Here's the background on the Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet, which just won the Nobel Peace Prize

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Nobel Peace Prize Awarded to Tunisian Dialogue Quartet

The Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet just won the Nobel Peace Prize for 2015.

The group's win was a surprise — the prize was expected to go to Pope Francis or German Chancellor Angela Merkel.

SEE ALSO: Winners of Nobel Peace Prize since 1980

But the Nobel committee was impressed with the quartet's ability to bring the north African country together in 2013, during the aftermath of the Jasmine revolution that overthrew Zine El Abidine Ben Ali in 2011.

It's made up of the Tunisian General Labour Union, the Tunisian Confederation of Industry, Trade and Handicrafts, the Tunisian Human Rights League and the Tunisian Order of Lawyers. They're credited with helping a smooth transition towards democracy.

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Life in Tunisia as Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet wins Nobel Peace Prize
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Here's the background on the Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet, which just won the Nobel Peace Prize
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The Nobel committee gave some background information on the quartet in a press release published Friday after the announcement:

The Quartet was formed in the summer of 2013 when the democratization process was in danger of collapsing as a result of political assassinations and widespread social unrest. It established an alternative, peaceful political process at a time when the country was on the brink of civil war. It was thus instrumental in enabling Tunisia, in the space of a few years, to establish a constitutional system of government guaranteeing fundamental rights for the entire population, irrespective of gender, political conviction or religious belief.

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Tunisia conducted peaceful elections in 2014, while some other countries which overturned autocratic leaders in the aftermath of the Arab Spring are still in political turmoil or outright civil war.

Rory McCarthy, a researcher who has studied Islamist activism in Tunisia, said on Twitter that the quartet "was about negotiation, pragmatism, [and] compromise in democratic transition" and noted that it was "far superior to Egypt's coup."

RELATED: See memorable Nobel Peace Prize winners through history

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Memorable Nobel Peace Prize winners through history
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Here's the background on the Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet, which just won the Nobel Peace Prize
2015 Nobel Peace Prize Tunisian General Labour Union (UGTT)'s secretary general, Houcine Abassi, poses for a photo in Sao Paulo on October 11, 2015. Abassi was awarded the Peace Prize along with the other members of the Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet -Tunisian Confederation of Industry, Trade and Handicrafts (UTICA) Tunisian Human Rights League (LTDH) and Tunisian Order of Lawyers--the Norwegian Nobel Commitee announced, for helping rescue the only democracy that emerged from the Arab Spring, in a hugely symbolic show of support for the country after a wave of jihadist attacks. AFP PHOTO / MIGUELSCHINCARIOL (Photo credit should read Miguel Schincariol/AFP/Getty Images)
President of the Tunisian Human Rights League (LTDH), Abdessattar Ben Moussa, poses for pictures in Tunis on October 9, 2015, after he was awarded the 2015 Nobel Peace Prize with other members of Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet. The Norwegian Nobel Commitee announced that Tunisian mediators of the so called National Dialogue Quartet (Tunisian General Labour Union UGTT, Confederation of Industry, Tunisian Trade and Handicrafts UTICA, Tunisian Human Rights League LTDH and Tunisian Order of Lawyers) won the 2015 Nobel Peace Prize. AFP PHOTO / FETHI BELAID (Photo credit should read FETHI BELAID/AFP/Getty Images)
A combo of pictures taken on October 9, 2015 January 7, 2015 in Tunis shows (LtoR from up) President of the Tunisian employers union (UTICA) Wided Bouchamaoui; Tunisian lawyer Fadhel Mahfoudh; President of the Tunisian Human Rights League (LTDH), Abdessattar ben Moussa and Secretary General of the Tunisian General Labour Union (UGTT) Houcine Abbassi. Tunisian mediators of the socalled National Dialogue Quartet (Tunisian General Labour Union UGTT, Tunisian Confederation of Industry, Trade and Handicrafts UTICA, Tunisian Human Rights League LTDH and Tunisian Order of Lawyers) won the 2015 Nobel Peace Prize, the Norwegian Nobel Commitee announced on October 9, 2015. AFP PHOTO / FETHI BELAID (Photo credit should read FETHI BELAID/AFP/Getty Images)
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