5 Things to Know about the Salton Sea

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5 Things to Know about the Salton Sea
Birds linger near the shoreline of the Salton Sea in Imperial County, CA on April 18, 2015. Scientists and environmentalists are trying to find ways to save the sea. Decades of runoff from agricultural farming has polluted the water and as the sea dries, airborne pollutants could scatter throughout the region. Additionally, the Sea provides refuge for migrating birds. (Photo by Bonnie Jo Mount/The Washington Post via Getty Images)
A dead fish lies on the shore next to the North Shore Yacht Club at the Salton Sea, California on March 19, 2015. California's largest lake is facing major environmental problems with a decreasing water level, increasing salinity and algae issues. (Photo by Mark Ralston, AFP/Getty Images)
Waves break on the shore next to the North Shore Yacht Club at the Salton Sea, California on March 19, 2015. California's largest lake is facing major environmental problems with a decreasing water level, increasing salinity and algae issues. (Photo by Mark Ralston, AFP/Getty Images)
Dead fish cover the shoreline as a father an son head out to fish the Salton Sea in Mecca, CA on April 18, 2015. The North Shore Beach and Yacht Club, background, was once a destination for celebrities and tourists. In later years it was abandoned. Several years ago it was restored and now serves as a community center. (Photo by Bonnie Jo Mount/The Washington Post via Getty Images)
A pelican flies above the Salton Sea in Imperial County, CA on April 18, 2015. The ongoing drought and modified farming practices have reduced water to the sea and increased its salinity. The sea provides refuge for a variety of wildlife. Scientists and environmentalists are trying to find ways to save the sea. Decades of runoff from agricultural farming has polluted the water and as the sea dries, airborne pollutants could scatter throughout the region. (Photo by Bonnie Jo Mount/The Washington Post via Getty Images)
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An air of decline and strange beauty permeates the Salton Sea, the largest lake in California that is on the verge of drying up as it competes against coastal cities for dwindling water resources amid a historic drought.

WATER TRANSFERS TO SAN DIEGO ARE DRYING UP CALIFORNIA'S LARGEST LAKE

The sale of water from California's Imperial Valley to San Diego deprives the Salton Sea of farm runoff, its main source of inflows. After 2017, San Diego and other local water agencies are no longer required to deliver water to the Salton Sea to help offset the losses.

The state of California has agreed to spearhead efforts to restore the lake and offset environmental damages from the water sale. In 2007, it proposed a $9 billion plan to create a horseshoe-shaped lake in the northern basin and saline habitat in other parts of the lake. Less ambitious plans have also been floated, but little has been done.

EXPOSED LAKEBEDS STIR DUST, EXACERBATING RESPIRATORY ILLS

The lake's shrinkage has exposed about 18 square miles of salt-encrusted lakebed since 2005. Pacific Institute, which has done extensive research on the lake, estimates that about 100 additional square miles will be exposed by 2030 without preventive measures and another 50 square miles by 2045.

Imperial County's air quality already fails federal and state standards, and public health experts warn that increased dust from Salton Sea lakebed will make it worse.

FISH KILLS ARE COMMON

Winds periodically stir hydrogen sulfide from the bottom of the lake, stripping oxygen from water closer to the surface, producing a rotten-egg stench and killing fish.

More than 60 species of fish have been brought to the Salton Sea over the years, said Chris Schoneman, project leader of the Sonny Bono Salton Sea National Refuge. The hearty tilapia are the only ones left in abundance, and increasingly salinity endangers them.

MORE THAN 400 BIRD SPECIES ARE SPOTTED

The Sonny Bono Salton Sea National Wildlife Refuge has recorded 424 species of birds. Located on the Pacific flyway, heavy migrations of waterfowl, marsh and seabirds occur during spring and fall. For them, the lake is a desert oasis from vast stretches of rock and sand.

IT HAS ONE OF NORTH AMERICA'S LARGEST GEOTHERMAL DEPOSITS

Magma from the earth's center rises through shifting tectonic plates, drawing about a dozen geothermal plants to the lake's southern shores.

A shrinking lake is actually good for geothermal development. Energy Source LLC opened the first new geothermal plant in 20 years in 2012, a $400 million investment. Vince Signorotti, vice president for resources and real estate assets, says exposed lakebed is potentially new territory for exploration.

Salton Sea

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