Charleston church gunman found guilty of federal hate crimes

A jury on Thursday found avowed white supremacist Dylann Roof guilty of federal hate crimes resulting in the deaths of nine black parishioners at a historic church in Charleston, South Carolina, last year.

Jurors also said Roof, 22, was guilty of firearms violations and obstructing the exercise of religion for those he shot and killed during a Bible study at Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church on June 17, 2015.

The 12 jurors deliberated for a little less than two hours. Roof showed no emotion as the verdicts were read.

The guilty verdicts on all 33 federal charges he faced pave the way for the penalty phase of Roof's trial, which is set to begin on Jan. 3. He has indicated he will serve as his own lawyer as prosecutors pursue a death sentence.

The jury rendered its verdict after hearing six days of testimony in Charleston, a city on edge in recent weeks as two racially charged trials played out in courthouses across the street from each other in the heart of downtown.

RELATED: Sen. Clementa Pinckney funeral

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Sen. Clementa Pinckney funeral - Charleston, SC shooting
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Sen. Clementa Pinckney funeral - Charleston, SC shooting
CHARLESTON, SC - JUNE 26: Mourners pay their respects at the funeral service for Sen. Clementa Pinckney at the College Charleston TD Arena for South Carolina State Sen. Clementa Pinckney who was killed during the mass shooting at the Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church along with eight others on June 26, 2015 in Charleston, South Carolina. Suspected shooter Dylann Roof, 21 years old, is accused of killing nine people on June 17th during a prayer meeting in the church, which is one of the nation's oldest black churches in Charleston. (Photo by Grace Beahm-Pool/Getty Images)
CHARLESTON, SC - JUNE 26: Members of the clergy wait to enter the funeral service where U.S. President Barack Obama will deliver the eulogy for South Carolina State senator and Rev. Clementa Pinckney who was killed along with eight others in a mass shooting June 26, 2015 in Charleston, South Carolina. Suspected shooter Dylann Roof, 21, is accused of killing nine people on June 17th during a prayer meeting in the church, which is one of the nation's oldest black churches in Charleston. (Photo by Win McNamee/Getty Images)
CHARLESTON, SC - JUNE 26: Mourners sing gospel hymns during the funeral service where U.S. President Barack Obama will deliver the eulogy for South Carolina State senator and Rev. Clementa Pinckney who was killed along with eight others in a mass shooting June 26, 2015 in Charleston, South Carolina. Suspected shooter Dylann Roof, 21, is accused of killing nine people on June 17th during a prayer meeting in the church, which is one of the nation's oldest black churches in Charleston. (Photo by Win McNamee/Getty Images)
CHARLESTON, SC - JUNE 26: Mourners pray as thousands begin to fill the College Charleston TD Arena on June 26, 2015, in Charleston, South Carolina. President Barack Obama will deliver the eulogy for one of the victims, Sen. Clementa Pinckney, during his funeral Friday at TD Arena. Suspected shooter Dylann Roof, 21 years old, is accused of killing nine people on June 17th during a prayer meeting in the church, which is one of the nation's oldest black churches in Charleston. (Photo by Grace Beahm-Pool/Getty Images)
CHARLESTON, SC - JUNE 26: Mourners hug before the funeral begins at the College Charleston TD Arena where President Barack Obama is scheduled to deliver the eulogy for South Carolina State Sen. Clementa Pinckney who was killed during the mass shooting at the Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church along with eight others on June 26, 2015 in Charleston, South Carolina. Suspected shooter Dylann Roof, 21 years old, is accused of killing nine people on June 17th during a prayer meeting in the church, which is one of the nation's oldest black churches in Charleston. (Photo by Joe Raedle/Getty Images)
RIDGELAND, SC - JUNE 25: Visitors stand in line to pay their respects during an open viewing for Rev. Clementa Pinckney at St. John A.M.E. Church, the church Pinckney attended while growing up, June 25, 2015 in Ridgeland, South Carolina. Pinckney, who was also a state senator, was one of the nine victims killed in last week's shooting at Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church in Charleston, South Carolina. (Photo by Win McNamee/Getty Images)
RIDGELAND, SC - JUNE 25: Visitors line up to pay their respects during an open viewing for Rev. Clementa Pinckney at St. John A.M.E. Church, the church Pinckney attended while growing up, June 25, 2015 in Ridgeland, South Carolina. Pinckney, who was also a state senator, was one of the nine victims killed in last week's shooting at Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church in Charleston, South Carolina. (Photo by Win McNamee/Getty Images)
COLUMBIA, SC - JUNE 24: South Carolina Highway Patrol Honor Guard rehearse for the arrival of the coffin of church pastor and South Carolina State Sen. Clementa Pinckney to lie in the Statehouse Rotunda on June 24, 2015 in Columbia, South Carolina. Pinckney was one of nine people killed during a Bible study inside Emanuel AME church in Charleston. U.S. President Barack Obama and Vice President Joe Biden are expected to attend the funeral which is set for Friday June 26 at the TD Arena. (Photo by Joe Raedle/Getty Images)
COLUMBIA, SC - JUNE 24: People file past the open casket of church pastor and South Carolina State Sen. Clementa Pinckney who will lie in repose at the Statehouse Rotunda on June 24, 2015 in Columbia, South Carolina. Pinckney was one of nine people killed during a Bible study inside Emanuel AME church in Charleston. U.S. President Barack Obama and Vice President Joe Biden are expected to attend the funeral which is set for Friday June 26 at the TD Arena. (Photo by Joe Raedle/Getty Images)
RIDGELAND, SC - JUNE 25: Visitors sign a guest book before attending an open viewing for Rev. Clementa Pinckney at St. John A.M.E. Church, the church Pinckney attended while growing up, June 25, 2015 in Ridgeland, South Carolina. Pinckney, who was also a state senator, was one of the nine victims killed in last week's shooting at Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church in Charleston, South Carolina. (Photo by Win McNamee/Getty Images)
Clementa Pinckney, the South Carolina State Senator who was killed during last week's shooting at the Emanuel A.M.E. Church in Charleston, lies in state inside the rotunda of the capitol building Wednesday, June 24, 2015 in Columbia, S.C. (Gerry Melendez/The State/TNS via Getty Images)
COLUMBIA, SC - JUNE 24: People file past the open casket of church pastor and South Carolina State Sen. Clementa Pinckney who will lie in repose at the Statehouse Rotunda on June 24, 2015 in Columbia, South Carolina. Pinckney was one of nine people killed during a Bible study inside Emanuel AME church in Charleston. U.S. President Barack Obama and Vice President Joe Biden are expected to attend the funeral which is set for Friday June 26 at the TD Arena. (Photo by Joe Raedle/Getty Images)
COLUMBIA, SC - JUNE 24: People file past the open casket of church pastor and South Carolina State Sen. Clementa Pinckney who will lie in repose at the Statehouse Rotunda on June 24, 2015 in Columbia, South Carolina. Pinckney was one of nine people killed during a Bible study inside Emanuel AME church in Charleston. U.S. President Barack Obama and Vice President Joe Biden are expected to attend the funeral which is set for Friday June 26 at the TD Arena. (Photo by Joe Raedle/Getty Images)
A detail from South Carolina Department of Public Safety carries the casket of Sen. Clementa Pinckney into the South Carolina State House on June 24, 2015 in Columbia, S.C. (Tracy Glantz/The State/TNS via Getty Images)
COLUMBIA, SC - JUNE 24: The South Carolina Statehouse is seen as the coffin of church pastor and South Carolina State Sen. Clementa Pinckney lies in state on June 24, 2015 in Columbia, South Carolina. Pinckney was one of nine people killed during a Bible study inside Emanuel AME church in Charleston. (Photo by Win McNamee/Getty Images)
COLUMBIA, SC - JUNE 24: People wait in line to pay their respects before the coffin of church pastor and South Carolina State Sen. Clementa Pinckney arrives to lie in the Statehouse Rotunda on June 24, 2015 in Columbia, South Carolina. Pinckney was one of nine people killed during a Bible study inside Emanuel AME church in Charleston. U.S. President Barack Obama and Vice President Joe Biden are expected to attend the funeral which is set for Friday June 26 at the TD Arena. (Photo by Win McNamee/Getty Images)
COLUMBIA, SC - JUNE 24: People wait in line to pay their respects before the coffin of church pastor and South Carolina State Sen. Clementa Pinckney arrives to lie in the Statehouse Rotunda on June 24, 2015 in Columbia, South Carolina. Pinckney was one of nine people killed during a Bible study inside Emanuel AME church in Charleston. U.S. President Barack Obama and Vice President Joe Biden are expected to attend the funeral which is set for Friday June 26 at the TD Arena. (Photo by Win McNamee/Getty Images)
COLUMBIA, SC - JUNE 24: As lawmakers, family and friends look on, the South Carolina Highway Patrol Honor Guard carry the coffin of church pastor and South Carolina State Sen. Clementa Pinckney to lie in repose at the Statehouse Rotunda on June 24, 2015 in Columbia, South Carolina. Pinckney was one of nine people killed during a Bible study inside Emanuel AME church in Charleston. U.S. President Barack Obama and Vice President Joe Biden are expected to attend the funeral which is set for Friday June 26 at the TD Arena. (Photo by Joe Raedle/Getty Images)
COLUMBIA, SC - JUNE 24: People wait in a long line to enter the Capitol building to pay their respects to church pastor and South Carolina State Sen. Clementa Pinckney who will lie in repose at the Statehouse Rotunda on June 24, 2015 in Columbia, South Carolina. Pinckney was one of nine people killed during a Bible study inside Emanuel AME church in Charleston. U.S. President Barack Obama and Vice President Joe Biden are expected to attend the funeral which is set for Friday June 26 at the TD Arena. (Photo by Joe Raedle/Getty Images)
COLUMBIA, SC - JUNE 24: South Carolina Governor Nikki Haley looks on as she stands with other lawmakers as South Carolina Highway Patrol Honor Guard prepare to carry the coffin of church pastor and South Carolina State Sen. Clementa Pinckney to lie in repose at the Statehouse Rotunda on June 24, 2015 in Columbia, South Carolina. Pinckney was one of nine people killed during a Bible study inside Emanuel AME church in Charleston. U.S. President Barack Obama and Vice President Joe Biden are expected to attend the funeral which is set for Friday June 26 at the TD Arena. (Photo by Joe Raedle/Getty Images)
COLUMBIA, SC - JUNE 24: South Carolina state legislators watch as the procession carrying the casket of Rev. Clementa Pinckney moves down Main Street before a public viewing at the South Carolina State House June 24, 2015 in Columbia, South Carolina. Pinckney was one of nine people killed during a Bible study inside Emanuel AME church in Charleston. U.S. President Barack Obama and Vice President Joe Biden are expected to attend the funeral which is set for Friday June 26 at the TD Arena. (Photo by Win McNamee/Getty Images)
Emanuel AME Church pastor and South Carolina State Sen.Clementa Pinckney's wife Jennifer (C), and two daughters Eliana and Malana, stand in a receiving line at the South Carolina State House on June 24, 2015 in Columbia, South Carolina. Pinckney was one of nine people killed during a Bible study inside Emanuel AME church in Charleston. Pressure is growing in South Carolina to take down the Confederate flag that has flies on the front lawn of its State House in Columbia, also alongside a Confederate war memorial. AFP PHOTO/JIM WATSON (Photo credit should read JIM WATSON/AFP/Getty Images)
COLUMBIA, SC - JUNE 24: The family of Rev. Clementa Pinckney greets visitors after paying their respects during an open viewing for Pinckney at the South Carolina State House June 24, 2015 in Columbia, South Carolina. Pinckney was one of nine people killed during a Bible study inside Emanuel AME church in Charleston. U.S. President Barack Obama and Vice President Joe Biden are expected to attend the funeral which is set for Friday June 26 at the TD Arena. (Photo by Win McNamee/Getty Images)
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A state murder trial against a former North Charleston police officer who shot and killed a black man fleeing a traffic stop last year ended on Dec. 5 in a mistrial after jurors deadlocked.

Whether Roof carried out the mass shooting that intensified the debate about race relations in the United States was not in dispute.

But his defense lawyers, hoping to spare him from execution, asked jurors to consider what factors had driven Roof to commit the senseless act and suggested he might be delusional.

The defense did not call any witnesses after the trial judge blocked them from presenting evidence of Roof's mental state during the guilt phase of the trial.

During closing arguments on Thursday, prosecutors dismissed the defense's position and said Roof's guilt had been proved "beyond any doubt, much less reasonable doubt."

"He must be held accountable for each and every action he took inside that church," Assistant U.S. Attorney Nathan Williams said. "For every life he took."

(Reporting by Greg Lacour; Writing by Colleen Jenkins; Editing by Jonathan Oatis and Lisa Shumaker)

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Charleston SC shooting suspect. Dylann Roof
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Charleston SC shooting suspect. Dylann Roof
Photos found on a website that allegedly belongs to church shooting suspect Dylann Roof.
Photos found on a website that allegedly belongs to church shooting suspect Dylann Roof.
Photos found on a website that allegedly belongs to church shooting suspect Dylann Roof.
Photos found on a website that allegedly belongs to church shooting suspect Dylann Roof.
Photos found on a website that allegedly belongs to church shooting suspect Dylann Roof.
Photos found on a website that allegedly belongs to church shooting suspect Dylann Roof.
Photos found on a website that allegedly belongs to church shooting suspect Dylann Roof.
Photos found on a website that allegedly belongs to church shooting suspect Dylann Roof.
Photos found on a website that allegedly belongs to church shooting suspect Dylann Roof.
Photos found on a website that allegedly belongs to church shooting suspect Dylann Roof.
Photos found on a website that allegedly belongs to church shooting suspect Dylann Roof.
This image has been provided by the Charleston Police Department, Thursday, June 18, 2015. A man opened fire during a prayer meeting inside a historic black church in downtown Charleston, S.C., Wednesday night, June 17, 2015, killing nine people, including the pastor in an assault that authorities are calling a hate crime. The shooter remained at large Thursday. (Photo via Charleston Police Department)
The Emanuel AME Church is viewed behind a police vehicle on June 18, 2015 in Charleston, South Carolina, after a mass shooting at the Church on the evening of June 17, 2015. US police on Thursday arrested a 21-year-old white gunman suspected of killing nine people at a prayer meeting in one of the nation's oldest black churches in Charleston, an attack being probed as a hate crime. The shooting at the Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church in the southeastern US city was one of the worst attacks on a place of worship in the country in recent years, and comes at a time of lingering racial tensions. AFP PHOTO/BRENDAN SMIALOWSKI (Photo credit should read BRENDAN SMIALOWSKI/AFP/Getty Images)
A police officer holds up a tape in front of the Emanuel AME Church June 18, 2015 in Charleston, South Carolina, after a mass shooting at the church on the evening of June 17, 2015. US police on Thursday arrested a 21-year-old white gunman suspected of killing nine people at a prayer meeting in one of the nation's oldest black churches in Charleston, an attack being probed as a hate crime. The shooting at the Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church in the southeastern US city was one of the worst attacks on a place of worship in the country in recent years, and comes at a time of lingering racial tensions. AFP PHOTO/BRENDAN SMIALOWSKI (Photo credit should read BRENDAN SMIALOWSKI/AFP/Getty Images)
A view ofthe Emanuel AME Church is seen June 18, 2015 in Charleston, South Carolina, after a mass shooting at the church on the evening of June 17, 2015. US police on Thursday arrested a 21-year-old white gunman suspected of killing nine people at a prayer meeting in one of the nation's oldest black churches in Charleston, an attack being probed as a hate crime. The shooting at the Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church in the southeastern US city was one of the worst attacks on a place of worship in the country in recent years, and comes at a time of lingering racial tensions. AFP PHOTO/BRENDAN SMIALOWSKI (Photo credit should read BRENDAN SMIALOWSKI/AFP/Getty Images)
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