California enacts $52 billion fuel tax hike for road, bridge repairs


LOS ANGELES, April 28 (Reuters) - California Governor Jerry Brown signed into law on Friday a bill to raise gasoline taxes and other transportation-related fees for the first time in decades in an ambitious $52 billion plan to repair the state's long-neglected roads and bridges.

The measure, increasing excise taxes on gasoline by 12 cents per gallon, from the current rate of $0.28 a gallon, and on diesel fuel by 20 cents per gallon over the next 10 years, goes into effect in November.

It cleared the state legislature three weeks ago, on the strength of a two-thirds super-majority the Democrats wield in both houses that allows them to pass new taxes with little or no Republican support.

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How much Americans pay in taxes in every state
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How much Americans pay in taxes in every state

Alabama: $10,531.97

  • Income Taxes Paid: $7,025.03
  • Sales Taxes Paid: $2,762.47
  • Property Taxes Paid: $473.98
  • Gas Taxes Paid: $270.99

Alabama residents pay less in property taxes than residents in any other state due to low median home values and the second-lowest property tax rate. Alabama residents have 23.66 percent of income going toward taxes, with a median household income of $44,509.

Beware health insurance in the state, though. A GOBankingRates study ranked Alabama among the worst states for health insurance costs.

Alaska: $16,259.83

  • Income Taxes Paid: $12,929.25
  • Sales Taxes Paid: $539.62
  • Property Taxes Paid: $2,589.90
  • Gas Taxes Paid: $201.06

Although the average income tax paid by Alaska residents is higher than the national average, it's largely due to the state's high median income of $75,112. Residents also only pay federal income taxes — there is no state income tax. Residents of this oil-producing state pay the least in gas taxes in the nation, at 31 cents per gallon. That helps make Alaska one of the least expensive states to own a car.

Arizona: $12,844.14

  • Income Taxes Paid: $8,623.95
  • Sales Taxes Paid: $2,529.45
  • Property Taxes Paid: $1,445.40
  • Gas Taxes Paid: $245.34

Arizona falls in the bottom half of states for total taxes paid by its residents, who see 24.58 percent of their income, on average, go toward taxes. Property taxes and gas taxes paid in this state are lower than the national average.

However, the 8.25 percent sales tax is noticeably higher than the national average of 6.47 percent. Meanwhile, the state was ranked among the worst states to start a business by a GOBankingRates study.

Arkansas: $10,662.08

  • Income Taxes Paid: $6,858.46
  • Sales Taxes Paid: $2,851.38
  • Property Taxes Paid: $688.53
  • Gas Taxes Paid: $263.71

Arkansas has one of the highest sales tax rates in the nation, at 9.3 percent. However, residents pay less in income taxes and gas taxes than the national average. Plus, the average property tax bill in Arkansas is among the lowest in the nation due to low median home values and a low tax rate.

California: $19,725.41

  • Income Taxes Paid: $13,313.68
  • Sales Taxes Paid: $2,529.45
  • Property Taxes Paid: $3,511.44
  • Gas Taxes Paid: $370.84

California residents pay more in taxes than residents of most other states. In fact, 31 percent of their income, on average, goes toward taxes. Considering that the cost of living in California also is high, it's no wonder it's one of the states where residents are most likely to live paycheck to paycheck, according to one GOBankingRates study.

Colorado: $18,114.42

  • Income Taxes Paid: $13,777.25
  • Sales Taxes Paid: $2,299.50
  • Property Taxes Paid: $1,772.65
  • Gas Taxes Paid: $265.02

Colorado residents pay more in taxes than the national average of $14,998.83 — and pay a higher percentage of their income toward taxes, on average. The reason: high income and sales taxes. Gas and property taxes paid in Colorado, on th other hand, are lower than the national average.

Connecticut: $22,475.88

  • Income Taxes Paid: $16,132.40
  • Sales Taxes Paid: $1,946.91
  • Property Taxes Paid: $4,014.45
  • Gas Taxes Paid: $382.12

Connecticut residents pay more in income taxes than any other state, in part due to a high median income of $72,889. Average property taxes paid in the state also are about double the national average of $2,118.08. In addition to high taxes, residents also are faced with a high cost of living in Connecticut.

Delaware: $12,703.29

  • Income Taxes Paid: $11,228.83
  • Sales Taxes Paid: $0
  • Property Taxes Paid: $1,202.88
  • Gas Taxes Paid: $271.58

Delaware is one of the most tax-friendly states, with residents paying just 21.99 percent of their income toward taxes. One of the key reasons the total tax bill is low here is because there is no sales tax. Plus, the average property tax paid is nearly half the national average.

District of Columbia: $21,143.09

  • Income Taxes Paid: $16,025
  • Sales Taxes Paid: $1,762.95
  • Property Taxes Paid: $3,080.28
  • Gas Taxes Paid: $274.86

Washington, D.C., residents pay more in property taxes, on average, than residents in most states due to a high median home value of $540,400. Residents also pay more in income taxes, on average, than any other state, with the exception of Connecticut.

On the plus side, the sales tax rate of 5.75 percent is below the national average. Residents also pay less than the national average to fill up their gas tanks.

Florida: $10,694.25

  • Income Taxes Paid: $6,357.50
  • Sales Taxes Paid: $2,084.88
  • Property Taxes Paid: $1,889.76
  • Gas Taxes Paid: $362.11

Florida is one of seven states with no income tax, so the average income taxes paid here reflect only federal taxes paid. Lower-than-average property taxes also help keep the total taxes paid as a percentage of income to just 21.9 percent in Florida.

Georgia: $13,393.88

  • Income Taxes Paid: $9,561.33
  • Sales Taxes Paid: $2,146.20
  • Property Taxes Paid: $1,361.70
  • Gas Taxes Paid: $324.65

The total taxes paid in Georgia are lower than the national average of $14,998.83. However, taxes actually consume a higher percentage of residents' income than the national average because of a low median income of $50,768 in the state.

Hawaii: $18,194.01

  • Income Taxes Paid: $14,798.36
  • Sales Taxes Paid: $1,333.71
  • Property Taxes Paid: $1,650.04
  • Gas Taxes Paid: $411.90

Hawaii residents have to pay a hefty tax bill to live in paradise. Total taxes paid are among the top 10 highest in the nation — due, in large part, to high income taxes. Residents earning a median household income of $64,514 pay around $14,798.36 in income taxes.

On the plus side, property and sales taxes in Hawaii are lower than the national average.

Idaho: $14,012.17

  • Income Taxes Paid: $10,460.25
  • Sales Taxes Paid: $1,848.80
  • Property Taxes Paid: $1,372.50
  • Gas Taxes Paid: $330.62

Total taxes paid in Idaho — $14,012.17 — are slightly below the national average. However, residents pay a higher percentage of their income toward taxes than the national average due to the state's low median income.

Illinois: $17,798.78

  • Income Taxes Paid: $11,519.99
  • Sales Taxes Paid: $2,649.02
  • Property Taxes Paid: $3,285.96
  • Gas Taxes Paid: $343.81

Hefty property and sales taxes contribute to a high total tax bill in Illinois. In fact, the average property tax bill is more than 50 percent higher than the national average — even though the median home value is below the national average. Overall, Illinois residents pay nearly 30 percent of their income, on average, toward taxes.

Indiana: $12,317.10

  • Income Taxes Paid: $8,826.05
  • Sales Taxes Paid: $2,146.20
  • Property Taxes Paid: $1,003.80
  • Gas Taxes Paid: $341.05

Indiana is a relatively tax-friendly state. The average total tax bill is lower than the national average because income and property taxes are lower in Indiana than in most other states.

Iowa: $16,765.61

  • Income Taxes Paid: $12,375.81
  • Sales Taxes Paid: $2,084.88
  • Property Taxes Paid: $1,976.26
  • Gas Taxes Paid: $328.66

Total taxes paid in Iowa are higher than the national average because residents pay more in income and sales taxes. Total tax paid as a proportion of income also is higher in Iowa — 27.55 percent versus 26.08 percent. However, a 2015 GOBankingRates study found that Iowa is one of the cheapest states for raising a family.

Kansas: $14,489.33

  • Income Taxes Paid: $9,968.50
  • Sales Taxes Paid: $2,642.89
  • Property Taxes Paid: $1,599.60
  • Gas Taxes Paid: $278.34

Average property taxes paid in Kansas are relatively low due to a less-than-stellar median home value. Average income taxes paid also are below the national average because of the state's low median wage. However, Kansas residents are hit by a high sales tax, which is 8.62 percent versus the national average 6.47 percent.

Kentucky: $10,243.63

  • Income Taxes Paid: $7,069.91
  • Sales Taxes Paid: $1,839.60
  • Property Taxes Paid: $1,042.86
  • Gas Taxes Paid: $291.26

Kentucky has the fourth-lowest average tax burden in this study. All taxes paid — income, sales, property and gas — are well below the national average. Income and property taxes paid are particularly low, on average, due to the state's low median income and property value.

Louisiana: $11,364.30

  • Income Taxes Paid: $7,130.86
  • Sales Taxes Paid: $3,059.87
  • Property Taxes Paid: $921.60
  • Gas Taxes Paid: $251.97

Average property taxes paid in Louisiana are among the lowest in the nation, as are income taxes due to the state's low median income of $45,922. Further, Louisiana has a higher-than-average sales tax of 9.98 percent.

Maine: $13,681.36

  • Income Taxes Paid: $9,475.25
  • Sales Taxes Paid: $1,686.30
  • Property Taxes Paid: $2,202.24
  • Gas Taxes Paid: $317.57

Total taxes paid in Maine are lower than the national average. But that doesn't mean residents don't face high taxes. Total taxes paid consume nearly 27 percent of residents' pay, on average, due to the state's low median income.

Maryland: $20,821.53

  • Income Taxes Paid: $15,950.47
  • Sales Taxes Paid: $1,839.60
  • Property Taxes Paid: $2,691.00
  • Gas Taxes Paid: $340.46

Maryland residents pay more in taxes than residents in all but three states. This is largely due to the high income taxes paid in this state, which has the third-highest median income in the nation.

Massachusetts: $20,814.36

  • Income Taxes Paid: $14,475.41
  • Sales Taxes Paid: $1,916.25
  • Property Taxes Paid: $4,127.89
  • Gas Taxes Paid: $294.81

Not only is Massachusetts one of the most expensive states to raise a family, more than 30 percent of what residents earn goes toward income, property, sales and gas taxes. That's a higher rate than all but four states: California, Connecticut, New Jersey and New York.

Michigan: $14,095.94

  • Income Taxes Paid: $10,005.63
  • Sales Taxes Paid: $1,839.60
  • Property Taxes Paid: $1,864.72
  • Gas Taxes Paid: $385.99

Michigan's property tax rate is higher than the national average. However, a low median home value helps keep down the average property taxes paid in the state. Income and sales taxes paid also are lower than the national average.

Minnesota: $20,322.49

  • Income Taxes Paid: $15,585.75
  • Sales Taxes Paid: $2,238.18
  • Property Taxes Paid: $2,190.24
  • Gas Taxes Paid: $308.32

On average, nearly 30 percent of what Minnesota residents earn goes toward income, property, sales and gas taxes. Average income taxes paid are particularly high, compared with other states.

Mississippi: $9,418.63

  • Income Taxes Paid: $6,323.80
  • Sales Taxes Paid: $2,167.66
  • Property Taxes Paid: $683.20
  • Gas Taxes Paid: $243.97

Mississippi residents pay the lowest total tax bill in the nation. Income taxes paid here are the second lowest in the country due to the state's low median income of $40,037. Plus, property taxes paid are among the lowest in the nation as a result of a low tax rate and median home value.

Missouri: $15,614.56

  • Income Taxes Paid: $11,591.25
  • Sales Taxes Paid: $2,419.07
  • Property Taxes Paid: $1,370.04
  • Gas Taxes Paid: $234.19

The total tax bill in Missouri is only slightly higher than the national average of $14,998.83, due to income and sales taxes that are higher than the average paid nationwide. However, property and gas taxes in Missouri are well below the national average paid.

Montana: $11,448.99

  • Income Taxes Paid: $9,662
  • Sales Taxes Paid: $0
  • Property Taxes Paid: $1,484.25
  • Gas Taxes Paid: $302.74

Montana is just one of four states with no sales tax. Property and income taxes also are lower than the national average. As a result, Montana residents see just 22.28 percent of their income, on average, go toward taxes.

Nebraska: $17,120.21

  • Income Taxes Paid: $12,374.28
  • Sales Taxes Paid: $2,112.47
  • Property Taxes Paid: $2,327.76
  • Gas Taxes Paid: $305.70

The total tax bill in Nebraska is higher than the national average. In large part, it's because residents pay more in income taxes as a result of a higher-than-average median income. Nonetheless, residents pay, on average, an amount equal to about 28 percent of their income.

Nevada: $11,505.87

  • Income Taxes Paid: $7,153.25
  • Sales Taxes Paid: $2,446.67
  • Property Taxes Paid: $1,565.36
  • Gas Taxes Paid: $340.60

Nevada has no state income tax, which explains why the state's total tax bill is among the lowest in the nation. However, residents are hit with a 7.98 percent sales tax, which is among the highest in the nation. If you're looking to buy a home in Nevada, best sure to check out Reno. It is the best city to buy a house in Nevada.

New Hampshire: $18,099.15

  • Income Taxes Paid: $13,070
  • Sales Taxes Paid: $0
  • Property Taxes Paid: $4,752.12
  • Gas Taxes Paid: $277.03

New Hampshire has no sales tax. It also doesn't have a state income tax, but the average amount of federal income taxes paid by residents is high because the state has the highest median income in the nation. Residents also pay more in property taxes than the national average paid. In fact, New Hampshire has the second-highest property tax rate in the U.S., after New Jersey.

New Jersey: $22,674.95

  • Income Taxes Paid: $13,765.28
  • Sales Taxes Paid: $2,100.21
  • Property Taxes Paid: $6,445.38
  • Gas Taxes Paid: $364.08

New Jersey residents pay the highest total tax bill in the nation. They also pay the highest percentage of income toward taxes — 33.17 percent, on average. The biggest reason the tax burden is so high in New Jersey is the state's 2.13 percent property tax rate, which is more than twice as high as the national average rate.

New Mexico: $10,942.90

  • Income Taxes Paid: $7,249.63
  • Sales Taxes Paid: $2,314.83
  • Property Taxes Paid: $1,133.88
  • Gas Taxes Paid: $244.56

Total taxes paid in New Mexico are among the lowest in the nation. Property and income taxes paid are well below the national average. This is due, in large part, to a low median income and a low median home value in the state.

New York: $18,462.09

  • Income Taxes Paid: $11,578.22
  • Sales Taxes Paid: $2,603.03
  • Property Taxes Paid: $3,872.28
  • Gas Taxes Paid: $408.56

Like their New Jersey neighbors, New York residents pay more than 30 percent of their income toward taxes. Residents pay a lot on the state's high sales tax of 8.49 percent and property tax of 1.38 percent.

North Carolina: $12,960.53

  • Income Taxes Paid: $9,204.50
  • Sales Taxes Paid: $2,115.54
  • Property Taxes Paid: $1,293.14
  • Gas Taxes Paid: $347.35

The total tax bill in North Carolina is lower than the national average thanks to lower-than-average property and income taxes. However, residents pay more in gas taxes.

North Dakota: $13,381.61

  • Income Taxes Paid: $9,244
  • Sales Taxes Paid: $2,078.75
  • Property Taxes Paid: $1,787.28
  • Gas Taxes Paid: $271.58

North Dakota residents have a lower total tax bill than the national average, paying around $13,381.61 every year. Gas and property taxes are lower than the national average, too.

Ohio: $13,456.62

  • Income Taxes Paid: $8,995.84
  • Sales Taxes Paid: $2,189.12
  • Property Taxes Paid: $1,967.21
  • Gas Taxes Paid: $304.45

Although the property tax rate in Ohio is higher than the national average, property taxes paid fall below the national average due to the state's low median home value of $125,300. Ohio residents also pay slightly less in income taxes overall, forking over just under $9,000 annually.

Oklahoma: $11,666.72

  • Income Taxes Paid: $7,768.50
  • Sales Taxes Paid: $2,716.48
  • Property Taxes Paid: $949.52
  • Gas Taxes Paid: $232.22

Oklahoma has one of the lowest total tax bills in the nation. Income and property taxes are well below the national average because median income and the median home value are among the lowest in the U.S. However, residents are hit by a high 8.86 percent state sales tax.

Oregon: $17,070.59

  • Income Taxes Paid: $13,811.75
  • Sales Taxes Paid: $0
  • Property Taxes Paid: $2,934.12
  • Gas Taxes Paid: $324.72

Oregon is just one of four states without a sales tax. Still, residents pay just over 28 percent of their income toward taxes. They face a high income tax bill.

Pennsylvania: $15,855.58

  • Income Taxes Paid: $11.102.44
  • Sales Taxes Paid: $1,943.84
  • Property Taxes Paid: $2,306.80
  • Gas Taxes Paid: $502.50

At 77 cents per gallon, the gas tax in Pennsylvania is the highest in the nation. Property and income taxes in this state also are higher than the national average. If that wasn't bad enough, the state is also home to one of the worst cities in the U.S. for investment properties — Pittsburgh.

Rhode Island: $16,390.97

  • Income Taxes Paid: $10,165.29
  • Sales Taxes Paid: $2,146.20
  • Property Taxes Paid: $3,735.74
  • Gas Taxes Paid: $343.74

Rhode Island residents pay over 29 percent of their income toward taxes. The big tax bite is due primarily to the state's high property tax rate of 1.51 percent. Income and sales taxes, on the other hand, are on par with the national average.

South Carolina: $11,887.57

  • Income Taxes Paid: $8,659.03
  • Sales Taxes Paid: $2,213.65
  • Property Taxes Paid: $784.30
  • Gas Taxes Paid: $230.58

South Carolina's total tax bill is among the lowest in the nation. Residents pay below-average income, gas and property taxes. Its sales tax, however, is above average at 7.22 percent.

South Dakota: $12,242.17

  • Income Taxes Paid: $7,917.50
  • Sales Taxes Paid: $1,959.17
  • Property Taxes Paid: $2,047.99
  • Gas Taxes Paid: $317.50

South Dakota has no income tax, which helps keep residents' total tax bill below the national average. Property and sales taxes paid also are slightly below the national average.

Tennessee: $10,138.87

  • Income Taxes Paid: $5,983.75
  • Sales Taxes Paid: $2,900.44
  • Property Taxes Paid: $993.60
  • Gas Taxes Paid: $261.09

Tennessee has no state taxes on income, but it makes up for it with a high sales tax rate of 9.46 percent — the second highest in this study. The average property taxes paid, on the other hand, are half the national average.

Texas: $13,690.99

  • Income Taxes Paid: $8,269.50
  • Sales Taxes Paid: $2,511.05
  • Property Taxes Paid: $2,658.53
  • Gas Taxes Paid: $251.90

The total tax bill Texas residents pay is lower than the national average because residents don't pay state income tax. And they pay lower gas taxes than residents in most states. It's no surprise then that cities like Plano, Lubbock and Austin rank among the best cities to live in when you're saving money.

Utah: $17,933.48

  • Income Taxes Paid: $14,028.65
  • Sales Taxes Paid: $2,072.62
  • Property Taxes Paid: $1,550.72
  • Gas Taxes Paid: $281.49

The overall tax bill in Utah is higher than the national average due to high income taxes paid by residents. However, the state does offer a high median household income of about $66,000. Meanwhile, the state's property tax rate is just 0.64 percent, compared to the national average of 1.02 percent.

Vermont: $17,961.50

  • Income Taxes Paid: $11,668.14
  • Sales Taxes Paid: $1,894.79
  • Property Taxes Paid: $4,091.18
  • Gas Taxes Paid: $307.40

Vermont residents pay more in property taxes than residents in most other states. As a result, total taxes paid in this state nearly top $18,000, far higher than the national average.

Virginia: $16,621.85

  • Income Taxes Paid: $12,628.20
  • Sales Taxes Paid: $1,726.16
  • Property Taxes Paid: $2,000.30
  • Gas Taxes Paid: $267.19

Virginia residents have a higher income tax bill than the national average, paying just over $12,600. But it's due, in part, to the state's median income, which is higher than the national average. Sales, gas and property taxes are all lower than national averages.

Washington: $17,101.83

  • Income Taxes Paid: $10,962
  • Sales Taxes Paid: $2,734.87
  • Property Taxes Paid: $2,960.19
  • Gas Taxes Paid: $444.77

Washington has no income tax. However, residents are liable to pay a lot in income taxes thanks to the state's high median household income of $67,243. The state sales tax is also high, at 8.92 percent.

West Virginia: $9,552.02

  • Income Taxes Paid: $6,748.85
  • Sales Taxes Paid: $1,928.51
  • Property Taxes Paid: $542.72
  • Gas Taxes Paid: $331.94

The total tax bill in West Virginia is the second lowest in the nation, after Mississippi. The typical property tax bill is also the second lowest in the nation, due to the state's low property tax rate of 0.53 percent and a low home value of $102,400.

Wisconsin: $15,907.56

  • Income Taxes Paid: $11,131.46
  • Sales Taxes Paid: $1,661.77
  • Property Taxes Paid: $2,777.80
  • Gas Taxes Paid: $336.53

Wisconsin residents pay a higher overall tax bill than the national average because of the state's high income and property taxes. In fact, Wisconsin is among the top 10 states that take the most out of your paycheck.

Wyoming: $12,363.88

  • Income Taxes Paid: $9,382.50
  • Sales Taxes Paid: $1,655.64
  • Property Taxes Paid: $1,047.60
  • Gas Taxes Paid: $278.14

Residents of this tax-friendly state pay only about 20 percent of their income toward taxes — the lowest percentage in the nation. Wyoming has no state income tax, and property and sales taxes in the state are well below national averages.

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Republicans condemned the increases, saying the state's transportation taxes and fees are already among the highest in the nation. They call the newly enacted measure the largest gasoline tax in California's history.

The average motorist in California, a state renowned for its car culture, will see transportation costs rise by about $10 a month under the measure, according to Brown, a Democrat who has governed largely as a fiscal moderate.

He has refused to back any transportation overall plans that involved borrowing money.

Supporters say the measure is needed to address a mounting backlog of crumbling infrastructure projects, including more than 500 bridges statewide requiring major repair, most of them considered structurally deficient.

The fuel tax increases, together with higher vehicle licensing fees and a new $100 annual fee on owners of electric-only vehicles, would raise $5.2 billion a year, all earmarked for road, highway and bridge repairs and anti-congestion projects.

To address concerns that those revenues might end up diverted elsewhere in the budget, the bill calls for a state constitutional amendment, to be placed on the June 2018 ballot, that would prohibit use of the funds for anything but transportation. (Reporting by Steve Gorman; Editing by Sandra Maler)

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