Explore one of the world's most stunning metro stations

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Moscow's metro
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Moscow's metro
People ride the escalators at Sretensky Bulvar metro station in Moscow, Russia, April 12, 2017. REUTERS/Grigory Dukor 
Employees repair the rail track at Sukharevskaya metro station in Moscow, Russia, March 26, 2017. REUTERS/Grigory Dukor 
A worker restores a stucco ornament during renovations at Kievskaya metro station in Moscow, Russia, March 18, 2017. REUTERS/Grigory Dukor
A train arrives at Rumyantsevo metro station in Moscow, Russia, April 18, 2017. REUTERS/Grigory Dukor 
People walk up the stairs at Kievskaya metro station in Moscow, Russia, April 17, 2017. REUTERS/Grigory Dukor 
A woman touches a sculpture of a dog at Ploschad Revolyutsii (Revolution Square) metro station in Moscow, Russia, March 27, 2017. REUTERS/Grigory Dukor 
Dancers from the Ballet Moscow theatre watch Alexander Pepelyaev's "Cafe Idiot" show from backstage at Dostoyevskaya metro station in Moscow, Russia, March 12, 2017. REUTERS/Grigory Dukor 
A couple kisses in front of a mosaic depicting Soviet state founder Vladimir Lenin at Kievskaya metro station in Moscow, Russia, March 21, 2017. REUTERS/Grigory Dukor
Station managers gather at their office while they control the trains coming and leaving the platform at Komsomolskaya metro station in Moscow, Russia, March 24, 2017. REUTERS/Grigory Dukor 
An employee washes the train carriage at Krasnaya Presnya metro depot in Moscow, Russia, March 20, 2017. REUTERS/Grigory Dukor 
An interior view shows Aviamotornaya metro station in Moscow, Russia, April 13, 2017. REUTERS/Grigory Dukor 
People wait for the train at Kievskaya metro station in Moscow, Russia, April 17, 2017. REUTERS/Grigory Dukor 
An interior view shows Park Pobedy metro station in Moscow, Russia, April 13, 2017. REUTERS/Grigory Dukor
An interior view shows Slavyansky Bulvar metro station in Moscow, Russia, April 13, 2017. REUTERS/Grigory Dukor 
People ride the Shakespeare branded train at Park Pobedy metro station in Moscow, Russia, April 13, 2017. In 2016 the British Council together with the Moscow Metro launched the "Shakespeare train" to mark the 400th anniversary of Shakespeare� death. REUTERS/Grigory Dukor 
A Moscow metro employee drives a train through Paveletskaya metro station in Moscow, Russia, March 20, 2017. REUTERS/Grigory Dukor 
People walk during rush hour at Kievskaya metro station in Moscow, Russia, April 17, 2017. REUTERS/Grigory Dukor 
A station manager controls trains coming and leaving the platform as she sits in a booth at Zhulebino metro station in Moscow, Russia, April 18, 2017. REUTERS/Grigory Dukor 
People ride the metro train during rush hour in Moscow, Russia, April 18, 2017. REUTERS/Grigory Dukor 
People wait for the train at Kurskaya metro station in Moscow, Russia, March 21, 2017. REUTERS/Grigory Dukor 
A women enters Vykhino metro station in Moscow, Russia, April 14, 2017. REUTERS/Grigory Dukor 
The platform controller signals that the train can leave at Komsomolskaya metro station in Moscow, Russia, March 24, 2017. REUTERS/Grigory Dukor 
An element of interior design showing Soviet state founder Vladimir Lenin is seen at Dobryninskaya metro station in Moscow, Russia, May 29, 2017. REUTERS REUTERS/Grigory Dukor 
A woman walks along Elektrozavodskaya metro station in Moscow, Russia, March 26, 2017. REUTERS/Grigory Dukor 
People travel on an escalator at Park Kultury metro station, Moscow, Russia March 14, 2017. REUTERS/Grigory Dukor 
A man reads a newspaper at Baumanskaya metro station in Moscow, Russia, March 27, 2017. REUTERS/Grigory Dukor 
Commuters walk through Fonvizinskaya metro station in Moscow, Russia, April 13, 2017. REUTERS/Grigory Dukor 
A bird flies over the entrance to Kropotkinskaya metro station in Moscow, Russia, March 27, 2017. REUTERS/Grigory Dukor 
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MOSCOW, May 31 (Reuters) - Rub a dog's nose for luck. Look back to Russia's 1917 Bolshevik revolution. Marvel at a mosaic spaceman. Maybe even watch a ballet.

Moscow's metro is one of the busiest and most visually stunning underground systems in the world. It is a tourist site in its own right.

Created as a showcase for the Soviet Union, its elaborate, spacious stations are adorned with mosaics, marble statues and stained glass that tell the story of the communist state.

When it opened in 1935, the metro had just 11 stations and attracted 285,000 curious riders on the first day. Today there are 206 stations and up to nine million passengers a day.

The Moscow metro's immaculate stations are a mix of old and new. Get off at Ploshchad Revolutsii (Revolution Square) and you will see passengers going up to a statue of a border guard and rubbing his dog's nose for luck. There are four such statues in the station, and all the dogs have shiny noses from the constant rubbing.

The metro was originally named after Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, and the Bolshevik leader's image was and still is found in stations throughout the metro: in statues, mosaics and a giant bust of Lenin on the wall in Ploshchad Ilyich (Ilyich Square) metro station.

The image of his successor Josef Stalin was also seen on the metro until Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev denounced him in 1956, prompting the dismantling of statues of him all over the Soviet Union. At Dobryninskaya metro station, a mosaic shows a happy crowd holding up a photo of a cosmonaut. The photo previously depicted Stalin and the cosmonaut was parachuted in to hide the disgraced leader.

A statue of Stalin was removed from Kurskaya metro station in central Moscow, but a quote from the Soviet national anthem: "Stalin reared us on loyalty to the people. He inspired us to labor and heroism" was controversially restored to the metro's entrance in 2009.

At Kievskaya, a station built in 1954 when Ukraine was firmly a part of the Soviet Union, a vivid mosaic dedicated to Russian-Ukrainian friendship occupies one wall. The two countries are now far from close, as underlined by Russia's annexation of Crimea in 2014.

STILL THRIVING

The metro has been expanding fast in the last few years, and modernizing with one eye on the World Cup that Russia will host in 2018.

It now has free WiFi and announcements in English are gradually being introduced across the numerous lines. In the more tourist-friendly stations, "selfie spots" have been designated on the floor to help passengers get the best photo with a metro architectural highlight in view.

A ballet version of Dostoyevsky's novel "The Idiot" was recently performed in the metro station named after the author.

Another visible change is the controversial replacement of many of the elderly women who used to sit in a booth at the bottom of the seemingly endless escalators. They were famous for telling passengers off if they sat down on the escalator steps.

One attendant known by locals as Auntie Lyuda was famous for telling jokes on Mondays, reading poems and telling passengers to imagine they were in England - if passengers want to walk up and down the steps of the escalator, they should do so on the left. Now the attendants are mainly young men, and have yet to show any skill in bantering with passengers.

The metro finally seems to have realized how iconic it is, and has introduced tourist stands with metro-related gifts. The souvenirs include an 8-cm model of the guard and the dog (rub the nose at home to your heart's content for 2,900 roubles or $51.54) or coasters with famous metro mosaics on them, including one of Lenin.

(Editing by Tom Heneghan/Jeremy Gaunt)

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