Over 1,000 Americans took the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator® (MBTI) personality test to determine their basic characteristics. (Not sure where you fall? You can take the Myers-Briggs test in minutes.) Afterward, the participants answered questions about their sleep and dream patterns. Then the researchers compared those responses to their Myers-Briggs personality traits.
Common dreams and their meanings
Common dreams and their meanings
1. You're falling from the sky
We've all had this dream, where you wake up flinching in your bed. The feeling is all too realistic.
Falling means you're nervous something is going to spiral out of control. Psychologist William Braun explains this feeling of free-falling is "associated with feeling out of control or overwhelmed. They may also relate to feeling unsupported and insecure".
2. You're unprepared for a test
It's such a horrible feeling. It's right before a huge exam, and you show up, and your mind goes blank. Or there's a test you just had no idea about. It's life or death.
It's gross, and if you're unlucky enough to remember your dream, your first instinct is to touch your mouth and make sure your teeth are still intact.
Like many other dreams, teeth flying out is yet another symbol of anxiety. In times of big changes and transition, "We might think of this as being concern about one's potency, competence, strength, power, ability to 'take a bite out' of the world," said Braun.
4. You're being chased
It's more than a dream, it's a nightmare.
While being chased is a pretty popular dream, it's meaning varies on the context.
In a nutshell, it means you're nervous to confront an issue, and thus you keep avoiding it. If a monster is chasing you, it be an indication that you're avoiding a big problem -- like an addiction or a chasm in your relationship.
Even if you don't recognize the person who is chasing you, the dream has implications. "Keep in mind, people in dreams can be substitutions for other people or even substitutions for aspects of ourselves," Braun said.
5. You're naked in public
Being naked in front of a crowd, when everyone else is dressed, relays a sense of vulnerability and innocence. "These dreams are often accompanied by feelings of embarrassment and shame," Braun said. Furthermore, it could mean "this person wants to be seen, acknowledged, admired."
6. You need to scream out, or you can't move
It's really scary when you need to use your voice to ask for help, or something is coming after you but you are immobilized.
However, Braun explained that it "may not just be a dream, but may be the result of sleep paralysis." During REM sleep, you're essentially paralyzed as to not move and hurt yourself when we dream. So, according to Braun, if you wake up from sleep paralysis, it's usually before the REM cycle. It's merely you experiencing this as a dream state.
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The final results reveal a fascinating link between our personalities and dreams. For instance, introverts dream of their teeth falling out 14.2 percent more often than extroverts. Extroverts also remember dreams more often than introverts.
The purpose of this question is to bring out a sense of honesty and candor in a candidate. "Learning about what makes an applicant a good friend allows employers to get a better feel for whether or not they would fit in with the company culture," Fleischman says.
This question, which puts candidates on the spot, allows hiring managers to evaluate a candidate's self-awareness and ability to admit there are some aspects of their professional life they would like to improve, Fleischman explains.
"Since humility is an important quality to many employers, a response to this question is something they listen closely to."
This inquiry is a favorite among hiring managers because it allows them to not only evaluate how quickly someone can think on their feet, but it also requires candidates to exercise some degree of creativity in a relatively short amount of time, he says. These are two skills that can be applicable to solving almost any business challenge.
When employers ask this question, they are looking to see what motivates a candidate and whether their values fit into the company culture, Fleischman says.
"This inquiry gives the employer a glimpse into how others view a candidate's professional value," he explains. Since this question is specific in the fact that it asks about the applicant's last role, the answer will help employers see if these traits are applicable to their organization.
Employers ask this question to gain insight into what motivates a candidate, both in their career and as a potential employee.
"As cultural fit becomes more important to employers and their business as a whole, many look for candidates whose goals align with theirs, and asking this question allows them to assess what exactly a candidate's goals are," Fleischman says.
Just like learning about what drives someone in their personal life, discovering how someone spends their time outside of work and what specific activities they enjoy and invest in can give an interesting look into their personality, Fleischman explains.
In addition, hobbies can translate into specific soft and hard skills that can be applicable to many jobs, and employers are often interested in learning what a candidate has to offer outside their résumé's "skills" section.
This question shows not only the candidate's ability to think on their feet, but also their ability to be diplomatic, he says.
For example, if the stressful situation was due to someone else's errors, was the candidate able to speak about it in a professional, tactful way? On the other hand, if the stressful situation was due to their own error, it shows a great deal about a candidate if they can take responsibility for it in their explanation.
Similarly, this question aims to delve into a candidate's personality and better assess their cultural fit. "By developing a better understanding of a job seeker's nonwork life, and by learning about what drives them personally, an employer can get a better grasp of the type of personality they'd be bringing to the company," he says.
In addition, painting a picture of a candidate's personal goals can help an employer better understand how motivated they are in general.
Many people admire certain celebrities and public figures. Learning about who a candidate would be most excited to meet offers another interesting view into their personality and their values — two important elements of cultural fit.
The answer to this question can reveal personality traits that are important to certain companies, depending on the nature of their business. "For example, a former athlete could be a great team player or, depending on the sport or position they played, may thrive best while working on their own," Fleischman explains.
Sometimes, athletes (current or former) possess a competitive nature, which can be a positive trait in some lines of business and a negative one in others.
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Another interesting finding: Individuals with the Feeling trait dream about partners cheating 12.6 percent more than those with the Thinking trait. Feelers were also more likely to talk in their sleep and have nightmares than Thinkers.
Intrigued? Check out the infographic below to determine how your personality type determines your dreams. Then, learn how your personality can be revealed through everything from your handwriting to your favorite ice cream flavor.