French candidate Macron claims massive hack as emails leaked

FRANKFURT/PARIS (Reuters) - Leading French presidential candidate Emmanuel Macron's campaign said on Friday it had been the target of a "massive" computer hack that dumped its campaign emails online 1-1/2 days before voters choose between the centrist and his far-right rival, Marine Le Pen.

Macron, who is seen as the frontrunner in an election billed as the most important in France in decades, extended his lead over Le Pen in polls on Friday.

As much as 9 gigabytes of data were posted on a profile called EMLEAKS to Pastebin, a site that allows anonymous document sharing. It was not immediately clear who was responsible for posting the data or if any of it was genuine.

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Emmanuel Macron, head of the political movement En Marche !, or Onwards !, and candidate for the 2017 French presidential election, arrives on stage with his wife Brigitte Trogneux to deliver a speech at the Parc des Expositions hall in Paris after early results in the first round of 2017 French presidential election, France, April 23, 2017. REUTERS/Philippe Wojazer
Emmanuel Macron (L), head of the political movement En Marche !, or Onwards !, and candidate for the 2017 French presidential election, and his wife Brigitte Trogneux stand together at a polling station to vote in Le Touquet, northern France, April 23, 2017. REUTERS/Eric Feferberg/Pool
Emmanuel Macron, head of the political movement En Marche! (Onwards!) and candidate for the 2017 presidential election, and his wife Brigitte Trogneux pose for the photograph in Le Touquet, France, April 22, 2017, on the eve of the first round of presidential election. REUTERS/Benoit Tessier
Emmanuel Macron, head of the political movement En Marche !, or Onwards !, and candidate for the 2017 French presidential election, kisses his wife Brigitte Trogneux as he arrives on stage to deliver a speech at the Parc des Expositions hall in Paris after early results in the first round of 2017 French presidential election, France, April 23, 2017. REUTERS/Philippe Wojazer TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY
Emmanuel Macron, head of the political movement En Marche ! (Onwards !) and candidate for the 2017 presidential election, and his wife Brigitte Trogneux pose during a lunch break as part of a campaign visit in Bagneres de Bigorre, in the Pyrenees mountain, France, April 12, 2017. Picture taken April 12, 2017. REUTERS/Eric Feferberg/Pool
Emmanuel Macron, head of the political movement En Marche!, or Onwards!, and candidate for the 2017 French presidential election and his wife Brigitte Trogneux pose in countryside in Le Touquet, France, on the eve of France's first round of the Presidential election, April 22, 2017. REUTERS/Philippe Wojazer
Emmanuel Macron, head of the political movement 'En Marche!', or 'Onwards!', and candidate for the 2017 presidential election, kisses his wife Brigitte Trogneux as they attend a meeting for Women's Day in Paris, France, March 8, 2017. REUTERS/Gonzalo Fuentes
Former French economy minister Emmanuel Macron (R) and his wife Brigitte Trogneux attend a political rally for his political movement, En Marche !, or Forward !, in Le Mans, France, October 11, 2016. REUTERS/Stephane Mahe
French Economy minister Emmanuel Macron (R) and his wife Brigitte Trogneux arrive to attend the traditional Bastille Day military parade in Paris, France, July 14, 2015. REUTERS/Pascal Rossignol
French Economy Minister Emmanuel Macron (L) and his wife Brigitte Trogneux attend the Bastille Day military parade on the Champs-Elysees in Paris, France, July 14, 2016. REUTERS/Charles Platiau
PARIS, FRANCE - APRIL 23: Founder and Leader of the political movement 'En Marche !' and presidential candidate Emmanuel Macron (R), with his wife Brigitte Trogneux (L), addresses activists after the announcement of the French presidential Election results on April 23, 2017 in Paris, France. According to projected results, founder and leader of the political movement 'En Marche !' Emmanuel Macron has received the most votes with National Front Party leader Marine Le Pen in second place, meaning both will now compete against each other in the next round of the French Presidential Elections on May 7. (Photo by Vincent Isore/IP3/Getty Images)
French presidential election candidate for the En Marche ! movement Emmanuel Macron (L) and his wife Brigitte Trogneux react during a meeting at the Parc des Expositions in Paris, on April 23, 2017, after the first round of the Presidential election. / AFP PHOTO / Patrick KOVARIK (Photo credit should read PATRICK KOVARIK/AFP/Getty Images)
French presidential election candidate for the En Marche ! movement Emmanuel Macron (R) kisses his wife Brigitte Trogneux prior to deliver a speech at the Parc des Expositions in Paris, on April 23, 2017, after the first round of the Presidential election. / AFP PHOTO / Patrick KOVARIK (Photo credit should read PATRICK KOVARIK/AFP/Getty Images)
LE TOUQUET-PARIS-PLAGE, FRANCE - APRIL 23: French presidential candidate Emmanuel Macron for the En Marche ! movement flanked by his wife Brigitte Trogneux speaks with supporters as he leaves the Touquet polling station after voting for the 1st round of French presidential election on April 23, 2017 in Le Touquet-Paris-Plage, France. (Photo by Sylvain Lefevre/Getty Images)
PARIS, FRANCE - APRIL 17: Brigitte Trogneux (C) attends a meeting of her husband Emmanuel Macron (not pictured), Founder and Leader of the political movement 'En Marche !' and candidate for the 2017 French Presidential Election at AccorHotels Arena (named before Paris Bercy) on April 17, 2017 in Paris, France. France will go to the polls on April 23 to decide their next President. (Photo by Christophe Morin/IP3/Getty Images)
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In a statement, Macron's political movement En Marche! (Onwards!) confirmed that it had been hacked.

"The En Marche! Movement has been the victim of a massive and co-ordinated hack this evening which has given rise to the diffusion on social media of various internal information," the statement said.

An interior ministry official declined to comment, citing French rules that forbid any commentary liable to influence an election, which took effect at midnight on Friday (2200 GMT).

The presidential election commission said in statement that it would hold a meeting later on Saturday after Macron's campaign informed it about the hack and publishing of the data.

It urged the media to be cautious about publishing details of the emails given that campaigning had ended, and publication could lead to criminal charges.

Comments about the email dump began to appear on Friday evening just hours before the official ban on campaigning began. The ban is due to stay in place until the last polling stations close Sunday at 8 p.m. (1800 GMT).

Opinion polls show independent centrist Macron is set to beat National Front candidate Le Pen in Sunday's second round of voting, in what is seen to be France's most important election in decades. The latest surveys show him winning with about 62 percent of the vote.

RUSSIAN HAND SEEN

Former economy minister Macron's campaign has previously complained about attempts to hack its emails, blaming Russian interests in part for the cyber attacks.

On April 26, the team said it had been the target of a attempts to steal email credentials dating back to January, but that the perpetrators had failed to compromise any campaign data.

The Kremlin has denied it was behind any such attacks, even though Macron's camp renewed complaints against Russian media and a hackers' group operating in Ukraine.

Vitali Kremez, director of research with New York-based cyber intelligence firm Flashpoint, told Reuters his review indicates that APT 28, a group tied to the GRU, the Russian military intelligence directorate, was behind the leak. He cited similarities with U.S. election hacks that have been previously attributed to that group.

APT28 last month registered decoy internet addresses to mimic the name of En Marche, which it likely used send tainted emails to hack into the campaign's computers, Kremez said. Those domains include onedrive-en-marche.fr and mail-en-marche.fr.

"If indeed driven by Moscow, this leak appears to be a significant escalation over the previous Russian operations aimed at the U.S. presidential election, expanding the approach and scope of effort from simple espionage efforts towards more direct attempts to sway the outcome," Kremez said.

France is the latest nation to see a major election overshadowed by accusations of manipulation through cyber hacking.

U.S. intelligence agencies said in January that Russian President Vladimir Putin had ordered hacking of parties tied to Democratic presidential candidate Hillary Clinton to influence the election on behalf of Republican rival Donald Trump.

On Friday night as the #Macronleaks hashtag buzzed around social media, Florian Philippot, deputy leader of the National Front, tweeted "Will Macronleaks teach us something that investigative journalism has deliberately killed?"

Macron spokesman Sylvain Fort, in a response on Twitter, called Philippot's tweet "vile".

En Marche! said the documents only showed the normal functioning of a presidential campaign, but that authentic documents had been mixed on social media with fake ones to sow "doubt and misinformation".

Ben Nimmo, a UK-based security researcher with the Digital Forensic Research Lab of the Atlantic Council think tank, said initial analysis indicated that a group of U.S. far-right online activists were behind early efforts to spread the documents via social media. They were later picked up and promoted by core social media supporters of Le Pen in France, Nimmo said.

The leaks emerged on 4chan, a discussion forum popular with far right activists in the United States. An anonymous poster provided links to the documents on Pastebin, saying, "This was passed on to me today so now I am giving it to you, the people."

The hashtag #MacronLeaks was then spread by Jack Posobiec, a pro-Trump activist whose Twitter profile identifies him as Washington D.C. bureau chief of the far-right activist site Rebel TV, according to Nimmo and other analysts tracking the election. Contacted by Reuters, Posobiec said he had simply reposted what he saw on 4chan.

"You have a hashtag drive that started with the alt-right in the United States that has been picked up by some of Le Pen's most dedicated and aggressive followers online," Nimmo told Reuters.

Alt-right refers to a loose-knit group of far-right activists known for their advocacy of extremist ideas, rejection of mainstream conservatism and disruptive social media tactics.

(Reporting by Eric Auchard in Frankfurt, Michel Rose and Bate Felix in Paris, Jim Finkle in Toronto; Writing by Andrew Callus; Editing by Sandra Maler/Nick Macfie/Alexander Smith)

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