Four generations of a South African family

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Four generations of one family living together
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Four generations of one family living together
Thumekile Mthiyane, 90, who is known as Gogo Mthiyane, looks after her 2 week old great-grandson Lubanzi while his mother is at university, at their family home in KwaNdengezi, South Africa, May 18, 2017. Gogo means grandmother in Zulu. REUTERS/Rogan Ward SEARCH "WARD GENERATIONS" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES. TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY.
Thumekile Mthiyane, 90, who is known as Gogo Mthiyane, stands outside of the family home in KwaNdengezi, South Africa, May 18, 2017. Gogo means grandmother in Zulu. REUTERS/Rogan Ward SEARCH "WARD GENERATIONS" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES.
Fikhile Mthiyane reads the bible with her mother-in-law Thumekile Mthiyane, 90, who is known as Gogo Mthiyane, at their family home in KwaNdengezi, South Africa, May 18, 2017. Gogo means grandmother in Zulu. REUTERS/Rogan Ward SEARCH "WARD GENERATIONS" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES.
Fikhile Mthiyane holds her 2 week old grandson Lubanzi while his mother is at university, at their family home in KwaNdengezi, South Africa, May 18, 2017. REUTERS/Rogan Ward SEARCH "WARD GENERATIONS" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES.
Fikile Mthiyane takes a break from cooking a family meal in KwaNdengezi, South Africa, August 31, 2017. REUTERS/Rogan Ward SEARCH "WARD GENERATIONS" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES.
Sibusiso Mthiyane preaches during a church service in KwaNdengezi, South Africa, July 29, 2017. REUTERS/Rogan Ward SEARCH "WARD GENERATIONS" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES.
Kwanele Mthiyane looks out of a window during a church service in KwaNdengezi, South Africa, July 29, 2017. REUTERS/Rogan Ward SEARCH "WARD GENERATIONS" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES. TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY.
David Mthiyane and his son Sibusiso Mthiyane lead a church service in KwaNdengezi, South Africa, July 29, 2017. REUTERS/Rogan Ward SEARCH "WARD GENERATIONS" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES.
David Mthiyane holds his grandson Lubanzi Ndlovu as the family prepares for church at the family home in KwaNdengezi, South Africa, July 29, 2017. REUTERS/Rogan Ward SEARCH "WARD GENERATIONS" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES.
Thumekile Mthiyane, 90, who is known as Gogo Mthiyane, greets a friend in a communal garden where she grows vegetables in KwaNdengezi, South Africa, June 27, 2017. Gogo means grandmother in Zulu. REUTERS/Rogan Ward SEARCH "WARD GENERATIONS" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES. TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY.
Children pose for a photograph during a church service in KwaNdengezi, South Africa, July 29, 2017. REUTERS/Rogan Ward SEARCH "WARD GENERATIONS" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES.
David Mthiyane leads his family in a daily prayer before a family meal in KwaNdengezi, South Africa, August 31, 2017. REUTERS/Rogan Ward SEARCH "WARD GENERATIONS" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES.
A view from an unfinished section of the Mthiyanes main house in KwaNdengezi, South Africa, June 27, 2017. REUTERS/Rogan Ward SEARCH "WARD GENERATIONS" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES.
Gcinile Nomphelelo Mthiyane waits for her lift to school outside of her family home in KwaNdengezi, South Africa, June 27, 2017. REUTERS/Rogan Ward SEARCH "WARD GENERATIONS" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES.
Thumekile Mthiyane, 90, who is known as Gogo Mthiyane, works in a communal garden where she grows vegetables in KwaNdengezi, South Africa, June 27, 2017. Gogo means grandmother in Zulu. REUTERS/Rogan Ward SEARCH "WARD GENERATIONS" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES.
Thumekile Mthiyane, 90, who is known as Gogo Mthiyane, exercises with a group of elderly people at a sports ground in KwaNdengezi, South Africa, January 25, 2017. Gogo means grandmother in Zulu. REUTERS/Rogan Ward SEARCH "WARD GENERATIONS" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES.
Thumekile Mthiyane, 90, who is known as Gogo Mthiyane, passes a cabbage to her son David Mthiyane at her allotment in KwaNdengezi, South Africa, October 19, 2017. Gogo means grandmother in Zulu. REUTERS/Rogan Ward SEARCH "WARD GENERATIONS" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES.
University student Sibusiso Mthiyane washes his church clothes in an unfinished section of his family home in KwaNdengezi, South Africa, June 27, 2017. REUTERS/Rogan Ward SEARCH "WARD GENERATIONS" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES.
Thumekile Mthiyane, 90, who is known as Gogo Mthiyane, exercises with a group of elderly people at a sports ground in KwaNdengezi, South Africa, January 25, 2017. Gogo means grandmother in Zulu. REUTERS/Rogan Ward SEARCH "WARD GENERATIONS" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES.
Children play on a road in KwaNdengezi, South Africa, August 31, 2017. REUTERS/Rogan Ward SEARCH "WARD GENERATIONS" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES.
A general view of KwaNdengezi, South Africa, July 12, 2017. REUTERS/Rogan Ward SEARCH "WARD GENERATIONS" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES.
Fikhile Mthiyane (L), holds her 2 week-old grandson Lubanzi Ndlovu as she talks with her mother-in law, Thumekile Mthiyane, 90, who is known as Gogo Mthiyane, outside of the family home in KwaNdengezi, South Africa, May 18, 2017. Gogo means grandmother in Zulu. REUTERS/Rogan Ward SEARCH "WARD GENERATIONS" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES.
Thumekile Mthiyane, 90, who is known as Gogo Mthiyane, stops to talk with a neighbour as she walks 1.8 kilometres to a communal vegetable garden where she tends to her crops in KwaNdengezi, South Africa, June 27, 2017. Gogo means grandmother in Zulu. REUTERS/Rogan Ward SEARCH "WARD GENERATIONS" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES.
David Mthiyane stands with his daughter Gcinile Nomphelelo Mthiyane as she waits for her lift to school outside of their family home in KwaNdengezi, South Africa, June 27, 2017. REUTERS/Rogan Ward SEARCH "WARD GENERATIONS" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES.
Fikile Mthiyane carries a bucket filled with water in KwaNdengezi, South Africa, August 31, 2017. REUTERS/Rogan Ward SEARCH "WARD GENERATIONS" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES.
David Mthiyane greets people as he walks to church in KwaNdengezi, South Africa, July 29, 2017. REUTERS/Rogan Ward SEARCH "WARD GENERATIONS" FOR THIS STORY. SEARCH "WIDER IMAGE" FOR ALL STORIES.
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KWANDENGEZI, South Africa, Nov 9 (Reuters) - It's early in the morning and 90-year-old Thumekile Mthiyane is making her daily 2 km (1 mile) walk along dirt roads snaking through crop fields and the hills of rural KwaZulu-Natal, a province on South Africa's east coast.

The Gogo, or grandmother in Zulu, is on her way to catch up on community news at a communal vegetable garden in KwaNdengezi, a township between the wealthy suburb of Summerfield and a highway that connects Johannesburg and the port city of Durban.

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This is where Mthiyane and her extended family live on a small piece of land dotted with brick buildings and a rondavel, a traditional round building with a conical roof, where they family still cooks on an open fire.

Mthiyane, who is a grandmother to 18 and great-grandmother to 14, comes from Zululand, a district that stretches inland to the heart of the province and the kingdom of Zulu monarch Goodwill Zwelithini.

Group exercise classes and a small plastic lunch box containing several prepaid cellular phone coupons, are ways that Mthiyane uses to stay in touch with friends and family.

David, one of her six children, lives with her and their extended family.

The family is typical of many South Africans, for whom the end of apartheid in 1994 has brought only modest economic gains. Like many, their lives are enriched by modern and traditional cultures.

Central to family life is Christianity and David, 61, leads a church on Saturdays in a small school classroom. A rusted table covered in a lace cloth serves as an alter.

Together with his son Sibusiso, which means blessing in Zulu, they preach in white garments and carrying a wooden staff at the Apostolic Orthodox Church.

David's family straddles Zulu traditions and Christianity. He said that, while Zulu traditions are often aligned to his Christian faith, it is faith that decides how they live.

"Our father was a Christian person, now we not using our culture because you can't mix it together," said David.

Sibusiso, who is an elder in his church, is also studying teaching at the University of KwaZulu Natal. The Zulu, an ethnic group of Southern Africa, originate from KwaZulu-Natal.

The 27-year-old, who speaks modern isiZulu, said he often has to ask his father to translate the traditional isiZulu that his grandmother speaks.

Education is important to Sibusiso's grandmother who herself never had formal schooling.

In a country where more than 27 percent of the population is unemployed and much of the economy is still in the hands of the white-minority as it was under apartheid, education offers a chance at a better life for many young black South Africans.

Mthiyane said it would make her happy to see her grandchildren educated.

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