For renters sitting on the sidelines trying to decide whether to take the leap into homeownership, the move is still in their favor.
A recent report from Trulia shows that buying a home is 38 percent cheaper than renting in all 100 large U.S. metro markets. But the gap is narrowing as home prices and mortgage rates rise -- last year it was 44 percent cheaper to buy across the nation.
"Mortgage rates are still very low by historical standards, and prices increased a lot in 2013 and will continue to do so this year, but you have to remember they're climbing from such a low level," says Jed Kolko, chief economist for real estate website Trulia (TRLA).
The savings of buying over renting vary across the country: In Honolulu, it's 5 percent cheaper to buy and in Detroit it's 66 percent cheaper to become a homeowner. %VIRTUAL-article-sponsoredlinks%To compare costs, Trulia assumed a 4.5 percent mortgage rate on a 30-year fixed-rate loan with 20 percent down and certain tax deductions. If home prices continue to outpace rent prices and mortgage rates increase, Honolulu will be the first market to tip to favor renters, according to the report.
There are areas within the metros where renting is cheaper, specifically Manhattan and San Francisco. In Manhattan, it's 17 percent more expensive to buy this winter, compared to 6 percent from the same period last year. In San Francisco, it's 25 percent cheaper to rent than buy, an increase from 16 percent.
"It's not because rents are low, it's because there is very little inventory," Kolko explains. "The median asking price for a home in Manhattan is above $1.5 million, but rents are still very high in the city as well."
Home prices rose 12 percent in 2013, and are expected to continue to climb this year, but at a slower pace. Uncertainty about home price appreciation can eventually make buying the more expensive option.
Kolko expects home prices to rise this year, but not as much as last year's double-digit growth. "I expect mortgage rates to also rise, so the gap between buying and renting should continue to narrow."
9 Numbers That'll Tell You How the Economy's Really Doing
It's Still Cheaper to Buy than Rent -- for Now
The gross domestic product measures the level of economic activity within a country. To figure the number, the Bureau of Economic Analysis combines the total consumption of goods and services by private individuals and businesses; the total investment in capital for producing goods and services; the total amount spent and consumed by federal, state, and local government entities; and total net exports. It's important, because it serves as the primary gauge of whether the economy is growing or not. Most economists define a recession as two or more consecutive quarters of shrinking GDP.
The CPI measures current price levels for the goods and services that Americans buy. The Bureau of Labor Statistics collects price data on a basket of different items, ranging from necessities like food, clothing and housing to more discretionary expenses like eating out and entertainment. The resulting figure is then compared to those of previous months to determine the inflation rate, which is used in a variety of ways, including cost-of-living increases for Social Security and other government benefits.
The unemployment rate measures the percentage of workers within the total labor force who don't have a job, but who have looked for work in the past four weeks, and who are available to work. Those temporarily laid off from their jobs are also included as unemployed. Yet as critical as the figure is as a measure of how many people are out of work and therefore suffering financial hardship from a lack of a paycheck, one key item to note about the unemployment rate is that the number does not reflect workers who have stopped looking for work entirely. It's therefore important to look beyond the headline numbers to see whether the overall workforce is growing or shrinking.
The trade deficit measures the difference between the value of a nation's imported and exported goods. When exports exceed imports, a country runs a trade surplus. But in the U.S., imports have exceeded exports consistently for decades. The figure is important as a measure of U.S. competitiveness in the global market, as well as the nation's dependence on foreign countries.
Each month, the Bureau of Economic Analysis measures changes in the total amount of income that the U.S. population earns, as well as the total amount they spend on goods and services. But there's a reason we've combined them on one slide: In addition to being useful statistics separately for gauging Americans' earning power and spending activity, looking at those numbers in combination gives you a sense of how much people are saving for their future.
Consumers play a vital role in powering the overall economy, and so measures of how confident they are about the economy's prospects are important in predicting its future health. The Conference Board does a survey asking consumers to give their assessment of both current and future economic conditions, with questions about business and employment conditions as well as expected future family income.
The health of the housing market is closely tied to the overall direction of the broader economy. The S&P/Case-Shiller Home Price Index, named for economists Karl Case and Robert Shiller, provides a way to measure home prices, allowing comparisons not just across time but also among different markets in cities and regions of the nation. The number is important not just to home builders and home buyers, but to the millions of people with jobs related to housing and construction.
Most economic data provides a backward-looking view of what has already happened to the economy. But the Conference Board's Leading Economic Index attempts to gauge the future. To do so, the index looks at data on employment, manufacturing, home construction, consumer sentiment, and the stock and bond markets to put together a complete picture of expected economic conditions ahead.