Refugees are fleeing Trump's America for this tiny Canadian town

EMERSON, Manitoba — The mayor, one of three patrons in this small town bar on a Monday night, lights his cigarette. He knows it's illegal to smoke in here.

"I don't give a s--t," says the honorable Greg Janzen.

The town is Emerson, Manitoba. The bar is a literal two-minute walk to the United States border.

For the past few months, it has become a hotbed for people illegally crossing the border into Canada.

And Janzen is angry.

Most had come to the U.S. from halfway around the world to seek asylum but said they feared a crackdown under President Donald Trump. So they continued north, where Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau has made it clear that such asylum seekers are welcome.

"He's ill-informed," Janzen said of Trudeau. "And same with Mr. [Ahmed] Hussen, who's the immigration minister. I don't think they realize the impact of their decisions right now."

Since January, more than 300 people have crossed into Emerson. The town's population is 678.

The crossers are generally arrested by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP), taken to the official border crossing for processing, and then sent to Winnipeg, where most end up at the refugee resettlement agency Welcome Place.

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A group of migrants who said they were from Djibouti and Somalia follow railway tracks towards the Canada-U.S. border as seen from Emerson, Manitoba, Canada, March 27, 2017. Picture taken March 27, 2017. REUTERS/Chris Wattie TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY
A Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) vehicle approaches as a migrant stands on a residential street after crossing the Canada-U.S. border in Emerson, Manitoba, Canada, March 27, 2017. Picture taken March 27, 2017. REUTERS/Chris Wattie
A group of migrants who said they were from Djibouti and Somalia walk along railway tracks after crossing the Canada-U.S. border in Emerson, Manitoba, Canada, March 27, 2017. Picture taken March 27, 2017. REUTERS/Chris Wattie TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY
A road sign pointing to Emerson, Manitoba, Canada, near the Canada-U.S. border, March 24, 2017. Picture taken March 24, 2017. REUTERS/Chris Wattie
Deer graze along railway tracks near the Canada-U.S. border in Emerson, Manitoba, Canada, March 26, 2017. Picture taken March 26, 2017. REUTERS/Chris Wattie
A sign is seen on a fence on the U.S. side of the former Canada-U.S. border crossing in Noyes, Minnesota, U.S., March 28, 2017. Picture taken March 28, 2017. REUTERS/Chris Wattie
A Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officer waits in a van near railway tracks on the Canadian side of the Canada-U.S. border in Emerson, Manitoba, Canada, March 25, 2017. Picture taken March 25, 2017. REUTERS/Chris Wattie
Fog blankets the area near railway tracks on the Canadian side of the Canada-U.S. border in Emerson, Manitoba, Canada, March 27, 2017. Picture taken March 27, 2017. REUTERS/Chris Wattie
A train crosses the Canada-U.S. border in Emerson, Manitoba, Canada, March 25, 2017. Picture taken March 25, 2017. REUTERS/Chris Wattie
An international boundary marker is seen on the U.S. side of the Canada-U.S. border in Noyes, Minnesota, U.S., March 28, 2017. Picture taken March 28, 2017. REUTERS/Chris Wattie
A scarf lies on the ground on the U.S. side of the Canada-U.S. border near the former border crossing in Noyes, Minnesota, U.S., March 28, 2017. Picture taken March 28, 2017. REUTERS/Chris Wattie
A child's bottle lies on the ground on the U.S. side of the Canada-U.S. border near the former border crossing in Noyes, Minnesota, U.S., March 28, 2017. Picture taken March 28, 2017. REUTERS/Chris Wattie
A ski mask lies on the ground on the U.S. side of the Canada-U.S. border near the former border crossing in Noyes, Minnesota, U.S., March 28, 2017. Picture taken March 28, 2017. REUTERS/Chris Wattie
A group of migrants who said they were from Djibouti and Somalia walk along a residential street after crossing the Canada-U.S. border in Emerson, Manitoba, Canada, March 27, 2017. Picture taken March 27, 2017. REUTERS/Chris Wattie
A group of migrants who said they were from Djibouti and Somalia place their belongings in a Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) vehicle after crossing the Canada-U.S. border in Emerson, Manitoba, Canada, March 27, 2017. Picture taken March 27, 2017. REUTERS/Chris Wattie
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They're largely from Somalia, according to Welcome Place Executive Director Rita Chahal, with many also coming from Djibouti, Nigeria, Eritrea, as well as from some Central American countries.

An agreement between the U.S. and Canada called the Safe Third Country Agreement prevents people in the U.S. from applying for asylum in Canada at any official border crossing.

But if asylum seekers cross illegally into Canada, they can make their claim. The mayor wants those rules changed.

"You and me, we figured this out two months ago," Janzen says to Bert Gilchrist, another bar regular who tonight is wearing a winter hat and a Toronto Maple Leafs jacket. "Like, close the loophole!"

A spokesperson for Canada's Ministry of Public Safety wrote to NBC News to say, "The Safe Third Country Agreement is an important tool used by Canada and the U.S. to cooperate on the orderly handling of refugee claims. Our government is continuing to monitor the situation closely and will carefully evaluate any new developments."

Janzen fears that, as the weather warms, the situation is only going to get worse. In February, the RCMP intercepted 142 people coming into the province; in March, they stopped another 170.

"I can't believe after all this ... nothing has changed" Janzen sighs, nursing a Bud Light. "Other than more people are crossing."

'Right now, it seems like we have an open border'

The road stretches for miles. It's dirt path seems to continue endlessly: across the railway tracks, dividing vast fields and two nations on either side.

"The road we're on now is the border road," says Jay Ihme, one of Emerson's volunteer firefighters.

"The road itself is in Canada," he continues. "That ditch to your immediate right is in the U.S."

Out of the ditch sticks a thin white post, slanted, with two tiny flags fastened atop: one with the red, white, and blue stars and stripes of the United States; the other with Canada's red maple leaf. This is the border.

"I don't want to defend a border," Ihme says, walking close to the dividing line. "People should enter legally and do it properly ... But, you know, we've been having this undefended border since forever, and I'd like to keep it that way."

A road sign stands near the post. It reads Boundary Avenue, but the words are hard to make out. Someone has stuck two stickers on the sign. The sign now reads: Stop Trudeau.

The RCMP has five to six officers to patrol the border near Emerson, says Corey Meyers, a sergeant in the RCMP border integrity unit. (The U.S. has 90 for the same stretch of land, according to Janzen).

Back at the bar, Janzen is ranting about "the numbers."

"You don't want to get me the numbers? I'll get my own numbers," he proclaims.

The RCMP — on instructions from the Trudeau government, Janzen says — are now prohibited from giving him updated information on the number of people illegally crossing into town. The RCMP releases information on asylum seekers across each affected area once a month and publishes them to a centralized website.

"They're trying to cover this story up," says Janzen. He used to get updates every week.

So Janzen has said he's going to buy four motion sensor cameras on his own, to monitor the border himself.

"I'll even f-----g put a drone up there," he declares.

The government, meanwhile, insists that the data posted on the RCMP website "presents a comprehensive, consistent and regularly updated picture of the situation across the country — and includes more data than has ever been publicly released before."

"The local RCMP want to give it and they can't," Janzen says. "If they do it, they lose their jobs. So, I'm going to take things into my own hands."

"Right now," he says, "it seems like we have an open border."

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