The first Supreme Court was held on this day 226 years ago

Things To Know About the Supreme Court Marriage Equality Case

On this day in 1789, the first Supreme Court was held. President George Washington signed the Judiciary Act of 1789 and had it passed by congress which established the Supreme Court of the United States. It was then known as a tribunal made up of six justices who were required to serve on the Supreme Court until death or retirement.

On September 24, 1789, John Jay was nominated to preside as chief justice, and John Rutledge, William Cushing, John Blair, Robert Harrison, and James Wilson were nominated and instated as associate justices. Two days later, on September 26, all six appointments were confirmed by the U.S. Senate.

More specifically, the U.S. Supreme Court was established by Article 3 of the U.S. Constitution. In the Constitution, the Supreme Court was granted ultimate jurisdiction over all laws, especially those that deal with the issue of constitutionality.

Since then, the U.S. Supreme Court has grown into the most important judicial body in the world in terms of its central place in the American political order.

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