Scottish paleontologists are finally studying a real-life sea monster

ichthyosaur a real sea monster
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ichthyosaur a real sea monster
An artist's impression of a "Monster" fish-like reptile (bottom ), whose fossil was found on the Arctic island of Spitsbergen, off Norway, catching a smaller plesiosaur, in this undated handout photo from the Natural History Museum, University of Oslo. The Norwegian researchers discovered remains of a total of 28 plesiosaurs and ichthyosaurs -- top marine predators when dinosaurs dominated on land -- at a site on the island of Spitsbergen, about 1,300 km (800 miles) from the North Pole. EDITORIAL USE ONLY MANDATORY CREDIT REUTERS/Natural History Museum, University of Oslo/Handout (NORWAY)
Argentine Paleontologist Marta Fernandez presents the fossil of a Ichthyosaur, which acccording to the Jurassic Museum of Asturias, is the most complete found in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the few in the world, at the headquarters of the museum in Colunga, northern Spain, November 6, 2015. REUTERS/Eloy Alonso
UNITED KINGDOM - SEPTEMBER 09: Ichthyosaurus (from Greek ichthys 'fish' and sauros 'lizard') is an extinct genus of ichthyosaur from the Early Jurassic period. Colour printed illustration by Heinrich Harder from Tiere der Urwelt Animals of the Prehistoric World, 1916 Hamburg. Heinrich Harder (1858-1935) was a German landscape artist and book illustrator. These images come from a series of prehistoric creature cards published by the Reichardt Cocoa company in 1908. Natural historian Wilhelm Bolsche wrote the descriptive text. (Photo by Florilegius/SSPL/Getty Images)
Fossil ichthyosaur with circular ammonite fossils in stone matrix, Stenopterygius species, Ammonites: Dactylioceras species, Lower Jurassic period, Mesozoic era, Holzmaden, Germany, Photographed under controlled conditions (Specimen courtesy of Raimund Albersdoerfer, Germany), (Photo by Wild Horizons/UIG via Getty Images)

Monster lovers, rejoice: Scottish paleontologists are currently studying a monster that actually lived. A Scottish ichthyosaur named the Storr Lochs Monster has been sitting at the National Museums Scotland for half a century, according to the Washington Post. But the animal, which lived around 170 million years ago, didn't go unstudied for lack of interest.

The Storr Lochs Monster was, in a word, humongous: a 13-foot-long dolphin-like reptile with cone-shaped teeth used for eating squid and fish, according to National Geographic. The fossil is the most complete skeleton of an ichthyosaur ever found in Scotland, National Geographicreported. The Storr Lochs Monster was never unveiled because, when a power-station worker in Scotland discovered the fossil in 1966, it was encased in hard stone. Scottish paleontologists just couldn't get to it. So they hauled the whole thing, rock enclosure and all, to the museum.

But now, thanks to a partnership between the University of Edinburgh, National Museums Scotland and a UK-based energy company called SSE (which owns the Storr Lochs Power Station), paleontologists have freed the beast from its tomb.

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"Although some people think that sea monsters live here today in our lakes," said Stephen Brusatte, one of the lead researchers working on the fossil, according to National Geographic, "there were actually real ones that lived here over a hundred million years ago."

Here's what's especially exciting: Paleontologists don't have many fossils from the Middle Jurassic Period, when the ichthyosaur swam the Earth.

"We know that quite a lot was happening then," Steve Brusatte, a paleontologist from the University of Edinburgh, told the Washington Post. "On land, the tyrannosaurs were getting their start, and it's probably when the first birds were flying around, and in the ocean you had this big turnover event when smaller marine animals were replaced by bigger ones."

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The last animal discovered from this period, a relative of the pterodactyl found in Argentina's Patagonia region, could unlock the key to how reptiles evolved the ability to fly.

While it's not certain yet whether this new ichthyosaur is actually an undiscovered species, paleontologists think the fact that both Middle Jurassic fossils and Scottish fossils are rare means we probably have a new species of ichthyosaur on our hands.

"So few people have ever looked for fossils here," Brusatte told the Washington Post. "Scotland isn't what you think of when you think of fossils. But there are a lot out there waiting to be found."

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