The US government is expected to forgive $108 billion in student debt

The federal government is expected to forgive at least $108 billion in student debt in the next few years.

An investigation by the Government Accountability Office looked at the steep rise in students opting for income-driven repayment plans, and how much those loans are costing the government.

In case you're not paying for one of these plans yourself, here's how it works: Instead of paying a fixed rate on your student loans, the amount you pay can be capped at 10 percent of your after-tax income.

SEE MORE: There Really Is A 'Right' Way To Pay Off All That Student Loan Debt

Depending on where you work, after 10 to 20 years, whatever debt is left is forgiven.

Of the roughly $350 billion currently owed by people on these income-driven plans, the agency says $108 billion won't be paid off before it's forgiven.

See the most expensive colleges of this year:

Top 10 most expensive colleges (2016-2017)
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Top 10 most expensive colleges (2016-2017)

University of Southern California, $52,217

(Geri Lavrov via Getty Images)

Franklin and Marshall College, $52,290

(Photo by John Greim/LightRocket via Getty Images)

Tufts University, $52,430

(Photo by David L. Ryan/The Boston Globe via Getty Images)

Amherst College, $52,476

(Bob Krist via Getty Images)

University of Chicago, $52,491

(blanscape via Getty Images)

Sarah Lawrence College, $52,550

(Photo by Andrew Lichtenstein/Corbis via Getty Images)

Trinity College, $52,760

(Harvey Meston/Archive Photos/Getty Images)

Harvey Mudd College, $52,916

 (Photo by Ted Soqui/Corbis via Getty Images)

Vassar College, $53,090

Columbia University, $55,056

(tupungato via Getty Images)


That's about 30 percent of the outstanding student debt.

Supporters of income-driven repayment plans say they help those who are unemployed or don't earn high incomes. The Obama administration has tied the plans to a reduction in new graduates defaulting on student loans.

But the Government Accountability Office criticized the Department of Education, saying it underestimated how much these loans would cost the federal government by billions of dollars.

President Barack Obama has called for a limit on how much student debt the government should forgive. But Congress hasn't voted on his proposal.

President-elect Donald Trump has proposed raising payments to 12.5 percent of income. He's also in favor of setting the forgiveness date at 15 years.

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