Hate paying taxes? Then consider a home on the range, and keep as far away from New York as possible.
The tax burden the average American pays varies tremendously, and depends a lot on where you live, according to a study by financial social media company WalletHub.
The study ranked all 50 states and the District of Columbia.
An American making the median national income, driving an average car and living in the median-priced home could end up paying either 60 percent less or almost 40 percent more than the national average, based only on the state one calls home.
The study's analysts created a profile of the "average American" based on median income ($65,596), median home price ($174,600) and other data, %VIRTUAL-article-sponsoredlinks%and then calculated how much the person would spend on taxes living in every state. It drew on data from several sources, including the Census Bureau, the Internal Revenue Service, the Tax Foundation, and even the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (for taxes paid on liquor).
Wyoming had the lowest taxes for residents. That state's taxpayers shell out 66 percent less than the national median. Alaska came in closely behind, and Nevada rounded out the top three.
On the other hand, New York ranked dead last -- its residents pay 39 percent above the national average. California is right behind at 37 percent above the average, followed by Nebraska's 36 percent.
The study accounts for everything from income taxes to alcohol and vehicle taxes, so individual results may vary. Higher taxes can also mean more social services and benefits for residents, so their impact on metrics like quality of life and social mobility may make the expense worth it.
Retirement account contributions serve two purposes. Most contributions (except the Roth Individual Retirement Account) allow you to deduct from your taxable income the amount paid into the retirement account. This reduces your total taxable income. Further these funds grow tax free until retirement. If you start early, this strategy alone can secure your retirement.
Contribute to a health savings account if you have a high-deductible medical plan. The contributions unused for medical expenses can roll over indefinitely and grow tax-free (similar to the assets in a retirement account).
Reduce vacation costs by deducting the percent of the unreimbursed expenses spent on business from the total costs. This could include airfare and part of hotel bill (proportionate to time spent on business activities).
4. Don't be afraid to take the home office deduction, if you work for yourself or have a side business. This deduction allows you to deduct the percent of your home which is used for your business (on Schedule C, 1040). If the guest bedroom is used exclusively for a home office, and constitutes one-fifth of your apartment's living space, you can deduct one-fifth of rent and utility fees for your home office.
Self-employed individuals (either full-time or part-time) are eligible for scores of tax deductions. A few of those expenses include business related vehicle mileage, shipping, advertising, website fees, percent of home internet charges used for business, professional publications, dues, memberships, business-related travel, office supplies and any expenses incurred in order to run your business.
Self-employed individuals who pay 100 percent of their Social Security taxes owed (at a rate of 15.3 percent) can deduct 50 percent of the taxes paid. You don't even need to itemize to claim this tax deduction.
There is one more big-time deduction for those who are self-employed or have a side business. In 2013, you're eligible for "bonus depreciation" of 50 percent. This means that you can write off 50 percent of the cost of new equipment purchased instead of writing it off over many years.
Unreimbursed vehicle expenses are another frequently overlooked tax break. You can't deduct commuting costs, but if you travel to satellite offices or drive your own vehicle for business and aren't reimbursed, you can deduct mileage costs.
Tax credits are great, because they are deducted from the tax owed. American Opportunity Tax Credit is available for all for years of college. You receive a tax credit on 100 percent of the first $2,000 spent on qualifying college expenses and 25 percent of the next $2,000 for a maximum of $2,500 per student. That's $2,500 deducted from the amount of tax owed (as long as you meet certain income regarding school courses that improve job skills).
The Lifetime Learning Credit is great for adults boosting their education and training. This credit is worth a maximum of $2,000 per year (up to 20 percent of up to $10,000 spent on post-high school education) and helps pay for college and educational expenses that improve your job skills.
The Earned Income Tax Credit lowers the overall tax bill for low and moderate-income working families.
The state sales tax break gives itemizers the chance to either deduct state income or state sales taxes paid. This benefit is great if you live in a state without income taxes.
Investors, when calculating the cost basis after selling a financial asset, should make sure to add in all of the reinvested dividends. That increases the cost basis and reduces your capital gain when you sell the investment.
Charitable deductions are often overlooked. Include payroll deductions (such as the United Way), checks, cash and donations of goods and clothing.
If you are an adult child who is not claimed as a dependent by your parents, here is a possible tax break for you. If your parents pay back your student loans, the IRS assumes the money was given to the child, who then repaid the debt. Thus the young adult child can deduct up to $2,500 of student loan interest paid by their parents.
I remember tallying job hunting costs to deduct from my meager tax bill in the past. If you're looking for a job in the same field, you can deduct all related expenses as miscellaneous expenses if you itemize (and they must pass a 2 percent threshold). You can deduct these expenses even if you didn't find a new job.
Are you in the military reserves, such as the National Guard? If you travel more than 100 miles from home and need to be away overnight, then you can deduct lodging and one half the cost of meals while you are away. Of course, you can also deduct mileage costs as well.
Most real estate agents and brokers receive income in the form of commissions from sales transactions. You're generally not considered an employee under federal tax guidelines, but rather a self-employed sole proprietor, even if you're an agent or broker working for a real estate brokerage firm. This self-employed status allows you to deduct many of the expenses you incur in your real estate sales or property management activities. Careful record keeping and knowing your eligible write-offs are key to getting all of the tax deductions you're entitled to.
The Educator Expense Tax Deduction allows teachers and certain academic administrators to deduct a portion of the costs of technology, supplies, and certain training. Here’s what teachers need to know about taking the Educator Expense Deduction on their tax returns.
Have you been self-employed less than a year? If you’re just starting out, it’s possible you worked at a job earlier in the tax year before making the switch to self-employment, or you’re working multiple jobs. In this case, you may have more than once source of income you’ll need to report on your income tax return.
Heading off to college to broaden your horizons is exciting, but funding your education via scholarships? That's even better. Scholarships often provide a path to education that might not be feasible otherwise, which is why the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) can be generous in minimizing students' tax obligations. But sometimes scholarship money does count as income, and it’s better to find out now if your scholarship adds to your tax liability than to have a surprise later. Here’s how to decode your scholarship taxation.