What to Do When Your Budget Exceeds Your Income

woman looks into a piggy bank....
Every now and then, I'll reach out to the Good Financial Cents community for their input regarding what they'd like to see on the blog.

One person said their biggest financial fear wasn't generating enough income to maintain their current plan. I thought I'd address that fear in this post. After all, that's pretty scary, right?

Imagine not bringing in enough income to pay your bills or those unexpected expenses that come up every so often. Perhaps you don't have to imagine that scenario -- you're living it!

You know exactly what it's like to be late on your bills and have to borrow using credit cards to make ends meet. Whether you're in that scenario or you want to know what to do should you find yourself there, this post is for you.

The Financial Blogger's Conference community provided me with some of their best tips that I'll incorporate into this article. You'll love what they have to say.

Alan Steinborn at DestinationDebtFreedom.com has some important preliminary advice for those who find themselves in this situation:

One important thing is to not be hard on yourself. It doesn't usually help anything, and the truth is that most everyone falls short of their expectations sometimes. Once you have taken a few deep breaths, walked around the block and made a mental list of all that is good in your life, you will have the mental clarity to make some new decisions.

So sit back, don't sweat it and let's figure out what to do when you don't make enough money to fund your budget.

It's All About Income ... or Expenses ... or Both!

When you don't make enough money to fund your budget, there are two areas that often need to be analyzed: your income and expenses. Simple, right? What's simpler is if you have a million dollars -- or some other large amount of money -- sitting in your closet that you forgot about.

If that's the case, you don't have an urgent financial issue and you should probably read this article instead. Assuming you don't have a swimming pool full of dough, you're going to have to work on improving your income, or your expenses, or both. Teresa Mears at LivingontheCheap.com had it right when she said:

You really only have two choices: make more money or spend less.

Bingo. Short and sweet. Lance Cothern at MoneyManifesto.com spells it out for us a bit more:

The first thing you should do is figure out if you have an income problem or a spending problem. If you're only spending on basic essentials and you still don't have enough money to get by, work on finding higher paying work or more hours of work. If you're spending on cell phones, cable TV, and vacations, you may have a spending problem and should work on cutting nonessential expenses until your budget balances or until you can earn more income to cover those luxuries.

Elizabeth Colegrove at ReluctantLandlord.net says that you need to evaluate the issue before you decide what to do:

Evaluate the issue (earning potential or excessive expenses) and create a plan of attack (reduce commuting/housing costs, look for a new job, relocate). It's also important to keep in mind that there will be seasons of feeling or being poor in order to obtain that next goal or milestone (school, graduate school, new job, launching of a new company, etc.).

Kate Dore at CashvilleSkyline.com believes in attacking income or expenses based on what's doable over the long-term:

When you've realized you don't make enough money to fund your budget, you need to make a tough decision. Earn more money by asking for a raise, adding a side hustle, or changing careers -- or trimming the excess expenses, paying off debt, and living on less. What's most important? Making sure the choice is sustainable for you and your family.

Increase Your Income

If you're making minimum wage, I'm sorry, that just won't cut it. Federal minimum wage is currently $7.25 an hour. If you work 40 hours an week every week for a year, that equals only slightly more than $15,000. Weak sauce. Now, it's great if you're just starting fresh out of high school or you need a temporary job to help your family out, but minimum wage shouldn't be a lifelong pursuit. It's good to aim higher. Stefanie O'Connell at TheBrokeandBeautifulLife.com likes to promote making more income:

Make more money! It sounds so common sense, but when you're in the moment and struggling with not having enough, there's a tendency to put so much focus on the lack, that the very practical solution of tackling the other side of the equation -- generating more cashflow -- often gets overlooked.

Reduce Your Expenses

Another approach to ensure you're making enough money to fund your budget is to lower your budget. Jaymee at SmartWomanBlog.com agrees with this approach:

What's one important thing you should do when you don't make enough money to fund your budget? I would audit my expenses -- cut back on what I can or get rid of what I don't need.

Brandon Marcott at EdifyFP.com believes in focusing on reducing expenses as the sole way to ensure you're spending within a budget:

You really need to prioritize the spending items you value most. Is an extra $100 eating out more or less valuable than the $100 you want to save for some future purchase or $100 you want to give to your church or charity? It needs to be focused around your values, otherwise a change in spending habits is hard to stick with. In regards to the idea of "make more money," I find this a complete fallacy. Why? Because oftentimes, as soon as you make more, you find more things to spend it on and you end up in the same predicament. Hence, stick with values spending.

Michelle Schroeder-Gardner at MakingSenseofCents.com believes cutting expenses is the way to go:

One important thing a person would do when they don't make enough money to fund their budget is to find ways to cut their budget. Whether that means cutting something completely out (such as a gym membership), negotiating for a lower rate, or cutting back in an area, something needs to be done so that you can stop living paycheck to paycheck.

Jessica Garbarino at EverySingleDollar.com points out the essence of what it means to cut back expenses:

Get very critical about which budget items are truly "needs" and truly "wants." Start by cutting back on the "wants."

Because the level of necessity of certain budget items are controversial, it's best to ask a few friends to see if you're out of line. This helps when you're looking at, say, your coffee budget: "It's a need! No it's a want! No it's ... ugh I can't decide!" What you're really doing when you're making these "need" and "want" decisions is you're prioritizing. In fact, Jacob Wade at IHeartBudgets.net has a great idea for prioritizing your expenses:

Write out a budget in order of priority (#1 shelter, #2 food, #3 utilities, etc.). Fund each item in order using your income. When the money is gone, draw a hard line. Anything below the line does not get funded. Done.

Great idea Jacob. He goes on to say that finding money-making ideas is a great followup idea:

Part two of this is to research hundreds of ways to make extra money now!Jay Monee's side hustle series is a great place to start.

Agreed. But let's focus on expenses for a moment. What are some expenses that can be cut back? Jeff Fruhwirth at SustainableLifeBlog.com says:

[What do you do] when you don't make enough money to fund your budget? Fix your budget. Get rid of cable TV, change phone plans, sell your car, move to a cheaper place, stop eating out.

Here are some more specific ways to save money:

1. Eye your groceries and cut them back. If you're seeing some chocolate cookies or ice cream in your shopping cart when you're at the grocery store and you're asking yourself, "I wonder how those got there?" I'll tell you: You put them in your shopping cart! Come on! If you're on a tight budget, you don't need that junk food. Instead, try something that will make you more like The Rock: veggies and fruits or lean meats. You get the idea. Believe it or not, you'll probably save money even when eating healthy -- junk food, in my opinion, has the capacity to take up a large portion of your grocery budget. Rosemarie Groner at BusyBudgeter.com agrees that cutting your grocery budget is a great idea:

Cut your grocery budget. It's the easiest place to "find" extra money and depending on what you're spending now, that can free up several hundred dollars. If you eat at home and pack your lunches for work, that can buy you some time to figure out other solutions.

Grocery spending is often identified as impulse spending. That leads me to my next point ...

2. Watch out for other impulse purchases. Grayson Bell at DebtRoundup.com understands the danger of impulse purchases:

Cut the "fat" and rein in the impulse spending. Most people think they don't have enough to fund their budget because their budget is funding lifestyle inflation and "wants." People don't focus much on needs anymore due to our consumer culture. Get really honest with yourself, learn to track every penny, and make changes. If all else fails, get a second job and make more money!

How to Reach Your Goals

Whether you have an income issue, expense issue, or both, there are some tactics you can use to reach your goals. Let's take a look.

1. Find an accountability partner or group. Toni Husbands at DebtFreeDivas.com recognizes the importance of having someone walk through your financial journey with you:

Find an accountability partner or group. Find someone you respect and that is fiscally responsible to talk with about your challenges. Often, an objective, unbiased perspective can help sort through issues to determine if you have a spending problem or making more income is really the best solution. An accountability partner will apply positive peer pressure so you can stick to the goals you've outlined.

2. Stay positive. Mark Greutman at MarkandLaurenG.com advises people to stay positive so they can reach their financial goals:

Keep a positive mindset and recognize this as a temporary situation. If you get used to spending more than you make, you might never get out.

3. Don't panic. Panic can cripple you. Michelle Jackson at ShopMyClosetProject.com understands this:

When you find yourself with more budget than income the first thing you have to do is resist panicking! Panic creates opportunities to make bad decisions. Take a walk outside, clear your head, and with a clear mind look at your overall situation. You'll make better decisions by managing your emotions.

4. Come to terms with your need to change. Making a change isn't always easy -- but sometimes it's necessary. Daniel Zajac at FinanceandFlipFlops.com understands that accepting change is a part of reaching your goals:

When you spending exceeds your budget, the single most important thing you need to do is acknowledge this can't go on forever. Something needs to change. Change might mean reevaluating your budget by giving up a "luxury" such as a coffee or eating out. Other change could be asking for a raise or getting a second job. Once you accept the need for change, you can begin to correct the problem.

5. Tap into your original motivation. Why do people try to save money and make more money? There's always a reason! Johnny at OurFreakingBudget.com says finding your motivation is important when it comes to fixing the problem of overspending or not making enough money:

Take a deep breath and remember why you started a budget in the first place. Whether it was to get or stay out of debt, save for retirement, or put money toward a beach getaway, tap into that motivation and ask yourself, "Is [budgeted expense] more important than my goal?" If you're truly motivated, you'll find or make ways to cut back and/or earn more money.

In order to want to do something, you have to be genuinely motivated. If you don't have a reason to accomplish your goals, you're not going to achieve them.

Concluding Thoughts

As you can see, there are a bunch of suggestions regarding what to do when you don't make enough money to fund your budget.

Some feel cutting expenses is the most important part of the equation, and others feel that raising income is the best way to go. Others advocate both approaches.

So what should you do if you're having this financial problem? Well, that depends on your individual scenario. I would advise you to target the area (income or expenses) that will make the most difference in your life, and then move on to the other one.

If you need to focus raising your income, I have a whole bunch of home-based business ideas in this article: 65 Home Business Ideas You Can Do From Your Kitchen Table.

If you need to focus on cutting your expenses, check out 70 Super Easy and Practical Ways to Save Money.

Need to make money fast? Check out 100 Ways to Make $100 Fast.

Whatever you do, don't make yourself overwhelmed. Pick a couple of things to try out, see how they work for you, and move on to the next ideas once you've exhausted your first ones. Stay motivated, and one morning you'll wake up and discover you have enough money to pay your bills. That's a dream worthy of pursuit!

If you're not going through this financial problem right now, make sure to keep your expenses low and income high. You might be able to avoid having this problem in the future, and you should always try. You're doing great and I encourage you to continue to do so.

How would you or are you dealing with this situation? Leave a comment.
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