Company growth depends on a healthy economy, which is made possible by embracing immigrants, Caterpillar (CAT) CEO Douglas Oberhelman said Wednesday.
As a growing economy boosts infrastructure, Caterpillar grows. "If you take a road, a pipeline, a bridge, whatever it is, we employ people in our factories to make that equipment. That's what makes us go. We add jobs and we grow that way. And that's a big piece of how we get out of this and raise our economic growth," he said on "Squawk Box."
Speaking from the Business Roundtable summit, Oberhelman also told CNBC that Caterpillar will "get a little healthier next year" but it depends on how well the economy will do. "We have a high correlation of 3 percent growth and job creation. Very simple. Almost in any economy in the world, when we see 3 percent GDP growth, we are adding jobs." If the economy does not grow, the company will be flat and "we've been flat for the last two years in a row."
But in order for the economy to grow, companies must have the ability to recruit the brightest minds in the world, which is only made possible by encouraging immigration.
"We need growth. Look at Japan, no immigration, dropping 20 million people in the next few years, dead economy. These people could help us grow the economy. It's a big piece of what we need to do," he said.
Caterpillar faces challenges in finding qualified people to hire for highly skilled trades such as service technicians. "We bring [immigrants] in here, we educate them, give them internships, co-ops, we send them back home. Five years later, we see these same folks across the table from us with our competitors. I'd like to keep them here," he said.
Oberhelman added that cheap oil is boosting the economy -- arguably more effectively than a Fed stimulus.
"It's a wonderful thing for us if we apply this right. No Federal Reserve bank here, Japan, China, could drop a stimulus package in our laps like the oil price drop," he said.
"Lower energy and inexpensive energy made this country what it is. We had the most abundant energy sources for 100 years. I would like to say we have a renaissance of manufacturing ahead of us as this comes back."
9 Numbers That'll Tell You How the Economy's Really Doing
Caterpillar CEO: Immigration Key to Economic Growth
The gross domestic product measures the level of economic activity within a country. To figure the number, the Bureau of Economic Analysis combines the total consumption of goods and services by private individuals and businesses; the total investment in capital for producing goods and services; the total amount spent and consumed by federal, state, and local government entities; and total net exports. It's important, because it serves as the primary gauge of whether the economy is growing or not. Most economists define a recession as two or more consecutive quarters of shrinking GDP.
The CPI measures current price levels for the goods and services that Americans buy. The Bureau of Labor Statistics collects price data on a basket of different items, ranging from necessities like food, clothing and housing to more discretionary expenses like eating out and entertainment. The resulting figure is then compared to those of previous months to determine the inflation rate, which is used in a variety of ways, including cost-of-living increases for Social Security and other government benefits.
The unemployment rate measures the percentage of workers within the total labor force who don't have a job, but who have looked for work in the past four weeks, and who are available to work. Those temporarily laid off from their jobs are also included as unemployed. Yet as critical as the figure is as a measure of how many people are out of work and therefore suffering financial hardship from a lack of a paycheck, one key item to note about the unemployment rate is that the number does not reflect workers who have stopped looking for work entirely. It's therefore important to look beyond the headline numbers to see whether the overall workforce is growing or shrinking.
The trade deficit measures the difference between the value of a nation's imported and exported goods. When exports exceed imports, a country runs a trade surplus. But in the U.S., imports have exceeded exports consistently for decades. The figure is important as a measure of U.S. competitiveness in the global market, as well as the nation's dependence on foreign countries.
Each month, the Bureau of Economic Analysis measures changes in the total amount of income that the U.S. population earns, as well as the total amount they spend on goods and services. But there's a reason we've combined them on one slide: In addition to being useful statistics separately for gauging Americans' earning power and spending activity, looking at those numbers in combination gives you a sense of how much people are saving for their future.
Consumers play a vital role in powering the overall economy, and so measures of how confident they are about the economy's prospects are important in predicting its future health. The Conference Board does a survey asking consumers to give their assessment of both current and future economic conditions, with questions about business and employment conditions as well as expected future family income.
The health of the housing market is closely tied to the overall direction of the broader economy. The S&P/Case-Shiller Home Price Index, named for economists Karl Case and Robert Shiller, provides a way to measure home prices, allowing comparisons not just across time but also among different markets in cities and regions of the nation. The number is important not just to home builders and home buyers, but to the millions of people with jobs related to housing and construction.
Most economic data provides a backward-looking view of what has already happened to the economy. But the Conference Board's Leading Economic Index attempts to gauge the future. To do so, the index looks at data on employment, manufacturing, home construction, consumer sentiment, and the stock and bond markets to put together a complete picture of expected economic conditions ahead.