Amazon got a whopping 238 proposals for its second headquarters

Just about every city in North America wants to be home to Amazon's second headquarters.

Amazon received a whopping 238 proposals from 54 different parts of the North American continent, including from Mexico, Canada, and just about every state in the U.S., all vying to be Amazon's next home base—and the $5 billion of investment that comes with it.

The applications came flooding in after Amazon announced a contest for its next HQ in early September, asking interested cities to submit proposals.

Based on the map, it appears that the only states in the U.S. to not submit a proposal are Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wyoming, and Arkansas.

The deadline for applications passed last Thursday after a variety of stunts and cries for attention from investment-needy cities. The city of Tucson, Arizona, sent a 21-foot-tall cactus to Amazon. A city in Georgia offered to rename itself "Amazon." The mayor of Kansas City dropped 1,000 Amazon product reviews to get some attention. Even New York City had the thirst, lighting up its landmarks in Amazon's signature orange color.

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7.5 percent of Seattle's working-age population are Amazon employees

Amazon has more than 300,000 employees worldwide, and 40,000 in Seattle alone.

As a portion of the city's working-age population — roughly 528,000 — that comes out to 7.5% of the city working at Amazon.

For perspective, if the same portion of New York City's adults worked for one company, that company would have about 488,000 locals on staff.

Amazon accounts for 43% of all online sales

Amazon used to be a way to buy books online; today, it's the default buying site for just about everything, especially for people who have Amazon Prime.

An analysis by Slice Intelligence released in February found that 43% of all US online retail sales were done through Amazon in 2016.

That's up from 33% in 2015 and 25% in 2012.

1 out of every 4 US adults has Amazon Prime.

Speaking of Amazon Prime, the company now counts approximately 63 million people among its subscriber base, or about 25% of the total US adult population.

That number may underestimate the true coverage, however, since it doesn't account for multiple adults in one household all sharing the same Prime account.

Amazon ships 1.6 million packages a day

Amazon fulfillment is a beast of its own.

A report from 2013 (the latest year for which data are available) found Amazon shipped 608 million packages that year, or 1.6 million packages a day.

As of 2015, Amazon estimated its fulfillment centers were within 20 miles of 31% of the US population, and within 20 miles of 50-65% of its core, same-day-accessible market.

That's enough cardboard to span all of West Virginia

A back-of-the-envelope calculation reveals all those packages (not including padded envelopes) yield roughly 26,400 square miles of cardboard.

The total land area of West Virginia, meanwhile, is just north of 24,000 square miles.

Given the speed of Amazon's shipments, the company could blanket the whole US in cardboard in about five months.

45,000 robots roam the floors of Amazon's warehouses

To help those shipments leave the warehouses on time, Amazon relies on a growing fleet of autonomous robots that fetch packages from their shelves and bring them to human employees.

The 45,000 robots live across 20 fulfillment centers in the US. In 2016, the company increased the fleet 50% from its prior head count of 30,000.

Amazon is more valuable than all major brick-and-mortar retailers combined

The sum total of those investments in infrastructure and supply chain management have made Amazon by far the most valuable retailer in the United States.

Amazon's $356 billion valuation is so big, it's larger than Wal-Mart, Target, Best Buy, Macy's, Kohl's, JCPenney, and Sears combined.

With the recent acquisition of Whole Foods, there are no signs the retailer has any plans of slowing down.

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Will any of that work? Probably not. Amazon laid out a pretty serious list of needs for its new headquarters, including an international airport and public transportation. Then there's the incentives. Amazon is expecting tax breaks for its investment. Newark is offering $7 billion in tax incentives to Amazon.

Amazon's investment is going to be big. Amazon is claiming its HQ alone will have 50,000 high-paying jobs. The company also said it expects its total investment to be around $5 billion. Amazon claims its first headquarters in Seattle resulted in a $38 billion-addition to the city's economy.

But offering huge incentives doesn't mean Amazon's second headquarters totally risk free for cities. Giving major breaks to attract company investment can backfire if cities end up incurring costs that outpace tax revenue

One bone to pick with Amazon though. That number should be 239. Amazon clearly did not count Mashable's own application for the company's second headquarters.

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