"The results show that based on plausible climate trends, and a total failure to change course, the global food supply system would face catastrophic losses, and an unprecedented epidemic of food riots," the institute's director, Aled Jones, told investigative journalism project Insurge Intelligence. "In this scenario, global society essentially collapses as food production falls permanently short of consumption."
Here's how the different climate changes listed affect our food:
A warming planet leads to less food. Climate changes affect how farmers plan for the upcoming year. According to the IPCC's report from 2014, every decade of warming that happens decreases the amount of food the world can produce by 2%, or 4.4 million metric tons of food.
Droughts cut back on the food produced. The California drought is an example of how the climate affects food and how much access people have to it. The USDA noted in June that "depending on its continued severity, the drought in California has the potential to drive prices for fruit, vegetables, dairy, and eggs up even further."
Flooding decreases the amount of available land for farming. If the Mississippi and Missouri rivers flood, the report points out, it would cut corn production in the US by 27%, soybeans by 19%, and wheat by 7%, according to the institute's scenario. That's about 3.8 billion bushels of corn lost, based on the amount of corn produced in the US in 2014.
More frequent extreme weather makes it harder to have a reliable crop yield. Tornadoes, torrential downpours, etc. cause damage to lands that otherwise contain crops. An increasing amount of these weather events — a result of climate change — makes it harder to rely on a steady supply of food, thus driving up prices on all that remains.
All of these weather crises, in the GSI's scenario, could lead to food riots and increased global insecurity.
If you love the planet we live in, check out some of the greatest wonders of the natural world:
Greatest natural wonders of the world to remind you how wonderful Planet Earth truly is
An unstoppable problem is making it nearly impossible for the world to produce enough food
North America, day and night, satellite image of the Earth
Photo: Getty Images/Brand X
Aerial views of The Great Barrier Reef are seen from above in Cairns, Australia. A recent report by marine scientist Charlie Veron claims that the reef will be so degraded by warming seas that it will be gone within 20 years, and that this situation is now irreversible. He goes on to predict that once carbon dioxide levels hit levels predicted between 2030 and 2060, that all reefs will become extinct and their ecosystems would collapse.
(Photo by Phil Walter/Getty Images)
An aerial picture of the Grand Canyon in Arizona taken from around 30,000 feet (10,000m).
The Grand Canyon, considered one of the seven natural wonders of the world, is 277 miles (446 km) long, up to 18 miles (29 km) wide and attains a depth of over a mile (1.8km). Nearly two billion years of the Earth's geological history has been exposed as the Colorado River and its tributaries cut their channels through layer after layer of rock while the Colorado Plateau was uplifted. While the specific geologic processes and timing that formed the Grand Canyon are the subject of debate by geologists, recent evidence suggests the Colorado River established its course through the canyon at least 17 million years ago. Since that time, the Colorado River continued to erode and form the canyon to its present-day configuration.
AFP PHOTO/JOE KLAMAR (Photo credit should read JOE KLAMAR/AFP/Getty Images)
Aerial view taken of Angel Falls, the world's highest waterfall, with a height of 979 meters (3,212 feet), located in Canaima National Park, South-Eastern Venezuela. The falls are 500 feet wide at the base. They got their name from American pilot James Angel, who saw the waterfall for the first time in 1933 while searching for the Gold City.
AFP PHOTO/FEDERICO PARRA (Photo credit should read FEDERICO PARRA/AFP/Getty Images)
View of the 'Grand Prismatic' hot spring with it's unique colors caused by brown, orange and yellow algae-like bacteria called Thermophiles, that thrive in the cooling water turning the vivid aqua-blue to a murkier greenish brown, in the Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming. Yellowstone National Park was established by the U.S. Congress and signed into law by President Grant on March 1, 1872. The park is located primarily in the U.S. state of Wyoming, though it also extends into Montana and Idaho and was the first national park in the world. It is known for its wildlife and its many geothermal features, especially the Old Faithful Geyser.
AFP PHOTO/Mark RALSTON (Photo credit should read MARK RALSTON/AFP/Getty Images)
This picture shows an aerial view of Mount Everest, the world's tallest mountain which is 8,848 meters (29,028 feet) high. In 1994, a research team discovered that the mountain is continuing to grow by about 0.16 inches every year. In 1978, Reinhold Messenger and Peter Habler were the first to ever climb the mountain without oxygen.
AFP PHOTO/Kazuhiro NOGI/FILES (Photo credit should read KAZUHIRO NOGI/AFP/Getty Images)
Aerial view of the Amazon Rainforest, Acre State, Brazil.The Amazon is home to more than 2 and a half million different species, and is the largest rainforest in the world. It's estimated that 10% of total animal species lives in the vastly diverse Amazon Rainforest. The Amazon basin is so large that it covers 40% of the South American continent.
Photo credit: BrazilPhotos.com / Alamy
FOZ DO IGUACU, BRAZIL: General view of Iguazu Falls in Foz do Iguacu, Brazil. The area of Iguazu Falls is a set of about 275 waterfalls in the Iguazu River (catchment area of the river Parana), located between the Iguazu National Park, Parana (Brazil) and the Iguazu National Park in Misiones (Argentina) the border between the two countries. The total area of both national parks, correspond to 250,000 hectares of subtropical rainforest and is considered Natural World Heritage.
(Photo by Buda Mendes/LatinContent/Getty Images)
The Wave is a sandstone rock formation. It is located near the Arizona-Utah border, on the slopes of the Coyote Buttes, in the Paria Canyon-Vermilion Cliffs Wilderness, on the Colorado Plateau. It is famous among hikers and photographers for its colorful, undulating forms, and the rugged, trackless hike required to reach it.
Photo credit: Alamy
View of the south wall of the Perito Moreno glacier in the Park and National Reservation Los Glaciares, an ecotourism destination in Patagonia, Argentina, declared by the UNESCO as Natural World Heritage Site. The glacier Perito Moreno, in the province of Santa Cruz, is one of the most significant natural attractions of Argentina 30km (20 miles) long and with a total surface of 257 km2 (160 square miles). The magnitude of this mass of ice, seems to float on lake Argentino some 70 meters (230 feet) above the water surface.
AFP PHOTO/ Daniel GARCIA (Photo credit should read DANIEL GARCIA/AFP/Getty Images)
Tanzania, The world famous Ngorongoro Crater. Its 102-square-mile crater floor is the haunt of a wonderful wildlife spectacle. The crater is in fact a caldera -- the largest unbroken, unflooded caldera in the world -- which was formed two and a half million years ago.
Nigel Pavitt via Getty Images
View of the Fly Geyser in Nevada. This odd-looking geyser lies on the edge of Black Rock Desert and was accidentally made by mankind. While drilling for a well, geothermal boiling water, which can hit 200 degrees Fahrenheit, was struck. Because this waster wasn't suited for farming, it was left alone. A second geyser was created when an energy company was drilling and struck the same geothermal heated water.
Now, Fly Geyser exists 40 years later and has grown substantially. However, the geyser is not open to the public, seeing as it sits on private property.
Photo credit: Getty Images/Flickr RF
Aerial view of the Great Blue Hole, Belize, Central America. This natural wonder is located off the coast of Belize, and is widely known as a diver's paradise. The hole originated as a limestone cave that began to form some 150,000 years ago. The deepest point of the Blue Hole is at 406 feet, and it is shaped as almost a perfect circle.
Photo credit: Greg Johnston via Getty Images
Pamukkale, Turkey. Meaning 'Cotton Palace' in English, Pamukkaleis a famous site in Turkey for its natural spring and water formations. Calcite waters have created a unique landscape made of mineral forests and petrified waterfalls.
(Photo by Art Media/Print Collector/Getty Images)
Autumn colors of Natural reserved area in Jiuzhaigou, Sichuan, China. The area is known in English as the "Nine Valley Village" and is a national park in South Western China. The landscape is vast -- from mountains to waterfalls and forests. The park covers 72,000 ha, or 277 sq. miles.
Photo credits: Getty Images/Flickr Open
A picture shows tourist posing for a photo next to the General Sherman Giant Sequoia at Sequoia National Park in California. With an estimated volume of 1,487 cubic metres (52,513 cu ft), General Sherman sequoia is the largest tree on earth. The tree's height is 83.8 metres (275 ft), its diameter - 7.7 metres (25 ft) and its estimated age - 2,3002,700 years.
AFP PHOTO/MLADEN ANTONOV (Photo credit should read MLADEN ANTONOV/AFP/Getty Images)
The Blue Grotto islocated on the coast of the island of Capri, in Southern Italy. It's is one of several sea caves, worldwide, that is flooded with a brilliant blue or emerald light. The quality and nature of the color in each cave is determined by the particular lighting conditions in that specific cave.
Photo credit: rilcombs via Getty Images
This photo shows the 'Top of Peak' formation at the Huangshan (Yellow Mountains) park in Anhui Province. The UNESCO World Heritage Site is one of China's major tourist destinations and has been a source of inspiration to Chinese painters, writers and poets for thousands of years.
AFP PHOTO/Mark RALSTON (Photo credit should read MARK RALSTON/AFP/Getty Images)
Aerial view of Victoria Falls on the Zambezi River (UNESCO World Heritage List, 1989), Zimbabwe. These falls are among the most spectacular in the world, and expand over 14 sq. miles. Sprays from the majestic Victoria Falls can be seen from 18 miles away.
(Photo by DeAgostini/Getty Images)
In the Catedral de Marmol (the Marble Cathedral), erosion has created caverns in the marble on the northern shore of Lago General Carrera, Patagonia, Chile. Visitors can see blue water reflecting off the marble surfaces of the caves, creating a mesmerizing effect. The caves themselves have been formed by water that flowed through them for thousands of years.
Photo credit: John Shaw via Getty Images
MADAGASCAR-ENVIRONMENT-BAOBAB By Gregoire Pourtier: Ancient Baobab trees are silhouetted at dusk against the Madagascan susnset near Morondava. The trees can range anywhere from 15 to 98 feet tall, and can be as wide as 150 or so feet.The Malagasy government recently declared the the 320 hectare-baobab area a protected zone in a bid to conserve the natural resource. The striking landscape is a major tourist attraction for the region.
Aurora borealis (Northern Lights) photographed in the early hours of the morning in arctic circle. The colors themselves are actually produced by "collisions of electronically charged particles from the sun hitting the Earth's atmosphere."
The phenomenon can be seen as far south as New Orleans, but the best places to watch in North America are in Canada and Alaska.
Photo credit: Getty Images/Vetta
The Danakil Depression is located in the Danakil Desert in Ethiopia, and is known as one of the 'cruelest places on Earth.' Record temperatures have been recorded here, breaking 120 degrees Fahrenheit. The depression lies 150 ft below sea level and is characterized by active volcanoes, a living lava lake, geysers, acid ponds, and mounds of sulfur deposits.
Photo credit: Getty Images/Vetta
Picture taken shows a tourist visiting the Salar de Uyuni, the world's largest salt flat, located in Bolivia near the crest of the Andes, some 3,650 metres above sea level.