Airline baggage fees are out of control — how to save

Travelers have benefitted from lower airfare over the past year, but airlines have found other ways to get paid.

On Wednesday, the U.S. Department of Transportation revealed that airlines collected a record $1.2 billion in checked bag fees during the second quarter of 2017. The Associated Press reports that this is the fifth consecutive quarter these fees have exceeded $1 billion.

When you look at the bigger picture, U.S. travelers paid $7.1 billion in baggage and flight change fees in 2017, according to a September 2017 report from The United States Government Accountability Office (GAO).

In reality, the fees collected are likely much higher. Baggage and flight change fees are the only optional service fees for which revenues are separately reported to the Department of Transportation (DOT). Meaning, the GAO study doesn’t even include other fees, like those imposed for seat selection, priority boarding or extra legroom.

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8 summer travel tips to save you money
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8 summer travel tips to save you money

"You're probably thinking that doing an all-inclusive vacay (that's a vacation that includes both your room and food and drink) is just way too expensive, but you would be wrong in almost every case. While it's true that some of the world's great and expensive resorts have an extensive and expensive AI policy, there are many that are very nice and very affordable. All you need is to consider a number of options that can save you money every time."

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"Like the old expression "it's 5 o'clock somewhere", that phrase also applies to peak and off-peak travel as it's always off-peak season somewhere! Traveling off-peak doesn't mean you try and go skiing in in Colorado in July either! But, traveling and saving money going OP is a real money saver."

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"The first question to ask yourself is this: "Do I really need a car on my vacation?" That answer will depend on where you are traveling, when you are traveling, and what you want to do when you get there.

If you are getting away just to relax and sit in the sun, you may not need a car at all. See if your hotel offers free transportation to and from the airport and/or if there are such services publicly available at a low cost."

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"You can get some incredible upgrades if you just ask. One way to do it is when you are flying, ask about an upgrade at the gate when you are celebrating something like an anniversary or birthday trip. Airlines are willing to upgrade you if they have the room in first class as a courtesy, but only if you ask. It's best to do it when you are standing right in front of them at the counter and not on a phone or via an internet message. That's when they will respond positively most often."

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"Checking the net is a huge way to save money on your summer—or any—vacation. Websites like Expedia, Travelocity, Orbitz, Priceline, and Kayak will do everything from finding you the best deals on air, hotel, and cars to supplying specific venue information and free reservations. You probably already know that these places work well, but they are just a few of the many available, and more are coming all the time. When you have enough lead time for your travel, spend a few hours scanning the best deals and reading real customer reviews online before you reserve. It gives you a much better idea of what you can expect."

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"One of the most annoying things that can happen to you is to find out that you will have to pay extra on you baggage when you are checking in at the airport. How are you going to avoid that? Here are a few tips that have worked for me: Pack lighter than you think you may need... Weigh you bags at home... Try "wearing" your luggage like a backpack... Leave room for souvenirs."

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"When you can, try scheduling your flights, hotel stays, and car rentals on the less travelled days of the week. That's generally Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday. But the best way to take advantage of your flexibility is to select the flexible dates option on your travel site so you can find the least expensive choices. Or try a site like Fareness which is based on date flexibility."

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"If you are fortunate enough to have choices in your airport departure and arrival sites, check them out online. Because there are usually some differences in those airfares, check out your options. Here in New Jersey, we can fly from Newark, Trenton, or Atlantic City, or from NYC at LaGuardia or JFK. There are even the choices of Allentown PA and Westchester NY that are also close enough to make the air savings worth it. Sometimes it's worth a few hours' drive to get a significantly better airfare."

Credit: Super Saving Tips

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Airlines claim that unbundling services allow them to offer lower base fares, which is true, but it can end up costing travelers more in the long run. The GAO found that on average, customers who paid for at least one checked bag “paid more in total for the airfare and bag fees than they did when airfares included checked baggage.”

For travelers, this means that an affordable plane ticket can quickly turn into an expensive purchase. A few fed up lawmakers are looking for ways to regulate fees, but until that happens, here’s what you can do to save money.

Use a credit card

One very attractive perk of airline credit cards is that many of them allow you to check a bag for free. For instance, American Express cards by Delta Airlines (like the Gold Delta SkyMiles card) lets travelers and up to nine companions check a bag for free. Typically, Delta (DAL) charges $25 for the first bag, so having the credit card can save you $50 per person for a round-trip flight.

On United Airlines (UAL), you and one traveler can check two bags for free if you have the United MileagePlus Explorer Card or the United MileagePlus Club card. With American Airlines (AAL), the first bag is free for you and up to four companions if you hold the Citi AAdvantage Platinum Select World Elite Mastercard or CitiBusiness AAdvantage Platinum Select World Mastercard.

Choose your airline wisely

Lucky for travelers, not all airlines charge for checked bags. On Southwest Airlines (LUV), customers can check two bags for free as long as they weigh less than 50 pounds.  Likewise, JetBlue Airways (JBLU) lets travelers check their first bag for free, but charges $50 for the second.

On the flip side, you should also be wary of airlines like Frontier, which boast low fares, but tack on fees for everything. For instance, Frontier charges $25-$60 for a checked bag AND $30-$60 for a carry-on.

On Spirit Airlines, passengers can expect to pay a whopping $37-$65 for a carry-on and $30-$50 for the first checked bag. If you’re not careful, these fees can add up quickly.

Find the perfect carry on

People have gotten really bold with their carry-ons, by choosing bags that are stuffed to the brim and too large for the overhead compartment. The strategy here is to find a roller bag that is the maximum size while also holding the most stuff possible. Need some help finding the perfect bag? The site Wirecutter conducted an exhaustive study and found that the Travelpro Platinum Magna 2 is the best carry-on for most people. It’s small, expandable, durable, and just $185 cost effective.

In addition to your carry-on, most airlines also let you bring on what they call a “personal item.” This usually refers to something like a purse or laptop bag. To get the most bang for your buck, select the most robust “personal item” as possible, like this large tote from Longchamp. It manages to hold a ton of stuff and still fits underneath the seat.

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Luggage sets under $200
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Luggage sets under $200
Coolife Luggage 3 Piece Set
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American Flyer Luggage 4 Piece Set
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Weigh luggage ahead of time

Sometimes you simply have to pay to check your bag. We understand. What you should never do is pay extra because your bag is overweight. By and large, most airlines will charge you extra money if your checked bag weighs over 50 pounds. And we’re not talking an extra $10. Most airlines will charge you between $50-$100 if your bag is overweight. Some will even charge up to $200 if you’re on an international flight.

Unfortunately, once you’re at the airport, you may have no choice but to pay up. Instead, invest in a luggage scale before you travel so you can weigh your bags at home and avoid the ridiculous fees. Amazon has dozens of luggage scales available forless than $10.

Brittany is a reporter at Yahoo Finance. 

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