What will cost more - and less - in 2017

With the surprise 2016 election results and the accompanying stock market rally, the fourth quarter left many consumers unsure of what the future might mean for their money. As far as the cost of items consumers purchase such as food and clothing, along with travel expenses, experts predict a mixed bag. Here's a look at three areas that are expected to cost more this year.

[See: 10 Financial New Year's Resolutions.]

1. Restaurant prices Annemarie Kuhns, an economist with the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Economic Research Service, expects a modest 2.7 percent overall increase in restaurant prices. This price hike is not driven by food costs but by the two biggest line items on a restaurant's operating budget: labor and rental costs. "We've seen [labor and rental costs] rise consistently, so generally we see restaurant prices with a consistent increase," Kuhns says.

Several states across the country, including New York and Washington, raised minimum wage last year. Although tipped employees like servers do not command the same minimum wage as non-tipped employees, the increase does hit a restaurant's bottom line.

2. Health care. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported that from November 2010 to November 2016, medical care prices increased by nearly 20 percent. This spike is driven by several factors, including the rising cost of hospital services (up 33 percent), health insurance (up 28 percent) and prescription drug costs (up 24 percent). However, the price of nonprescription drugs declined 2.7 percent from 2010 to 2016.

Health care reform was a major issue this election cycle, and it remains to be seen what the new administration might do to combat growing health care costs and how quickly any changes would trickle down to consumers. In the meantime, cost-conscious employers and patients are looking to telemedicine, medical tourism and mail-order pharmacies to minimize costs.

3. Experiential travel. As consumers continue to embrace the value of authentic and immersive experiences over products, the popularity of experiential travel could drive up prices. "Whether it's the basic stuff of going to Disney or Times Square or whitewater rafting, those things are becoming more popular, so we're seeing prices go up," says Howard Schaffer, general manager at Offers.com, a website that aggregates coupons, deals and other savings opportunities. Plus, Airbnb recently expanded beyond accommodation bookings and launched Trips to offer hundreds of experiences, from a tour of Havana with a local musician to a dance lesson with a burlesque performer in London.

[Read: The Pink Tax: Why Women's Products Often Cost More.]

That said, Schaffer does see a growing number of hotel deals available in small- to medium-size cities. "The ability to get more value is there," he says. In bigger cities with high demand – think: New York, Chicago or San Diego – the opposite is true. "They're not growing the number of hotels, so those prices are higher than ever and harder to get deals," he says.

But it's not all bad news for your wallet. Experts say prices may soften in these areas:

1. Used cars:Used cars were cheaper by an average of around $200 in 2016, a trend that could continue into 2017, according to data from Quad Analytix, a company that analyzes e-commerce data. Quad Analytix CEO Andy Ballard says this decrease in price may be due to "the supply increasing a bit as automakers are pushing on other new vehicles and financial incentives return." Consumers may also be choosing lower-priced vehicles as well. Not surprisingly, the average selling price for Volkswagen vehicles declined 7 percent from 2015, possibly due to the company's emissions scandal. Used cars from a variety of major European and Asian car brands were also cheaper last year.

2. Apparel: With Amazon.com becoming more entrenched in selling clothing, Ballard predicts clothing prices will decline at other mid-priced retailers. "For some of the medium brands, it'll put pressure on pricing," he says. "For a given item, if there's a sale in one place, there needs to be a sale in a lot of places. For the average consumer, the ability to find high-quality products at a reasonable price is going to mature," he adds.

This is especially true of the growing athleisure category (athletic clothing designed for working out or other activities), as more brands enter the space and competition heats up. According to Quad Analytix, leggings were discounted more in 2016 than in 2015 at retailers such as Bloomingdale's, Macy's, Target, Nordstrom and J.C. Penney, and they were on average about a dollar cheaper in 2016 across the board, though they were more heavily discounted at Bloomingdale's and Macy's. However, the popular Canada-based specialty retailer Lululemon Athletica bucked this trend; its legging prices went up in 2016 by an average of $5, according to Quad Analytix. Amazon holds sway in this category as well. In fact, job postings revealed that the retail giant may be launching its own active wear lines later this year.

3. Grocery store prices: For the first time since 1967, average grocery store prices are declining, according to findings from the USDA. Higher farm production of meat, dairy and eggs create a larger supply of those goods, and lower oil and energy costs have decreased the cost of processing and transporting food, Kuhns explains.

[See: 12 Ways to Be a More Mindful Spender.]

Plus, the strong U.S. dollar means Americans are "able to get a lot of the foods at the grocery store that are imported at a cheaper price," Kuhns says. "That makes our products in the U.S. less desirable to foreign markets and items we'd normally be exporting might stay in the U.S. market, [putting] downward pressure on prices," she adds.

RELATED: 20 unusual ways to make quick money:

20 unusual ways to make quick money
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20 unusual ways to make quick money

Dog-sitting, babysitting, or house-sitting

These jobs are always in high demand, and the best part: you can name your price and create your own schedule! Post an ad on craigslist, or use your friends' and family's connections to get your name out there. 

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Rent out your space 

List your apartment on Airbnb or another rental site, and make some easy cash by staying at a friends and renting out your place for the weekend.

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Share your space

Just as you can rent out your full apartment or house, you can also post a free room (or even just your couch!) on sites like Craigslist or Airbnb. This way you can split your living expenses -- and maybe even make a new friend!

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Sell your body parts

Now here's a weird one: Donate your hair, breast milk, or even plasma for a profit. According to Grifols, if you're healthy and weigh above 110 pounds, you can earn up to $200 a month donating your plasma to life-saving medicine. 

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Sign up to participate in medical tests and clinical trials. 

Universities constantly need volunteers to test new medicines and treatments -- and because the pool of willing participants is limited, there is typically a large compensation for being a guinea pig. 

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Participate in a focus group

Companies and organizations will pay you to join a focus group. These can be conducted in person, online, or via phone. You will most likely be reimbursed in cash or gift cards -- plus, you often get to test out fun new products! 

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Take online surveys

Similar to focus groups, you can get paid to give your time and insights on an online questionairre. Plus, you can do this from the comfort of your couch. 

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Bank on your sperm

Although we don't necessarily recommend this option, there is a very high demand for healthy sperm donors. Keep in mind some of the obvious drawbacks, but sperm donation is non-invasive and highly compensated. 

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Crowdfund your dreams

Crowdfunding allows you to raise monetary contributions from a large group of people who want to support your venture. Post your project or idea on a crowdfund site, like GoFundMe.com, and see the cash pile up.

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Become a tutor

If you're qualified, post an ad online or on a community board to tutor children on their school courses or for the upcoming SATs.

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Get a part-time job

Capitalize your free time (on the weekends or after work hours) by working a part-time job. A bartender, waiter, or Uber driver are all great options for an additional source of income -- and great tips! 

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Resell tickets

Take this suggestion at your own risk: If you're staying within legal limits, buy tickets low and sell high as an effective way to source additional money. (Just make sure to check your state and local laws first!)

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You can sell anything on the internet these days... including your companionship! Get paid to go on a platonic outing for a few hours and enjoy your afternoon with a new friend. 

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Rent out your parking spot

Make sure to check with your landlord first, but if you have the option to park your own car further away, lend or share your parking space or driveway for the hour, day, or even month! 

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Keep a coin jar 

This one takes patience before a big pay out, but keep a spare jar or drawer for loose change that you usually toss anyway. It will keep it all in one place -- and those quarters do add up! 

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Make something to sell 

If you have a knack for arts & crafts, create jewelry or other handmade gifts to sell on sites filled with other thrifty vendors like Etsy

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Sell items online

This effective strategy requires low effort with a high return. Post photos of your used or non-used items on sites like eBay or Craigslist, and let the bidding begin! 

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Have a yard sale

Sell clutter you've been meaning to get rid of right in your front yard. This simple tactic is convenient, and guarantees a wad of cash right to your pocket.  

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Return past purchases

This tip may seem obvious, but is often overlooked: Take your recently-purchased items that are laying around back to the store for either store credit or a full refund. 

Recycle scrap metal and cans

Collect cans and scrap metal out your own garbage, basement, and street and bring to your local recycler to exchange your findings for money.  

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