A lake twice the size of Los Angeles has evaporated -- and it may never return

The Second Largest Lake In Bolivia Has Dried Up
Fish skeletons, dead birds, and fishing boast sit rest abandoned on the desiccated stretch of land that was once the second largest lake in Bolivia. Lake Poopó is now practically bone dry, leaving species decimated and hundreds of people without jobs.

The lake—once twice the size of Los Angeles—has shrunk down to just two percent of its previous size, the Associated Press reports. It was officially declared evaporated in December.

Officials cite a drought fueled by El Niño weather patterns as the primary culprit for the lake's disappearance. Located in the semi-arid Andean plains at 12,000 feet above sea level, the 977 square mile lake has dried up and rebounded in the past. But this time, experts don't believe it will recover.

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"I don't think we'll be seeing the azure mirror of Poopó again," Milton Perez, a Universidad Tecnica researcher, told the AP. "I think we've lost it."

That's because El Niño weather events are becoming stronger and more frequent due to rising global temperatures, leaving the lake little time replenish itself after a dry season. "It's only going to get worse," Perez noted. The area has seen a temperature increase of .9 degrees Celsius over the past 60 years, causing water from the lake to evaporate roughly three times as fast, according to Perez.

As the water has disappeared so have the people who depended on the lake as a source of livelihood. More than half of the people living in nearby village Untavi have left in the past three years.

While climate change has fueled the lake's disappearance, locals also point to the government's mismanagement of water sources.

Much of Lake Poopó's water came from the Desaguadero River, which has been diverted for mining and agriculture. In recent years, the flow of water into the Lake Poopó fell to a trickle.

"Something could have been done to prevent the disaster," Angel Flores, the head of a local group attempting to save the lake, told the AP. "Mining companies have been diverting water since 1982."

Government officials dismiss this claim, and say climate change is the primary cause of the lake's disappearance but are still hopeful Lake Poopó will once bounce back one more time. Bolivian officials have requested $140 million in aid from the European Union in hopes of replenishing the lake.

The drought crisis is closer to home than Bolivia, too:
Millions Of CA Trees Face An Existential Threat Due To Long DroughtRelated stories on TakePart:
El Niño's Effect on Marine Life Goes Beyond Sea Snakes on a Beach
The Discovery of a Tiny Frog in Remote Bolivia Could Be the First of Big Wildlife Finds
Drought and Heat Are More Damaging to Food Production Than Floods and Frost
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