New treatment may reverse Alzheimer's disease

Researchers have created a new drug in the hopes of both preventing and reversing signs of Alzheimer's disease.

According to The Alzheimer's Association, nearly 5 million people in the United States are currently living with the disease. A majority of these patients are over 60 years old, and the disease is one of the leading causes of death in the States.

The disease creates inflammation in the brain, damaging the ability of the brain cells to function and thus causing memory loss.

However, scientists at the Cleveland Clinic in Chicago are striving to stop that with an experimental medicine called NTRX-07.

By controlling the brain's swelling and preventing neuron damage, the medicine will hopefully "target the cause of the disease, not just the symptoms," explained lead researcher Mohamed Naguib.

It will also remove the abnormal protein clumps and tangles in the brain that trigger the illness.

When the medicine was tested on mice with similar neurodegenerative issues, it helped not only restore memory, but cognitive ability as well. This gives hope to those already affected by the disease.

Clinical trials on patients with Alzheimer's will begin in 2017.

Scroll through to see notable people with the disease:

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Notable people with Alzheimer's
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Notable people with Alzheimer's
This file photo dated 04 November, 1991 shows US President Ronald Reagan giving a speech at the dedication of the library bearing his name in Simi Valley, California. He was US president from 1981 to 1989 and retreated from public life after it was revealed he was suffering from Alzheimer's disease. (Photo by J. David Ake, AFP/Getty Images)
Glenn Campbell performs during The Goodbye Tour at the Ryman Auditorium on January 3, 2012 in Nashville, Tennessee. (Photo by Ed Rode/Getty Images)
Picture dated 18 May 1991 of US actor Charles Bronson during the 44th Cannes film festival, southern France. Bronson died 30 August 2003 in Los Angeles of complications from pneumonia. (Photo by Gerard Julien, AFP/Getty Images)
392653 01: Actor Burgess Meredith performs in the television show 'The Twilight Zone.' (Photo Courtesy of Sci Fi Channel/Getty Images)
LOS ANGELES - AUGUST 31: Actor James Doohan recieves his star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame August 31, 2004 in Los Angeles, California. (Photo by Mark Mainz/Getty Images)
LONDON, UNITED KINGDOM - JANUARY 17: Malcolm Young of AC/DC performs on stage at Wembley Arena on January 17th, 1986 in London, United Kingdom. (Photo by Peter Still/Redferns)
NORMAN ROCKWELL'S AMERICA -- Pictured: Artist Norman Rockwell -- (Photo by: Gary Null/NBC/NBCU Photo Bank via Getty Images)
Publicity close up of Hollywood actress Rita Hayworth wearing ornately decorated gloves and holding a cigarette in a cigarette holder.
NEW YORK CITY - FEBRUARY 29: Aaron Copeland attends 10th Annual Grammy Awards on February 29, 1968 at the New York Hilton Hotel in New York City. (Photo by Ron Galella, Ltd./WireImage) (Photo by Ron Galella, Ltd./WireImage)
Actor Peter Falk poses as he arrives for the premiere of his new film "Lakeboat" September 24, 2001 in Los Angeles. The film is an adaptation of David Mamet's comic play about a grad student who takes a summer job on a Great Lakes freighter and sees life through the eyes of his low-brow crew members. The film opens in limited release in Los Angeles September 28. REUTERS/Rose Prouser RMP/jp
Estelle Getty (Photo by Jim Smeal/WireImage)
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