More minors are making dangerous trips across borders alone

More and more children are making dangerous trips alone across world borders.

A new UNICEF report shows the number of unaccompanied or separated kids traveling to Europe and the U.S. from places like North Africa and parts of the Middle East has increased roughly fivefold.

At least 300,000 children were registered at borders in 80 countries from 2015-16. That number was 66,000 from 2010-11.

Those are just the kids who've been registered. UNICEF believes the total number of children moving on their own is much higher.

Children make the journeys for a variety of reasons: Some are trying to escape violence, some want to reunite with family and some are looking to make a better life for future generations.

SEE MORE: This Organization Says The EU Is Letting Refugees Die At Sea

But the routes that these kids take are often extremely dangerous; a record number of people died crossing the Mediterranean Sea in 2016.

RELATED: Experiencing a migrant ship on the Mediterranean

27 PHOTOS
Experiencing a migrant ship on the Mediterranean
See Gallery
Experiencing a migrant ship on the Mediterranean
Migrants try to stay afloat after falling off their rubber dinghy during a rescue operation by the Malta-based NGO Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) ship in the central Mediterranean in international waters some 15 nautical miles off the coast of Zawiya in Libya, April 14, 2017. All 134 sub-Saharan migrants survived and were rescued by MOAS. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi 
A migrant child rests on the Malta-based NGO Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) ship Phoenix after being rescued from a wooden boat in the central Mediterranean in international waters off the coast of Sabratha in Libya, April 15, 2017. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi
Migrants fall off their rubber dinghy during a rescue operation by the Malta-based NGO Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) ship in the central Mediterranean in international waters some 15 nautical miles off the coast of Zawiya in Libya, April 14, 2017. All 134 sub-Saharan migrants survived and were rescued by MOAS. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi
Migrants try to stay afloat after falling off their rubber dinghy during a rescue operation by the Malta-based NGO Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) ship in the central Mediterranean in international waters some 15 nautical miles off the coast of Zawiya in Libya, April 14, 2017. All 134 sub-Saharan migrants survived and were rescued by MOAS. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi
Migrants on wooden boats and rubber dinghies await rescue by the Malta-based NGO Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) in the central Mediterranean in international waters off the coast of Sabratha in Libya, April 15, 2017. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi
Rescuers of the Malta-based NGO Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) rescue migrants from a rubber dinghy in the central Mediterranean in international waters some 15 nautical miles off the coast of Zawiya in Libya, April 14, 2017. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi
A migrant child cries after being rescued by the Malta-based NGO Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) from a wooden boat in the central Mediterranean in international waters off the coast of Sabratha in Libya, April 15, 2017. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi
Migrants rest on the deck of the Malta-based NGO Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) ship Phoenix after being rescued from a rubber dinghy in the central Mediterranean in international waters some 15 nautical miles off the coast of Zawiya in Libya, April 14, 2017. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi 
A Libyan coast guard vessel (R) intercepts suspected migrant smugglers monitoring a rescue operation from afar in the central Mediterranean in international waters off the coast of Sabratha in Libya, April 15, 2017. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi
A rubber dinghy is burnt and sunk after the migrants on board were rescued by the Malta-based NGO Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) in the central Mediterranean in international waters some 15 nautical miles off the coast of Zawiya in Libya, April 14, 2017. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi
A migrant hands a baby from a wooden boat to a rescuer of the Malta-based NGO Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) during a rescue operation in the central Mediterranean in international waters off the coast of Sabratha in Libya, April 15, 2017. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi 
An unconscious migrant from one of several boats is brought to the Malta-based NGO Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) ship Phoenix by the Libyan Coast Guard in the central Mediterranean in international waters off the coast of Sabratha in Libya, April 15, 2017. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi
Medical staff of the Malta-based NGO Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) ship Phoenix tend to ill migrants in the central Mediterranean in international waters off the coast of Sabratha in Libya, April 15, 2017. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi
Migrants rest on the Malta-based NGO Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) ship Phoenix after bring rescued from a wooden boat in the central Mediterranean in international waters off the coast of Sabratha in Libya, April 15, 2017. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi
Migrants in a rubber dinghy hang on to ropes beneath the bow of the Panama-registered ship Tuna 1, after some migrants on another rubber dinghy drowned in the central Mediterranean in international waters off the coast of Libya, April 16, 2017. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi
Migrants in a rubber dinghy fall into the sea alongside a rigid hulled inflatable boat (RHIB) of the Malta-based NGO Migrant Offshore Aid Station, as a migrant climbs to the anchor of the Panama-registered ship Tuna 1 and one hangs onto its bow, after some migrants on another rubber dinghy drowned in the central Mediterranean in international waters off the coast of Libya, April 16, 2017. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi
A rescued migrant climbs down from a Tunisian fishing vessel onto a rigid hulled inflatable boat (RHIB) of the Malta-based NGO Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) to be taken to the Dutch rescue ship Sea-Eye, after some migrants on a rubber dinghy drowned in the central Mediterranean in international waters off the coast of Libya, April 16, 2017. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi
ATTENTION EDITORS - VISUALS COVERAGE OF SCENES OF DEATH OR INJURY A dead migrant lies in a rigid hulled inflatable boat (RHIB) of the Malta-based NGO Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS), alongside the Dutch rescue ship Sea-Eye after some migrants drowned in the central Mediterranean in international waters off the coast of Libya, April 16, 2017. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi
A rescued migrant climbs down from a Tunisian fishing vessel onto a rigid hulled inflatable boat (RHIB) of the Malta-based NGO Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) to be taken to the Dutch rescue ship Sea-Eye, after some migrants on a rubber dinghy drowned in the central Mediterranean in international waters off the coast of Libya, April 16, 2017. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi 
A migrant reacts after being pulled out of the sea after falling off a rubber dinghy during a rescue operation by the Malta-based NGO Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) in the central Mediterranean in international waters some 15 nautical miles off the coast of Zawiya in Libya, April 14, 2017. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi
Migrants rescued from a rubber dinghy are brought to the Malta-based NGO Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) ship Phoenix at dawn in the central Mediterranean in international waters off the coast of Sabratha in Libya, April 15, 2017. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi
A migrant stands on the deck of Malta-based NGO Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) ship Phoenix after bring rescued from a rubber dinghy at dawn in the central Mediterranean in international waters off the coast of Sabratha in Libya, April 15, 2017. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi
ATTENTION EDITORS - VISUALS COVERAGE OF SCENES OF DEATH OR INJURY A dead migrant in a life jacket floats on the sea surface after some migrants drowned in the central Mediterranean in international waters off the coast of Libya, April 16, 2017. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi
A Spanish military aircraft flies overhead as rescue NGOs Sea-Eye, Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) and Jugend Rettet Iuventa, and a Tunisian fishing boat carry out a joint rescue operation as some migrants drowned in the central Mediterranean in international waters off the coast of Libya, April 16, 2017. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi
Migrants rest on the Malta-based NGO Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) ship Phoenix after being rescued in the central Mediterranean off the Libyan coast, as the ship makes its way towards Italy, April 17, 2017. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi
A Somali migrant carries her 12-day-old baby on board a rigid-hulled inflatable boat (RHIB) of the Malta-based NGO Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) during a rescue operation from a wooden boat in the central Mediterranean in international waters off the coast of Sabratha in Libya, April 15, 2017. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi
HIDE CAPTION
SHOW CAPTION
of
SEE ALL
BACK TO SLIDE

Exploitation is also a problem. Children are more vulnerable to human trafficking, forced labor and slavery. And for the kids who are granted passage to a country, conditions don't always improve.

Destination countries have a difficult time keeping up with the influx of migrants, and many are placed in detention camps or shelters or forced to live on the streets.

Pushback from authorities can also leave families in limbo. UNICEF reports some people resort to sex work and crime to pay smuggler fees so they can keep moving.

Read Full Story

Sign up for Breaking News by AOL to get the latest breaking news alerts and updates delivered straight to your inbox.

Subscribe to our other newsletters

Emails may offer personalized content or ads. Learn more. You may unsubscribe any time.