Neighbor of San Bernardino gunman indicted on terrorism charge

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San Bernardino Shooter's Friend Arrested, Facing Multiple Terrorism Charges


LOS ANGELES, Dec 30 (Reuters) - A former neighbor who prosecutors say supplied assault rifles to the couple who massacred 14 people at a county office building in San Bernardino, California, was indicted on Wednesday on charges of conspiring to provide material support to terrorists.

See also: Calif. shooter's spouse visa approved despite questions

Enrique Marquez, 24, was charged with conspiring with San Bernardino gunman Syed Rizwan Farook in 2011 and 2012 to support a terrorist attack that was never carried out.

Farook and his wife, Tashfeen Malik, stormed into a holiday party attended by his co-workers at a San Bernardino County social services agency and opened fire on Dec. 2, killing 14 people and wounding 22 others.

Photos of Enrique Marquez:

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San Bernardino Neighbor who bought guns, Enrique Marquez
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Neighbor of San Bernardino gunman indicted on terrorism charge
RIVERSIDE, CA - DECEMBER 5: A broken garage and window are seen after law enforcement officials raided the Riverside home of Enrique Marquez, who lived next door to an old address of shooter Syed Farook, overnight in Riverside, CA on Saturday, December 05, 2015. Two of the highly modified assault weapons had been purchased by a third party suspected to be Marquez. A heavily armed man and woman opened fire Wednesday on a holiday banquet for his co-workers, killing multiple people and seriously wounding others in a precision assault, authorities said. Hours later, they died in a shootout with police. (Photo by Jabin Botsford/The Washington Post via Getty Images)
RIVERSIDE, CA - DECEMBER 5: A sign is seen in the front yard after law enforcement officials raided the Riverside home of Enrique Marquez, who lived next door to an old address of shooter Syed Farook, overnight in Riverside, CA on Saturday, December 05, 2015. Two of the highly modified assault weapons had been purchased by a third party suspected to be Marquez. A heavily armed man and woman opened fire Wednesday on a holiday banquet for his co-workers, killing multiple people and seriously wounding others in a precision assault, authorities said. Hours later, they died in a shootout with police. (Photo by Jabin Botsford/The Washington Post via Getty Images)
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Authorities have said that the couple were inspired by Islamic extremism, calling it the deadliest such attack on U.S. soil since Sept. 11, 2001.

Marquez was also accused in the indictment, which was handed down in U.S. District Court in Los Angeles, of lying to federal authorities about the purchase of two assault rifles that were used by Farook and his wife in the San Bernardino shooting rampage.

Marquez is also charged with entering into a sham marriage with a Russian woman in Farook's extended family so that she could live in the United States.

The indictment supersedes a criminal complaint containing similar charges that was filed against Marquez earlier this month and allows prosecutors to proceed to trial without holding a lengthy evidentiary hearing first.

Marquez is being held without bail on those charges.

"Defendant Marquez's extensive plotting with Syed Rizwan Farook in 2011 and 2012, and his purchase of explosive powder and two firearms, provided the foundation for the murders that occurred this month," U.S. Attorney Eileen Decker said in a written statement.

"This indictment is the result of sustained and coordinated efforts by many federal and state prosecutors, agents and officers, and I thank them for their efforts," Decker said.

Prosecutors say Farook and Marquez met in 2004 when they became neighbors in Riverside, California and that Farook introduced the younger man to radical Islamic theology.

See photos from the case:

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San Bernardino active shooter, scene and police operations
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Neighbor of San Bernardino gunman indicted on terrorism charge
REDLANDS, CA - DECEMBER 2: A SWAT team member stands watch with a rifle pointed at a home being investigated by police is shown after a mass shooting at the Inland Regional Center in San Bernardino December 2, 2105 in Redlands, California. Multiple fatalities and injuries were reported in the shooting (Photo by Marcus Yam/Los Angeles Times via Getty Images)
Law enforcement officers investigate a suspicious bag, later found not to be a threat, on Victoria Avenue after a mass shooting at the Inland Regional Center on Wednesday, December 2, 2015 in San Bernardino, California. At least 14 people were killed in a gun attack on a holiday party, triggering a massive manhunt that ended when police shot dead two heavily armed suspects -- a man and a woman -- on a quiet residential street. AFP PHOTO / PATRICK T. FALLON / AFP / Patrick T. Fallon (Photo credit should read PATRICK T. FALLON/AFP/Getty Images)
SAN BERNARDINO, USA - DECEMBER 02: Yellow stripe is seen as the US Security Forces secure the area following a shooting that killed multiple people at a social services center for the disabled in San Bernardino, California of United States on December 02, 2015. Two suspects in a deadly mass shooting that killed 14 victims at a social services facility in California were killed after a confrontation with police, authorities said Wednesday. The initial shooting occurred earlier Wednesday when at least one shooter opened fire in San Bernardino at the Inland Regional Center, which provides services to persons with developmental disabilities and their families. At least 17 others were injured. (Photo by Mintaha Neslihan Eroglu/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images)
SAN BERNARDINO, CA - DECEMBER 2: A police officer officer guards a police line as officers prepare to raid the home of one or more suspects of a mass shooting at the Inland Regional Center by multiple gunmen on December 2, 2015 near San Bernardino, California. Police continue to investigate the shooting that left at least 14 people dead and another 17 injured. (Photo by David McNew/Getty Images)
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SAN BERNARDINO, CA - DECEMBER 2: Police place a marker along E. San Bernardino Ave. where a shootout occurred December 2, 2015 in San Bernardino, California. Multiple fatalities and injuries were reported as police search for suspects still at large. (Photo by Rick Loomis/Los Angeles Times via Getty Images)
Armed police personnel walk along closed off streets in the San Bernardino neighborhood near the intersection of Richardson and Gould where a house was searched on December 2, 2015. A man and a woman suspected of carrying out a deadly shooting at a center for the disabled in California were killed in a shootout with police, while a third person was detained, police said. AFP PHOTO / FREDERIC J. BROWN / AFP / FREDERIC J. BROWN (Photo credit should read FREDERIC J. BROWN/AFP/Getty Images)
SAN BERNARDINO, CA - DECEMBER 2: A police helicopter circles as officers search for a possible suspect following a shootout with suspects of a mass shooting at the Inland Regional Center by multiple gunmen on December 2, 2015 in San Bernardino, California. Police continue to investigate the shooting that left at least 14 people dead and another 17 injured. (Photo by David McNew/Getty Images)
Law enforcement officers search for the suspects of a mass shooting December 2, 2015 in San Bernardino, California. A man and a woman suspected of carrying out a deadly shooting at a center for the disabled were killed in a shootout with police, while a third person was detained, police said. AFP PHOTO / PATRICK T. FALLON / AFP / Patrick T. Fallon (Photo credit should read PATRICK T. FALLON/AFP/Getty Images)
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Law enforcement officers search for the suspects of a mass shooting December 2, 2015 in San Bernardino, California. A man and a woman suspected of carrying out a deadly shooting at a center for the disabled were killed in a shootout with police, while a third person was detained, police said. AFP PHOTO / PATRICK T. FALLON / AFP / Patrick T. Fallon (Photo credit should read PATRICK T. FALLON/AFP/Getty Images)
SAN BERNARDINO, CA - DECEMBER 2: A SWAT unit mobilizes near Richardson Street after a mass shooting at the Inland Regional Center on December 2, 2105 in San Bernardino, California. Multiple fatalities and injuries were reported as police search for up to three suspects who are still at-large. (Photo by Marcus Yam/Los Angeles Times via Getty Images)
SAN BERNARDINO, CA - DECEMBER 2: Law enforcement officers search for a possible suspect following a shootout with suspects of a mass shooting at the Inland Regional Center by multiple gunmen on December 2, 2015 in San Bernardino, California. Numerous deaths and injuries have been reported. (Photo by David McNew/Getty Images)
Law enforcement officers search for the suspects of a mass shooting December 2, 2015 in San Bernardino, California. A man and a woman suspected of carrying out a deadly shooting at a center for the disabled were killed in a shootout with police, while a third person was detained, police said. AFP PHOTO / PATRICK T. FALLON / AFP / Patrick T. Fallon (Photo credit should read PATRICK T. FALLON/AFP/Getty Images)
SAN BERNARDINA, CA - DECEMBER 2: A search team goes door-to-door looking for the third suspect in a residential neighborhood after a mass shooting at the Inland Regional Center on December 2, 2105 in San Bernardino, California. Multiple fatalities and injuries were reported as police search for up to three suspects who are still at-large. (Photo by Marcus Yam/Los Angeles Times via Getty Images)
SAN BERNARDINO, CA - DECEMBER 02: A California Highway Patrol officer stands with his weapon as authorities pursued the suspects in a shooting that occurred at the Inland Regional Center on December 2, 2015 in San Bernardino, California. Police continue to search for suspects in the shooting that left at least 14 people dead and another 17 injured. (Photo by Sean M. Haffey/Getty Images)
SAN BERNARDINO, CA - DECEMBER 02: A California Highway Patrol officer stands with his weapon as authorities pursued the suspects in a shooting that occurred at the Inland Regional Center on December 2, 2015 in San Bernardino, California. Police continue to search for suspects in the shooting that left at least 14 people dead and another 17 injured. (Photo by Sean M. Haffey/Getty Images)
SAN BERNARDINO, CA - DECEMBER 02: A San Bernadino Sheriff helicopter flys above a neighborhood as authorities pursue suspects of the shooting at the Inland Regional Center on December 2, 2015 in San Bernardino, California. Police continue to search for suspects in the shooting that left at least 14 people dead and another 17 injured. (Photo by Sean M. Haffey/Getty Images)
SAN BERNARDINO, CA - DECEMBER 2: Officers swarm San bernardino Ave at Richardson Street near where suspects were shot in a black SUV December 2, 2015 in San Bernardino, California. Multiple fatalities and injuries were reported as police search for suspects still at large. (Photo by Irfan Khan/Los Angeles Times via Getty Images)
SAN BERNARDINO, CA - DECEMBER 2: Ambulances leave the scene of a mass shooting at the Inland Regional Center on December 2, 2105 in San Bernardino, California. Multiple fatalities and injuries were reported as police search for up to three suspects who are still at-large. (Photo by Gina Ferazzi / Los Angeles Times via Getty Images)
SAN BERNARDINO, CA - DECEMBER 2: Police draw guns on San Bernardino Avenue while chasing suspects in an SUV December 2, 2015 in San Bernardino, California. Multiple fatalities and injuries were reported as police search for suspects still at large. (Photo by Francine Orr/Los Angeles Times via Getty Images)
SAN BERNARDINO, CA - DECEMBER 2: Police draw guns on San Bernardino Avenue while chasing suspects in an SUV December 2, 2015 in San Bernardino, California. Multiple fatalities and injuries were reported as police search for suspects still at large. (Photo by Francine Orr/Los Angeles Times via Getty Images)
SAN BERNARDINO, CA - DECEMBER 2: Police and emergency vehicles line Waterman Avenue in front of the Inland Regional Center in San Bernardino, scene of a mass shooting on December 2, 2105 in San Bernardino, California. Multiple fatalities and injuries were reported as police search for up to three suspects who are still at large. (Photo by Luis Sinco/Los Angeles Times via Getty Images)
SAN BERNARDINO, CA - DECEMBER 2: Police and emergency vehicles line Waterman Avenue in front of the Inland Regional Center in San Bernardino, scene of a mass shooting on December 2, 2105 in San Bernardino, California. Multiple fatalities and injuries were reported as police search for up to three suspects who are still at large. (Photo by Luis Sinco/Los Angeles Times via Getty Images)
Police at the scene of a shooting on December 2, 2015 in San Bernardino, California. One or more gunman opened fire inside a building in San Bernardino in California, with reports of 20 victims at a center that provides services for the disabled. Police were still hunting for the shooter, saying one to three possible suspects were involved. Heavily armed SWAT teams, firefighters and ambulances swarmed the scene, located about an hour east of Los Angeles, as police warned residents away. AFP PHOTO / FREDERIC J. BROWN / AFP / FREDERIC J. BROWN (Photo credit should read FREDERIC J. BROWN/AFP/Getty Images)
SAN BERNARDINO, CA - DECEMBER 02: Members of the FBI Joint Terrorism Task Force stand outside of a press conference regarding the shooting that occurred at the Inland Regional Center on December 2, 2015 in San Bernardino, California. Multiple fatalities were reported as police search for up to three suspects who are still at large. (Photo by Sean M. Haffey/Getty Images)
SAN BERNARDINO, CA - DECEMBER 02: Ambulances pull out of a staging area near the Inland Regional Center where a shooting occurred earlier in the day on December 2, 2015 in San Bernardino, California. Multiple fatalities were reported as police search for up to three suspects who are still at large. (Photo by Sean M. Haffey/Getty Images)
A heavily armed officer sets up a perimeter near the site of a shooting that took place on December 2, 2015 in San Bernardino, California. One or more gunman opened fire inside a building in San Bernardino in California, with reports of 20 victims at a center that provides services for the disabled. Police were still hunting for the shooter, saying one to three possible suspects were involved. Heavily armed SWAT teams, firefighters and ambulances swarmed the scene, located about an hour east of Los Angeles, as police warned residents away. AFP PHOTO / FREDERIC J. BROWN / AFP / FREDERIC J. BROWN (Photo credit should read FREDERIC J. BROWN/AFP/Getty Images)
SAN BERNARDINO, CA - DECEMBER 2: San Bernardino County Sheriffs deputies respond to a mass shooting at the Inland Regional Center December 2, 2015 in San Bernardino, California. Multiple fatalities were reported as police search for up to three suspects who are still at large. (Photo by David McNew/Getty Images)
SAN BERNARDINO, CA - DECEMBER 2: A San Bernardino County Sheriffs Department investigator responds to a mass shooting at the Inland Regional Center December 2, 2015 in San Bernardino, California. Multiple fatalities were reported as police search for up to three suspects who are still at large. (Photo by David McNew/Getty Images)
SAN BERNARDINO, CA - DECEMBER 2: Employees and other people are evacuated by bus from the site of a mass shooting at the Inland Regional Center December 2, 2015 in San Bernardino, California. Multiple fatalities were reported as police search for up to three suspects who are still at large. (Photo by David McNew/Getty Images)
Police escort civilians away from the 1300 block of S. Waterman Street near the site of a shooting took place on December 2, 2015 in San Bernardino, California. One or more gunman opened fire inside a building in San Bernardino in California, with reports of 20 victims at a center that provides services for the disabled. Police were still hunting for the shooter, saying one to three possible suspects were involved. Heavily armed SWAT teams, firefighters and ambulances swarmed the scene, located about an hour east of Los Angeles, as police warned residents away. AFP PHOTO / FREDERIC J. BROWN / AFP / FREDERIC J. BROWN (Photo credit should read FREDERIC J. BROWN/AFP/Getty Images)
Police escort civilians away from the 1300 block of S. Waterman Street near the site of a shooting took place on December 2, 2015 in San Bernardino, California. One or more gunman opened fire inside a building in San Bernardino in California, with reports of 20 victims at a center that provides services for the disabled. Police were still hunting for the shooter, saying one to three possible suspects were involved. Heavily armed SWAT teams, firefighters and ambulances swarmed the scene, located about an hour east of Los Angeles, as police warned residents away. AFP PHOTO / FREDERIC J. BROWN / AFP / FREDERIC J. BROWN (Photo credit should read FREDERIC J. BROWN/AFP/Getty Images)
Armed Sheriff's department personel man a roadblock at Waterman Street near the site of a shooting took place on December 2, 2015 in San Bernardino, California. One or more gunman opened fire inside a building in San Bernardino in California, with reports of 20 victims at a center that provides services for the disabled. Police were still hunting for the shooter, saying one to three possible suspects were involved. Heavily armed SWAT teams, firefighters and ambulances swarmed the scene, located about an hour east of Los Angeles, as police warned residents away. AFP PHOTO / FREDERIC J. BROWN / AFP / FREDERIC J. BROWN (Photo credit should read FREDERIC J. BROWN/AFP/Getty Images)
SAN BERNARDINO, CA - DECEMBER 2: Police and fire personnel secure the scene where a mass shooting occurred at the Inland Regional Center on December 2, 2105 in San Bernardino, California. Multiple fatalities and injuries were reported as police search for up to three suspects who are still at large. (Photo by Gina Ferazzi / Los Angeles Times via Getty Images)
SAN BERNARDINO, CA - DECEMBER 2: San Bernardino police offices in SWAT gear secure the scene where a mass shooting occurred at the Inland Regional Center on December 2, 2105 in San Bernardino, California. Multiple fatalities and injuries were reported as police search for up to three suspects who are still at large. (Photo by Gina Ferazzi / Los Angeles Times via Getty Images)
A crowd gathers behind police line near the scene of a shooting on December 2, 2015 in San Bernardino, California. One or more gunman opened fire inside a building in San Bernardino in California, with reports of 20 victims at a center that provides services for the disabled. Police were still hunting for the shooter, saying one to three possible suspects were involved. Heavily armed SWAT teams, firefighters and ambulances swarmed the scene, located about an hour east of Los Angeles, as police warned residents away. AFP PHOTO / FREDERIC J. BROWN / AFP / FREDERIC J. BROWN (Photo credit should read FREDERIC J. BROWN/AFP/Getty Images)
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According to an FBI affidavit, Farook and Marquez were plotting gun and bomb attacks as early as 2011, but never carried them out before their friendship waned.

Prosecutors have said there is no evidence that Marquez had direct prior knowledge of the Dec. 2 attack in San Bernardino, which came a few weeks after Islamic State gunmen and suicide bombers killed 130 people in a series of coordinated attacks in Paris.

(Reporting by Dan Whitcomb; Editing by Leslie Adler and Tom Brown)

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