If you've taken a flight in coach anytime in the last 20 years, you may have noticed the seat in front of you creeping closer and closer to your knees. No, you're not growing.
Yes, the airlines have been squishing seats closer together. It's called the pitch, and it's been chopped down by two to three inches over the years.
That's not the only place where the big three are sneaking space from you. Here's a helpful representation of just how much room your ticket gets you on your next flight. The following is a transcript of the video.
How airline seats have shrunk over the years. Feeling cramped? You're not alone. Airlines are adding more seats, leaving less room for individual passengers. The pitch, or distance between seats, has shrunk. The minimum pitch has gone from 31"/32" to 30".
Related: Secrets to know
40 airport secrets only insiders know
40 airport secrets only insiders know
1. Global Entry and TSA PreCheck Are Totally Worth It
“Global Entry is a must for anyone who travels internationally and includes TSA PreCheck for your domestic flights,” said frequent traveler Lee Huffman, founder of BaldThoughts.com. "Because you are what's known as a Trusted Traveler, you can skip security lines at the airport and don't have to take off your shoes or remove your 3-1-1 liquids bag."
2. Sign Up for Airline Rewards Programs
Even if you don’t fly often, you could benefit from signing up for an airline rewards program. After just a few flights, you might have enough miles or points to score free or low-cost travel. And you might not even have to use the same airline to redeem your miles.
“You can often fly on partner airlines using your airline's miles,” said Huffman. “In some cases, using Airline A's miles to fly on partner Airline B requires less miles than if you used Airline B's miles for the same flight."
3. Don’t Check Your Bags
One way to make sure your stuff arrives safely is to pack like a pro and take only carry-on bags when you travel. Typically, airlines allow for one carry-on bag and another small item, such as a purse or laptop. However, checking your bags can mean waiting in long lines, and there's a risk of your luggage getting lost or even stolen.
Instead, utilize carry-on bags to save time and ensure your stuff arrives when and where you do.
4. Take Advantage of Airport Lounges
Airport lounges aren't just for the rich and famous.
“Many credit cards and airline loyalty programs provide free or discounted access to airport lounges,” said Huffman.
Not only do these lounges allow you to escape the hustle and bustle of the airport to relax before your flight, but you can also enjoy complimentary beverages and snacks. Call your credit card company ahead of time to see if you're eligible for entrance.
5. Pack Only What You Need
Frequent fliers know that one of the best airport tips is to travel light. While it's wise to pack a few extra socks for your trip, stop and ask yourself if all the items in your suitcase are truly necessary.
“When packing, think about [in] exactly what situation you'll want a certain item of clothing,” said Gillian Morris, CEO and founder of Hitlist, a travel app that alerts you when cheap flights are available.
Typically, traveling to your intended destination at off-peak times — for example, during the rainy season — can save you money. Do your research to see when the "low season" is for the place you'd like to go.
7. Pack an Empty Water Bottle
The best airport travel tips save you both money and time.
Instead of having your water bottle thrown out by the TSA, or having to stop and buy a $5 water bottle at the food court, pack an empty bottle to stay hydrated. Airports have water fountains where you can fill up before your journey — for free.
8. Clear Your Cookies Before You Book a Flight
If you've ever searched online for a flight and then waited an hour or so to purchase, you might have seen the price increase. The culprit could be your cookies. After all, internet browsers track your activity online, and some booking sites might increase the price depending on demand.
To avoid this situation, travel pros suggest clearing your cookies or using a private browser when booking a flight. You might just be able to score a lower rate on your next trip.
9. Bring Your Own Headphones
Many airlines offer free in-flight entertainment, but not all of them provide headphones for free. In order to save money and keep yourself entertained during a long flight, pack your own headphones. As a bonus, you’ll look busy and avoid any unwanted conversations with people in your row.
Most airlines don't charge to check carry-on bags at the gate, but you should check before heading to the airport to avoid surprises. Along with saving you money, this airport tip can help keep you comfortable during the flight. Instead of stuffing a bag under your feet, you can save this valuable space for a more crucial commodity — your legs.
11. Fly on a Tuesday for the Best Deals
The weekend is prime travel time for many people, which can mean higher prices and larger crowds. For the best travel deals, fly on a Tuesday. Additionally, you should consider booking a flight that leaves at a non-peak time, such as early in the morning or late at night.
12. Four Wheels Are Better Than Two
The luggage you travel with matters, and having four wheels can be better than two. This way, you can avoid dragging your bag and push it in front of you instead.
Additionally, bags with four wheels allow you to navigate tight spaces and maintain better control over your luggage. The end result is that you can get through the airport faster.
13. Download Your Airline’s App
One easy travel tip that can make air travel easier: Download your airline’s app. In most cases, you can enjoy paperless boarding and get real-time updates on any flight delays, changes or updates. As an added bonus, having a mobile boarding pass can help you save time — and some trees.
14. Wear Slip-On Shoes
If you dread taking off your shoes in the security line, make your life a little easier and wear slip-on shoes. This simple travel hack can keep the line moving and make getting through security a little less painful.
15. Pack Your Own Food
Airline food has a bad reputation, and for good reason. Instead of eating substandard food on the plane, or picking up overpriced snacks in the airport, pack your own items ahead of time. Sandwiches, fruit, crackers and granola bars are all smart choices, but be sure to check with the TSA to make sure your menu follows security guidelines.
16. Spend Money to Save Money
While airport shops have a reputation for jacking up prices, travelers can occasionally score good deals. Some states, such as Oregon, have no sales tax. If you’re thinking of shopping at the airport, compare prices online and check tax laws before you travel.
17. Pick an Aisle Seat
Planes can be cold, and the temperature tends to drop even lower by the window. In fact, cold air can leak right through the window glass at high altitudes.
Opt for an aisle seat to stay warm on your next flight. As a bonus, you won’t have to climb over anyone to go to the bathroom.
18. Bring the Sanitizer
Airplanes can be hotbeds for germs. Be sure to bring hand sanitizer and sanitizing wipes to avoid illness when you fly. One area not to miss is your tray table. Tray tables might contain germs, so take the time to sanitize that tray before you eat your snack off it.
19. Get Social
One of the best travel tips for saving money is to get social. Follow various airlines, airports and airline booking sites on social media sites, like Twitter and Facebook, to score promo codes, discounts and insider tips.
20. Know Your Airport Code
Before arriving at the airport, learn your airport code or the three letters that refer to your destination, such as LAX. After all, some cities have multiple airports, and your luggage tags can get mixed up if you’re not sure where you’re headed.
21. Make Your Luggage Unique
At baggage claim, the sea of bags can look eerily similar. One of the best travel tricks is to make your luggage unique by tying a ribbon or tag to the handle.
Not only does differentiating your bag from the rest save you time, but it also ensures someone else won't walk off with your belongings.
22. Wear a Jacket
Picking the aisle seat might not be enough to keep you warm on your trip. For best results, wear several layers, including a jacket, so you're prepared to handle temperature fluctuations. Along with helping you deal with the cold, donning a coat gives you more pockets for small items that you want to keep handy on your journey.
23. Get a Rewards Credit Card
If you like flying with a particular airline, it might make sense to get an airline rewards credit card. Often, these airline-based cards can have generous sign-up bonuses and offer perks like discounted travel, early boarding and access to airport lounges.
“If you have great credit and do not have any spending problems, you can sign up for credit cards to earn hundreds of thousands of frequent flyer miles, so your upcoming trips are all free or heavily discounted,” said Eric Rosenberg, travel hacker and founder of Personal Profitability.
24. Plan Ahead
Frequent travelers plan ahead to make their lives easier and ensure they arrive at the airport on time. Pack the night before, look up driving or public transportation directions, check the weather and traffic, and print out important documents ahead of time.
25. Choose the Path of Least Resistance
The amount of traffic in arrivals and departures can vary, depending on the day. However, you can still get where you need to go, regardless of which lane you choose. If there are too many travelers in the departures lane, consider changing it up and getting dropped off at arrivals.
26. Check In Ahead of Time
One travel tip that can limit the amount of time you spend waiting in line at the airport is to check in ahead of time. Many airlines allow travelers to check in early and print their own boarding pass. If you only bring a carry-on, you can head straight to security.
27. Avoid Wearing Jewelry
Security lines can be a pain, but you can make life easier by leaving the jewelry at home. In some cases, you can keep your jewelry on while going through security, but it might set off the metal detector. So, you might have to put your bling in the bin or get a pat-down from security.
For best results, avoid wearing jewelry altogether and pack it in your bag instead.
28. Don’t Wrap Your Gifts
If you're going home for the holidays, think twice about wrapping your gifts ahead of time. After all, airport security might decide to unwrap your items to get a look inside. Save yourself the hassle by putting your family's presents in gift bags.
29. Volunteer to Go on a Later Flight
If you’re not in a rush to get to your destination, consider volunteering to get bumped off a crowded flight. Many airlines offer vouchers to people who give up their seats. In some cases, these offers are worth more than the original flight costs.
30. Check Your Flight Status Online
Before heading to the airport, check your flight status online. Delays happen, and instead of waiting at the terminal for hours, you can get real-time updates before leaving the house.
31. Mix and Match Flights
To get the best deals on flights, consider nixing the round-trip ticket in favor of two one-way tickets. One airline might have the cheapest departing option, while another might offer the most affordable return. You can purchase two one-way tickets on different airlines to save cash for souvenirs at your destination.
32. Make Copies of Important Paperwork
Travelers need to keep track of various documents, including airline tickets, passports, itineraries, hotel reservations and driving directions. As a result, it's easy for important items to get lost in the shuffle.
To ensure you have all of your required documents, make copies of the most important pieces of paperwork and keep them in your luggage.
33. Skip the Starbucks Line
While Starbucks might be calling your name on those early flights, skip the cup of joe and the line to save money.
Instead, you can score free coffee on your flight. Also, if you’re flying Alaska Airlines or Delta, you can enjoy Starbucks coffee as part of the complimentary beverage service.
34. Bring Travel Size
To ensure your toiletries aren’t thrown in the trash, make sure all liquids are stored in containers measuring no more than 3.4 ounces. Most people don’t have products of that size at home, so bring shampoo samples that you’ve received on other trips. Some stores also sell travel-size shampoo, toothpaste and other items for your convenience.
35. Bring a Spare Plastic Bag for Toiletries
Per TSA guidelines, your toiletries should be stowed in a separate bag for screening. However, those bags can break or get dirty during your travels. Bring a spare resealable plastic bag for toiletries for your next flight.
36. Keep Your Laptop Easily Accessible
When you go through security, you typically have to take out your laptop for screening. To move through the line quickly, keep your laptop in an easily accessible location, so you’re not digging for it while in line.
37. Check for Free WiFi
If you have time to kill at the airport, you might start browsing on your phone to stay busy. Instead of eating up all your data, check the airport website ahead of time to see if it offers free WiFi. If not, you might be able to browse for free while visiting one of the airport restaurants or bars.
38. Bring a Portable Phone Charger
Your smartphone could be your No. 1 travel tool. After all, it lets you access directions, view your mobile boarding pass, answer emails and communicate with others before and after your flight.
While most airports have charging stations, they can often be crowded. Instead of fighting the crowd, bring your own portable phone charger so you’re never out of juice.
39. Wear Your Luggage
If you truly want to avoid baggage fees, consider wearing your luggage. Some clever travelers have stuffed their jackets with items to save money. However, a company called Jaktogo has taken things a step further by creating wearable luggage.
40. Use the My TSA App
Using the My TSA app, you can get answers to your most pressing travel questions and assess what items you can and can't bring on flights. Additionally, you can get updates on delays, find out about cancellations and check wait times in the security line.
Discover More Like This
BACK TO SLIDE
It's not just the pitch. Seat width has also been narrowed over the years. Each airline has lost about 2 inches in seat width. These aren't even the smallest. Some airlines fill the Airbus A330 with 16.7" seats. For comparison, the average first class seat is 21" wide.
One small study compared sleep quality in 17" vs. 18" wide seats. 2/3 of passengers who slept in the 18" seats reported better quality sleep. Plus, passengers fell asleep faster and had fewer twitches in the 18" seats. So if you plan on catching some Zzz's on your flight, dish out the cash for a seat upgrade.
10. New York John F. Kennedy International Airport (JFK)
Yearly passengers: 56.8 Million
Previous rank: 9
Why it's great: For many, JFK Airport is synonymous with the glory years of aviation. For others, JFK is no more than a crumbling relic of a bygone era.
In reality, the JFK of today is neither. Gone are the dated 1960s-era terminal buildings and their dilapidated facilities. In their place are modern terminal facilities that are either newly constructed or recently renovated. JFK customers cite the airport's new terminals and shorter security lines as key improvements.
Why it's great: SeaTac is the busiest airport in the Pacific Northwest. It serves as the main hub for Alaska Airlines and is one of Delta's gateways to the Far East. Skytrax customers noted the airport for its cleanliness, wide variety of dining options, and efficient baggage system.
8. Houston George Bush Intercontinental Airport (IAH)
Yearly passengers: 43 million
Previous rank: 11
Why it's great: Houston's George Bush Intercontinental Airport was the 11th busiest airport in the US in 2015. IAH serves as a major hub for United Airlines and is home to 29 airlines with direct flights to more than 160 destinations around the world. The airport's five terminals and five runways sit on over 11,000 acres of land.
Why it's great: DFW is the fourth-busiest airport in North America and the ninth busiest in the world. The airport serves as the main hub for American Airlines, as well as the gateway to Latin America for many others. Customer reviewers liked the airport's open circular design and convenient intra-airport transportation.
Why it's great: Toronto is the busiest airport in Canada and serves as Air Canada's main hub. Located just outside of Toronto in Mississauga, Ontario, the Pearson Airport has state-of-the-art de-icing facilities and revamped check-in areas. Skytrax customers gave the airport high marks for its clear signage and easily navigable layout.
5. Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport (ATL)
Yearly passengers: 101.5 million
Previous rank: 5
Why it's great: Atlanta International Airport is the busiest airport in the world. It serves as the main hub for Delta Airlines and its 800-plane fleet. Though the airport has long been plagued by congestion and delays, the addition of a new $1.4 billion international terminaland fifth runway helped alleviate those problems.Atlanta International Airport also has a variety of Southern regional foods and an extensive African art collection.
Why it's great: Featuring one of the most beautiful approach paths in commercial aviation, San Francisco International Airport serves as United Airlines' gateway to the Pacific Rim. Situated on the San Francisco Bay, the airport features a modern Craig Hartman-designed international terminal. Though customers have complained of its cramped dimensions, they have noted the airport's efficient use of the space it does have, as well as ease of movement between terminals.
Why it's great: Perhaps the most architecturally daring of the airports on this list, Denver International opened for service in 1995 as a replacement for the city's old Stapleton International Airport. Denver receives customer plaudits for its efficiency and customer service. Skytrax customer reviewers give the airport high marks for atmosphere and cleanliness.
2. Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky International Airport (CVG)
Yearly passengers: 6.8 million
Previous rank: 3
Why it's great: Even though Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky Airport is one of the smallest on this list, reviewers have consistently rated it as one of the best in North America. In fact, Skytrax named CVG as the second-best regional airport in the world for 2017. Reviewers have cited short lines, an open design, and an extensive collection of industrial murals as some of the airport's positives.
Why it's great: Vancouver tops this list for the eighth year in a row, and for good reason. Customer reviewers on Skytrax cited the airport's friendly staff, high level of organization, and easy access to downtown Vancouver as some of the best things about the airport.
Vancouver International also boasts a floatplane terminal, an aquarium as well as a sizable collection of art from the Pacific Northwest.