Amazon has triggered a $5 billion bidding war — here are the cities that are in competition for its new HQ

Amazon has sparked a bidding war, and it's only just beginning.

The ecommerce giant said on Thursday that it was soliciting bids from cities across North America for a place to build its second headquarters — its first outside of the Seattle area. 

Amazon said it would be investing $5 billion in the construction of its new headquarters, and it hopes to eventually house 50,000 Amazon staff there, gradually building up its workforce over time.

"We expect HQ2 to be a full equal to our Seattle headquarters," CEO Jeff Bezos said in a statement. "Amazon HQ2 will bring billions of dollars in up-front and ongoing investments, and tens of thousands of high-paying jobs. We're excited to find a second home."

Unsurprisingly, cities across the United States and Canada are jumping on the opportunity to lure Amazon to their neck of the woods. Many officials have already said they're planning to submit a formal proposal to the company.

Amazon has some requirements, however. Its new home would ideally be in a city with at least a million people, an international airport, and a "stable and business friendly environment."

Of course, that means cities will need to offer incentives to the company in order for it to move there.

"Incentives offered by the state/province and local communities to offset initial capital outlay and ongoing operational costs will be significant factors in the decision-making process," the company said.

We've found nearly 50 cities whose officials have said they are looking into or preparing to submit a proposal to Amazon. Bids are due October 19. 

Cities in the run for Amazon's next campus
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Cities in the run for Amazon's next campus

Chicago, Illinois

According to the Chicago Tribune, Mayor Rahm Emanuel has already spoken to Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos about the possibility of opening a headquarters in the city. Several other corporations — including McDonald's, Kraft Heinz, and Conagra Brands — have recently planned to move their base from the suburbs to this Midwestern hub.

(Photo via Shutterstock)

Minneapolis and St. Paul, Minnesota

Gov. Mark Dayton said in a statement that city and regional nonprofits and development agencies were working on a proposal for an Amazon headquarters in the Twin Cities.

(Photo via Getty)

Toronto, Ontario

Mayor John Tory called the race for the Amazon headquarters "the Olympics of bidding."

"We should be bidding for this and be very, very competitive, and I'm in the midst of talking to the other governments to make sure that's what we do," he said Thursday, according to The Toronto Star.

(Photo via Shutterstock)

San Diego, California

"San Diego has the geographic proximity to international markets, unparalleled quality of life and workforce talent that companies like Amazon are looking for, so Mayor Faulconer's office has directed the San Diego Regional Economic Development Corp. to coordinate a regional response," Matt Awbrey, Mayor Kevin Faulconer's deputy chief of staff, said in a statement, according to The San Diego Union-Tribune.

(Photo via WanRu Chen via Getty Images)

Dallas-Fort Worth, Texas

Mike Rosa, senior vice president for economic development of the Dallas Regional Chamber, told The Dallas Morning News that the group had "communicated to Amazon our intent to respond" to the call for proposals.

(Photo via Shutterstock)

Denver, Colorado

"This is a megaprospect, and we have already initiated conversations with our economic development partners at the state and regional level to thoroughly consider the best possible fit for Denver and the region," said Mayor Michael Hancock, according to The Denver Post.

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Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

"With an unmatched portfolio of technological talent and intriguing development parcels, Pittsburgh is uniquely positioned to submit a winning bid for Amazon's facility," Mayor Bill Peduto said, according to the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette.

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Baltimore, Maryland

Both city and state officials expressed interest in petitioning Amazon for the headquarters opportunity. Mayor Catherine Pugh said the city would "pursue this opportunity aggressively," The Baltimore Sun reported.

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Boston, Massachusetts

State and local officials told The Boston Globe that they would put together a bid to make Boston the site of Amazon's new HQ. They said they would most likely use a revised version of the argument that lured GE to the city.

Pioneer Valley in western Massachusetts, which includes the city of Springfield, also said it was prepping a bid for Amazon's consideration.

(Photo via Getty Images)

Columbus, Ohio

The Columbus Dispatch reported that city officials were "in the hunt" for Amazon's HQ and would submit a bid.

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Detroit, Michigan

A spokesman for Mayor Mike Duggan said the city was evaluating the opportunity "carefully," and local real-estate magnates like Dan Gilbert have thrown their weight behind the idea.

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Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

The City of Brotherly Love will be making a pitch to become Amazon's second home, according to local media.

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Phoenix, Arizona

The director of economic development for the city told the Phoenix Business Journal the region could be "very competitive" for the headquarters, though officials have not said definitively whether they will seek a bid.

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Vancouver, British Columbia

Mayor Gregor Robertson tweeted that Amazon would be a "fantastic addition" to the city's "world-class innovation ecosystem."

City officials said they would put in a bid to Amazon.

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A state official told Reuters that it planned to prepare a bid, though the official didn't specify a city.

(Photo by Henryk Sadura)

Washington, D.C.

Officials said they would pursue the opportunity but stopped short of saying they would place a bid.

Brian Kenner, the deputy mayor for planning and economic development, said the city was "positioned to be a desirable location for Amazon's East Coast headquarters."

Yelp recently decided to move into the capital, and Bezos is renovating a mansion there.

(Photo by Sean Pavone via Getty Images)

Kansas City, Missouri

Tim Cowden, president of the Kansas City Area Development Council, said in a statement that the city would put together an "aggressive" proposal to submit to Amazon.

(Photo via Getty Images)

Memphis, Tennessee

Mayor Jim Strickland tweeted his city's intention of making a bid, saying, "We're on it," and adding that the city "has so much to offer!"

(Photo via Getty Images)

Nashville, Tennesee

Not to be outdone by Memphis, Mayor Megan Barry confirmed in a statement that the city would bid on the project.

(Photo by Sean Pavone via Getty Images)

Buffalo, New York

Mayor Byron Brown tweeted that he was "looking into this huge opportunity," and the county Legislature has already passed a resolution in support of the idea.

(Photo via Getty Images)

St. Louis, Missouri 

Mayor Lyda Krewson said in a statement that the city would put together "a very competitive" proposal to host of Amazon's new headquarters.

(Photo by: Jeffrey Greenberg/UIG via Getty Images)

Sacramento, California

"I have an answer for Amazon — Sacramento," Mayor Darrell Steinberg wrote in a statement, indicating the city would ready a bid before October 19.

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Virginia Beach, Virginia

Mayor Will Sessoms said the city was pursuing a proposal "at full speed."

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Portland, Oregon

"The city, the state, the region — it's fair to say everyone is extremely interested in this one," a spokesman for Portland's economic development agency told The Oregonian.

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Edmonton, Alberta

Mayor Don Iveson called the prospect of Amazon moving into town a "tasty morsel," according to the Edmonton Journal.

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Los Angeles, California

"I welcome the opportunity to compete for this remarkable investment, and the tens of thousands of good-paying jobs it is sure to bring with it," Mayor Eric Garcetti said in his statement to the Los Angeles Times.

(Photo by Hisham Ibrahim via Getty Images)

Calgary, Alberta

"When you look at the criteria, I can't imagine a place that meets it better than Calgary," Mayor Naheed Nenshi said, according to the Calgary Herald. "I will be making that case strongly."

(Photo via Getty Images)

Arlington County, Virginia

Outside of DC, in nearby Virginia, officials told local media the county "will be pursuing the opportunity," though they didn't discuss specific locations.

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Milwaukee, Wisconsin

"I'm proud to say Milwaukee meets all your requirements and even prouder to say our incredible renaissance would compliment your vision," Mayor Tom Barrett wrote in a letter to Bezos, describing the city's intent to place a bid.

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New York, New York

A representative for Mayor Bill de Blasio told CNBC, "We are very interested in the possibility of Amazon locating a headquarters in the five boroughs and believe the city's competitive advantages position it well."

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Las Vegas, Nevada

"Our goal is to compete for projects on all levels," said Jonas Peterson, CEO of the Las Vegas Global Economic Alliance. "We believe our community has a great product to offer headquarters-related projects."

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Ottawa, Ontario

"I've asked staff to review the application process with a view to being part of the competition," Mayor Jim Watson tweeted Thursday.

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San Jose, California

Deputy City Manager Kim Walesh told the San Francisco Chronicle that her team was getting the proposal together, "but on the face of it, it is a pretty exciting opportunity."

(Photo via Getty Images)

San Antonio, Texas

Mayor Ron Nirenberg told CNBC: "We have the workforce, infrastructure, and quality of life that all major corporations look for in a location. In coordination with the San Antonio Economic Development Foundation, Team San Antonio is ready to show that our city is in the most competitive position possible when those opportunities arise and when they align with community priorities."

(Photo via Getty Images)

London, Ontario

At least one city official thinks London would be a good fit for Amazon — Josh Morgan, the Ward 7 councillor, tweeted: "This opportunity has the potential to be transformational for the City of London and SW Ontario. I'll be raising it at Committee next week."

(Photo via Getty Images)

Wilmington, Delaware

John Rago, the mayor's deputy chief of staff for policy and communications, said the city was "on this big time," according to Technically Delaware.

He continued: "This is an exciting opportunity, and we are putting together a good case for why Amazon would find Wilmington to be a welcoming and supportive home for the company's headquarters."

(Photo via Getty Images)

Birmingham, Alabama

"We are very interested in Amazon, and we will be working with other organizations in making an effort to attract Amazon to this community," Mayor William Bell told

(Photo via Alamy)

Rhode Island

"Rhode Island is in the game," Matthew Sheaff, a spokesman for the Rhode Island Commerce Corporation, told the Providence Journal, adding that it was too early to tell which location the state would pitch to Amazon.

(Photo by Kenneth C. Zirkel via Getty Images)

Hartford, Connecticut

"We plan to make a pitch to Amazon, and we plan to work with our partners around the region to do it," Mayor Luke Bronin said in a statement to NBC.

(Photo via Getty Images)

Houston, Texas

"Houston is definitely interested in the Amazon HQ project and will look into the process of formally soliciting it," a city representative told the Houston Business Journal.

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Albany, New York

Marty Vanags, the president of the Saratoga County Prosperity Partnership, told the Albany Business Review that it would work with the Albany-based Center for Economic Growth "and others to develop a proposal for Amazon."

Saratoga County neighbors Albany. The capital region would need to bound together all nearby counties in its bid to meet Amazon's population requirement of 1 million.

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Rochester, New York

Rochester Chamber of Commerce CEO Bob Duffy has sent two letters to Bezos indicating the city will submit a proposal.

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Cincinnati, Ohio

Mayor John Cranley tweeted Thursday, "We are already working on our proposal."

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Oakland, California

Mayor Libby Schaaf told CNBC: "We're excited to explore the Amazon HQ2 project and the benefits it could bring to our community, as well as our region. At an estimated 50,000 employees, the project would have a profound impact on Bay Area residents, and in the midst of a statewide housing affordability crisis, we would need to address all outcomes a project of this magnitude would create."

(Photo via Getty Images)

Austin, Texas

The capital of Texas has thrown its hat in the ring.

"Definitely we want to compete, and compete hard and would like to win," Mike Rollins, president and CEO of Austin's chamber of commerce, told the Austin American-Statesman.

(Photo via Getty Images)

Tampa, Florida

"On a scale of 1 to 10, this is a 13 for us," Tampa Hillsborough Economic Development Corp. CEO Craig Richard told the Tampa Bay Times. "We have read Amazon's RFP [request for proposal] and it sounds like it was written for us."

(Photo via Getty Images)

Salt Lake City, Utah 

Utah isn't missing its shot to woo Amazon, either.

The Lt. Govenor of Utah, Spencer Cox, tweeted: "I can assure you that we are all over this."

He also joked: "I just asked Alexa to help us win the HQ2 bid, so I feel pretty good about our chances."

(Photo via Getty Images)

Tuscon, Arizona

Sun Corridor, an economic development agency working with state and local officials to submit a bid to Amazon, is sending a message to Bezos that he can't ignore.

Instead of sending a letter, though, they're sending the Amazon CEO a 21-foot saguaro cactus in an effort to grab his attention and get him to consider Tuscon, according to the Arizona Daily Star.

(Photo via Getty Images)


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