House approves $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund government through September, sends to Senate

WASHINGTON, May 3 (Reuters) - The U.S. House of Representatives on Wednesday passed a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September and avoid federal agency shutdowns on Saturday when existing money is depleted.

With the 309-118 vote in the Republican-controlled chamber, the legislation now goes to the Senate, which is expected to pass it before a midnight Friday deadline.

The Pentagon is a big winner in the legislation, with defense spending rising significantly.

RELATED: President Trump's executive orders

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President Trump's executive orders
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President Trump's executive orders

May 1, 2017

Presidential Executive Order on the Establishment of the American Technology Council

(Photo credit should read MANDEL NGAN/AFP/Getty Images)

April 29, 2017

Presidential Executive Order Addressing Trade Agreement Violations and Abuses

(Photo by Evelyn Hockstein/For The Washington Post via Getty Images)

April 29, 2017

Presidential Executive Order on Establishment of Office of Trade and Manufacturing Policy

(Photo credit should read JIM WATSON/AFP/Getty Images)

April 28, 2017

Presidential Executive Order Implementing an America-First Offshore Energy Strategy

(Photo by Eric Thayer-Pool/Getty Images)

April 27, 2017

Presidential Executive Order on Improving Accountability and Whistleblower Protection at the Department of Veterans Affairs

(Photographer: Olivier Douliery/Pool via Bloomberg)

April 26, 2017

Presidential Executive Order on Enforcing Statutory Prohibitions on Federal Control of Education

(Photo by Jabin Botsford/The Washington Post via Getty Images)

April 26, 2017 

Presidential Executive Order on the Review of Designations Under the Antiquities Act

(Photo credit should read BRENDAN SMIALOWSKI/AFP/Getty Images)

April 25, 2017 

Presidential Executive Order on Promoting Agriculture and Rural Prosperity in America

(Photo by Olivier Douliery-Pool/Getty Images)

April 21, 2017 

Presidential Executive Order on Identifying and Reducing Tax Regulatory Burdens

(Photo by Mark Wilson/Getty Images)

April 18, 2017

Presidential Executive Order on Buy American and Hire American

(Daniel Acker/Bloomberg via Getty Images)

March 31, 2017

Presidential Executive Order Regarding the Omnibus Report on Significant Trade Deficits

(REUTERS/Carlos Barria)

March 31, 2017

Presidential Executive Order on Providing an Order of Succession Within the Department of Justice

(REUTERS/Yuri Gripas)

March 29, 2017

Presidential Executive Order Establishing the President’s Commission on Combating Drug Addiction and the Opioid Crisis

(REUTERS/Jonathan Ernst)

March 28, 2017

Presidential Executive Order on Promoting Energy Independence and Economic Growth

(Photo by Ron Sach-Pool/Getty Images)

March 27, 2017

Presidential Executive Order on the Revocation of Federal Contracting Executive Orders

(Photo credit should read MANDEL NGAN/AFP/Getty Images)

March 13, 2017

Presidential Executive Order on a Comprehensive Plan for Reorganizing the Executive Branch

(REUTERS/Carlos Barria)

March 6, 2017

Executive Order Protecting The Nation From Foreign Terrorist Entry Into The United States

(Photo by Mark Wilson/Getty Images)

February 24, 2017

Presidential Executive Order on Enforcing the Regulatory Reform Agenda

(Photo by Olivier Douliery - Pool/Getty Images)

February 9, 2017

Providing an Order of Succession Within the Department of Justice

(Andrew Harrer/Bloomberg via Getty Images)

February 9, 2017

Presidential Executive Order on Enforcing Federal Law with Respect to Transnational Criminal Organizations and Preventing International Trafficking

(REUTERS/Aaron P. Bernstein)

February 9, 2017

Presidential Executive Order on Preventing Violence Against Federal, State, Tribal, and Local Law Enforcement Officers

(Andrew Harrer/Bloomberg via Getty Images)

February 9, 2017

Presidential Executive Order on a Task Force on Crime Reduction and Public Safety

(Photo by Olivier Douliery - Pool/Getty Images)

February 3, 2017

Presidential Executive Order on Core Principles for Regulating the United States Financial System

(Photo by Cheriss May/NurPhoto via Getty Images)

January 30, 2017

Presidential Executive Order on Reducing Regulation and Controlling Regulatory Costs

(REUTERS/Carlos Barria)

January 28, 2017

Presidential Executive Order on Ethics Commitments By Executive Branch Appointees

(Photo credit should read MANDEL NGAN/AFP/Getty Images)

January 27, 2017

Presidential Executive Order on Protecting the Nation from Foreign Terrorist Entry Into the United States

(Photo by Mark Wilson/Getty Images)

January 25, 2017

Presidential Executive Order on Border Security and Immigration Enforcement Improvements

(Chip Somodevilla/Pool via Bloomberg)

January 25, 2017

Presidential Executive Order on Enhancing Public Safety in the Interior of the United States

(Photo by Jabin Botsford/The Washington Post via Getty Images)

January 24, 2017

Presidential Executive Order Expediting Environmental Reviews and Approvals For High Priority Infrastructure Projects

(Photo credit should read JIM WATSON/AFP/Getty Images)

January 20, 2017

Presidential Executive Order on Minimizing the Economic Burden of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act Pending Repeal

(REUTERS/Joshua Roberts)

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While the bill cleared the House easily, dozens more Democrats voted for it than Republicans, many of whom oppose most spending measures.

This was the first major legislation to pass the House this year with bipartisan support and marks Republican President Donald Trump's first legislative victory, even though he railed against some of its provisions.

The legislation bulks up federal funding for border security but does not pay for starting construction on a U.S.-Mexico border wall that Trump promised to keep out illegal immigrants and drugs.

Trump had said he would make Mexico pay for the wall, but the Mexican government refused, making it necessary for the new administration to ask Congress for the money.

Democrats and many Republicans have argued that a wall is an ineffective and wasteful way of securing the southern border.

The evolution of the US-Mexico border over 100 years

27 PHOTOS
The evolution of the US-Mexico border over 100 years
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The evolution of the US-Mexico border over 100 years

The US established an official border patrol in 1924 with the goal of securing the US-Mexico border. In the photo below, American guards are patting down Mexicans who wish to enter the US.

(Photo by Philipp Kester/ullstein bild via Getty Images)

The Mexicali border station (pictured below in 1929) was surrounded by a tall fence. Cars lined up to cross into California.

(Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

Much like today, people coming from Mexico were required to open their bags and suitcases at the border. In this 1937 photo, an agent inspects the possessions of shoppers going from Juarez, Mexico to El Paso, Texas.

(Photo by Dorothea Lange/Library of Congress)

People able to enter the US legally passed via turnstiles, as seen in this 1937 photo. During the Great Depression, Mexican immigrants faced increased risk of deportation as American hostility toward immigrant workers grew.

In 1930, the US started a repatriation program, which offered Mexican immigrants free train rides back to Mexico in an effort to curb immigration. Hundreds of thousands of Mexican immigrants, especially farm workers, were deported during the 1930s.

(Photo by Dorothea Lange/Library of Congress)

In this 1948 photo, two armed American border guards deterred a group of undocumented immigrants from crossing a river into the US.

(Photo by Keystone/Getty Images)

Traveling to Mexico from the US was not nearly as difficult. A Sigma Pi sorority chapter from Calexico, California cross into Tijuana in this 1950 photo.

Undocumented immigration into the US increased after WWII, so in 1954, the government launched Operation Wetback, a program that deported nearly 4 million Mexican immigrants.

(Photo by Earl Leaf/Michael Ochs Archives/Getty Images)

In 1965, Congress passed the Immigration and Nationality Act, which ended caps on the number of immigrants allowed into the US from a given origin country. The act concentrated on reuniting immigrant families and attracting skilled labor to the US.

The 1965 act changed the ethnic makeup of the US and increased the number of immigrants to the country. Legal immigration grew 60% over the next two decades, with many people coming from Latin America.

(Photo by Warren K Leffler/PhotoQuest/Getty Images)

Friendship Park, dedicated in 1971 in San Diego-Tijuana, was intended to be a bi-national park with wire fencing at the border. In 2009, it closed for the construction of additional steel fencing, and re-opened in 2012.

Source: NBC

(Photo by John Moore/Getty Images)

In 1994, the first National Border Patrol Strategic Plan was developed in response to a perception among some Americans that undocumented immigrants and drug dealers were crossing the US-Mexico border. It included more aggressive prosecution of people trying to cross illegally.

(Photo by David Turnley/Corbis/VCG via Getty Images)

In 1999, the US Border Patrol confiscated record numbers of drugs and money: 11,249 pounds of cocaine, 168,000 pounds of marijuana, and $13.2 million in currency.

(Photo By U.S. Customs/Getty Images)

The American government began building corrugated steel walls stretching eight to 10 feet tall in the early '90s.

Source: CityLab

(Photo by David McNew/Getty Images)

In the late '90s, inspection stations started using an automated program, called SENTRI, for pre-screened motorists to speed up the crossing process.

(Photo by David McNew/Getty Images)

In July 2000, 64 special polling stations were set up in border crossing stations so that Mexican voters waiting to cross or living in the US could cast their ballots in the Mexican presidential election.

(Photo by Joe Raedle/Newsmakers)

In the wake of the 9/11 attacks, security checks ramped up at the border.

(Photo by David McNew/Getty Images)

Pedestrians and cars sometimes waited up to six hours to cross into the US.

(Photo by David McNew/Getty Images)

Some who knew they couldn't pass legally tried to hide themselves. Agents discovered the sleeping boy pictured below inside the dashboard of a car coming from Mexico in 2003.

(Photo by INS/Getty Images)

Fears about undocumented immigration grew in the US during the early 2000s. In 2005, a group of civilian organizers launched the Minuteman Project, in which over 1,000 volunteers searched a 23-mile stretch of the Arizona desert for undocumented immigrants.

The group has largely splintered since then, but some still regularly patrol the border.

Source: The New York Times

(Photo by Scott Olson/Getty Images)

Border officials detained immigrants who were trying to cross in holding centers like the Arizona one pictured below in 2005.

(Photo by Jeff Topping/Getty Images)

Police discovered this elaborate tunnel, used to smuggle drugs and people into the US, in 2006. The 2,400-foot-long tunnel featured lighting, ventilation, and equipment to pump out ground water.

(Photo by Sandy Huffaker/Getty Images)

With the 2006 Secure Fence Act, the US started construction on more steel fencing. The boundary now spans around 650 miles and cost approximately $6 billion.

Source: Vice

(Photo by David McNew/Getty Images)

From 1998 to 2006, over 2,650 men, women, and children died attempting to cross the US-Mexico border. In the picture below, members of the humanitarian group No More Deaths search for migrants in distress in 2006.

(Photo by Spencer Platt/Getty Images)

The Texas state government established Operation Lone Star in 2008, a project that sets up temporary, free healthcare clinics along the Texas border with Mexico. The first one lasted two weeks, and aimed to treat over 10,000 people, no matter their country of origin.

(Photo by John Moore/Getty Images)

Some immigrants have attempted to cross the border into the US by riding atop freight trains, as seen in this 2013 photo. The journey is dangerous — immigrants risk robbery, assault, and injury from falling off the trains.

(Photo by John Moore/Getty Images)

In 2014, Barack Obama announced an executive action on immigration reform, which granted temporary work permits and indefinite deportation exemptions to four million undocumented immigrants. Before the announcement, Catholic bishops led a mass near the border fence in Arizona to pray for comprehensive reform.

Source: The Washington Post

(Photo by John Moore/Getty Images)

Since taking office, the Trump administration has attempted to start cracking down on immigration. The US Immigration and Customs Enforcement arrested 21,362 immigrants from January through mid-March, a 32% jump from the same period last year.

Source: Politico

(Photo by Justin Sullivan/Getty Images)

Though Trump says his administration will build a wall, the construction timeline and funding sources remain uncertain.

(Photo by Sandy Huffaker/Getty Images)
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Another battle over the barrier is expected when Congress tries to pass a spending bill for the fiscal year starting Oct. 1.

Trump already has begun focusing on that upcoming fight. In a tweet on Tuesday, he taunted lawmakers, saying, "Our country needs a good 'shutdown' in September to fix mess!"

The legislation would add $12.5 billion this fiscal year for the Pentagon, with another $2.5 billion available after Trump gives details on his plans for defeating the Islamic State militant group.

It ignores many of the spending cuts on domestic programs the White House had sought and adds $2 billion for the National Institutes of Health, $295 million for Puerto Rico's underfunded Medicaid healthcare for the poor and $407 million to fight fires in Western states.

But the legislation is late in coming. The fiscal year began last Oct. 1 and for the last seven months federal agencies have been operating mainly on simple extensions of the previous year's funding and the priorities that came with that. (Reporting by Richard Cowan; Editing by Jonathan Oatis)

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