'Blind sheik' convicted in 1993 World Trade bombing dies in U.S. prison

Omar Abdel-Rahman, the extremist Muslim cleric known as "the blind sheik" convicted of conspiracy in the 1993 World Trade Center bombing and planning more attacks as part of a "war of urban terrorism" in the United States, died on Saturday in a North Carolina prison, authorities said.

Abdel-Rahman, 78, died of natural causes at 9:40 a.m. (1440 GMT) at the Federal Medical Center, Butner, part of a federal prison compound in Butner, North Carolina, according to Greg Norton, a spokesman.

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Blind Sheikh Omar Abdel Rahman sits and prays inside an iron cage at the opening of court session, 06 August 1989 in Cairo. Abdel-Rahman, spiritual leader of Egypt's main armed group the Moslem fundamentalist Jamaa Islamiyya, was jailed for life in January 1996 for his role in terrorist attacks, including blowing up the World Trade Center in New York in February 1993 and an assassination bid against Egyptian President Mubarak. (Photo credit should read MIKE NELSON/AFP/GettyImages)
Blind Sheikh Omar Abdel Rahman smiles inside an iron cage at the opening of court session, 06 August 1989 in Cairo. Abdel-Rahman, spiritual leader of Egypt's main armed group the Moslem fundamentalist Jamaa Islamiyya, was jailed for life in January 1996 for his role in terrorist attacks, including blowing up the World Trade Center in New York in February 1993 and an assassination bid against Egyptian President Mubarak. (Photo credit should read MIKE NELSON/AFP/GettyImages)
Daily News front page October 2, 1995, Headline: As sheik and followers found guilty in Trade Center trial, city security goes on... FULL ALERT. Sheik Omar Abdel-Rahman.' I Was Pawn In A Game' Daniel Domenech (Photo By: /NY Daily News via Getty Images)
Jersey City, UNITED STATES: (FILES) In this 25 June 1993 file photo, Sheik Omar Abdel-Rahman (R) enters his apartment building with an unidentified man (L) after afternoon prayers at his mosque. According to an FBI bulletin 14 December 2006, the jailed 68-year-old cleric began to spit blood on 06 December and was rushed to a hospital. 'He accepted a needed transfusion to replace lost blood. While he was under examination, medical authorities also discovered a tumor on his liver,' the FBI situational awareness bulletin noted. The FBI is warning his death could lead to lead Al-Queda to launch terror attacks against the US in reprisal. Law enforcement sources report that there is no intelligence to suggest plans for an attack. The bulletin is intended to alert all those in law enforcement of the possibility of a threat. AFP PHOTO/FILES/MARK D. PHILLIPS (Photo credit should read MARK D. PHILLIPS/AFP/Getty Images)
Daily News page 6 & 7, October 2, 1995, Headline: TERROR TRIAL VERDICTS - HIGH ALERT AS 10 GUILTY OF PLOT, Sheik eyed sites in city. Local cops, feds brace for violent backlash. Informant, Emad Ali Salem with Sheik Omar Abdel-Rahman in 1993. Salem supplied prosecutors with damning tapes that led to Abdel-Rahman's conviction yesterday on bombing conspiracy charges. (Photo By: /NY Daily News via Getty Images)
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The cleric, who had diabetes and coronary artery disease, had been incarcerated at the Federal Correctional Complex, Butner, for nearly 10 years, Norton said.

Earlier, the cleric's son Ammar said his family had received a phone call in Eygpt from a U.S. representative saying his father had died.

The Egyptian-born Abdel-Rahman remained a spiritual leader for radical Muslims even after more than 20 years in prison.

With his long gray beard, sunglasses and red and white clerical cap, the charismatic Abdel-Rahman was the face of radical Islam in the 1980s and 1990s. He preached a fiery brand of Islam that called for the death of people and governments he disapproved of and the installation of an Islamic government in Egypt. His following was tied to fundamentalist killings and bomb attacks around the world.

Abdel-Rahman, who was born in a village along the Nile on May 3, 1938, lost his eyesight due to childhood diabetes and grew up studying a Braille version of the Koran.

As an adult he became associated with the fundamentalist Islamic Group and was imprisoned and accused of issuing a fatwa leading to the 1981 assassination of Egyptian President Anwar Sadat, against whom he had railed for years. The sheik said he was hung upside-down from the ceiling, beaten with sticks and given electric shocks while held but he was eventually acquitted and went into self-imposed exile in 1990.

He managed to get to New York after the U.S. Embassy in Sudan granted him a tourist visa in 1990 - despite the fact that he was on the State Department's list of people with ties to terror groups.

U.S. authorities blamed a computer error for the visa, but the mistake was compounded in 1991 when Abdel-Rahman was given a green card and permanent U.S. resident status. The New York Times reported the CIA had approved the visa application for Abdel-Rahman, who had supported the anti-Soviet mujahedin in Afghanistan during the 1980s.

Abdel-Rahman preached his radical message and lived in the New York City borough of Brooklyn and nearby Jersey City, New Jersey, building a strong following among fundamentalist Muslims. Even in exile, he remained a force in the Middle East, where followers listened to cassette tapes and radio broadcasts of his sermons decrying the Egyptian government and Israel.

While in the United States Abdel-Rahman and his disciples would be linked to the 1990 slaying in New York of militant Rabbi Meir Kahane, the 1992 killing of an anti-fundamentalist writer in Egypt and attacks on foreign tourists in Egypt.

U.S. authorities took action in 1992 by revoking Abdel-Rahman's green card on the grounds that he had lied about a bad check charge in Egypt and about having two wives when he entered the country. He was facing the possibility of deportation when a truck bomb went off in the basement parking garage of the World Trade Center on Feb. 26, 1993, killing six people and injuring more than 1,000 in an attack that made Americans realize that they were not immune to international terrorism.

Four months later Abdel-Rahman was arrested and went on trial with several followers in 1995, accused of plotting a day of terror for the United States - assassinations and synchronized bombings of the U.N. headquarters, a major federal government facility in Manhattan and tunnels and a bridge linking New York City and New Jersey.

The indictment said Abdel-Rahman and his followers planned to "levy a war of urban terrorism against the United States" as part of a jihad - or holy war - to stop U.S. support for Israel and change its overall Middle East policy.

The defendants were not directly charged with the 1993 World Trade Center attack but were convicted of conspiring with those who did carry out the bombing.

Abdel-Rahman's convictions also included plotting to kill Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak during a visit to the United States in 1993, a Jewish New York state legislator and a Jewish New York State Supreme Court justice.

Much of the case against Abdel-Rahman and his followers was based on video and audio recordings made with the help of a bodyguard for the sheik who became an FBI informant. A video also showed four defendants mixing fertilizer and diesel fuel for bombs.

After a nine-month trial, the sheik and nine followers were found guilty in October 1995 on 48 of 50 charges.

He did not testify at his trial but at a sentencing hearing Abdel-Rahman gave a passionate speech of more than 90 minutes through a translator, proclaiming his innocence and denouncing the United States as an enemy of his faith.

"I have not committed any crime except telling people about Islam," he said.

Abdel-Rahman was still an important figure in radical Islam even after years in prison. A year before his al Qaeda followers pulled off the most destructive assault on U.S. soil, the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks, Osama bin Laden had pledged a jihad to free Abdel-Rahman from prison. When Mohammed Mursi, a leader of the Muslim Brotherhood, began his short-lived presidency of Egypt in 2012, he said winning the sheik's freedom would be a priority and the jihadists who attacked an Algerian oilfield and took hostages in 2013 also demanded his release.

In 2006 one of Abdel-Rahman's lawyers, Lynne F. Stewart, was sentenced to 28 months in prison for helping smuggle messages from the cleric to his followers in Egypt. (Additional reporting by Mohamed Abdellah; writing by Asma Alsharif; Editing by Kevin Liffey and W Simon)

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