Troubling signs are coming from the US housing market

The stock market is saying all is not well in the U.S. economy.

Take a quick look at the XHB ETF (XHB), which tracks homebuilder stocks. It’s not good. On 20 of the last 23 trading sessions through Friday, the XHB has declined. Since the beginning of the year the fund is down 24%. Just last week, homebuilder stocks fell 3.5%. In midday trading on Monday XHB was off as much as 0.9%.

So, what are the homebuilders trying to tell us about the economy?

In a note to clients last week, economists at Bank of America Merrill Lynch led by Michelle Meyer said that, “while housing is no longer a tailwind, its headwinds are blowing very slowly.”

“We are making a number of changes to our housing forecasts which reflect a weaker trajectory of sales, starts and home prices,” the firm said in its note. “The revisions largely reflect the decline in affordability — which is likely to continue to deteriorate with further increases in rates — and a shift toward more negative perceptions regarding housing.”

RELATED: Check out the U.S. housing markets that may be most impacted by rising interest rates: 

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13 US housing markets that would be most affected by rising interest rates
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13 US housing markets that would be most affected by rising interest rates

13. Austin, Texas

Zillow Home Value Index: $263,400

Monthly mortgage payment at 4%: $1,006

Monthly mortgage payment at 5%: $1,131

Difference in monthly mortgage payment: $125

Source: Zillow

12. Riverside, California

Zillow Home Value Index: $321,200

Monthly mortgage payment at 4%: $1,227

Monthly mortgage payment at 5%: $1,380

Difference in monthly mortgage payment: $153

Source: Zillow

(Davel5957 via Getty Images)

11. Sacramento, California

Zillow Home Value Index: $355,000

Monthly mortgage payment at 4%: $1,356

Monthly mortgage payment at 5%: $1,525

Difference in monthly mortgage payment: $169

Source: Zillow

10. Portland, Oregon

Zillow Home Value Index: $357,000

Monthly mortgage payment at 4%: $1,363

Monthly mortgage payment at 5%: $1,533

Difference in monthly mortgage payment: $170

Source: Zillow

(AndreyGatash via Getty Images)

9. Denver

Zillow Home Value Index: $356,900

Monthly mortgage payment at 4%: $1,363

Monthly mortgage payment at 5%: $1,532

Difference in monthly mortgage payment: $169

Source: Zillow

8. Washington, DC

Zillow Home Value Index: $380,900

Monthly mortgage payment at 4%: $1,455

Monthly mortgage payment at 5%: $1,636

Difference in monthly mortgage payment: $181

Source: Zillow

(sborisov via Getty Images)

7. New York City

Zillow Home Value Index: $404,800

Monthly mortgage payment at 4%: $1,546

Monthly mortgage payment at 5%: $1,738

Difference in monthly mortgage payment: $192

Source: Zillow

6. Seattle

Zillow Home Value Index: $413,900

Monthly mortgage payment at 4%: $1,581

Monthly mortgage payment at 5%: $1,778

Difference in monthly mortgage payment: $197

Source: Zillow

(aiisha5 via Getty Images)


 

5. Boston

Zillow Home Value Index: $413,900

Monthly mortgage payment at 4%: $1,581

Monthly mortgage payment at 5%: $1,778

Difference in monthly mortgage payment: $197

Source: Zillow

(SeanPavonePhoto via Getty Images)

4. San Diego

Zillow Home Value Index: $530,900

Monthly mortgage payment at 4%: $2,028

Monthly mortgage payment at 5%: $2,280

Difference in monthly mortgage payment: $252

Source: Zillow

(marlenka via Getty Images)

3. Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, California

Zillow Home Value Index: $595,700

Monthly mortgage payment at 4%: $2,275

Monthly mortgage payment at 5%: $2,558

Difference in monthly mortgage payment: $283

Source: Zillow

(Photo by DeAgostini/Getty Images)

2. San Francisco

Zillow Home Value Index: $833,600

Monthly mortgage payment at 4%: $3,184

Monthly mortgage payment at 5%: $3,580

Difference in monthly mortgage payment: $396

Source: Zillow

(Ershov_Maks via Getty Images)

1. San Jose, California

Zillow Home Value Index: $970,000

Monthly mortgage payment at 4%: $3,705

Monthly mortgage payment at 5%: $4,166

Difference in monthly mortgage payment: $461

Source: Zillow

(Nancy Nehring via Getty Images)

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major economic story for some time has been the lack of affordable housing in the economy.

In July, Yahoo Finance’s Amanda Fung noted that the housing market had been losing significant momentum with the pace of existing home sales really starting to level off. On Friday, the September data on existing home sales indicated the pace of sales fell 3.4% from August to the lowest level since November 2015.

“A decade’s high mortgage rates are preventing consumers from making quick decisions on home purchases,” said Lawrence Yun, chief economist at the National Association of Realtors. “All the while, affordable home listings remain low, continuing to spur underperforming sales activity across the country.”

And while the cost of housing is a story that continues to make itself felt, the biggest economic shift this year has been higher interest rates. The Federal Reserve has raised interest rates three times this year. Investors expect the central bank to raise rates once more in December and up to four times in 2019, even as the Fed forecasts a slowdown in economic growth as the benefits from the Trump tax cuts fades. Higher rates are not going away.

A major impact of higher rates has been an increase in the 30-year fixed mortgage rate, the mechanism by which many Americans actually experience a change in interest rates. Earlier this month, the 30-year fixed hit 4.9%, the highest since 2011.

So with rates rising, inventory low, and prices high, it is should come as little surprise that most folks see the housing market as one that favors sellers right now.

BAML economists led by the Joe Song wrote in a separate report this week that, “consumers believe the housing market has favored the seller this year.

“When we ask consumers if it is a good time or bad time to sell a house, the majority of respondents have consistently reported it is a good time to sell. Unsurprisingly, that hasn’t been great for prospective home buyers.” 

Perhaps even more discouraging for those looking for a pick-up in home sales — and the spending on things like furniture and home improvements — the gap between current sales prices and what folks think they can afford is very wide.

According to BAML, respondents to the firm’s survey of more than 3,800 consumers, respondents think they can afford to a home of $227,000 well below the median sale price of an existing home of $297,000. Millennials are, perhaps not surprisingly, the furthest away on the affordability scale, indicating the ability to afford a $198,000 home against this $297,000 median price.

“With home prices continuing to track higher, albeit more gradually, finding affordable housing will be a greater challenge for millennials and for all prospective homebuyers,” BAML said. 

An earlier version of this post appeared on Yahoo Finance

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