This is how scientists made it rain diamonds

Scientists have collaborated to make diamond rain in the lab to help learn the hectic interiors of our solar system’s gas giant planets.

According to Forbes, in the depths of planets like Neptune and Uranus, extreme atmospheric pressures squeeze hydrogen and carbon into solid diamonds which sink to the planet’s core, like rain falls on earth.

Scientists say some could be millions of carats in weight!

RELATED: Every kind of diamond cut, explained

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Every kind of diamond cut, explained
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Every kind of diamond cut, explained

ROUND

The most popular cut, round diamonds represent up to 75 percent of all diamonds sold. Because of the mechanics of their shape, round diamonds are often superior to more intricate shapes because they allow for proper reflection of light, maximizing the brightness.

Get the look: Vram ($58,235)

PRINCESS

Second only to round cuts in popularity, princess cuts are a square or rectangle from the top but have a profile that looks like an inverted pyramid. Princess-cut diamonds emit a slightly different color than other cuts. The hue of other diamonds is displayed mainly in the center, but princess cuts show distinct color in the corners as well. Despite its current popularity, this cut has only been around since the 1960s.

Get the look: Normam Silverman ($27,090)

OVAL

Considered sleek and modern, oval-cut diamonds are a cross between round and pear shapes. Similar to round cuts in terms of brilliance, oval shapes have the added bonus of making diamonds appear larger, because of their slightly elongated silhouette.

Get the look: Simon G. (from $2,530)


 

RADIANT

Featuring uniquely trimmed corners and belonging to the “brilliant cut” group (meaning their facets are designed specifically to enhance brilliance), radiant-cut diamonds are kind of a combination between emerald- and round-cut diamonds. Typically square-shaped, radiant diamonds look especially beautiful when placed in between other cuts.

Get the look: Cartier (price on request)

CUSHION

Cushion cuts have been around for almost 200 years, and are so named because their square cuts and rounded corners make them look kind of like pillows. Cushion-cut diamonds typically have impeccable brilliance and clarity, thanks to their rounded corners and larger facets. 

Get the look: Kwiat (price on request)

EMERALD

This cut is one of the more unique options available, largely because of its large, open face and the step cut of its pavilion (the bottom part of the diamond). Instead of the brilliance of rounder stones, emerald-cut diamonds produce a cool hall-of-mirrors effect. The large, rectangular tables (the flat part on top) allow emerald cuts to also showcase the diamond’s original clarity.

Get the look: Tiffany & Co. (from $10,000)

ASSCHER

This one is similar to an emerald cut, with the exception that Asscher cuts are square instead of rectangular. Architectural in appeal, this cut tends to be featured in Art Deco styles that were first popular in the 1920s.

Get the look: Mark Broumand ($14,495)

MARQUISE

This longer cut goes by a few names, including football-shaped, eye-shaped or navette(meaning “little boat” in French). Marquise-cut diamonds have a tapered silhouette (sometimes even pointed) to create the illusion of a larger stone.

Get the look: Tacori (from $10,490)

PEAR

Also known as a teardrop cut, this style has one pointed end and one rounded end. Pear cuts are super flattering, since the elongated tip can create a slimming effect on the finger.

Get the look: De Beers (from $8,550)

HEART

We think you get the idea here. Heart-shaped diamonds are, well, shaped like hearts. Keep in mind that if you’re interested in this style, you’re probably going to have to go higher in carat size since the heart shape is harder to perceive in smaller diamonds (especially after being set in prongs).

Get the look: Harry Winston (from $26,700)

ROUGH

Uncut, or rough, diamonds are stones that have not been shaped by a professional cutter and have not undergone any polishing. Popular with non-traditional brides, they're often cheaper per carat, since the cutting process is complex and expensive.

Get the look: Diamond in the Rough ($15,500)

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Researchers from several countries including Germany, Japan and the United States worked to recreate these conditions at the SLAC National Accelerator laboratory in California.

A powerful laser was used to send shockwaves through a plastic called polystyrene, causing tiny diamonds to form.

The diamonds were only nanometers in size, but small ones like these might prove useful in medicine and electronics, according to Forbes.

Lead author of the study, Dominik Kraus, described it as “one of the best moments of my scientific career.”

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