How the blind identify and perceive race
Race may be an automatic factor in visually categorizing others, but for the blind, it's a much more complex undertaking.
Sociologist Asia Friedman, who teaches at the University of Delaware, explored the process and function of racial identification by the blind by interviewing 25 people who became or were born sightless.
She found that this group does try to identify someone's race because they know it's an important distinction. They also want to have the same information everyone else does.
However, when deciding, they are less likely to make snap judgments but rather, take their time to add up information from conversations and their other senses.
Even then, Friedman states that "they're often not certain that they're correct."
She also determined that racial bias among the participants does exist which indicates that those in the study considered factors beyond appearance.
Instead, it was more of a cultural designation for them, based on qualities like names and accents.
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