Excavation of Oseberg Viking age ship discovered in a large burial mound at the Oseberg farm near TÃ¸nsberg in Vestfold County, Norway began in 1903, The Oseberg ship dated from 834 AD, was pulled ashore and used as a burial ship for the two ladies. That s
Viking coin minted in Ireland, 11th century. Found in the collection of British Museum. Artist : Numismatic, West European Coins. (Photo by Fine Art Images/Heritage Images/Getty Images)
Gold pendant (Kolt), 12th-13th century. Found in the collection of Museum of Russian Art, Minneapolis. Artist : Ancient Russian Art. (Photo by Fine Art Images/Heritage Images/Getty Images)
The TjÃ¤ngvide image stone, listed in Rundata as Gotland Runic Inscription 110 or G 110, is a Viking Age image stone from TjÃ¤ngvide which is about three kilometres west of Ljugarn, Gotland, Sweden, (Photo by: Universal History Archive/UIG via Getty Images)
Decorative Viking hoard cups. (Named the Vale of York cup and the Halton Moor Cup) Made from gold and silver. Decorated with animals and foliate patterns. Found buried in England. Were buried shortly after AD 927. (Photo by: Universal History Archive/UIG via Getty Images)
The Oseberg ship , A Viking ship discovered in a large burial mound at the Oseberg farm near TÃ¸nsberg in Vestfold county, Norway. Dating from around 800 AD, the ship was excavated by Norwegian archaeologist Haakon Shetelig and Swedish archaeologist Gabrie
The Gokstad Ship, Viking, Norway, 9th Century. Front view. Used for a Viking ship burial, the Gokstad Ship was excavated in 1880. From the Viking Ship Museum, Bygdoy. (Photo by Art Media/Print Collector/Getty Images)
Viking battle-axes and spears from the Thames at London Bridge, c840-c1020(?). These weapons were possibly left after a battle, or alternatively were thrown into the river as an offering to the gods. (Photo by Museum of London/Heritage Images/Getty Images)
UNSPECIFIED - CIRCA 1754: Head of a Viking warrior. National Historical Museum, Stockholm. (Photo by Universal History Archive/Getty Images)
Art. Germanic. Viking Age. Northern Europe. Runestone. Dedicated to their ancestors. National Museum of Denmark. (Photo by: Prisma/UIG via Getty Images)
Head of a Viking warrior. From the National Historical Museum, Stockholm. (Photo by Ann Ronan Pictures/Print Collector/Getty Images)
Viking period bone and deer antler comb and case from the Viking settlement at York, currently in the Yorkshire Museum, York. (Photo by CM Dixon/Print Collector/Getty Images)
Carved magnesian limestone Viking grave-slab from York made in the Jellinge style. (Photo by CM Dixon/Print Collector/Getty Images)
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Further, the cranium is unique as scientists have been able to date and contextualize it in the larger history of area populations, something that has been notably lacking in previous finds.
Rolf Quam, one of the team members, said, "This is an interesting new fossil discovery from the Iberian Peninsula, a crucial region for understanding the origin and evolution of the Neandertals."
He also noted the, "...cranium increases the anatomical diversity in the human fossil record from this time period, suggesting different populations showed somewhat different combinations of features."
The fossil was discovered in 2014 but was so firmly entombed in the surrounding sediment, an entire block of Earth had to be extracted.
The endeavor to free the cranium from it took roughly 2 years.