via Getty Images)
KATHMANDU, NEPAL - 2009/01/19: Breakfast at the Maiti Nepal Rehabilitation Center in Kathmandu. Maiti Nepal is an organization fighting the sex trade in Nepal and the trafficking of girls and women into India. About 200 women and children live at the Rehabilitation Center. Everybody here has one thing in common - they are all former sex slaves or children of sex slaves.. (Photo by Jonas Gratzer/LightRocket via Getty Images)
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The demand to focus on the men who buy sex is one of a series of measures in the report by the National Coalition to Protect Our Children (NCPOC), an initiative started by Indian parliamentarian Rajeev Chandrasekhar.

"The customer is the main person who creates and perpetuates demand. Sex trafficking will not stop until customers are treated as criminals," said P.M. Nair, chair professor and research coordinator on human trafficking at TISS. ($1= 64.4600 Indian rupees) (Reporting by Roli Srivastava @Rolionaroll; Editing by Belinda Goldsmith; Please credit Thomson Reuters Foundation, the charitable arm of Thomson Reuters, that covers humanitarian news, women’s rights, trafficking, property rights, climate change and resilience. Visit news.trust.org)

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