#PanamaPapers breaks the Internet with revelations of global corruption

Massive Document Leak Reveals Offshore Accounts Linked to World Leaders

A year-long investigation by global journalists has revealed how a network of rich and powerful world leaders use offshore tax havens to hide their vast wealth, launder money, dodge sanctions and evade taxes despite legal requirements in place that should prevent exactly those things from occurring.

Dubbed the Panama Papers, 11 million encrypted internal documents — 2.6 terabytes worth — from Panamanian law firm Mossack Fonseca shine a light on secret offshore holdings from 128 politicians and public officials across the globe, including 12 current and former world leaders.

Dealing in offshore business is not illegal. But the use of offshore tax havens by heads of state and top officials raises serious questions.

The files expose how associates of Russian President Vladimir Putin secretly shuffled as much as $2 billion through banks and shadow companies at his behest.

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#PanamaPapers breaks the Internet with revelations of global corruption
Russian President Vladimir Putin holds a glass of champagne after a state awards ceremony at the Kremlin in Moscow, on March 10, 2016. AFP PHOTO / POOL / PAVEL GOLOVKIN / AFP / POOL / PAVEL GOLOVKIN (Photo credit should read PAVEL GOLOVKIN/AFP/Getty Images)
MOSCOW, RUSSIA. MARCH 1, 2016. Russia's president Vladimir Putin at the 7th congress of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of the Russian Federation (CCI). Mikhail Metzel/TASS (Photo by Mikhail Metzel\TASS via Getty Images)
Russian President Vladimir Putin (R) and Defence Minister Sergei Shoigu leave Moscow's Red Square on May 9, 2015 after the Victory Day military parade. Russian President Vladimir Putin presides over a huge Victory Day parade celebrating the 70th anniversary of the Soviet win over Nazi Germany, amid a Western boycott of the festivities over the Ukraine crisis. AFP PHOTO / KIRILL KUDRYAVTSEV (Photo credit should read KIRILL KUDRYAVTSEV/AFP/Getty Images)
Russian President Vladimir Putin (R) speaks with the leader of Georgia's breakaway province of South Ossetia Leonid Tibilov during a meeting at the Kremlin in Moscow on June 1, 2015. AFP PHOTO / POOL / IVAN SEKRETAREV (Photo credit should read IVAN SEKRETAREV/AFP/Getty Images)
BUDAPEST, HUNGARY - FEBRUARY 17: Russian President Vladimir Putin (C) looks on as Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban kisses the hand of a member of the Russian delegation during a signing ceremony of several agreements between the two countries on February 17, 2015 in Budapest, Hungary. Putin is in Budapest on a one-day visit, his first visit to an EU-member country since he attended ceremonies marking the 70th anniversary of the D-Day invasions in France in June, 2014. (Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images)
Russian President Vladimir Putin (R) meets with Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi at the Kremlin in Moscow on May 21, 2015. AFP PHOTO / POOL / KIRILL KUDRYAVTSEV (Photo credit should read KIRILL KUDRYAVTSEV/AFP/Getty Images)
SOCHI, RUSSIA - MARCH 16: Russia President Vladimir Putin waves during the Sochi 2014 Paralympic Winter Games Closing Ceremony at Fisht Olympic Stadium on March 16, 2014 in Sochi, Russia. (Photo by Dennis Grombkowski/Getty Images)
Russian President Vladimir Putin gestures as he speaks during a joint news conference with Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe in Tokyo, Japan, December 16, 2016. REUTERS/Alexander Zemlianichenko/Pool

They reveal offshore companies controlled by the prime ministers of Iceland and Pakistan, the king of Saudi Arabia and the children of the president of Azerbaijan.

They show secret offshore companies linked to the families and associates of Egypt's former president Hosni Mubarak, Libya's former leader Muammar Gaddafi and Syria's president Bashar al-Assad.

They highlight how Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko increased his wealth after being elected in 2014 and while his soldiers were dying in eastern Ukraine.

In all, they include at least 33 people and companies blacklisted by the U.S. government due to evidence that they've done business with Mexican drug lords, extremist organizations like Hezbollah or rogue nations like North Korea and Iran.

The investigation marks one of the biggest leaks in journalistic history.

NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden on Twitter called the disclosure "the biggest leak in the history of journalism."

Within minutes of the documents' release at 2 p.m. EST, #PanamaPapers was trending on Twitter.

The Mossack Fonseca documents were first leaked to German newspaper Süddeutsche Zeitung more than a year ago. Investigative journalists in countries around the word have been sifting through them ever since.

"The source wanted neither financial compensation nor anything else in return, apart from a few security measures," Süddeutsche Zeitung said of its confidential source. The newspaper shared the documents with the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ) and the Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project (OCCRP). The organization then launched a global reporting effort involving 107 media organizations in 78 countries.

This video report tells how the investigation was carried out.

Eastern European leaders, specifically, Putin and Poroshenko, feature prominently in the documents. But the leaks also tie several other leaders, including Iceland's prime minister, to secret offshore companies.

Confronted about the connection to an offshore tax haven ahead of the documents' release, Gunnlaugsson walked out on journalists during an interview.

ICIJ explains the revelations this way:

The Panama Papers' biggest revelations

  • Putin's close friend and godfather to his child, concert cellist Sergei Roldugin, agreed to be a front for the Russian president to launder $2 billion to offshore accounts. They also reveal that Putin's friends and associates have made millions from their association with the president. The operation was run by Bank Rossiya, which is under American and European sanctions following Moscow's annexation of Crimea.

  • Poroshenko became the sole shareholder in an offshore British Virgin Islands company while his army was surrounded and hundreds of troops were slaughtered by Russian forces in the eastern town of Ilovaisk in August 2014.

  • Iceland's prime minister, found to be using offshore tax havens, this week could face calls in parliament for a snap election after the leaks came to light.

The Kremlin and other administrations were not available for comment on Sunday. Poroshenko's office told Mashable a statement would not be released until Monday.

Mossack Fonseca in a statement insisted it has complied with all laws and regulations.

"For 40 years Mossack Fonseca has operated beyond reproach in our home country and in other jurisdictions where we have operations," the law firm said in a statement. "Our firm has never been accused or charged in connection with criminal wrongdoing."

Due to the hyped rollout on social media by OCCRP and ICIJ in the days leading up to the documents' release, and the revelations themselves, the Internet responded to the news as it often does — with memes.

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