What you need to do if Trump scraps the 'fiduciary rule'

Last week, President Donald J. Trump signed an executive order to trigger a review of the so-called "fiduciary rule."

The rule — established by the Obama administration and set to go into effect in April — requires financial advisers to put their clients' interests ahead of their own when offering retirement investment advice.

RELATED: 11 industries you should consider investing in:

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11 fastest-growing industries to invest in for 2017
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11 fastest-growing industries to invest in for 2017

1. Virtual Reality

Virtual reality broke serious ground in 2016 with the introduction of mainstream VR hardware such as Oculus Rift headsets. Based on the industry's current strength and projected future growth, it looks like a good investment for 2017.

The virtual reality market is projected to grow its estimated $500 million global market size in 2016 to $1.7 billion in 2017 -- and increase that to $24.5 billion in 2020 -- according to Statista, an online statistics portal. Meanwhile, the industry's revenue shot up from a mere $90 million in 2014 to a projected $4.6 billion in 2017.

See: 20 Companies Like Oculus Making Money Off Virtual Reality

2. Video Games

Virtual reality is impacting the video game industry directly now that it has spread to mass audiences. With the introduction of the first high-end, consumer-ready VR headsets from Oculus, Sony and HTC, video games will likely undergo another revolution.

Virtual reality will likely be adopted on a limited level by serious gamers in the beginning, according to PWC. However, as the quality of the experience advances and number of VR devices increases, the video game and virtual reality complex will drive greater consumer sales in 2017 and 2018.

Consumer sales are not the only factor contributing to the fast growth of the video game industry. Ongoing technological innovations and new industry ideas are creating more opportunities for advertisers to make money from video games through multiple revenue channels.

3. Elderly Healthcare Services

At-home healthcare might be the new gold rush in the U.S. The Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts that the number of people employed in home healthcare services will increase by 60 percent from 1.2 million people in 2014 to 2 billion by 2024.

Investing in home healthcare services is a sound plan because baby boomers, who represent a large segment of the population, are getting old. The American population age 65 and older will double by 2050, and more than two-thirds of that population -- or 84 million people -- will likely require long-term care, according to the Census Bureau.

Linked to home healthcare services, the growth of elderly community care hinges on that huge baby boomer population, too. With an estimated 843,200 people employed in the industry in 2014, community care facilities for the elderly should almost double by 2024 and employ close to 1.3 million, according to the BLS.

4. Physical Therapy

Outpatient rehabilitation is a key part of the booming and costly healthcare industry. There are more than 100,000 physical therapy practices in the U.S. today, and successful practices can earn profits as high as almost 11 percent, according to Viking Mergers and Acquisitions. With the U.S. population aging and becoming more sedentary, good returns are likely to be had on investments in the physical therapy arena.

Industry employment growth is another auspicious sign for investors. In addition to the number of physical therapists experiencing growth, there will also be a major increase in the number of physical therapist assistants and aides, according to the BLS. By 2024, these three occupations should increase their numbers of employees by more than 30 percent.

If you're interested in investing in the physical therapy industry, consider the stock market. For instance, U.S. Physical Therapy, Inc. is a publicly traded "outpatient physical therapy pure play provider" -- meaning it focuses on only one product. U.S. Physical Therapy's performance on the stock market has been impressive: It rose by more than $50 per share -- from $20.40 to more than $70 -- from 2012 to 2017.

5. Translation and Interpretation Services

The U.S. has always been a melting pot of cultures and languages -- in fact, Americans speak more than 350 languages in their homes, according to the Census Bureau. With increasing globalization, multilingualism in business is more crucial than ever to success in the future.

If you need more than linguistic trends to convince you to invest in translation services, look at Google and Skype. Both companies are aggressively expanding their translation capabilities, according to The Christian Science Monitor. One of the key reasons they're doing that is because global consumers and internet users want personalized service -- and that means communicating in their language of choice.

Employment numbers in the translating industry seem to support Google and Skype's efforts. The number of jobs in the industry should see a 30 percent increase by 2024, according to the BLS.

6. Biotechnology

Biotechnology had a good five-year run, then ran into trouble in 2016. Experts think that biotech will bounce back in 2017 -- especially now that the presidential election is over, because it likely caused some volatility, according to Investing News.

Hillary Clinton had been a critic of biotech stocks throughout the election. With Trump's victory, biotech stocks and funds have rebounded already, according to Forbes.

Investing in biotech is also a good bet for the future because it's linked to pharmaceuticals, and as Americans grow older, their use of prescription drugs tends to increase. Thus, demographic trends and politics make biotechnology investments shine for 2017.

Read: The True Cost of Invasive Species

7. VoIP

Voice over Internet Protocol has enjoyed an increase in demand over the years. The global demand for VoIP services equaled more than $83 billion in 2015 and is projected to exceed $140 billion by 2021, according to a Zion Research report. Furthermore, the compound annual growth rate for the industry is estimated to come close to 10 percent.

Investing in VoIP might be a good investment in the new year because many companies are adopting its use as it's easy to set up and maintain and requires little technical skill. VoIP appeals to the average consumer because it includes typical phone features, like conference calls and call hold. It also makes sense for businesses because of its cost efficiency, capacity to scale and high-quality technical support from its providers, according to Whatech.com.

8. Drones

Investing in drones could be a wise choice in 2017: The emerging global market for drones is valued at roughly $127 billion, according to a PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP study. A wide variety of related industries accounts for this $127 billion, including the addressable market value of drone application to infrastructure, which is $45.2 billion; transport, which is $13 billion; and mining, which is $4.4 billion.

Drones have a wide range of applications because they serve a variety of functions. And each industry has diverse needs that require different types of drone functions. For instance, researchers have developed an artificial intelligence that can defeat human pilots in combat, according to Forbes, which is likely a good military application.

To invest in drones, you might choose a major, publicly traded drone company. However, notable public drone firms -- like GoPro -- have been taking a beating recently on the stock market. Consider investing in drone technology and components instead of big-name manufacturers. Check out firms like Ambarella, a company that produces high-definition video chipsets, which are crucial components for many drone cameras.

Also in Investing: 6 Small Investment Ideas When You Have Less Than $500

9. Green Energy

The green energy industry has been ramping up the number of people it employs. Wind turbine service technician jobs should increase by 108 percent from 2014 to 2024, according to the BLS. And solar photovoltaic installers are expected to grow by close to 25 percent over the same time period.

Wind power has become increasingly popular because it's inexpensive to produce. The amount of electricity it has produced has doubled four times since 2000, according to a Bloomberg report. In addition, the U.S. has become the world's top wind energy producer, according to the American Wind Energy Association.

Investors haven't missed green energy's increased application and usage. In 2015, wind power comprised 4.7 percent of the electricity generated in the U.S., according to the U.S. Energy Information Administration's latest information. That percentage is expected to grow, which means investing in wind energy could be an excellent plan for 2017.

10. Water and Water Treatment

Investing in water and water treatment technology could net you good, long-term returns as the world's population grows. Fresh water is already scarce and will continue to run out, leaving a projected 1.2 billion people living in regions where water is in short supply, according to the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs.

Water treatment is central to maintaining the world's population of drinkable, fresh water. Many industrial processes also require freshwater, which highlights the importance of water treatment systems.

Government regulations are another incentive to invest in water and water treatment. Processes during oil and gas production often bring trapped water to the surface, which is called produced water. Regulations require businesses to treat produced water, a trend that's providing more opportunities than ever before for companies in the produced water treatment systems market.

11. Marijuana

The use of legal marijuana was legal only in five states -- Colorado, Alaska, Oregon, Washington state and Washington, D.C. -- until November 2016. On Election Day, four more states -- California, Nevada, Maine and Massachusetts -- legalized the outright use, sale and consumption of marijuana, making it a potentially lucrative alternative investment.

With new markets to prospect, investing in marijuana could be profitable in the near future. In fact, legal marijuana sales should more than double by 2020 and go from $7.4 billion in sales in 2016 to $20.6 billion in 2020, according to Arcview Market Research.

When it comes to investing in marijuana, you can find publicly traded firms in the industry. Just be wary of deals that promise high returns, though, because marijuana companies are very speculative, especially right now, according to CNBC.

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Proponents of the rule say it will prevent advisers from steering clients toward products that might not be in the clients' best interests. As we explained in a story last year:

Currently, financial advisers who receive fees or other compensation are legally allowed to steer a client to an investment product that may not result in the highest return for the client, yet offers higher compensation to the adviser.

On the other hand, critics of the rule say it will limit the variety of investment services available to investors.

How to protect your money

For now, nobody knows the outcome of Trump's order. Reversing the fiduciary rule might be easier said than done. A CNBC story reports that Trump's main options right now include:

  • Delaying or rewriting the law
  • Refusing to defend it against litigation
  • Working with Congress to pass legislation that kills the rule once and for all

As the CNBC story notes, none of that is likely to happen quickly. But even if the fiduciary rule survives, it is not a panacea for investors. For example, it's important to note the rule's protections extend only to retirement accounts — an often overlooked fact.

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That means advisers will be allowed to ignore the rule when giving advice to clients in the nonretirement portion of a client's portfolio.

And as Ron Lieber points out in the New York Times, even if the fiduciary rule survives, it would be foolish to blindly count on it to comprehensively protect you:

The definitions of "suitability" and "fiduciary" have always been (and will always be) open to much interpretation, no matter who is in the White House or trying to decide what food you're served on your retirement investments buffet.

So, investors need to stay on their toes regardless of how the debate over the fiduciary rule plays out. What can you do to make sure you're getting the best impartial advice?

In August, we zeroed in on four areas where you should focus when shopping for a financial adviser. They include:

  • Asking a financial adviser what he or she can do for you
  • Inquiring about how the adviser is compensated
  • Learning about the adviser's credentials
  • Establishing performance benchmarks

For more detail, check out our story "How to Choose the Perfect Financial Adviser."

How do you make sure you're getting the best retirement advice? Let us know by commenting below or on our Facebook page.

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