Arthur Conan Doyle was born on May 22, 1859, in Edinburgh, Scotland. He is best known as the author who created the beloved fictional character Detective Sherlock Holmes.
Doyle wrote 60 mystery stories featuring Detective Sherlock Holmes, who was first introduced in Doyle's 1890 novel, A Study in Scarlet.
In honor of Arthur Conan Doyle, take a look at some of the most memorable portrayals of Sherlock Holmes.
Arthur Conan Doyle, Sherlock Holmes
This day in history: Sir Arthur Conan Doyle is born
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle and Lady Jean Conan Doyle, with their two sons and daughter, at Waterloo Station, London, before their departure for the United States.
English actor Carleton Hobbs, dressed as Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's world-famous detective Sherlock Holmes, is taken in a hansom cab to the Criterion Restaurant in Piccadilly Circus, London. He is witnessing the unveiling of a plaque recording his character's meeting with Dr Watson at the long bar there in 1851.
Actor Jeremy Brett (r), preparing for the title role in 'The Secret of Sherlock Holmes', gives Edward Hardwicke (Dr Watson) an elementary detection lesson at the Wyndham Theatre in London's West End where the new mystery by Jeremy Paul opens for previews.
Actors Basil Rathbone (1892-1967) and Nigel Bruce (1895-1953) have a conversation in a still from the film, 'The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes' directed by Alfred L. Werker, 1939. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)
THE COVER OF THE 1887 BEETON'S CHRISTMAS ANNUAL WHICH FEATURES A STUDY IN SCARLET, SIR ARTHUR CONAN DOYLE'S FIRST SHERLOCK HOLMES MYSTERY. THE ANNUAL IS DUE TO BE AUCTIONED WITH HUNDREDS OF ITEMS OF HOLMES MEMORABILIA. (Photo via PA Wire)
circa 1880: Detective Sherlock Holmes in a railway carriage with his companion Dr Watson. Original Artwork: Drawing from 'Strand' magazine (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)
1902: A scene from the Sherlock Holmes adventure 'The Hound of the Baskervilles', in which the ghastly apparition appears on the moors, glowing with an eerie light. The story was written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle in 1902. Illustration by Sidney Pagett from 'The Strand Magazine'. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)
5th October 1953: A locomotive named Sherlock Holmes gets a visit from a man dressed as its namesake, the famous fictional detective, at Baker Street Station in London. Drivers Bunce and Turner lean out of the train's window. (Photo by Ron Case/Keystone/Getty Images)
circa 1925: Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (1859 - 1930) author best known for writing the Sherlock Holmes stories. Doyle studied medicine at Edinburgh University and practised as a physician during the 2nd Boer War. He started publishing short stories in 1879 while working as a doctor in Southsea. The Sherlock Holmes stories were serialised in 'The Strand' magazine and proved so popular that Doyle felt pressurized to revive the character after the detective had plunged to his death over a waterfall. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images)
circa 1890: The novelist Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (1859 - 1930) and creator of Sherlock Holmes. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)
General view of the Sherlock Holmes Museum, on Baker Street, in central London on Monday June 2, 2014. (Dominic Lipinski/PA Wire)
LONDON, ENGLAND - MARCH 26: A general view of a blue plaque outside the former home of the fictional Character Sherlock Holmes on March 26, 2012 in London, England. 221B Baker Street is the London address of the fictional detective Sherlock Holmes, which was created by author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. (Photo by Dan Kitwood/Getty Images)
LONDON, ENGLAND - MARCH 26: A general view of the sign outside the former home of the fictional Character Sherlock Holmes on March 26, 2012 in London, England. 221B Baker Street is the London address of the fictional detective Sherlock Holmes, which was created by author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. (Photo by Dan Kitwood/Getty Images)
The Sherlock Holmes statue outside Baker Street tube station in London. (Photo by Philip Toscano/PA Wire)