It can be difficult to get by in retirement. For many, finding the extra space in the budget to routinely contribute to a 401k or IRA just wasn’t possible, so retirement means living on a fixed income and relying on Social Security.
And depending on where you live, your city might be a big part of why it’s so hard to make ends meet after you retire, according to a study from GOBankingRates. After closely examining things like average income for retirees, the cost and availability of quality healthcare, the housing market in the area and the poverty rate among seniors, the study determined which 20 cities are the toughest for retirees.
Detroit’s high poverty rate among seniors is a major factor for why it made this list — nearly one in five people aged 65 and older is living in poverty. That’s part of the reason why Detroit is the poorest city in Michigan. That said, the poverty rate among seniors is just under half that of the population as a whole.
Average Retirement Income: $27,021
Boston is actually among the best cities in the study in terms of the availability of healthcare, but that appears to be coming at a price: The rent for a single-family dwelling is among the highest of the cities surveyed at $3,400 a month.
Of course, as far as high rent goes, San Jose edges out Boston as the priciest place to live of the 20 cities on this list, with the median rent on a single-family home at $3,500. Someone receiving the average retirement income has no chance of renting a single-family home; the median monthly rent is $1,146 more than the average monthly income.
17. San Antonio
Average Retirement Income: $25,227
Some of the lowest availability scores for healthcare is a big part of why San Antonio is on this list, but the city also experienced an almost 2 percent decline in average income in retirement over the last five years.
The lack of affordable healthcare is a major issue for retired residents in Orlando, with the city posting some of the lowest scores in the study.
However, there are some reasons for hope. The five-year trend in average income in retirement is up by more than 10 percent. And not all retirees in Orlando are struggling to make ends meet. Despite the issues in the rest of the city, Orlando is actually among the 20 best neighborhoods to retire to.
15. Richmond, Va.
Average Retirement Income: $22,151
Richmond didn’t score especially poorly in any one category, but it made this list on the back of an array of below-average scores. The 12.5 percent increase in median rents year-over-year did represent an especially troubling trend.
No city on this list saw a bigger increase in the poverty rate among people aged 65 or older, with poverty climbing by more than a quarter over the five-year period. Affordable healthcare also isn’t accessible: The city ties for the least affordable healthcare in the study.
Retired residents in one of the Buckeye State’s most southerly major cities actually scored relatively well for the availability of healthcare and the affordability once you’ve accessed it. However, it’s the rest of your bills that could end up making it much harder to make ends meet: Columbus is one of the cities where the cost of living is rising the most.
Fort Wayne actually boasts the lowest median rent of the 75 cities this study looked at, something that probably contributed to it having one of the lowest poverty levels among those age 65 and older.
However, while you can stretch your dollar a little further in Fort Wayne, many of the city’s seniors have a lot less of them: Fort Wayne’s $17,522 in average retirement income is the second-lowest of the cities considered.
No city of the 75 this study looked at had a larger five-year decrease in average retirement income than Jacksonville. What’s more, if you were hoping to spend your retirement enjoying good food despite a declining income, Jacksonville probably isn’t for you: The city is among the least affordable for foodies.
Average Retirement Income: $18,961
Indianapolis has one of the lowest average incomes in retirement in the study, which is likely a serious issue for someone looking to find a cozy place to retire in the capital of the crossroads of America. Indianapolis is also one of the 20 cities where home prices are skyrocketing.
8. El Paso, Texas
Average Retirement Income: $21,764
Few cities had a larger five-year drop in average retirement income than El Paso, which saw incomes drop by 5.6 percent despite already being on the low side. Add to that the fact that El Paso — like many other Texas cities — has low levels of access and affordability for its healthcare services.
7. Greensboro, N.C.
Average Retirement Income: $22,024
The 16.9 percent five-year increase in poverty rates is part of why Greensboro ranks so poorly. But it also ties for the least affordable healthcare of the cities considered.
While an average retirement income of almost $30,000 a year is actually relatively strong, Reno scored poorly in terms of both the availability and affordability of healthcare, making life significantly more difficult for its retirees.
Atlanta is one tough place to make ends meet, with generally poor scores regarding the access, affordability and quality of healthcare in the city. And costs are a major concern, with Atlanta ranking as one of worst cities to live on minimum wage in the U.S.
However, there are signs that the situation could be improving. Atlanta saw the highest five-year rate of decline in poverty rates at 22.5 percent.
4. Charlotte, N.C.
Average Retirement Income: $22,553
Charlotte is the last of three different North Carolina cities to rank among the 20 where retirees are struggling to get by, and all three have several things in common. Most notably, these cities rank high for the five-year increase in poverty rates among people aged 65 or older, and all three tie for the least-affordable healthcare.
While the poverty rate among seniors is under 10 percent in Boise City, there’s a sign that’s changing: The city experienced a five-year increase in that level of 13.2 percent. Over that same period, the average retirement income also fell by 1.5 percent.
2. Buffalo, N.Y.
Average Retirement Income: $18,315
Average retirement incomes in Buffalo are the third-lowest across the entire study, barely clearing $18,000 a year. While the city scored well for the availability of healthcare and its relatively affordable rents, that low income was impossible to overcome.
1. Newark, N.J.
Average Retirement Income: $17,363
Newark ranks as the city where the average retiree is struggling the most — and that’s probably not a huge surprise. It has the lowest average retirement income, and over one in five seniors living in the city are below the poverty line.
Where Retirees Are Struggling the Most
While all these cities stand out as being places where retirees have an especially tough time, there could also be some state-level issues at play.
Four states landed multiple cities among this list of the 20 worst for retirees — two from Indiana and Florida and three each from Texas and North Carolina. In some cases, there is consistency in the categories where the cities underperformed — like the high poverty rates among seniors in North Carolina and the lack of access to affordable healthcare in Texas.