Senator slams 'fake food fad,' introduces bill to crack down on fake meat labeling


As plant-based protein makes it way on to more and more store shelves and restaurant menus, one Republican senator says she wants to end “deceptive” labeling, which she worries could be fooling consumers.

Sen. Deb Fischer (R-NE) — who is also a cattle rancher — recently introduced the Real MEAT Act. The bill would put new labeling requirements on fake meat products.

“I think we're seeing a number of fake food fads that are going on and we want to make sure that consumers know what they're buying,” said Fischer. “When you look at a lot of the plant-based meals that are being put out there, they're trying to piggyback on really, really good nutritious, safe beef.”

The senator told Yahoo Finance she had “big concerns” about the impact of plant-based protein on the ranching industry in her state.

“Ranching and the production of livestock, to provide safe beef across this country, is an economic engine in the state of Nebraska,” said Fischer. “It produces over a $13 billion economic impact on the state.”

The bill would codify the definition of “beef” as meat derived from cattle and require plant-based products that mimic animal meat to include the word “imitation” on the label. The word “imitation” would have to be in “uniform size and prominence” before or after the food name — along with a statement that the product contains no meat.

"Impossible Foods" burgers made from plant-based substitutes for meat products sit on a shelf for sale on November 15, 2019 in New York City. - Vegetarian alternatives to burgers and sausages, revived by start-ups like Beyond Meat and Impossible Burger, are enjoying a certain enthusiasm that meat giants also want to enjoy. Since this summer, the world leader in the JBS sector has been marketing a soy burger in Brazil that includes beetroot, garlic and onions, with a look similar to a rare minced steak. In the US, the largest meat producer Tyson Foods launched a new line of products in June based on plants or mixing meat and vegetables. Its competitors Hormel Foods, Perdue Farms or Smithfield, have similar initiatives. (Photo by Angela Weiss / AFP) (Photo by ANGELA WEISS/AFP via Getty Images)
"Impossible Foods" burgers made from plant-based substitutes for meat products sit on a shelf for sale on November 15, 2019 in New York City. (Photo by Angela Weiss / AFP)

“If it's imitation, it should be labeled imitation. If it's real beef, there's one ingredient — and that's beef. If it's an imitation, like Beyond [Meat] burgers or the Impossible burgers, they have over 20 ingredients,” said Fischer in an interview with Yahoo Finance. “It shouldn't be confused with real beef.”

The plant-based protein industry, which includes companies like Beyond Meat and Impossible Foods, argues consumers already know what they’re buying and eating.

Impossible Foods stands for truth and transparency. That’s why our products are clearly labeled ‘made from plants,’” said a spokesperson for Impossible Foods in a statement. “There is no evidence of consumer confusion. In fact, our extraordinary sales growth is due precisely to the fact that consumers are seeking and buying plant-based ingredients at record levels.”

The plant-based meat market is big – and growing: it’s estimated to be $12.1 billion in 2019 and projected to reach $27.9 billion by 2025, according to one estimate.

What’s on the label?

The Real MEAT Act would also strengthen the government’s ability to take action against mislabeled products.

“Real beef has to go through a very rigorous labeling and inspection process. That's not true with this product that we're seeing now in grocery stores,” Fischer said.

The Plant-Based Foods Association blasted the provision as an “unprecedented power grab.” Earlier this month, PBFA released its voluntary labeling guidelines for the industry. The standards allow for references to animal meat (i.e.: hamburger or chicken) with qualifiers like “plant-based,” “vegan,” “veggie,” “made from plants,” etc.

(Photo by Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images)
Sen. Deb Fischer (R-NE) (Photo by Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images)

But Fischer argues that putting the word “imitation” on the label will clarify any confusion.

“A lot of times we're seeing some false advertising, I think, and really some smear campaigns. You have the plant based products... they look like beef. They have the appearance and beef,” she said.

Some lawmakers and dairy farmers have made similar arguments about branding almond milk and soy milk as “milk.” Fischer doesn’t want beef to suffer the same fate as cow milk.

“It's a road that we shouldn't be going down. You know, almonds don't produce milk. That’s a false label, but that's caught on now and that's in the grocery stores all the time. Obviously soy does not produce milk — that's plant-based. It should be labeled that way,” said Fischer. “It’s for consumers’ education, for their choice.”

Lawmakers introduced a bipartisan version of the bill in the House earlier this year. Yahoo Finance reached out to Beyond Meat but the company has not responded yet.

Jessica Smith is a reporter for Yahoo Finance based in Washington, D.C. Follow her on Twitter at @JessicaASmith8.

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