Comcast abandoned its $45 billion offer for Time Warner Cable on Friday after U.S. regulator raised concerns that the deal would give Comcast an unfair advantage in the cable TV and Internet-based services market.
The proposed deal had faced criticism from some politicians, media company executives and consumer and industry groups, who had worried it would create a monolith with too much control over what Americans do online and watch on TV.
%VIRTUAL-pullquote-The companies' decision to abandon this deal is the best outcome for American consumers.%"The companies' decision to abandon this deal is the best outcome for American consumers," U.S. Attorney General Eric Holder said in a statement.
Comcast had argued that the deal wouldn't be anti-competitive because the companies had no real geographic overlap. The company had also agreed to divest some assets to help smooth the deal through the regulatory process.
Federal Communications Commission Chairman Tom Wheeler said Friday that the merger would have posed an "unacceptable risk to competition and innovation."
The collapse of the deal is a setback for Comcast Chief Executive Brian Roberts.
"Today, we move on," he said in a statement.
The abandoned deal leaves open the possibility of an offer for Time Warner Cable by John Malone-backed Charter Communications (CHTR), which bid for the company last year.
Charter Communications was also involved in the Comcast-Time Warner Cable deal, having agreed to take on some subscribers divested by the merged company.
Malone, a cable pioneer known as the "cable cowboy," was asked in November whether he would pursue Time Warner Cable if the Comcast deal fell through. "Hell yes," he responded.
"We believe that TWC will get a bid from Charter in the next three months, which we expect to be lower than the market expects," Needham analysts said in a note.
The U.S. cable industry has been rapidly consolidating as it grapples with the rising popularity of satellite TV and Web-based entrants such as Netflix (NFLX).
Time Warner Cable (TWC) shares were up 3 percent in early trading, while Comcast (CMCSK) shares up 0.3 percent. Charter shares were unchanged.
-With additional reporting by Supantha Mukherjee.
6 Ways You Hate Your Cable Provider - and Get Revenge
Comcast, Time Warner Cable Abandon $45 Billion Merger Deal
A handful of companies dominate the cable industry, and two of the biggest, Comcast (CMCSA) and Time Warner Cable (TWC), are planning to merge. Not only is the already shallow pool of cable providers shrinking, but in many areas there are few good substitutes, says Steve Beck, managing partner at cg42, the business consulting group that released a study on dissatisfaction with cable service. Among the study's findings: 73 percent of customers believe their cable provider takes advantage of consumers' lack of choice.
What to do: Bruce Leichtman, a researcher who specializes in the broadband and entertainment industries, says about 9 percent of Americans have access to satellite TV (such as Dish (DISH) and DirecTV (DTV)). About 40 percent have access to so-called overbuilders: noncable providers such as Verizon (V) that launch their own networks in markets where cable networks already exist. Online services such as Netflix (NFLX) and Hulu offer movies and TV shows to subscribers, no cable box required.
A promotional offer can get you phone, TV and Internet service combined for well under $100 a month. But after the promotional period ends, your bill will increase significantly, even though your cable provider continues to advertise the very same cheap deals. As it turns out, those low introductory rates are reserved for new customers only. Existing customers aren't eligible.
What to do: Don't accept the price hike without a fight. You can haggle your way back to promotional-level pricing with a call to your cable company. Tell the phone agent that you'll switch providers if the price isn't lowered, and don't shy away from mentioning a friend who got a better deal on a similar contract. A Kiplinger writer saved $35 a month on cable services alone by negotiating tips.
Consumerist named Comcast the worst company in America for 2014. Time Warner Cable is the lowest-rated provider of subscription TV services among the eight major providers evaluated in the 2014 American Customer Satisfaction Index. Joining Time Warner at the bottom of the rankings are Comcast, Charter Communications (CHTR) and Cox Communications. AT&T (T), DirecTV, Verizon and Dish -- none of which is a typical cable provider -- rank as the top four providers of subscription TV services. Review Web sites such as Yelp (YELP) are riddled with one-star (out of five stars) reviews of cable providers.
What to do: Use your online voice to get the attention of your cable company. Tweeting at your provider is an effective way to shine light on bad customer service and get your problems resolved. Live chats and good old phone calls aren't bad solutions, either. Identify a goal -- "I want a refund" or "I need a repairman now" -- and express it clearly. With a bit of firm politeness (and appreciativeness when the customer service agent comes through), you can get results beyond a simple apology. Tom Karinshak, the executive in charge of customer service at Comcast, says the company has made significant strides, though he admits it still has a ways to go. He says the need to call customer service has declined by 25 percent since 2010 as Comcast has rolled out more choices for customers -- including online account-management and appointment-scheduling tools, smartphone apps and interactive troubleshooting guides.
The explosion of cable networks has taken some of the fun out of channel surfing. Even a basic cable package can feature dozens of channels, while premium packages can run into the hundreds. Yet why should you be forced to pay for Nickelodeon and Sprout when you're childless and really only interested in watching "Cops" reruns on Spike TV? A la carte cable sounds appealing, but be careful what you wish for, says Leichtman. Bundling channels keeps costs down, he says.
What to do: For consumers who want to cut the cable cord and only pay for specific types of programming, set-top boxes and adapters that link your TV directly to online streaming services are an option. Amazon.com (AMZN) recently released Fire TV, a tiny box that connects to your HDTV. The Microsoft's (MSFT) Xbox One and Wii U, Sony's (SNE) PlayStation 4 and Roku also have Web-to-TV streaming capabilities, and each can connect to a variety of programming sources, including Netflix, Hulu, Amazon Instant Video and some sports streaming sites. You have to pay the upfront cost of the box or adapter (usually $30 to $130, but upward of $400 for an up-to-date gaming system) and the subscription fee for the streaming services -- usually less than $10 a month each.
The best prices per service for phone, TV and Internet often come in bundles. If you are in the market for all three, then a "triple play" bundle deal from your cable provider could be the answer. But there's a catch: The rock-bottom prices on bundles often require a two-year agreement, with the cheapest rates only applying to the first 12 months. That means the price can go up for months 13 to 24. Cox, for example, offers a triple-play bundle with a two-year agreement for $90 a month for the first year, but the price jumps to $120 a month the second year. There can be an early termination fee if you opt out before the two years are up.
What to do: Create your own "bundle." There's a good chance you're happy with your cable company's Internet service, considering cable broadband speeds increased 450 percent in 2013 alone, according to the National Cable & Telecommunications Association. If so, keep it and look elsewhere for phone and television services. Unlimited domestic phone service from Web-based Skype, Vonage or Viber ranges from 1.9 cents a minute (Viber Out) to $25 a month (Vonage). Apps allow you to use your computer, tablet or smartphone to make free calls. Streaming services for less than $10 a month each offer access to movies and TV shows. A do-it-yourself bundle that uses Netflix ($8.99 a month) and Hulu Plus ($7.99) for programming, plus Skype for calling (unlimited calls to the U.S. and Canada for $2.99 a month) and Comcast for high-speed Internet service (about $70 when not on promotion) totals about $90 a month. Compare that to $120 (not on promotion) for a comparable triple-play bundle from Comcast.
The base fee you pay for your cable service is just the start. You'll fork over more for extra equipment (digital video recorders, digital adapters, upgraded wireless routers), premium programming (sports packages, movie channels) and premium services (faster Internet connections).
What to do: Do you really need a DVR for every TV in the house, a subscription to the Australian Rules Football network and download speeds better suited for NASA Mission Control than your living room? Probably not. You could save a small fortune simply by paying attention to what you really need and use. Cutting out DVRs and digital adapters on little-used TVs could slash your annual cable bill by $100 or more. Instead, invest in an HD antenna for the spare bedroom. A $40 Mohu Leaf indoor antenna, for example, will grant you access to local channels in high definition without the rental cost of a cable box. Satellite is another cheap option. From Dish, you can get a no-frills plan with about 55 channels for $20 a month during a promotion.