Reindeer herding in Russia's remote Arctic

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Reindeer farming in Russia
Reindeers graze in the tundra area during sunset in Nenets Autonomous District, Russia, November 26, 2016. Picture taken November 26, 2016. REUTERS/Sergei Karpukhin
Reindeer herders cook and have a meal inside a tent in the tundra area in Nenets Autonomous District, Russia, November 27, 2016. Picture taken November 27, 2016. REUTERS/Sergei Karpukhin
Herders cut off reindeer antlers inside the enclosure in the settlement of Krasnoye in Nenets Autonomous District, Russia, November 29, 2016. Picture taken November 29, 2016. REUTERS/Sergei Karpukhin 
Reindeer antlers cut off by herders lie inside the enclosure in the settlement of Krasnoye in Nenets Autonomous District, Russia, November 29, 2016. Picture taken November 29, 2016. REUTERS/Sergei Karpukhin 
A herder smokes while selecting and sorting reindeer inside the enclosure in the settlement of Krasnoye in Nenets Autonomous District, Russia, November 29, 2016. Picture taken November 29, 2016. REUTERS/Sergei Karpukhin 
Herders select and sort reindeer inside the enclosure in the settlement of Krasnoye in Nenets Autonomous District, Russia, November 29, 2016. Picture taken November 29, 2016. REUTERS/Sergei Karpukhin 
Herders select and sort reindeer inside the enclosure in the settlement of Krasnoye in Nenets Autonomous District, Russia, November 28, 2016. Picture taken November 28, 2016. REUTERS/Sergei Karpukhin 
Herders select and sort reindeer inside the enclosure in the settlement of Krasnoye in Nenets Autonomous District, Russia, November 28, 2016. Picture taken November 28, 2016. REUTERS/Sergei Karpukhin 
A herder sits inside the enclosure where they select and sort reindeer in the settlement of Krasnoye in Nenets Autonomous District, Russia, November 29, 2016. Picture taken November 29, 2016. REUTERS/Sergei Karpukhin 
Herders select and sort reindeer inside an enclosure in the settlement of Krasnoye in Nenets Autonomous District, Russia, November 29, 2016. Picture taken November 29, 2016. REUTERS/Sergei Karpukhin 
A herd of reindeers is seen inside an enclosure as herders select and sort them in the settlement of Krasnoye in Nenets Autonomous District, Russia, November 28, 2016. Picture taken November 28, 2016. REUTERS/Sergei Karpukhin 
A girl watches herders selecting and sorting reindeer near the enclosure in the settlement of Krasnoye in Nenets Autonomous District, Russia, November 28, 2016. Picture taken November 28, 2016. REUTERS/Sergei Karpukhin 
A man stands at a site, which is holy for local residents, during the sunrise in the tundra area in Nenets Autonomous District, Russia, November 26, 2016. Picture taken November 26, 2016. REUTERS/Sergei Karpukhin 
A herd of reindeers is seen inside an enclosure as herders select and sort them during sunrise in the settlement of Krasnoye in Nenets Autonomous District, Russia, November 28, 2016. Picture taken November 28, 2016. REUTERS/Sergei Karpukhin 
A herd of reindeers is seen inside an enclosure as herders select and sort them in the settlement of Krasnoye in Nenets Autonomous District, Russia, November 28, 2016. Picture taken November 28, 2016. REUTERS/Sergei Karpukhin 
A view shows a tent belonging to reindeer herders in the tundra area in Nenets Autonomous District, Russia, November 27, 2016. Picture taken November 27, 2016. REUTERS/Sergei Karpukhin TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY. 
A barrel with a sign "Lukoil" is seen in the tundra area in Nenets Autonomous District, Russia, November 26, 2016. Picture taken November 26, 2016. REUTERS/Sergei Karpukhin 
A herd of reindeers is seen inside the enclosure as herders select and sort them in the settlement of Krasnoye in Nenets Autonomous District, Russia, November 29, 2016. Picture taken November 29, 2016. REUTERS/Sergei Karpukhin 
A herder walks with reindeers along the tundra area in Nenets Autonomous District, Russia, November 27, 2016. Picture taken November 27, 2016. REUTERS/Sergei Karpukhin 
An Orthodox church is seen in the settlement of Krasnoye in Nenets Autonomous District, Russia, November 25, 2016. Picture taken November 25, 2016. REUTERS/Sergei Karpukhin 
A herder stops for reindeers to have a rest while riding along the tundra area in Nenets Autonomous District, Russia, November 27, 2016. Picture taken November 27, 2016. REUTERS/Sergei Karpukhin 
A herd of reindeers is seen inside an enclosure as herders select and sort them in the settlement of Krasnoye in Nenets Autonomous District, Russia, November 28, 2016. Picture taken November 28, 2016. REUTERS/Sergei Karpukhin 
Farm employees process reindeer carcasses in the settlement of Krasnoye in Nenets Autonomous District, Russia, November 29, 2016. Picture taken November 29, 2016. REUTERS/Sergei Karpukhin 
Farm employees process reindeer skin in the settlement of Krasnoye in Nenets Autonomous District, Russia, November 29, 2016. Picture taken November 29, 2016. REUTERS/Sergei Karpukhin 
Farm employees process reindeer carcasses in the settlement of Krasnoye in Nenets Autonomous District, Russia, November 29, 2016. Picture taken November 29, 2016. REUTERS/Sergei Karpukhin 
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KRASNOYE, Russia, Dec 14 (Reuters) - In Russia's remote Arctic regions, reindeer herding has been a way of life for centuries.

Each winter, herders in Russia's sparsely populated Nenets Autonomous District corral their reindeer into open-air pens before selecting weak animals to be culled.

The cull helps preserve the region's fragile tundra by keeping herd sizes down, and local people sell reindeer meat, hide and antlers to make a living.

Igor Ledkov, who works at the Harp agricultural cooperative in the village of Krasnoye, said herders try to maintain the local reindeer population at around 15,000-17,000 animals.

"The size of the cull each year varies, this year we plan to cull more than 3,000 reindeer," Ledkov said.

"We wait until there's enough snow on the ground so the reindeer don't trample the best grazing land when we corral them into the pens."

Krasnoye is the only settlement in the Nenets region connected by road to the regional capital, Naryan-Mar, which is over 2,000 kilometers north of Moscow.

Temperatures can sink below minus 40 degrees Celsius in winter.

At the Harp cooperative, the reindeer have their antlers removed before the weaker specimens are taken to the slaughter house.

Herders saw off antlers from even the stronger animals as they are valuable and fall off by themselves if left to grow. Reindeer hides are salted to preserve them before being sold for export to countries including Finland.

Herders receive a subsidy of 130 roubles ($2.08) for each kilogram of reindeer meat they send to be processed, according to the local government, as well as monthly social support payments.

The meat subsidy is to be cut by around 40 percent next year as weak oil prices have hurt the Nenets region budget, which depends on oil for 98 percent of revenues.

($1 = 62.4651 roubles) (Writing by Alexander Winning, editing by Ed Osmond)

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