'Bad Moms' to 'Jason Bourne': Which 2016 films pass (or flunk) the sexism test?

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THR recently gave the 25 top-grossing films of 2016 the Bechdel-Wallace Test. What's that? It's a quiz developed in 1985 by graphic novelist Alison Bechdel and her friend Liz Wallace that reveals just how sexist (or not) any given work of fiction might be. To pass, the work simply has to affirmatively answer three questions: 1. Does it have more than two female characters (with names) in it? 2. Do those characters engage in a conversation with each other? 3. And is that conversation about anything other than a man? Shockingly (or not), only about half the movies we tested passed.

THE RESULTS

Pass! (achieved all three things)

• Ghostbusters
• The Conjuring 2
• Bad Moms
• Zootopia
• Sausage Party
• Finding Dory
• Suicide Squad
• Trolls
• Captain America: Civil War
• Batman v. Superman
• X-Men: Apocalypse
• Independence Day: Resurgence
• Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them

See photos of the "Ghostbusters" all-female cast:

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Ghostbusters female cast
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Ghostbusters female cast
LOS ANGELES, CA - JANUARY 11: 72nd ANNUAL GOLDEN GLOBE AWARDS -- Pictured: Actress Melissa McCarthy arrives to the 72nd Annual Golden Globe Awards held at the Beverly Hilton Hotel on January 11, 2015. (Photo by: Christopher Polk/NBC/NBCU Photo Bank)
PARK CITY, UT - JANUARY 24: Actress Kristen Wiig appears onstage at the Power Of Story Panel: Serious Ladies during the 2015 Sundance Film Festival at the Egyptian Theatre on January 24, 2015 in Park City, Utah. (Photo by Sonia Recchia/Getty Images for Sundance)
SATURDAY NIGHT LIVE -- 'Kevin Hart' Episode 1673 -- Pictured: (l-r) Kate McKinnon as Mrs. Santini and Colin Jost during Weekend Update on January 17, 2015 -- (Photo by: Dana Edelson/NBC/NBCU Photo Bank via Getty Images)
SATURDAY NIGHT LIVE -- 'Blake Shelton' Episode 1674 -- Pictured: Kate McKinnon during the 'Wishing Boot' skit on January 24, 2015 -- (Photo by: Dana Edelson/NBC/NBCU Photo Bank via Getty Images)
SATURDAY NIGHT LIVE -- 'Martin Freeman' Episode 1671 -- Pictured: (l-r) Leslie Jones as Alberta, Beck Bennett and Martin Freeman as Ian during the 'Wedding Objections' skit on December 13, 2014 -- (Photo by: Dana Edelson/NBC/NBCU Photo Bank via Getty Images)
SATURDAY NIGHT LIVE -- 'Blake Shelton' Episode 1674 -- Pictured: (l-r) Blake Shelton and Leslie Jones during the 'Farm Hunk' skit on January 24, 2015 -- (Photo by: Dana Edelson/NBC/NBCU Photo Bank via Getty Images)
SATURDAY NIGHT LIVE -- 'James Franco' Episode 1670 -- Pictured: (l-r) Relationship Expert Leslie Jones and Colin Jost during Weekend Update on December 6, 2014 -- (Photo by: Dana Edelson/NBC/NBCU Photo Bank via Getty Images)
SATURDAY NIGHT LIVE -- Season: 40 -- Pictured: Leslie Jones -- (Photo by: Mary Ellen Matthews/NBC/NBCU Photo Bank via Getty Images)
los angeles aug 12 leslie...
GHOSTBUSTERS 1984 Columbia/Delphi film
GHOSTBUSTERS 1984 Columbia/Delphi film with from left Bill Murray, Dan Aykroyd and Harold Ramis
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GHOSTBUSTERS 1984 Columbia film
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GHOSTBUSTERS 1984 Columbia/Delphi film with Dan Aykroyd
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GHOSTBUSTERS (1984) BILL MURRAY, HAROLD RAMIS, DAN AYKROYD GHB 046 L
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Ghostbusters 2 Ghostbusters Ii. Szene *** Local Caption *** 1989 --
GHOSTBUSTERS (1984) DAN AYKROYD, BILL MURRAY GHB 026
GHOSTBUSTERS 1984 Columbia/Delphi film with Sigourney Weaver and Bill Murray behind her
Universal Studios Ghost Busters Emblem on the door of the Ghostbusters car during the New Years Day Parade London.
NOVI, MI - MAY 16: Actor Ernie Hudson from the Ghostbusters series of films attends day 1 of the 25th annual Motor City Comic Con at Suburban Collection Showplace on May 16, 2014 in Novi, Michigan. (Photo by Paul Warner/Getty Images)
NOVI, MI - MAY 16: Actor Ernie Hudson from the Ghostbusters series of films attends day 1 of the 25th annual Motor City Comic Con at Suburban Collection Showplace on May 16, 2014 in Novi, Michigan. (Photo by Paul Warner/Getty Images)
LOS ANGELES, CA - DECEMBER 13: (L-R) Jason Reitman, Mae Whitman, Paul Rust, Kristen Bell, Seth Rogen, Jack Black, Rainn Wilson, Phil LaMarr, Paul Scheer and Kevin Pollak attend the Film Independent At LACMA - 'Ghostbusters' Live Read at Bing Theatre At LACMA on December 13, 2012 in Los Angeles, California. (Photo by Jonathan Leibson/WireImage)
Ghostbuster proton packs
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Lego Ghostbusters
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GHOSTBUSTERS II (1989) BILL MURRAY, ERNIE HUDSON, DAN AYKROYD, HAROLD RAMIS GB2 024
GHOSTBUSTERS II (1989) PETER MacNICOL, BILL MURRAY, ERNIE HUDSON, DAN AYKROYD GB2 014
GHOSTBUSTERS II 1989 Columbia TriStar film
GHOSTBUSTERS II (1989) ERNIE HUDSON, HAROLD RAMIS, SIGOURNEY WEAVER, BILL MURRAY, DAN AYKROYD GB2 001
GHOSTBUSTERS (1984) HAROLD RAMIS, DAN AYKROYD, BILL MURRAY GHB 013
GHOSTBUSTERS (1984) ERNIE HUDSON, BILL MURRAY, DAN AYKROYD, HAROLD RAMIS GHB 001P L
GHOSTBUSTERS (1984) SIGOURNEY WEAVER, RICK MORANIS GHB 001
GHOSTBUSTERS II (1989) DAN AYKROYD, HAROLD RAMIS, BILL MURRAY GB2 052 D
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GHOSTBUSTERS (1984) SIGOURNEY WEAVER GHB 028
GHOSTBUSTERS (1984) ANNIE POTTS, HAROLD RAMIS, RICK MORANIS GHB 033
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Ghostbusters 2 Ghostbusters Ii. Dr. Spengler (Harold Ramis,l), Dr. Stantz (Dan Aykroyd,m) und Winston Zeddemore (Ernie
New York Fire Station 2014
Ghostbusters 2 Ghostbusters Ii. Ernie Hudson, Dan Aykroyd, Bill Murray *** Local Caption *** 1989 --
Universal Studios Ghost Busters Emblem on the door of the Ghostbusters car during the New Years Day Parade London.
Exterior view of the iconic Ghostbusters firehouse from the film franchise in New York City, NY, USA.
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Incomplete (achieved only two out of three)

• The Secret Life of Pets

Read more: Hollywood's 50 Favorite Female Characters

Fail (achieved only one out of three)

• Doctor Strange
• The Angry Birds Movie
• Sully
• Central Intelligence
• Kung Fu Panda 3
• Star Trek Beyond
• Jason Bourne
• Deadpool
• The Jungle Book

Seriously? (achieved none)

• The Magnificent Seven
• The Legend of Tarzan

This story first appeared in the 2016 Women in Entertainment Power 100 issue of The Hollywood Reporter magazine. To receive the magazine, click here to subscribe.


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